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Being 6. Scmi-moixthly PublisKcd 
by the Students of the yyy 


VqI.XIV October 7 1903 No. 1 

Cloth ingloTCollege rien. 

. .._ _.._ n,A\« no . fripndB when placing 

OthinS: fOr COliegC HCH --;.. w alway8 se lect several 

W wlTi- our College JJJjjd. when f ^i^^or Cl.^ J^ pection . 

«mm to ipi#o« 

OverOOatS, $lO r^we^ Gloves'and everything men 
Always the latest in Men's Furnishings-Shirts, Hats, Lnderwe 
wear except shoes. 

Dress Suits to rent. 




My stock of Woolens for this season includes the 

latest Novelties. 

Our line of Furnishings is the most stylish and 

best in the market. 


80 Main St., Northampton, Mass. 

The Elite Shoe, W. L. Douglas Shoe, 
The 7- & M. Shoe 




If* your own f au~lt~if~y"ou don't get your money's 
worth here. We right every wrong. 


* Next to Post Office. 


JfllXED CHOCOhRTES, 35e. lb. 

5 and 10c. 

Wedding and Engagement Rings 

in approved forms. 



Skilled workmen in our repair department. 

„-FYKS KITTED r l'.KK-ff* 
By a graduate of the MM**** <***«»» <*»*«*• 

I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
pO«t Office Htop ami look at my 
• stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 



PIPES AND TOBACCO. COL lars_and cxtffs 



t-v t.i.-i> ■:'; : C ItoTKI.. 

tSl.H- Till HOTEL. 

the: college signal 



NO. 1 

Published Fortnightly by Students •( the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 
Student. .„d Alumni .r. revested t. centributa. 0^^ —* be M Co,™*.. . A«H.«r. Mass. J^ ^ZJZ Z 

btudentl »na Alumni «i. .« M »»-.« - - 

wntto .11 subscriber! until It. discontinuance i. erdered and arrears are paid 
notify the Buainess Manager. 

Subscribers whe da not receive thair paper regularly ara requeated te 


R. RAYMOND RAYMOTH. 1904, Edltor-ln Chief. 

HOWARD MORGAN WHITE, 1904, Business Manager. 

rcnarv HfiWARD ALLEN 1905, Assistant Business Manager. 

GEORGE HOWARD ALLtN. ^ FARL£y HUTC HINGS, 1905, Alumni Notes. 


ARTHUR LEE PECK. 1904. »»*«™' te « , * , «: AULAN DA NA FARRAR. 1906. 

ERNEST ADNA BACK. 1904, Department Notes. ^^ ^ ar _ p£AKES , 906 

A. N. SWAIN. 1905, Athletics. 

-f.-.. ». o» p.r M ..r in aaeaeca. Slafl le Cop»*.. 10c ^8* *«*»"»« » " '^State, 

■c. extra. 

Y. M. C. A. 

Foot-Ball Association, 
College Senate, 
Reading-Room Association, 


• A. W. Gilbert, Pres. Athletic Association, 

C. H. Griffin, Manager. Base Ball Association. 

Couden. Pres. Nineteen Hundred and Five Indes. 

F. D. 

A. W. Gilbert. Sac. 

Fraternity Conference, 

Prof. S. F. Howard, Sec, 
R. A. Quiglev. Manager. 
B. Tupper, Manager. 
G. L. Barms, Pres. 

Entered a* aecend-claas matter. Peat Office at Amherst. 


It is with a degree of satisfaction that we return to 

the work again. A long, pleasant vacation, that holds 

memories of happy days, should be the inspiration to 

encourage us on to hard work. Some of us have 

crossed the big pond and returned with an experience 

that can be obtained only from contact and association 

with other people and lands ; some have wielded the 

ax in the fortresses of the North and brought with 

them a whiff of the pine and hemlock ; some have 

tried the civilization of the West and returned with the 

Western fever throbbing in every vein ; but all have 

met together again for another year of association and 

comradeship. To some of us it is the last lap in the 

trial heat to prove our worth in the race to follow ; to 

some the trial tests for endurance ; while to others the 

word " go " has but been given, and only the steadiest 

and thoroughbred will reach the judge's stand for a 

glorious finish. 

We were rather startled at the opening of the year 
when informed that there would be no divine service 
in the Chapel on Sunday. Now although it is true 
that a very small minority of the students did attend, 
yet for the good name of the college it seems to us 
that it would be a better policy, if not the only thing to 
do. to still continue the service. Of this we cannot be 
sure but leave the question open to our readers, alumni 
and others. 

It is yet too early In the season to prophesy any- 
thing concerning athletics this fall. But with a stout 
heart, lots of pluck, and indomitable courage Massa- 
chusetts can put up a good showing. Though our first 
two games have closed in defeat let us not be dis- 
couraged, but buckle down with a grim determination 
to overcome whatever odds are against us. We are 
handicapped but let us throw aside all pleas and excuses 
and prove that there Is a quality here that must be 
reckoned with. Fight fellows with all your might for 
Massachusetts and Naughty-One. 



Class of 1907 we bid you welcome to a college 
home that has grown very dear to many of us who are 
preparing to move to places of larger activity. May 
you learn to love and cherish those things which will 
make your Alma Mater more than a fond memory to 
you when you leave her halls for the wide doors beyond. 
Make her interests part of your own. Do not lose all 
the enthusiasm and inspiration with which you enter ; 
and give to the college something that shall be of value 
and helpfulness. " Usefulness, not money, what one 
adds to the world, not what he extracts from it. is the 
measure of a life's work. The vital factor in adding 
to the world's stores is labor. No matter what position 
you may have inherited or how much money you have 
secured, life will become hollow for you unless you are 
at work." Strive to be of some use to your college 
and neither she nor you will ever feel a regret for your 

We are very happy to record at this time the con- 
dition of the college grounds. The lights strung along 
the different walks make a very pleasing appearance at 
night and from a distance are an attractive feature. 
This pleasure is to be continued just so long as the 
student body deserve it ; and it behooves the college en 
masse to discountenance any acts of rowdyism in this 
connection. Let every true son feel an especial 
pride in this matter, and not allow any thoughtless- 
ness or maliciousness pass unchecked. The pond 
has been improved and possesses a more Inviting 
appearance ; but yet seems too bare of decoration, 
harsh In outline, something is needed to soften up the 
rigid baldness. There is a field here for the student in 
landscape art. and what a delightful effect could be 
produced with a falls at the the upper end. But this 
may come in time. Let us hope for the best. 

Strength with beauty in the low place grows, 
Swaying rush and wild primrose. 

3. Growth. 
Lo 1 the storm in all its fury 

Lays the giant rushes low, 
Dead and crushed his coarse brown (orm 

Is lying where the roses blow. 
Still, she lifts her blushing glory 

To the clearing skies. 
Thus, the life and death of all 

Who from lowly places rise. 

T. P. Foley, '95. 


1. Grace. 

Oh the wild primrose from its lowly place. 

Lifts up its slender arms. 
And flings aloft with lavish grace 

All her blushing charms. 

2. Strength. 

There the wild rush proudly grows 
And buffets the wind for the wild prfmi 

I f; ht and tall and coarsn and brown 
He fights the wind and will not down. 


A nation's greatness rests upon the freedom with 
which itscitizens pursue their individual desires and hap- 
piness ; in which however all the movements of society 
are tempered by wise and good laws according to Jus- 
tice and Order. The public weal is the foundation 
stone upon which the firmest structures of government 
have been reared ; and states and sovereigns disregard 
this only at peril of their existence. 

Egypt held in check, beneath the lash, the desires 
of her restless people, and a Pharaoh drank the bitter 
dregs of defeat in the Red Sea. Nero laughed to 
scorn the burning populace at his feet, only to die the 
ignominious death of a coward. Russia confines to 
the frozen deeps her dissatisfied subjects, but the Czar 
lives in daily fear of his life. England turned a deaf 
ear to the entreaties of her loyal subjects for redress 
of the wrongs to which they had been subjected and 
she lost the fairest and greatest of her colonial 


Life and the desire to enjoy it lies too deep within 
the human heart ; the desire for freedom of move- 
ment is too great among all men. for a nation to 
attempt restraining it. If attemped. disaster is inevita- 
ble Sooner or later the state must yield to the wish 
of the people or be torn from end to end by the force 
of the internal fires of discontent and revolution. 
History has many a page smeared with the blood of a 
determined people. Only as a state seeks the highest 
and best interests of her people Is she capable of life 
and progression. 

America's fame as a power lies in the fact that she 
has cared for the Individ Ml, and has sought for those 
Ihings which would accrue to his highest development; 
and the individual in his town has devoted himself to 
his country's service. Is there a land so bright with 

promise for a glorious future? Is there a port upon 
the face of the seas wherein her flag Is not held in 
respect and veneration ? Ah ! we are proud of the 
land that gave us birth and the priceless heritage of 
Liberty. We are filled with a patriotic zeal in the 
defense of her interests. Aye. we lay our lives a 
sacrifice upon the altar of burnt offerings before the 
Temple of Freedom, and In her behalf rises a nation's 
prayer. Seeking first the interest of her people, giving 
opportunity for the fullest expression of the desires of 
the human soul. America has risen to a height that 
far overshadows her more selfish and grasping neighbors. 
Let us realize, if we can. a few of the advantages 
possessed by this land, of which we now are so prone 
to say, 'upon whose dominions the sun never sets." 
Far to the west roll the living prairies with the world's 
supply of food In their grasp ; beyond. lies the golden 
land of sunshine, fruit, and flowers ; and still to the 
west the garden of the Pacific. From the North the 
glittering gold is shipped in sacks of fur ; in the South 
the cotton blossom whitens where the sweet magnolia 
blooms. But above all her natural advantages stands 
the American Home, by the American School, near 
the American Church ; the greatest Institutions of 
modern civilization. It was Emerson who said that 
a country was known by the kind of men it produced ; 
and who will gainsay that it is the American Home 
whence the civilizing and vitilizlng power of the 
world has issued? American manhood is the growth 
not of a single generation, but is the product of ages 
of rigorous self denial. The loyal, sturdy character of 
our forefathers Is the one chief trait that stands 
emblazoned upon the pages of History. And this 
nobility of character has been handed down from gen- 
eration to generation until to-day, the American 
spirit pushes forward to the accomplishment of its 
aims, overcoming all obstacles, but yielding to its 
weaker brothers some of the strength and dignity of 
its own purpose. It Is in the American Home and 
American school that the modern kings of finance. 
Industry, and learning have been reared ; and it is the 
American Church that has lifted us from the bigotry 
and superstition of the past, into the higher realm of 
the realization of truth. 

As we turn back the pages of history, let the review 
of our country's progress be an inspiration to us to be 
more loyal In upholding the principles it advocates. 

that the future may find America leading the nations 
on to higher and grander appreciation of the Nobility 
of Life ; and our own age farther along In the scale of 
human enlightenment, that we may bequeath to poster- 
ity a possession that cannot be taken from them, and 
which shall be to them, as to us, America,— Our 
Home. R- 

Obstr0&tion$r# ) C oric ' il S' on $ 

It would be a very strange thing, if it were not so 
universal, this feeling of happiness because we are 
beginning again the work which we were so eager to 
drop only three months ago. Isn't it great to be back 
again to the old room, and the old scenes, and the 
old friends, and '• Old Mass'chus-itts " ? To be sure 
Noughty-three is not here, and we miss them ; but 
there are so many things to occupy our attention just 
at this time of year, that before we can realize that ■ 
class has gone, and a class has come, the ranks have 
closed in, and the column looks as It did before, 
except that we view it from a little nearer the front. 

And that reminds me of another matter that at first 
thought seems a little strange. The step from junior 
to senior is a long one of course, and from sophomore 
to junior longer still ; but consider the jump a man 
must take when from a freshman he finds himself 
suddenly transformed into one whole Sophomore with 
a capital S, and seemingly unlimited privilege and 
responsibility ; and then look around you and see how 
easily he adapts himself to his new character, and 
how mean and unsightly an object a freshman is In 
his eyes. Oh. you sophomores, how we pity you in 
public for the things you have to learn, and how we 
envy you In private for the things you do not know. 
Is there any joy In the world greater than that of 
beginning the second college year ? A " wise fool." 
Indeed, wise in being a fool, and a fool because of his 
wisdom is the sophomore who gets the most pleasure 
out of being a sophomore. And so the Observer con- 
gratulates you, men of 1906. and says to you : " This 
Is your year of joy. Make the most of it. only— look 
out for the buzz saw. Sometimes you know the saw 

says ' buzz '." 

* # * * * 

Of course the Observer has a word of congratula- 
tion, too. for the entering class, because they have 



tempted to preach a short sermon on .the necessanr ^ ^ rf ^ ^.^ rs , 

attributes of a ^oo,/. reshman. However^ the tea= h ^ ^^ a „ d 

■*" "» "*T "1 ' £".. S ^non- compLton. and contains 360 pages Reference 

S; oh SZZ effective than anything a no, 
mhatant coutd say. Rather than preach then, the 
Observer will simply give away a state secret. 

compilation, and contains 350 pages. References 
are made to all the .literature known to have been 
published upon scale Insects since 1758. the date of 

Observer will simply give aw f a f 1 ^"^ hfs the first volume of the tenth edition of the System* 
freshman like the fabled ass Is often dls cov ed by his th^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ thlsUterature , » 

Natura of Linnaeus, 
has been necessary in some cases to have papers 
copied from some of the largest European libraries. 
Hitherto there has been no work with so broad a 
scope in existence. Those engaged in the study of 
this important family of insects will find the bulletin 
a great help in their research. Such publications as 
1 cannot close this week's remarks without making \ ^ , |fHng our college higher in the esteem of 

mention of the particular satisfaction w " h . wh ! C . h ' scientific men. 
mcn , , Mr r H Griffin to be the Ahab 

note the selection of Mr. C. H. or mm 

Therefore, keep close watch on the opening 
and the shutting of thy lips, and refrain from the 
relating of thy experience until thy freshman days a e 
put away. Let not thy gab work injury to the soles 
of thy feet and the seat of thy trousers 

of the class of 1904 during its senior year. That Mr. 
Sinn wS deserves the honor that the class has done 
hi^n electing him to this office by a practlcany 


Those of us who consider Amherst as a dull place 
should have been here the latter part of July when she 

:,h, w ,h m. however, few mistakes w be mto. 
and ..her. are any. their correction will be onl a 
m a,,r of time. The class is fortunate too In having 

citizens and friends. 

The programme for the week was begun on Sunday, 
July 26. by the ringing of the chimes at Amherst 

matter of time. The class fortunate too n » n B Ju ,„. ., ~ j, ^ ^^ 

rU dU the second —S-^-hSTtE- 

other matters 
looked after. 

of almost equal importance, to be 

rvice in me w»» • . . 

Monday was set aside for family reunions, visits to 
historical rooms and societies, base ball, and a band 
concert on the common before the reception In the 

town hall In the evening. 

The parade on Tuesday morning drew a larger 


Since the establishment of our college paper it has j m- J~ ^ ^^ Amhe rst"for years. Every 
not been the policy of the editor of the depar ment ^ ^ ^ ^^ capacUy The agrlcul . 

notes to mention in his column the bulletins as Issue y horticultural departments of the college were 

by our experiment station. There *«™ *° J* * — repre sented by floats and carriages, while behind 
feeling that this work should not be associated In any ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ departrnent came our 

way with the college life. We think this is a great 
mistake. Every bulletin sent out from here causes 
the attention of the scientific world to be centered 
upon our institution and upon the person thus giving 
the results of perhaps many years of hard work and 

wen rcuicscni&u w/ ..-— — — 

the wagons of the Amherst fire department came our 
much cherished hose cart, mounted by the officers of 
the fire brigade of Massachusetts. 

Although the pond has never been cons.dered just 
the place for swimming contests aside from freshmen 
oractice the entertainment committee hired repre- 
. . „ ■ .. :^^inr. c,~Vinnl tn cive an 

= irau • r practice, ui<i v-..—.— — ,.„„„ 

>dy. u llrtn nf sentatives of the Brookline swimming school to give an 

A bulletin which Is now attracting the attention of Jsentativ 

exhibition which should include racing, diving, fancy 
swimming, and a game of water polo. This feature of 
the celebration drew more people than any other one 
thing. The trolleys running to the college took over 
two thousand fares. The large crowd of spectators 
that gathered on either side of the pond was a sharp 
contrast to those which have been known to assemble 
there at certain frosty times to witness exhibitions even 
more amusing. (See picture 1904 Index.) 

The week was interesting also in that it brought 
before the public notice certain facts concerning the 
history of Amherst. How many of us knew that the 
land now comprising this town was first called "Hadley 
outer commons?" The town of Amherst was 
incorporated in 1759. and since John Nash, in 1785. 
hung out his unique tavern sign " Drink for the thirsty. 
Food tor the Hungry. Lodging for the weary, and good 
Keeping for the Horses." many changes have taken 


The site of the Old Pine Tree and the first public 
religious services in the town is associated with the 
spot where the plant house now stands. Amherst 
Academy stood on the site of the Amity Street school 
in 1814. In 1777. Burgoyne marched through the 
center of the town on his way from Saratoga to Boston, 
and the route of Shay's Retreat to Pelham in 1787 
lay past the town hall corner. General Lincoln's 
army halted in 1787 on the common. 

Such interesting facts as these, together with numer- 
ous others, should stir up among us a desire to know 
more about the history of the old town In which we are 
spending our college days. 

/Uhletic No+t$. 


Holy Cross, 6 ; Massachusets, 0. 

At the beginning of this game Holy Cross kicked 
off to Whitaker who ran it in 10 yards. After a few 
rushes Massachusetts was forced to kick, but the ball 
was kept In Holy Cross' territory a greater part of the 
first half, which ended 0-0. 

At the beginning of the second half Massachusetts 
kicked off to Holy Cross. In spite of the poor condi- 
tion of the men it took Holy Cross until the last five 
minutes of play to score. They kicked the goal. 

Then Holy Cross kicked off to Craighead. Massa- 
chusetts rushed the ball a short distance but was 
forced to kick on the third down. Holy Cross then 
fought her way down to the 30-yard line, when a place 
kick was tried, which failed. Massachusetts kicked 
the ball, on a free kick, from the 25-yard line, and 
the game ended with the ball held by Holy Cross In 
the middle of the field. 

When the odds against this college are considered, 
there seems to be no cause for discouragement. Our 
line was far outweighed, and the men were not by any 
means in first-class condition. A coach had been 
here but one day, and there had been only four days 
of practice, while Holy Cross had been practicing 
since the first of September. 

The line-up : 


Whitaker. r. e. 

Craighead, r t. * 

Cutter, r. g. 

Paige, (Patch) c. 

Holcomb. 1. g. 

Gardner. 1. t. 

Martin, 1. e. 

Walsh (Taft), r. h. b. 

Lewis. 1. h. b. 

Philbrick, f. b. 

Quigley (acting capt.). q. b. 
Score — Holy Cross 6. M. 

Coal— Reed. Referee— J. 

Hammond. Amherst 1900. 

Cross; Frank Kennedy. M. A. C. Timers-C. H. Griffin. J. 

J. Reilly. Time— 15 and 10 min. periods. 

Dartmouth, 12; Massachusetts, 0. 
Four days after the Holy Cross game, another was 
played with a team which outweighed Massachusetts 
to an even greater extent than Holy Cross. In spite 
of these Immense odds the men made a plucky, up- 
hill fight. Dartmouth started the game by kicking off 
to Whitaker who ran the ball In 15 yards. Massa- 
chusetts rushed the ball for quite a while but was 
finally forced to kick. Then Dartmouth rushed the 
ball with small gains till Vaughn succeeded In getting 
outside tackle and making 40 yards for a touchdown. 
He kicked the goal. 

The home team then made a touchback. and Mas- 
sachusetts kicked from the 25-yard line. Dartmouth 
again, by small and steady gains through the line, 
made a second touchdown and also kicked the goal. 


r. e.. Campbell 

r. t., Crowthers 

r. g.. O'Boyle 

c, King 

I. g., Carney 

1. t., O'Donnell 

I. e., McDonald 

r. h. b.. Reed 

I. h. b.. Skelly 

Stankard (capt.) 

q. b., Larkin 

A. C. 0. Touchdown— Carney. 

F. J Herbert. Umpire— T. J. 

Linesmen— E. F. Hannify. Holy 

f. b. 




A1 ,„„ point h .he game O'Hearn repiaeed .Martin 


Freshmen: President. C A. Rice; vice-president. 
O Curtiss; secretary. Miss V.French; treasurer. 
Chas. Leighton ; historian. W. Dickinson ; class-cap- 
tain, J. H. Caruthers. 

Sergeant M. A. Blake has been promoted to ser- 
* • ,• F F Henshaw, sergeant in 

Later Dartmouth managed o wor P Hensnaw . 

Collet \*o*il- 

was blocked by O'Hearn. Massachusetts rushed 1 
I ball to the middle of the field when time was 

""n'the second half. Dartmouth put in very nearly a 
whole new team, but they could accomplish nothing 
Tn the way of scoring. Their first team averaged 225 
pounds from tackle to tackle. 
The line-up i — 


Glaze, (Herr) 

r. e. 


Whitaker, r. e. 
Craighead, r. t. 
Cutter, r. g. 

Patch, c. 

Holcomb. 1. g- 

Gardner, 1. 1., 

Martin. (O'Hearn. capt.) I 

Walsh. (Tail) r. h. b. 

Lewis. 1. h. b. 

Philbrick, f. b. 

Quigley. q- b. M ,«^husetts 0. Touchdowns- 

Score _Dartmouth 12, Massachusetts w Rp f eree 

—Dr. Carlcton. Umpire. K. c. 

-Goodenough, *05, has left college. 

-Swain. '05. has been elected to the Signal board. 

__A few of the trees in the dwarf orchard bore 
fruit this summer. 

-The papers and magazines will soon be In their 
places in the reading room. 

_C W Lewis and T. F. Walsh, half-backs on 
last year's foot ball team, have returned to college. 

-On Monday evening Sept. 28th. the Y M. C. A. 
gave Its annual reception to the Freshman class. 
' -There are sixty-two members enrolled In the 

r. t.. Turner 

r. g., Gage 

c. Hooper. (Pratt) 

1. g.. Gilman, (Martin) 

1. t., Lindsay, (Brown) 

1. e., Bullock. (Sillard) 

r. h. b.. Patterson. (Coburn) _ hman dasSi tw0 of the number being -co-eds. 

, , ,. ,*, ££ _ M a mass meeling 0( lhe unaer gr adn r a J 

f. b. 
|, b.. Witham, capt.. (Harris) 


The classes have elected officers for the year as 

f0l sInlors: President, A. W. Gilbert ; vice-present. 
M A . Blake; secretary and treasurer. E. A. 
class-captain. M. F. Ahearn ; class Ahab. 
Griffin ; historian. R. R. Raymoth. 

luniors- President. J. F. Lyman; vice-president. 
WH Craighead ; secretary. R. U Adams ; treasure . 

arms E T. Ladd ; foot-ball captain. C. L. Whitaker. 
Sophomores: President. A. H. M.Wood; vice- 

Franklin. "03. was elected a member of the athletic 

-Thompson, who played as quarterback on the 
| Dartmouth eleven in 1902. has been secured to coach 
the foot-ball squad. 

-Professor Waugh has received from Florida 

twelve named varieties of Japanese persimmons for 

I the use of his class In Pomology. 

, -Several new drawing tables, cabinet for tools, and 

Back -U special plane table have been added to the equipe- 

C H ment of the Landscape Gardening class. 

-The college pond has been greatly Improved dur- 
ing the past summer. Much labor has been spent In 
removing the sand bars and in enlarging the island. 

-The new system of junior electlves Is, to say the 
,east. very pleasing to the student body; and we are 
sure that It will give a great impetus to old M./ 

Sophomores: President. A. H. M Wood; vioe- sore. a,, . ™ *■ ^ ^ ^ ^ „ 
pre S Jent. AD. Parrar ; secretary £ , = £ - *J ^ various tie.ds o, .aoor better „,,.d 
W. Peaks; historian, G, H. Chapman . | \ ^ ^ tnoroug h work. 

F. A. Cutter. | 

—The Senior and Junior classes in Landscape 
Gardening, accompanied by Mr. Canning of the Flori- 
cultural department, inspected the grounds and green 
houses at Smith College Thursday, Oct. I. 

—There has been a great deal of talk among the 
Students of abolishing the old custom of the Sopho- 
more-Freshman rope pull and of substituting some 
other class event in its place. The matter will prob- 
ably be decided soon by the Senate. 

—Pictures of the college grounds, buildings, and 
recitation rooms, of the Athletic teams and their 
trophies and of the various organizations of the college 
have been taken recently. These pictures will form 
a part of the exhibit of the college at the St.. Louis 

The Sophomore-Freshman campus rush proved 

quite a bloody affair. The sentiment of the under- 
graduate body seems to be developing against these 
rushes, and it is probably a question of a few years 
before some other method of determining the super- 
iority of the lower classes will have to be invented. 

Mr. G. F. Freemin, who has succeeded Pro- 
fessor Ralph E. Smith as instructor in Botany, 
comes from Alabama, being a graduate of an institu- 
tion in that, his native state. For the past three years 
he has been engaged in teaching the subjects for 
which he comes here. The past summer he spent in 
the continuance of study in Botany at the Harvard 
summer school. 

Mr. Geo. O. Greene, who has succeeded Mr. 

Drew as superintendent of the Horticultural depart- 
ment and assistant in Horticulture, comes here from 
the Kansas State Agricultural college. He took his 
B. S. from that institution in 1900 and his M. S. In 
1902. While still a senior in college, he was made 
assistant in Horticulture there and soon after gradua- 
tion was appointed to the superintendence' of the Hor- 
ticultural department. Thus, one can see that he 
has had experience in both professional and practical 
lines which ought to make him of value to the depart- 
ment here. 



The bill providing that the Florida Agricultural 
College at Lake City should henceforth be known as 
the University of Florida passed the house and was 
■ duly certified to by the Senate. 

Over $250,000 will be expended In the next year on 
new buildings for the Agricultural College at Am 

President Jordan of Stanford university worked his 
way through Cornell by waiting on the table, husking 
corn and digging ditches. 

The Council of Dublin University has recommend'. d 
that the Senate approve of the admission of women to 
the rights of the university. 

Harvard university is to have the famous zoological 
collection of Baron de Beyet of Brussels, through 
the kindness of Mr. Carnegie. It Is rich in extinct 

Lord Roseberry offers $2,500,000 to found a tech- 
nical college In London, if the city will maintain it. 
This institution will add a novel feature to the educa- 
tional system of Great Britain. 

Kansas State University has over 500 distinct 
courses of study, a faculty of 101 members, library of 
42,000 volumes, buildings and equipments worth 
$1,200,000. 1 ,300 students in 1902-03. 

The lowest cost for a single year at Yale was $100 
by a man who spent only $550 during his whole course. 
The highest individual expenditure in a single year 
was $ 1 1 ,000. The maximum cost for four years was 

The University of North America was incorporated 
in Washington, D. C. The university is organized for 
the promotion and advancement of learning In the 
ancient and modern languages, journalism, law and for 
other purposes. 

There are almost as many university teachers in the 
United States as there are university students In the 
United Kingdom. The number of professors an I 
instructors at the universities and colleges included in 
the list of the United States commissioner of education 
is 17.000. The number of students In British universi- 
ties and university colleges is only about 20,500. 

The universities of the West are following closely 
at the heels of the Eastern and bid fair in time to out- 
distance them in numbers. According to Professor 
Frederick J. Turner of the University of Wisconsin 





the following is the ranking of the respective colleges 
over 3000: Harvard. 5,468; Columbia, 5,352; 
Chicago 4,296 ; University of Michigan, 3,764 ; Cali- 
fornia. 3.696; Minnesota. 3, 505; and Illinois. 3.288. 
President Hadley of Yale. President Smith of 
Trinity college, and President Raymond of Wesleyan 
are to select the holders of the Rhodes scholarship 
from Connecticut. The present plan is not to make 
any appointment until the fall of 1904. Two qualifi- 
cations will be demanded of the students who apply 
for the scholarship. A candidate must have passed 
two years at a college or university and must be a 
good student. Besides this, he must be of a pleasing 

The following table compiled by Prof. Edwin G. 
Dexter of the University of Illinois shows the number 
of claims paid by an accident insurance company for 
injuries received in these forms of amusement or 
games. Look for foot ball. Do you recall what some 
have said about the awful fatality of that game ? 
Horseback riding, 291 

Base ball. 216 

Swimming, ^1 

Wrestling. *° 

Bowling. 7] 

Hunting, °2 

Gymnasium. 5 £ 

Canoeing. 49 

Foot ball, \l 

Skating. 36 

Golf. 25 

Boxing. f » 

Tennis. |V 

Prof. Dexter further says that about one student in 
thirty-five is Injured sufficiently to cause him to lose 
time from college duties. The chances of a player to 
receive injury is 1-18,538. Play the game! Play 
the game I 

toward a large and sane and noble and devout attitude, 
as a patient and painstaking man. whatever merges 
the romance and spontaneity of youth Into courage 
toward affairs and reverence for duty, " pays." A 
true college course seeks all this, and much of it 
(upon capable souls) it effects. It Is an endowment 
of personality. It does pay. in coin often, in kind 

Williams College. 
A college education increases manifold a person's 
chances of attaining recognition and success ; It is 
almost an essential to eminence in theology, medicine, 
law. philosophy, teaching, journalism, statesmanship, 
and in the fields of applied science. It pays especially 
because of what may be called its humanitarian pur- 
pose. The distinctive work of a college is that of 
mind-building and character-building. There is great 
educational value to a young man in feeling the per- 
sonality of a great teacher, In coming into competition 
with picked young men, and in enjoying their good- 
fellowshrp. By imparting intellectual stimulus, devel- 
oping the sympathies, and giving a higher ideal of 
manhood, college training enlarges life and gives a 
true perspective of values. 



Hamilton College. 
Whatever teaches one to discriminate as to things 
and terms, whatever disciplines attention In accuracy 
and persistency, whatever stimulates mental tact and 
decisive action, whatever widens the sweep of sympa- 
thy and makes it rationally strong, whatever arouses 
clear thinking upon the dynamics of life and prompts 


'96. It becomes the most painful duty of the Sig- 
nal to record the death of Benjamin K. Jones, who 
passed away at his home on 341 St. James Ave.. 
Springfield, on Friday evening. Aug. 21. Mr. Jones, 
upon completing his course in college was appointed 
assistant chemist in the Department of Foods and 
Feeding. Hatch Experiment station, where he 
remained until 1900. when he was called to the chair 
of chemistry in the Idaho State college. After one 
year's stay in Idaho Mr. Jones resigned and returned 
to Springfield, where he entered the law-ofilce of 
Robinson & Gillett. His examination for admission 
to the bar was to have taken place In July had not 
sickness prevented. During Mr. Jones' stay in college 
he was actively Interested in all different student 

organizations. As a member of the foot ball team he 
rendered valuable service to the athletic interests of 
the college, and his connection with the Forensic 
society and Y. M. C. A. showed him equally active 
in each, being president of the latter. He was one of 
those men who by manly force of character endeared 
himself to all who knew him. 

71.— E. A. Ellsworth, Holyoke. has recently taken 
into partnership a former employee. The firm name 
now is Ellsworth &. Kirkpatrick, architects and civil 
engineers. They have recently completed a large 
dam and paper mill on the Millers River at Millers 

72. — E. R. Flske. 625 Chestnut St.. Philadelphia, 
Pa., in the firm of Folwell Bros. & Co., 217 West 
Chilton Ave., Philadelphia, Penn. 

72.— John W. Clark, North Hadley. is a large fruit 

grower having about 2500 apple and 3000 peach trees. 

73.— Dr. Charles Wellington has been spending 

the summer with his family at Siasconset, Nantucket 


75._Prof. William P. Brooks, with his family, 
spent the month of August at their summer home at 
Falmouth Heights. 

76.— George A. Parker, until recently chief engi- 
neer of Keney Park. Hartford. Conn, has accepted a 
position on the engineering corps of that city. 

76. Cyrus A. Taft. Whitinsville. is superintendent 

of Whitinsville Machine works. 

78.— Josiah N. Hall. Denver, Col., who for some 
time has held the chair of Materia Medica and Thera- 
peutics at the Colorado Univ. has spent the last year 
in travel abroad. A part of his time has been spent 
In study at the University of Vienna. 

78. — J. H. Washburn, formerly president of R. I. 
Agricultural college is now located at Doylestown. Pa., 
where he is in charge of a farm school. 

78. — Charles S. Howe, has been appointed presi- 
dent of the Case school of Applied Science. Cleve- 
land. Ohio. 

•81.— W. F. Carr. chief engineer. Polk Co.. Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

•{i2. — W. H. Bishop has resigned his position as 
professor of Agriculture and Botany at the Delaware 
State college to enter a large dairy business In Scars- 
dale, N. Y. Address. Gray Rock Farm. Scarsdale, 
New York. 

'83.— S. C. Bagley.Tremont St.. Melrose Highlands. 

"85.— Prof. C. S. Phelps has likewise resigned his 
position as professor of Agriculture at the Conn. Agri- 
cultural college to take charge of " Grassland Farms" 
at Chapinsville. Conn. The "Farms" is a large 
estate owned by Robert and Herbert Scoville. 

•87. E. R. Flint, graduated at Harvard Medical 

school in June, 1903. Practicing physician In 

•92. — H. B. Emerson. Liberty St.. Schenectady. 
N. Y. 

•94. _A special publication of the Massashusetts 
State Board of Agriculture has just been issued about 
the brown tail moth. It was compiled by A. H. 
Kirkland and H. C. Femald and composes seventy- 
three pages, fourteen of which are devoted to full- 
page plates. 

•95. — H. A. Ballou. Imperial Entomologist for the 
British Lesser Antilles has been touring the several 
islands of that group this summer. His headquarters 
are at Barbadoes. 

•96. — w. L. Pentecost. South Newbury, N. H. 

'96.— S. W. Fletcher, who for the past year has 
been Horticulturist of the West Virginia Experiment 
station has resigned to accept the chair of Agricultural 
Extension at Cornell University. Professor Fletcher 
has been visiting at Mr. Newton Wallace's this summer 

•97._C. A. Knowlton, 30 Grove St., Lynn. 

•97, — George A. Drew, who has occupied the posi- 
tion of superintendent of the Horticultural Department 
since graduation has resigned to accept the posi- 
tion as manager of the E. C. Converse estate, 
Greenwich. Conn. The estate covers an area of 500 
acres and is under development, new buildings being 
erected and the grounds being laid out. all of which 
is to be under charge of Mr. Drew, 

•99.— Charles M. Walker is spending his vacation 
of two weeks at the home of his father Dr. C. S. 
Walker on Main street. 




In piano 

_ R l Smith has resigned his position as 

Js ant entomologist at the ^^J^ 
station to accept a similar posmon at Atlanta, Ga. 

•02 -Harold E. Hodgkiss as been engaged during 
Jatter part of the summer in his duties as off.cial 
nursery inspector of the state. 


William Etherington Allen, salesman. Cross's Sad- 
dlery store. 18 Summer St.. Boston. 
Stephen Carroll Bacon. Leominster 


George Levi Barrus. farmer. Goshen. 

Philip Whitney Brooks. Imperial. Cal. 

Joseph Gershom Cook, superintendent of Hatch | 
Experiment station barn. Amherst. 

Harry James Franklin, post graduate student 
cle cting y Entomology for major and Zoology for m.nor. 
Instructor In Nash's private school. Hadley. 

William Lane Hood, superintendent of farm. 
Kowaliga Industrial school. Kowaliga, Ala 

Young Men's Clothing 

With all the " Kinks of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment .-• .'• 


Haynes & Co., 

Always Reliable. 





, .,. ,he time m all vocation. | tor home improvement. 60 „. UMnUd, 
' ,od the book ami cour.c for St. Will lecture on ,,l 

.uvsical training in rapid writing for »100, or 

will u« 

ositive cure for bad writing. Individuality retained. 

one ^ for .00. —We toMp -J^ ' ^ M J l80n S , .„, Ogden Ave.. 
Business I'knman and one lesson, 10c Address 

Chicago, 111. 

Charles Parker Halligan, landscape architect, with 
Olmstead Brothers. Brookline. Home address. 41 
Fairview St.. Roslindale. 

Lester Ford Harvey, farmer 

Gerald Denison Jones, assistant. W. D. Cowls estate. 
North Amherst. 

George Herbert Lamson. graduate student. Wcs- 
leyan college, Middlefield, Conn. 

Neil Fransis Monahan, botanist, Hatch Experiment 
station. Amherst. 

Paul Nerses Nersessian, dairy foreman, Westboro. 

Albert Vincent Osman. post graduate student, elect- 
ing Botany for major, and Entomology for minor. 
Address. 116 North Pleasant St., Amherst. 

Albert Parsons, assistant in Department of Foods 
and Feeding. Hatch Experiment station, official col- 
lector of feeds, inspector of dairy apparatus, and herd 
tester. Address. North Amherst. 

Elmer Myron Poole, dairyman, North Dartmouth. 

Edward George Proulx. foreman on estate, Hins- 
dale, III. 

Richard Hendric Robertson, third assistant Depart- 
ment of Fertilizers, Hatch Experiment station. 
Address 66 North Pleasant St.. Amherst. 

Edward Beniah Snell. civil engineer. N. Y.. N. H. 
&, H. R. R. central offices, New Haven, Conn. 

Charles Samuel Tinkham. civil engineer, state 
highway commission. 

William Edgar Tottingham, second assistant chem- 
ist, Department of Foods and Feeding, Hatch Exper- 
iment station. Address 116 North Pleasant St., 

Wlnthrop Vose Tower, Roxbury. 

Myron Howard West, chief engineer. Keney Park. 
Hartford. Conn. Address 56 Blue Hills Ave., Hart- 
ford, Conn. 

(For many of the notes on the older alumni of the 
college we are Indebted to " College and Alumni 
News." No. 1. Vol. I. This publication is the begin- 
ning of a series of similar annual publications which 
are to follow. To obtain a copy, address Prof.James 
P. Paige, Lincoln Ave., Amherst.) 


to the FARM 



Will mako the old farm pay 
If lie farms the farm in the 
model u way. 


C aught by Mail. 

A thorough nnd practical course 
ondar the direct charge of Win. I'. 

Brooks, I'll. D.. I Massac -liusi-tts Ak- College). Our OOWM is 
bused oa Brooks' Agriculture;" it 
treats of soils, plants, tllUge, drain- 
agr.ii i ig.ui >n.ii i aiiures. f ci ti ligation, 
crop rotation sod everything oei- 
taining to money-miking on the 
farm. Tell books (3 volumes, H00 
pages, 300 illoctrationi) free to stu- 
dents. Send for 36 page book de- 
soibing course in full. 




Spring/Utd, Majj. 

other roiinw: IiuhIimm*. Shorthand. 
Penmanship, Tyiit'wrlUng. Normal 
riiuree llti- furtcailinVcrrtllliutc. 


9(3 Pleasant St. 

W. M. SUaRS, '05. 

W. W. COLTON, (Mi 



Stationery, Note Books, Pens, Paper, 

Toilet Articles, Glue, Mucilage, 
White Gloves, and Shoe Blacking, 
Candies, Fancy Crackers and Soda, 





Some eminent wallflower picturesquely described 
the waltz as ■• a hug to music." The social set of 
Bellefouche. S. D.. affirms the accuracy of the des- 
cription and have decided to introduce an innovation 
designed to make the dance less wearying on the 
limbs without diminishing its charms. The innovation 
is thus described : " The little informal dancing parties 
given in the Gaiety from time to time are becoming 
immensely popular. The reason, possibly, is the 
innovation introduced by some of the boys. Dave 
Broomfield has declared that " sitting out " a waltz is 
now more fashionable than dancing, the only difference 
being, you sit instead of dance. The man's right arm 
is around the girl's waist, while his left hand holds her 
right. Her left hand is placed upon his shoulder^ 
while her head rests lovingly on his manly buzzum,' 
and all they have to do is to sit and listen to the 
music. Now that is something like it. We have 
always regarded It a nuisance to have to gallop a mile 
or two in order to get a good hug. A room full of 
people, sitting around on sofas, hugging to music, is 
more gratifying. 

This will give the old rheumatic brethren another 
chance to waltz. Most men waltz, not for the dance, 
but for the position, and while a man may lose his 
appetite for dancing, he has got to get mighty old 
before he loses his appetite for hugging a pretty girl. 
Bellefouche Is always up-to-date and this new dance Is 
bound to be popular here, for we have not found a man 
who was not willing to blow In a dollar in the deal. 
Yet many people wonder why we don't waltz."— Ex. 


where it counts for mont. 
Do you own a good fountain pen t 
Do jou buy books f 
Do you appreciate a yood start .' 

Then visit us. _^____ 

Henry R. Johnson, 


313-315 Main St., 

Springfield, Mass. 

Bene [Heafl Sweets. 

The best Confections made. 




High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main St. 




Public FortttfM* by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College^ 

notify the Busin ess Manager. . _ — 


R RAYMOND RAYMOTH. 1904, Editor-in Chief. 

HOWARD MORGAN WHITE. 1904. Business Manager. 

rcnorPHfiWARDALLEN 1 905, Assistant Business Manager. 



ARTHUR LEE PECK. 1904, IntercoMegiate. ALLAN DANA FARRAR, 1906 

ERNEST ADNA BACK. 1904. Department Notes 
ALLEN NEWMAN SWAIN. 1905, Athletics 


SIGNAL'S DIRECTORY. Pro , S . F . Howard. Sec, 

R. A. Quigley, Manager. 
B. Tupp«r, Manager. 

M. C A. 
Fool- Ball Association, 

_ollege Senate, 
*eadlr.g-Room Association 

A. W. Gilbert, Pres. 
'C. H. Griffin, Manager. 
F. D. Couden. Pres. 
A. W. Gilbert, Sec. 

Athletic Association. 

Base-Ball Association. 

Nineteen Hundred and Five Index. 

Fraternity Conference, 

F. D. Couden. Pres. 

Entered as second-class matter, Post Office at Amherst. 

Ed i-to rials. 

It is always Interesting and a matter of pride to the 
undergraduate body when an alumnus succeeds to 

me lucrative or notable, position. When Prof. W. 

Stone, -82. was made President of Purdue Univer- 
sity a few years ago, we seemed to feel a personal 
Interest in the occasion, and this is the proper attitude 
I of the student body toward the alumni, as the under- 
graduate expects and hopes to become a member of 
' that larger body ; and when he is appointed to a posi- 
tion of some importance it is a pleasure to him to 
know that those following him are interested in his 

I There is a shelf In the west entry of North College 
placed there obviously for the convenience of the stu- 
dents It has proven to be quite the reverse, for it is 
very inconvenient when one places his books there to 
return in a half hour or hour to find them gone. Has 
the honor of the men of Massachusetts fallen to such| 

a low ebb that one cannot trust his fellow students ? 
Such petty thieving is abominable and out of place in 
an institution where the higher elements of manhood 
are developed. This is not the only college where 
such things occur, and it Is to be deplored that men 
who are striving for a position of some importance in 
the world of business, should condescend to such 
meanness of character. These are the things that 
cast a stigma upon the college world that is not easily 
shaken off. And it behooves every man.with the true 
college spirit, to rise up in opposition to such actions, 
and make the college what it professes to be— a little 
world where fraternal comradeship is Its bulwark of 

A great deal of trouble is occasioned in obtaining 
the latest addresses of the alumni, through their neg- 
ligence in keeping the President in touch with them. 
We have been informed that every alumnus is 
requested to forward his address to the President 
when any change occurs, or any other bit of news 
that concerns him immediately. This the alumni as 







a body have failed to do. and in consequence 
addresses as •■ old as the hills." to use the expression, 
are published year after year In the college annuals, 
and other publications. To counteract this the edi- 
tors of the Index endeavored to obtain the correct 
address of each alumnus, and sent to each a return 
postal for the purpose. Some answered at once, a 
great many answered after copy went to press and 
others did not reply at all and yet. alumni, you " kick" 
when we do not give your latest stopping-point. Is 
this fair to us or to yourselves ? Consider, and see if 
it is not in your place to remedy matters. How much 
trouble is it to drop a postal to the President giving 
your latest address or change of position ? Matters 
would be greatly simplified and we'd all rise up and 
call you blessed. 


Massachusetts Agricultural College. 1896, 
Whereas : It has pleased our Heavenly Father in his wise 
Providence to take away one near and dear to us, and 

Whereas : We deeply mourn his loss and sympathize with 
his bereaved family, be it therefore. 

Resolved: That we. members of the College Shakespearean 
Club, extend our heartfelt sympathy to the bereaved family. 

and be it further 

Resolved: That a copy of these resolutions be inscribed in 
the archives of the fraternity and that a c\py be printed in 

the College Signal. 

A C. Monahan. 1900. 1 Committee 
A. W. Gilbert. 1904. > for the 
S R. Parker. 1904. ) Fraternity. 

We wish to call the attention of the class of 1907 
to the fact that two men will be needed from their 
number for the Signal board in the near future, and 
it is to their advantage as well as the Signal's that 
the best men are chosen. Each competitor must pre- 
sent at least three articles to become eligible. Get to 
work, class of 1907 and show us of what stuff you are 
made. We want the best men in the college for the 
Signal, for we want it to rank with the best college 
papers, and we must make it so. It rests with you, 
however, to give your heartiest support and willing 
service. We are speaking now not only to the class 
of 1907 but to the whole student body. Fellows.make 
the Signal the representative of the college, give us 
your help, and all the help you can. There ought to be 
no need of saying that every man should be a subscri- 
ber and yet the fact is not every man in college is such. 
We are extremely grateful to the alumni for the help 
they have given us. and we hope they will continue the 
good work. But again, we state we do not wish for 
stories, as such, unless they are exceptionally interest- 
ing and well written ; of course we shall print one or 
two if conditions so provide, but we prefer articles, 
short or long, on scientific research, or experiment ; 
which we believe to be more in harmony with our work 
here. Any bit of news you feel is interesting send to 
us and even if not found available, still it will tell us 
you are taking an interest in the Signal. However, 
it may be. give us your support in some way. 



In 1783. just after the Revolution, the United 
States embraced an area of only a little more than 
eight hundred thousand square miles. In that year 
the Mississippi river was our western boundary, and 
the Pacific ocean was about as accessible by land as 
is the north pole to-day. Now the government at 
Washington makes the laws which govern the Inhab- 
itants of more than four million square miles and the 
Pacific coast is only a halting point on the way to the 

Philippines. ■ 

That would seem to be a bold action of the Jeffer- 
son administration which would add to the territory 
of the United States, another territory larger than that 
originally possessed. But that Is just what did happen. 
By the purchase of Louisana from France in 1803, 
there was added over nine hundred thousand square 
miles to the original area of the country. From 
this magnificent purchase for which the United States 
gave $15 000,000. have been made the states of Lou- 
isiana. Arkansas. Missouri. Iowa. Kansas. Nebraska, 
Wyoming. Montana and the two Dakotas, with the 
greater part of Minnesota and Colorado, and the Okla- 
homa and Indian territories. Thus by one purchase, 
the United States acquired a territory that added to 
Oregon secured in 1846. embraced as large an area 
as that of Austria. Germany. Sweeden. Norway. Den- 
mark. France, and Spain. Oregon was secured by a 

treaty with England which divided the debated territory 
on the Pacific coast as far north as 54 J . 40'. so that 
the United States retained the southern and Great 
Britain the northern section. This country includes 
the states of Washington. Oregon and Idaho with parts 
of Montana and Wyoming. 

After the purchase of Louisiana there was still a 
small strip of land a little larger than England east of 
the Mississippi, which was still owned by Spain ; and 
in 1819 this was also purchased. It included the 
state of Florida and what is now the coast of Alabama 
and Mississippi. This purchase secured to the United 
States the Atlantic seaboard as far north as the 
British possessions in Canada as well as the entire 
control of the Mississippi River. It is interesting to 
note that Andrew Jackson invaded this country and 
virtually took possession of it before the purchase, 
and had it not been for the revolt of Spain's South 
American colonies which occurred at that time, a war 
between that country and the United States would 
probably have occurred eighty yestrs earlier than It did. 
However, the matter was peaceably settled by the 
[payment of $5,000,000 to Spain. 

For twenty years after this purchase, the bounda- 
ries of the United States remained the same; but In 
> 1845, Texas after ten years of existence as an inde- 
pendent country, signified Its willingness to become a 
part of Its sister republic and was accordingly annexed. 
, The greater part of this last acquisition was made into 
la single state, though a little later, part of New Mexico 
•was made from It. This gave to the United States 
another extensive section somewhat larger than the 
combined areas of Austri- Hungary. Switzerland, and 

When the annexation of Texas had been brought 
about and the title to Oregon secured there remained 
B vast domain stretching from the western boundary 
of the " Lone Star State " to the Pacific about equal 
In extent to Germany. France, and Spain, which it was 
extremely desirable that we should hold ; and the war 
with Mexico gave us an excuse, good or bad. to take 
assession of it. At the end of the war in 1848. one 
of the conditions in the treaty of peace declared that 
lexico should cede to us this Immense tract of land 
irhich. aided by the discovery of gold in California in 
Ihe same year, was in some parts, settled very quickly. 
The country thus obtained included what is now the 

states of Utah, California, Arizona. Colorado, and the 
greater part of New Mexico. It was not until 1853 
however that we obtained a good title to the southern 
part of Arizona. There had always been a dispute as 
to part of the southern boundary of the Mexican ces- 
sion but in the above year it was definitely settled. 

In 1867 was made our last great acquisition on the 
mainland. In that year we purchased Alaska from 
Russia for $7,000,000. This country was valuable at 
that time for its furs and fisheries only, but since its 
acquisition it is found to be rich also in its mineral 
resources. The annexation of Hawaii and the acqui- 
sition of the islands ceded to us at the close of the 
Spanish-American war are of so recent a date that 
they need receive only passing notice. 

Thus then from an area of less than a million 
square miles, our country has grown in a little more 
than a hundred years, until now It exceeds in extent 
the whole of Europe. Including the Scandinavian 
peninsula. E. D. C. 


Ahearn— Horticulture, Agriculture, English. 

Back — Entomology, Botany, German. 

Blake— Horticulture. Entomology. Agriculture. 

Couden— Entomology. Botany, Horticulture. 

Elwood— Horticulture, Agriculture, Veterinary. 

Fulton— Chemistry. Agriculture. English. 

Gregg — Horticulture, Landscape Gardening, En- 

Griffin— Horticulture, Agriculture, Veterinary. 

Gilbert— Horticulture, Agriculture, Veterinary. 

Haskell— Agriculture, Entomology. Spanish. 

Henshaw — Landscape Gardening. Mathematics, 

Hubert— Horticulture. Agriculture. Veterinary. 

Newton— Chemistry. Agriculture. English. 

O'Hearn— Horticulture. Veterinary. Spanish. 

Parker— Horticulture, Agriculture. Veterinary. 

Peck— Horticulture. LandscapeGardening. Engineering. 

Quigley— Agriculture. Veterinary. Spanish. 

Raymoth— LandscapeGardening. Horticulture.German. 

Staples— Horticulture. Agriculture. Veterinary. 

White— Entomology, Botany. Horticulture. 

Tufts Ins an undergraduate body which numb in 
340 students; the largest enrollment in years. 





During the past summer circulars have been sent 

oaoves for the present season. 

T» earnest appeal was aiso made «r but.on 
to enable our manager to secure a coach for the 
easno for such part of it as the funds sent In by 
rimni should .arrant. About one hun red an 
twen ty-Hve dollars have been received and from less 
than one-twentieth of the entire alumni body. 

To those loyal graduates by whose genera My we 
lnV e been able to have a coach for a part o the 
^son we would hereby express our sincere grat.tude 
and would assure them that their efforts are ab- 
ated by the undergraduates who are all In the.r 
nn\wer to support the team. 

' The L already played show that our efforts 
s0 far have not been In vain. Plans for further 
coaching are being made. One hundred dollars more 
are needed in order to carry out these plans , and this 
appea is made to you. Brother Alumni, who have no 
already contributed, to help us. Are there not one 
hundred men who will respond at once ? 
S Francis Howard. '94, 

Treasurer, M. A. C. Athletic Board. 

CLASS OF 1907- 

H. E. Alley, Newburyport. 

E. C. Amsden, West Gardner. 

P. H.Armstrong, Hyde Park. 

W. D. Barlow. Amherst. 

E. G. Bartlett. Chicago, 111. 

P. R Brydon. Lancaster. 

J. F. Caruthers. Columbia, Tenn. 

W, F. Chase. Middleboro. 

J. O. Chapman. East Brewster. 

W. S. Chapman. Attleboro. 

M. H. Clark. Jr.. Sunderland. 

L. F. Clementson, Milbury. 

C. H. Chadwick. Cochltuate. 

E. R. Cowles. Deerfield. 

J. G. Curtis, South Framingham. 

W. L. Curtis, Scituate. 

G. A. Dearth. Sherborn. 

E. T. Denham, Rockland. 

W. E. Dickinson. North Amherst. 

F. S. Dudley, Montague. 

J. F. Eastman. Townsend. 

N. Engstrom. Lancaster. 

D. Finkelsteln, Philadelphia. Pa, 

Miss V. R. French. Amherst 

H. N. Gould, Milbury. 

H. H.Green. Spencer. 

W. Hall, Jr„ Marshfield. 

S. W. Hanson, Boston. 

A. W. Higgins, Westfield. 

A. M. Jones, Ludlow. 

J. Kalina, Amherst. 

C. King. Easton. 

H. C. Knox. Roxbury. 

A J. Lamed. Amherst. 

C. Leighton, Lowell. 

W. Leominster. Long Plain. 

E. A. Lincoln, Fall River. 

Miss G. D. Livers, Boston. 

B.J. Marran. Great Barrington. 

C. M. Parker. Newtonville. 

E. C. Perkins. Springfield. 

F C. Peters. Lenox. 

E. D. Philbrick, West Somerville. 

H. T. Pierce. West Milbury. 

R. P. Pray. Natlck. 

J. A. Raitt. New York. N. Y. 

C. A. A. Rice, Springfield. 

H. O. Russel. North Hadley. 

G. W. Searle. Westfield. 

C. L. Shaw. Brockton. 

E. H. Shaw, Belmont. 

F. E. Shaw. Brockton. 
E. L. Shuttleworth, Lawrence. 

G. F. Smith. Barre. 
C. L. Stoddard, Canton. 
J. N. Summers. Campello. 
C. B. Thompson, Halifax. 
r. J. Watts, Littleton. 
J. H. Walker. Greenwich Village, 
j. F. Whitney. Dana. 

The University of Missouri has added a 
domestic science, and It Is said to be a good thing. 
Those who have heretofore plunged Into matrimony 
Spared can no longer excuse tough pie crus and 
t ock biscuit on the ground of - never d,d It before. 

Collet N°*«- 

— Milford Clark of Sunderland has entered the 
Freshman class. 

—The Freshmen have selected white and green for 
.their class colors. 

—Professor Howard will lead the college choir this 
• year. Ferren *06 is organist. 

—The reading room periodicals were sold at auction 
jjMonday evening of last week. 

—Dr. Fernald as State nursery inspector was called 
■0 Boston last week on business. 

—The Sophomore-Freshman rope pull will take 
blace this year according to the old custom. 

—Sears '05 recently spent a week at Worcester 
posting Holstein-Friesian cattle for the advanced 

Professor Bigelow of Amherst 'college has invited 

my M. A. C. students.who have singing ability, to join 
ie oratorio society. 

—Ex-Secretary Stockwell of the State Board of 
Agriculture has recently been at the college arranging 
for the St. Louis exhibits of the various departments. 
\ —The Fraternity Conference organized Thursday 
evening, Oct. 8. The following officers were elected: 
President, F. D.Couden ; vice-president, M. A. Blake ; 

^cretary and treasurer, A. W. Gilbert. 

—The time of all afternoon college exercises has 
sn changed so as to begin on the half instead of on 
quarter hour. This gives the fellows who room 
vn town fifteen minutes additional time in which to 
Bt their dinners. 
Mr. Wallace has erected a booth around the tele- 
bone in the reading room. This is greatly appreciated 
f the students as it was very hard to use the telephone 
ktisfactorily when the room was filled with fellows 
iking and laughing. 

I— The committee, sicing to the laying out of the 
ounds about Draper Hall, are doing all within their 
t/er to hasten the completion of the new walk. The 
piherst and Sunderland Railroad have taken the con- 
let to draw the stone and thus far have failed to 
»w a sufficient amount to finish the work. 

—The class of '06 has elected the following men 
to serve on their Index board: Editor-in-Chief, E. H. 
Scott ; business manager, F. H. Kennedy : assistant 
business manager. A. T. Hasting ; artist. G. W. 
Sleeper; associate editors, literary, G. H. Chapman 
and M. F. Wholley ; statistical, A. D. Farrar and R, 
W. Peakes. 


R. L. Adams, Horticulture. 
G. H. Allen, Biology. 
H. L. Barnes, Horticulture. 
F. A. Bartlett, Horticulture. 
W. H. Craighead, Horticulture. 
H. D. Crosby. Horticulture. 
Miss E. C. Cushman, Biology 
J. J. Gardner, Horticulture. 
A. W. Hall, Agriculture. 
W. B. Hatch. Mathematics. 
L. W. Hill, Chemistry. 
C. S. Holcomb. Agriculture. 
T. F. Hunt. Horticulture. 

F. F. Hutchings, Mathematics. 
N. D. Ingham. Horticulture. 
J. R. Kelton Agriculture. 
E. T. Ladd. Chemistry. 
C. W. Lewis, Horticulture. 
J. F. Lyman, Chemistry. 
W. A. Munson, Horticulture. 
E. W. Newhall, Agriculture. 

G. W. Patch. Mathematics. 
J.C. Richardson. Horticulture. 
Miss M. L. Sanborn, Horticulture. 
W. W. Sears, Agriculture. 
A. N. Swain, Horticulture. 

A. D. Taylor, Mathematics. 
H. F. Thompson. Agriculture 

B. Tupper, Agriculture 
L. S. Walker. Chemistry. 

C. L. Whitaker, Horticulture, 
p. F. Williams, Landscape Gardening. 
G. N. Willis, Mathematics. 
F. L. Yeaw, Horticulture. 

The Yale athletic association is planing to build mi 
immense base-ball cage, or glass shelter, in which the 
team can get a good early start for the spring season. 






The third game of the season was played at W.I- 
Hamlin Wednesday, Oct. 7. The score by no 
lens gives a fair account of the is shown by 
The a^n ent of two or three of the leading daily 
papers when they said that two of the touchdowns 
were made on flukes. When it came to holding our 

ll.tlc difficulty, as a rule, in tnakin her 
Williams was also weak In .he ends^as se era 
runs netllOK g°°<* distances were made as an 
'especially noticeable one being made hy Wbitaker 

" ThI fXwtnt brie, account o, the game will give 
some little insight into the playing of .he .wo earn. 
The game was begun by Martin kicking off to W.1 
U ams who ran I. in 1 yards. Williams on slralgh. rush- 
tlrried .he ball down .he field un„l 40 yards from 
Massachuset.s goal, when Peabody broke .rough and 
made a touchdown. They kicked .he goal 

Williams .hen kicked off .0 Whl.aker. who rani in 
,0,ards. inashorulme MassachuseUs was forced 
to kick From then till the lime she made he sec- 
ond .ouchdown. Williams kept .he ball a.mos, entirely. 

Goal was not kicked. rv Hearn 

Then Williams once more kicked off, and O Hearn 
got t^e ball. Soon after, the half ended with the ball 
near the middle of the field and the score 1 1 -0. 

At the beginning of the second half, "^""l 
took a brace, and. with the exception of a bad fumble 
by Lewis which gave Williams their last touchdown, 
lyed good ball. It started with a fake kick-off on 
he part of Williams. Carey fell on the ball. From 
then on. we never failed to gain our distance. It was 
when in the middle of the field that the fumble men- 
Uoned above was made. Here a Williams' man got 
the b^l -d ran for a touchdown. They kicked the 

g0a AE ain Massachusetts received the kick-off. The 
ball changed hands once or twice, but finally we got 
down to Williams' 1 0-yard line. Here O Hearn 
decided to try for a goal from the field as .time was 
very nearly up. The attempt failed, the kick being 

Shor^teT this the game ended. For Massa 
chusetts. Whitaker played a good game. For W.I 
Hams. Peabody was the star. 

The line-up : — 



O'Hearn (capt.). 1 
Gardner. I. t. 
Carey, 1. o. 
Patch, c. 
Cutter, r. g. 
Craighead, r. t. 

Martin, r. e. 

Lewis, 1. u. b. 

Whitaker, r. h. b. 

Randall, f. b. 

Quigley. q. b. 

Score— Williams 17 
Jones, Peabody, Boice 


1, e.. Lewis (Jaeckel) 
I. t., Murrey 
1. g-, Jones 
c, Campbell 
r. g.. Dennet 
r. t.. Bixby (Judson) 
r. e., Boice 
I. h. b.. Guttersor 
r. h. b.. Watson 
f. b.. Peabody (capt ) Durfee 
q. b.. Williams 

Massachusetts 0. Touchdowns- 
Goals from touchdowns-Lew 

Time _15 and 10 mln. periods. 


The firs, home game was played on the campus 
Wednesday. Oct. 14. Although a big scorej 
showed the weak points of the home lean, «**» 
mu s, be soon overcome if anything is to be done IP 
I games Z "> -ome. Before ,he game was overi 
very n«rly all .he regular 'varsl.y men were replaced 

by T U he S gre S ' by Rhode Island kicking o„, 
Jl who fell on I.. Then Massachusetts worked 
*e tall down the field and In a very few - . 
shoved Randall over for .he firs, .ouchdown. O Hearn 

"t^'kUrd'of. again. Qu,gleyge,.ing .he ha.1 and 
na it in 15 vards For the second time they 
SS11 »S -adlly. this time Whitaker car- 
Ty ng the ball over. O'Hearn kicked the goal 
7 The third touchdown and goal were o Main ed* 

cTla Xfulld.but Martin got the ball and 
SSE. interference went through «£^ 
a 70-yards run and a touchdown. O Hearn 

^'pfelus to the next touchdown. Massachusetts was 
penned 10 yards for offside play Shortly .after t,s 
touchdown, the half ended with the score 30-0. 

The second half opened by Martin kicking off to 
R. I„ who ran it in 10 yards. After a few rushes, 
they were forced to kick. Massachusetts then soon 
sent Randall over for the sixth touchdown. Quigley 
failed to kick the goal. 

The last two touchdowns were made by Taft and 
Lewis respectively, the goal to the former touchdown 
being kicked by Martin and the latter missed. 

The game ended almost immediately after this. 
For Massachusetts. O'Hearn. Lewis, and Whitaker 
did good work. 

The line-up:— 


O'Hearn (capt). (Martin. Clementson, 1. e.. I. e., Dow 

Gardner. I. t. I. t.. Quinn 

'Carey (Wood). I. g. 1. g.. Cooke 

Paige, c. c - Hardin £ 

| Cutter (Holcomb). r. g. r. g.. Grlnnell 

Jraighead (Carey), r. t. r. ... Hoxsie (capt.) 

lartin (Whitaker). r. e. r - ••« Sm,,h 

_ewis. I. h. b. ' I- h - b - Ferre y 

/hitaker (Taft). r. h. b. r. h b., Berry 

{andall (Philbrick). f. b. •• b.. Hodges 

ledy (Quigley. Amsden). q. b. q- b., Wilkins 

Score— Massachusetts 46. R. I. 0. Touchdowns— Randall 
§2. Whitaker 3. Martin 1. Lewis 1. Taft I. Goals-O'Hearn 

C Martin 1. Referee- Halligan of- Massachusetts. Umpire 
-Couden of Massachusetts. Linesmen— Ingham of Massa- 
husetts and Soule of R. I. Timer— Griffin. Time— 20 and 
*115 mln. periods. 


Massachusetts,! 2 ; Springfield Training School.O 
In spite of the downpour on the afternoon of Satur- 
day. Oct. 7. about 300 people were present to watch 
the game between Massachusetts and Springfield 
Training School. Of that number, all save twelve or 
fifteen were out to support the Springfield team. In 
iplte of their lack In numbers, the little crowd from 
jiere made enough noise to help any team on to 


This is the second game this season which we have 
won. Considering the fears of the fellows, caused by 
the accounts they had seen of their opponent's game 
With Yale the previous Saturday, and the sight of the 
big Springfield men as they came onto the muddy 
field, it made the result seem all the better for us. 
In that game, the wet field seemed to be nothing in 
favor of the heavier team, as it sprawled helplessly 
around in the mud. On several occasions, time was 
taken out to allow the players on both sides a chance 

to wipe the mud and water out of their eyes and ears, 
so that they could see the ball and hear the signals. 

The game was called at 3 o'clock and started by 
Springfield kicking off. By straight line bucking, with 
the exception of one end run of 40 yards by Lewis, 
Massachusetts got the ball down to Springf eld's 3- yard 
line before being held. There she was held for a 
single down. Then Lewis was sent through center 
for the first touchdown. O'Hearn kicked the goal. 

Then the obtaining of the second touchdown, which 
was accomplished by the same men, occurred in 
much the same manner, Whitaker and Lewis each 
carrying the ball around their opponents' ends for a 
gain of 20 yards. 

Soon after the third kick off. the half ended with 
the ball in Massachusetts' possession. The whole of 
this half was played without a single fumble which, 
considering the slippery condition of the ball, was 

The second half opened by Massachusetts kicking 
off to Springfield who, in short order, was forced to 
punt. Here, for a while, because of fumbling and 
punting, the ball changed hands several times. At last 
Massachusetts got the ball and worked it steadily 
down to Springfield's 25-yard line, when time was 


In the whole game Massachusetts rushed the ball 
225 yards to Springfield's 15 yards. For Massachus- 
etts, O'Hearn, Lewis, Whitaker and Paige played a 
good game, being admirably backed up by the whole 
team. Gray, for Springfield, was the most conspicu- 
ous in his playing. 

The line-up ! 


O'Hearn. (capt ), I. e.. 
Gardner. I. t.. 
Holcomb. 1. g.. 
Paige, c. 
Cutter, r. g.. 
Carey, r. t.. 
Martin, r. e.. 
Lewis. 1. h. b.. 
Whitaker. r. h. b.. 
Randall, f. b.. 


r. e.. Martin 

r. t.. Draper 

r. g.. Lamson 

c, Roy 

I. g., Holmes 

1. t , Hamlin (Burghalter) 

I. e., Lowman 

r. h. b.. Gray (Abbott) 

I. h. b.. Mason 

f. b.. Hill 

q. b., Metzdorf (Gray) 

Quigley. q. b., 

Score-Massachusetts, 12; Springfield Training School- 
0. Touchdowns-Lewis, 2. Goals-O'Hearn. 2. Umpire— 
Washburn. Amherst. 1903. Referee- Halligan. M. A. C, 
1900. Linesmen— Elliott. Springfield Training School and 
Hanson. M. A. C. Timekeeper. Griffin. M. A. C. Time— 
15 min. halves, 




D t partm* n*Jhlo**s^ 

The Journal club met (or the first time this year in 
the entomological laboratory on Oct. 5 under the 
direction of Dr. H. T. Fernald. The club will take 
the place of the first hour of the laboratory work in 
entomology on the first Monday of each month. The 
membership is not restricted to the graduate student. 
a nd seniors taking entomology, but is open to a I who 
take sufficient interest to attend. The objects of these 
meetings are to acquaint the student with the entomo- 
logical magazines and bulletins and with the best way 
to make use of them. Through these, of there 
are a large number at the Insectary he is able to keep 
in touch with the systematic and practical entomolog- 
ical investigations of the day. As a part of the grad- 
uate course, different orders or groups of insects are 
assigned to the graduate students and to those seniors 
who desire to participate. With the latter the assign- 
ments are not compulsory, still as a rule they are glad 
to take advantage of the training which they receive 
in choosing and presenting in as agreeable a manner 
as possible those facts which will be of Interest to the 

club members. 

Besides the usual reports, the members were 
highly entertained by Prof. C. H. Fernald's talk upon 
his acquaintance and friendship with Grote and Blake, 
two eminent entomologists who died during the pas t 


Students of Horticulture will be pleased to learn that 
the seminars which were so popular last year are to be 
continued this winter. As In the past, the public exer- 
cises will be held once a month. A vigorous attempt 
is being made by Prof. Waugh to obtain such speak- 
ers as will make the gatherings a success. Those 
who heard J. H. Hale last spring will rejoice that he 
has promised *.o again address the seminar. Mr.Patch 
of Boston, chief of the National League of Commis- 
sion Merchants and Mr. John Craig who succeeds L. 
H. Bailey as professor of Horticulture at Cornell have 
also given their word to be present during the course. 
In our last issue we called attention to the Japanese 
persimmons recently received by Prof. Waugh from 
Florida. There are a few left together with some 

native persimmons from Maryland. These may be 
seen at any time by speaking to Prof. Waugh The 
department has also received a collection of apples 
from Iowa and a still finer lot from Ottawa. Ontario. 
Fruit will be received in the near future from Kansas. 
Michigan and other parts of the country. These col- 
lections are used in the study of systematic Pomology 
Prof Waugh's collection of filed descriptions of 
fruit is growing very rapidly. He hopes to make his 
catalogue as complete as possible, and as soon as the 
rush of the fall work is over, a man will be secured to 
devote all his time to making descriptions of fruit sent 

from other sections. 

Thus far the class in Landscape Gardening have 
spent their time in studying the names.modes of growth 
habitats, etc. of the many shrubs and trees to be found 
about Amherst. Prof. Waugh feels that the class 
should become familiar with the material which they 
will have to use later on in the course. The notes 
which are taken in the field will be thoroughly worked 
over In the laboratory. 

An experiment which has called forth much interest 
among pomologists is that which has been conducted 
by Prof Brooks for the past year to determine the 
effect of different fertilizers upon the production 
and quality of several varieties of apples. The orchard 
experimented upon is back of the pathological labora- 
tory of the station. During the summer many of the 
most eminent pomologists of the state have visited the 
orchard and without exception have said that they have 
never seen trees bearing so many apples of such fine 
quality The results of the experiment have been the 
most gratifying. The fruit has been picked and sent 
to cold storage in Springfield where test will be made 
as to its keeping qualities. 

C A Tinker. ex-"04. has been employed by the 
agricultural department to prepare charts illustrating 
the advance of agriculture in Massachusetts. These 
charts will be exhibited at St. Louis. 

The collection of corn showing the results of various 
fertilizers, will be exhibited at St. Louis. This collect 
ion has already been exhibited at many of the state 



Oct. 21— -Hello. Bill." 

23— Denman Thompson in "The Old Home- 
26— "The Virginian." 
27— Raymond Hitchcock in "The Yankee 

29 — "A Message from Mars." 
31 — "Alaska." 


The university of Chicago has received $1,000,000 
as a gift from Mr. John D. Rockefeller. 

Lehigh university freshmen are not allowed to join 
fraternities. They are tried out during the first year 
land pledged as sophomores. 

William Smith, a millionaire nurseryman, will found 
md endow a college for women at Geneva, N. Y.. to 
.j known as the William Smith College for Women 
^he institution will be in the most beautiful section. 
)ne building is to cost $150,000. Mr. Smith main- 
lains the Smith observatory there. 

In the days of her greatness Spain had ten univer- 
sities and she is still credited with ten. They are at 
ladrid. Salamanca, Granada, Valentia, Valladolit. 
3arcelona. Santiago, Seville, Oviedo and Zaragoza. 
.= ew of them offer any great attractions to the students, 
though at present the school at Madrid is the largest 
md most modern. 

The statement that one battleship costs more than 
"iihe value of the ninety-four buildings of Harvard Uni- 
versity has been questioned, but the official reports 
ttate that the Oregon, which is the most expensive 
battleship in the United States navy.cost $6,575,032.76. 
The valuation of all the buildings and land of Harvard 
University is $5,300,000. 

Battle Creek. Mich.— Ground has been broken at 
Morgan Park for the first college in the world to be 
devoted to the instruction in horseshoeing. It will 
have sufficient capacity to accommodate 200 students. 
Dr. P. A. Haseltine of Flint, who has been active in 
promoting the establishment of the college, threw the 
first spade full of dirt and Mayor Webb made an 
Jddress. The college is an idea that has been har- 
bored in the minds of members of the National Asso- 
ciation of Master Horseshoers for years. At the last 

meeting of the association a substantial sum was 
devoted to the erection of the building. A stock com- 
pany has been formed and the horseshoers of the 
country will be asked to take shares. The anatomy 
of the horse will be tiken into consideration in getting 
up the course. It is said that 30 studies will be listed 
in the curriculum. 

Nicholas Murray Butler, the president of Columbia 
University, in a letter on college endowments, has let 
out a secret of the Roosevelt administration which 
thus far has been pretty well kept. It is of exceeding 
interest to republican senators and representatives all 
over the country, who find it Impossible to secure posi- 
tions for their constituents in the public service. Mr. 
Butler writes: " When the new Bureau of Commerce 
was being organized letters were written to all the 
universities asking for lists of names of students or 
graduates in the study of political science who could 
take the civil service examination to make them 
eligible for appointment in that department." The 
president, it is well known, will not appoint to office 
any man, if he can help it, who is not a graduate of 
some college, and in the event of his re-election this 
will probably become one of the rules of his new 


Ex-'75. Walter S. Lyon is at present in charge of 

the Bureau of Seed and Plant Instruction. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. Manila. Philippine Islands. 

•76.— George William May Guild, born New York 
city January 26, 1856, died May 8. 1903 at his home 
in Jamaica Plains of heart disease. Mr. Guild was 
engaged in business in Lawrence, Mass., until 1881, 
when he entered the employ of the Adams Express 
Company. After two years, he entered the Ports 
mouth Navy Yard as a government clerk and has 
since been constantly in touch with the marine. Mr, 
Guild was at the time of his death with Robinson 
& Fox. Rowes Wharf. Boston. Mass. 

78.— The college has been honored by the promo- 
tion of C. S. Howe of the class of 78 to the presi- 
dency of the Case School of Applied Science. *here 
he has served as professor of mathematics and Astron- 
omy for several years. The Case School of Applied 
Science, although young in years, is conceded to rank 
among the foremost technical schools of the country. 




n.rr is at present in Miiwau 
■a _-Mr Walter F. Carr is ax V 

Lane, who (or some I me has ba „ d „ 

assistant in ft. SESiiETU appointed 
lhe New Jersey E^r 1 -^; imcn[ ^ Washl „ g . 

assistant chief to the Da ry UP ^ ^ ^ 

,„. D. C. Mr. Lane ga toft s p ^^ ^ 

0| a competitive examlna,^, 

w ,„ ente, upon his d ^n ( , aw UaWU , y 

•98.-J»»»» S ' Ea, ° el „ s „ 5Ut ance Co.. room 
dam, Departmen Tmvcl „,„,. M , 

35.311-313 Ntcolel Ave " ^ „ the 

Eaton is also pursuing a gra 

Um versl,, o. Minnesota law school.^ ^ ^^ 

'°°"" A 2 1 S, New York city. New York 
AVe " 1 rfT Hull Change of address from 
■OO.-F-dward ?."»«• K 5oulhp o,t. Con- 

,5 West 63d St.. New York cly. 


Young Men's Clothing 

With all the « Kinks of Fashion - 
»nd plenty of assortment .-. .*■ 


Haynes & Co., 

Always Reliable. ^^ 



mm wsm » iw* 

one w 

cck for ••"»«<>• 
Boom* P**** 

Chicago, 111. 

ami one lesson, 10c 

A.Ulnss PROF. G. 

•00. Mark Munson. Farm superintendent to G. 
B. Robins estate, Hinsdale. Illinois. 

•00.— We are glad to note that Dr. George F. Par- 
[menter has recently been chosen from a large list of 
applicants to the chair of chemistry at Colby College, 
/aterville. Maine. Dr. Parmenter spent the year 
following his graduation as instructor in chemistry at 
lis college, later as assistant chemist at the R. I. 
experiment station. From the fall of 1901 till June 
1903, he served as instructor in chemistry at Brown 
Jniversity, where he received the degree of Doctor of 
philosophy. It is especially gratifying to the many 
Mends of Dr. Parmenter to learn that he was one of 
[he three men at Brown University last year who were 
lonored by election to the honorary scientific society. 
Jigma XI. 
■01.— William A. Dawson. Address. Auburn. R. 1. 
'03.— Edward G. Proulx. Foreman estate of G.B. 
iobins, Hinsdale, Illinois. 

CLASS OF 1893. 
Joseph Baker, farmer, Riverside Farm, New Bos- 
in, Conn. 
FredG. Bartlett, sexton Forestdale cemetery. 298, 
Cabot St., Holyoke, Mass. 

Henry D. Clark, veterinary surgeon, 15 Central St. 
fitchburg, Mass. 

George F. Curley, physician and surgeon. 10 
longress St., Milford, Mass. 

, Herbert C. Davis, railway postal clerk, 10 
Highland Ave., Atlanta, Ga. 

, Chas. A. Goodrich, physician and surgeon, 5 
Haynes St.. Hartford. Conn. 
r Francis T. Harlow, farmer. Box 106, Marshfield. 
Henry J. Harlow, farmer, Shrewsbury. 
Ernest M. Hawks, evangelist, 4th and Broad Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Frank H. Henderson, civil engineer. 43 Ashland 
It., Maiden. 

Edwin C. Howard, principal of Centre Grammar 
;hool, 55 Kensington Ave.. Northampton. 

Franklin S. Hoyt. assistant superintendent of 
hools. 1917 No. Pennsylvania St.. Indianapolis, Ind. 


to the FARM. 





Will make the old form pay 
It he farms the farm in the 
modern way. 


Bought by Mail. 

A thorough and practical course, 
under the direct chame of Win. 1'. 
Brooks. I'h. I'.. (Massachusetts Ak- 
ii. College), Our course is 
bMOd on "Brooks' Agriculture ; "_ it 
treats of soils, plants, tillage, duiin- 
uKe.irr Ration,'rtiH/alioii, 
crop rotation and everything per- 
taining to nionuv-makinit on the 
farm. Text books (3 volumes, WW 
pages, 300 illustrations) free to stu- 
dents. Send for 3n pace book de- 
scribing course in full. 




Spring/Md, Majj. 

Other Course. Union* 1 **, Hl»>rtlinri 1. 
lVnmanKlili), Ty|»«Tltln 
course tits fort es* 

mc. Norma 
ier'» certificate. 


Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 

Amiikiist, Mass. 

W. M. Skaks, 05. 

W. W. Coi/roif, W. 



Stationery, Note Books, Pens, Paper, 

Toilet Article*, Glue, Mucilage, 
White GIovch, and Shoe Blacking, 
Candies, Fancy Crackers and Soda, 




Eugene H. Lehnert. professor veterinary science 
and physiology, Conn. Agricultural College. Storrs. 


A. Howard Meler.dy. assistant foreman, 117 W. 

Boylston St., Worcester. 

John R. Perry, interior decorator. 8 Bosworth St., 


Cotton A. Smith, with Los Angeles Trust Co. 
1302 West Ninth St., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Fred A. Smith, superintendent of parks, box 135, 

Luther W. Smith, manager Highland Stock farm, 
secretary Southwestern Rice Co.. Manteno, UK 

Henry F. Staolos, physician and surgeon. The 
Alhambra, 530 Wade Park Ave.. Cleveland.Ohio. 

Luiz A. F. Tinoco. sugar planter and manufacturer. 
Campos, Brazil. 

Edward J. Walker, farmer, box 3 15. Clinton. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

rw lu-M-st ttock ami itui Urn** priocs iu tow». 

A^nt-fur U,,,.! Guyor K.f am. A. U. Kin..-.,- 

beats & Oo. nothing. 





f Hinds & Nohle, Pmblithtrt, •/ W.pth St* 

N. Y.City, will 'mud you any f thjsi books tub- 

I Srf to aforornl- Enclost th .s adverUstnttnL 

goo? of I h„ »**•« CpllefM * ' t» 

Sonp oT tbo W«*«rt> CoH<««* 
K,w 8oog» 'or Oloo Clota • 
Viw Sonp f «r M»l. ^a*«"*« 

KecM for f>«l Oc«m|oo - « tf 

LmIbuIk Reading* for Collpgo Oirl» 

l-.lmrr-. N*w r»rli»mMiUrjr M»»»»l 
l>n« »nd Coo*. (Cororlrte !>*°»"«> 




n „ 

1.00 >1 
1 OO il 

i.oo J! 




Your first 

When in Springfield ought 
to be a visit to 




NO. 3 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 
Students andAlumni are rested to contribute. Communications should b. addressed. Couutca S.cau, I 


nt to all subscribers until Its discontinuance is ordered and arrears aro paid 
Ify the Business Manager 

Thb Signal will bo 
Subscribers who do not receive their piper regularly are requested to 


R. RAYMOND RAYMOTH. 1904. Editor-in Chief. 
HOWARD MORGAN WHITE, 1904, Business Manager. 
GEORGE HOWARD ALLEN, 1905, Assistant Business Manager. 
,.r« M .orVa MUW * FRANK FARLEY HUTCHINGS. 1905. Alumni Notes. 
,RTHUR LEE PECK. 1904. IntercoMegiate, <£>"" FARRAR 1906. 
NEST ADNA BACK, .904. Department Notes. ALLAN DANA ^FARRAR. 
LEN NEWMAN SWAIN, 1905, Athletics. RALPH WAKt rtANts, iv 

l^Tii.00 por „«r I. ~SI.aU Cop !-, 10* Po^ge out, .do oi Unite d Stat., .nd C.d., ».c. ««t r.. 

Y. M. C. A. 

■Lot -Ball Association, 
Q&llege Senate. 
~~kadlr.g-Room Association, 


A. W. Gilbert, Pres. Athletic Association. 

C. H. Griffin, Manager. Base Ball Association. 

F. D. Gouden, Pres. Nineteen Hundred and Five Index. 

A. W. Gilbert. Sec. Fraternity Conference, 

Prof. S. F. Howard. Sec. 
R. A. Quigley, Manager. 
B. Tupper, Manager. 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 


The best Confections made. 

Entered as second-class matter, Post Office at Amherst. 



Ed i-tb rials. 

We were suddenly called home on account of sick- 
ss in the family, before all copy was prepared for 
ess. but through the kindness of Mr. Back the 
gnal has been attended to, and we wish to thank 
who have helped us when occasion demanded. 


High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

The frightful accident, which occured at Indianap- 
olis in which so many students lost their lives and in 
Which one of our alumni. W. E. Stone. '82, president 
of Purdue, was in danger, has called forth much sym- 
pathy from the faculty and students. Moved by such 
leelings, President Goodell called a mass meeting 
Itst Monday. As a result, the student body unani- 
mously voted to extend to President Stone and Pur- 
due University resolutions expressing their grief over 
Hie tragedy and their sympathy in this dark period of 
le history of the university. 

receive occasional notes from alumni expressing their 
approval of the manner in which the Signal is con- 
ducted. It Is our Intention to make the Signal as 
interesting to the alumni as it Is possible to do so, giv- 
ing them accounts of college doings and notes on other 
alumni. We of course do not know fully what Is of 
interest especially to the alumni and are always glad to 
receive some suggestion that will put us on the right 
track. We wish all sons of Massachusetts to be as 
near the interests of the college as they can be, no 
matter how far from her walls their life work may 
carry them. 

102 Mnin St., - 


It is very pleasant to the editors of the Signal to 

In spite of the general opinion last year that the 
band would not reach this year the high standing of 
excellence that It did last because of the loss of two 
of its most important players by graduation, there Is 
nothing now to warrant such a pessimistic view. It Is 
true that at the opening of college, with leader and 
drummer not yet back, the outlook was not the best. 
But that has changed. The band has been unusually 
forfunate this year In securing three players from the 



freshman class who have had no little experience in 
band work. By some strange oversight no provision 
was made in the last appropriation for the band. As 
a result, had not Prof. Waugh presented the 
leader with new pieces, the band would have been 
compelled to play, and replay, its old selections. Aside 
from music there is need of money for the purchase 
of one or two new instruments and for the incidental 
needs of the band. Where is it coming from? Not- 
withstanding the set backs which have thus come 
upon this organization, the players are doing extremely 
well and by graduation will be able to play with an 
accuracy which we prophesy will be a surprise to all. 

When it was announced last year that a required 
course in Bacteriology was to be placed in the curriculum 
for the fourth year, nearly every prospective Senior 
groaned and wondered why in the name of all that's 
scientific such a course should be required. A very 
small minority intended electing a course in which 
Bacteriology would prove an undoubted benefit .but the 
rest concluded it would be a waste of time and couldn't 
understand why the faculty refused togivethem all the 
time possible in their respective electives. Now it is 
the consensus of opinion that the faculty did not under- 
stand their business by limiting the course to six weeks, 
when it should have been a full semester or longer. 
It has proved to be one of the most fascinating studies 
of our whole college course, and we regret very much 
that it should have ended just as we were becoming 
acquainted with the subject. True, we have been 
given an insight into the nature of the subject and 
methods of work to be followed, in preparing media, 
growing bacteria and mounting specimens, but it has 
just been a glimpse into a fairyland of wonder that we 
long to enter into boldly and know more of the 

fruits of your success, but If we cannot be with you in 

body, we are there in spirit and wish you all possible 

success in the remaining games of the season. Play 

the game, fellows, and play it fast and success is your: 

Trusting you will put up a good game on the 7th. 1 am 

yours for victory on the 14th. 

[Ed. J 

Pottsville. Pa., Nov. 1, 1903. 




Our congratulations to the foot ball team for their 
splendid victory at Hartford. We received the news 
while on the train this morning and felt like giving the 
yell for the team We indeed felt proud of the old 
college that can send men on to such a victory. We 
have been unable to learn any of the details of the 
game, but felt sure that some good work must have 
been done, and wish we were with you to enjoy the 


After a year's leave of absence, the college glad,, 
welcomes back to his place among the faculty and to 
his chair as associate professor of zoology Dr. Lull 
who for the past year has been pursuing a gradual- 
course of study at Columbia university. 

Soon after leaving Massachusetts in June 1902. Dr 
Lull was sent with two others by the American Mus- 
eum of Natural History to Montana to discover and 
unearth a THceratops, a gigantic horned dinosaur, 
which was supposed to be In that region. Here, he 
and his men remained three months. They were 
successful in extricating not only the skull and skele- 
ton of the Triceratops, but also made two other 
extremely valuable finds in a good share of the skele 
ton of a gigantic carnivorous dinosaur and three almor. 
perfect skeletons of a primature aquatic lizard belong 
ingto the genus Champosaurus. The first of thes< 
two discoveries are the remains of the largest car 
nivorous dinosaur known, while the second Is valuable 
because it brought to light forms which previously had 
been unknown in this country and of which only an 
imperfect description had been published. Science 
now has the entire skeleton. 

After being chiselled from their beds of rock, the 
specimens had to be hauled 135 miles from Hell Creek 
Camp to Miles City for shipment. The skull with its 
protective bandages and box weighed 3100 lbs. was 
| hauled on a special wagon. The journey to the 
station took five days. 

The party now returned to New York. Soon after- 
ward, on Oct. 1. entering Columbia upon a graduate 
course leading to the degree of doctor of philosophy 
Dr. Lull elected vertebrate paleontology as a major, 
and as minors, zoology and geology. After a year of 
hard study he secured the degree. In granting this, 
the university took into consideration in addition to the 
year's resident work, the doctor's work at the Museum 

ring the three previous years, his two exploring 

peditions in the far West, and his work done here at 

,is college in zoology. Besides a paper entitled 

■ossil Foot -prints of the Jura- Trias of North Amer- 

&," which is the result of a study of the collection of 

foot prints owned by Amherst college and elsewhere, 

and which was presented to the university toward his 

tree, he has prepared two others; one. "On the 
11 of Triceratops" appearing in a bulletin of the 
lerican Museum, and the other, '•Cursorial and 
SUtdtorial Adaptation in Mammals" which will come 
out in the American Naturalist. 
While still working full time at the university, he 
was given entire charge of the restoration of the skull 
of the Triceratops at the museum. This is over seven 
feet long and five feet wide. As a result of his suc- 
cess with this and other work, he was appointed to fill, 
during last summer, the office of curator of the 
department of vertebrate paleontology at the museum 
in place of Professor Osborn, who was away on a leave 
of abs ence. Professor Osborn is both curator of the 
department and vice-president of the museum. 
Hhe college yell given the doctor when he first 
appeared at chapel this fall gave expression of the joy 
which his old classes felt at his return. He has only 
the best wishes of the student body for a successful 


•here are three characteristics of the poetry of 
Bryant that mark the writer as a distinct literary 
product, his precocity, the sustained loftiness of his 
work, and the solemnity and dignity of every line that 
he ever wrote. The first is seen without further need 
of proof at even a casual reading of Thanatopsis ; but 
he wrote verse before Thanatopsis, not perhaps of a 
high order, but such as a lad of his tender years would 
naturally write, bearing promise of better to come, 
although giving no hint of the latent power in the 
fcveloped mind. But his genius never suffered 
this premature development. He was always 
f. always at his best. He was never a voluminous 
;r, and this perhaps accounts for the sustained 
silence of the little he did write. I wonder how 
|iy attempts found their way to the waste paper 
tet because he thought them unworthy of him ? 
>nder how many half-formed ideas that he never 

felt equal to put into words struggled in his mind for 
expression? Probably many, perhaps a host of them, 
and then again he may have spent his whole time In 
developing the few that he did express to his own 

That a boy of eighteen should write a poem that 
was destined to make him at a bound the first poet of 
his native land and that a man of more than fourscore 
years should write poetry of the very first rank, are 
facts that at once mark William Cullen Bryant as 
almost a literary curiosity ; but that both the boy of 
eighteen and the man of eighty should put the same 
lofty thoughts into words of similar solemnity, into 
poetry hardly better nor worse in the one case than In 
the other, makes it almost possible for us to think of 
him as having never enjoyed the playtime of youth 
nor suffered the peevishness of old age. His work is 
as mature, as carefully executed in Thanatopsis as in 
anything he ever wrote, and the same painstaking 
carefulness is evident right up to his death. 

There is no lightness in Bryant's poetry, there is no 
catchy jingle to his rhyme, and yet he is never moody, 
never chastening. There is simply a solemn earnest- 
ness about it that gives to the reader the feeling that 
the poet means what he says, and writes not to please 
nor to score his audience, but simply because he can- 
not do other than put into lofty language a few simple 
ideas that have always been in him. There is nothing 
deep in his lines, no hidden meaning gleaned only by 
constant reading and re-reading. To be sure one 
often hears that something new can be gained from 
Thanatopsis even on a fiftieth reading, but I think that 
is not because of any skilfully buried truth ; but rather 
because the plain truths that are there are each cap- 
able of bringing out so many different trends of 
thought, so many distinct trains o ( ideas. Bryant 
himself says that to him - it seems that one of the 
most important requisites for a great poet is a lumin- 
ous style." and it must have been his constant aim to 
make his thoughts as plain to his reader as they were 
in his own mind. 

His poems, all of them, are of nature. He takes 
autumn rather than spring scenes for his themes and 
makes his lines not less beautiful on that account, 
only more majestic, more imposing, breathing moral 
and ethical truths, the love of the divine, rather than 
the human passions. But there is nothing dark or 




\7^u^aTcaUed last Saturday to Phila- 
-^iT^deal with the -Raymoth, 04 ^s cal ^^ q( ^ 

sombre about his poems I * *^ wh the ^nlng ddphla on account of 

dead leaves and flowers ra her han w anyth ing grandmother. of 

b uds, he never -°^^hols on the beauty and -Miss Esther Cus man e"t^ ^ or 
degrading or unclean ^^ ^n^of vice, friend, at her home on North 
the holiness of the pure, nev whether he Hallowe'en eve. 

Bty an< never wrote a long p«m w J „ ew microscopes and 14 d^m mc 

coul d have done it an retained » «* ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ t0 lto eq u,pmen, 

powers will never be Known. held laboratory. 

Lg poem is merely a collect^ o> sho ,e, ^ Uoo^og ^ ^ a beginners dance. 

,08e,her , b r X« marhed aU his work in ,„ g jt s among , he stents. The dass .... M 
sustained the "cellence wn because I 

this connecting thread, he ' * e » 0r w rathet have 
he M not attempt ,. bu « onej o 

ing class »mu"5 —- — 

Friday nights in the Drill Hall. 

c 'OS has been a second time to Worceste- 
Sears. 05. has been hP i nnping to F 

he did not a "- p ^ 

Bryant as he is the author* ^ ^ ^ q{ ^J^eteJ^^ |he advanced reg istery. 
pieces, than I 

mediocre work. R rv ant's place in the 

* K „ unfortunate perhaps that B nrant s p & 

where ne spem « *•• — -- , 

P Knowles for the advanced regtstery 

^r^C^'o'"'""-"'- 4 ^ 2 T aken s:vera n;; m mhers have been enrolled in ,, 
dated only by a tew o, er _ Seve ra new m Mn5ente 

dated only by a tew = '"— oM „ ellher , a ughter -Severa new „™ ^ has ^^ 

that will endure even when poem P ^ i m ^ x< „ 

of mind. 

Collet N°*«- 

-T^^d^o^TirWrCollege has been 

imnroved by a new coat of paper. 

"ran* U Gold of Amherst has taken the poslt.on 
of assistant in the chemical department. 

^The examining committee of the state board of 
agriculture visited the college las. Thursay^ 

-Kennedy. '06. who was iniured in he Rhode 

island game Is able to be about on crutches. 

_The next Issue of the "-"jj** " "" 

Th 7 me are drilling well for this time of the yea, , , . gam e ****£ fre s hrae n hadthe advanu 
Work on the new Agticul.ural Laboratory ,n the afternoon A I g ^ fc ^^ . 

basTrTn o he South College is progressing steaddy. a M«« P m< ^ d play ed a lifeless ga 

nr C A True, director of experiment ^<'H"J„ , he defense. The High Schoo £ 

^ i^cid ,he s-strsep a «-*- - — * nd wnby ,he s ^ 

any chemistry, horticulture, agriculture. I Q 

ology ol the experiment station. 

or this year. Is again back in college. 

_Dr. Stone has been pu, in charge of ft. W* 
1M , and zodloglca, exhibition a, f^Jg?, 

Sent k- Montana North Carolina. Illinois, the Ne 
Columbta. Montana^ Nortn HoiyoV 

York State museum at Albany, anu 

^"m.'f. Ahearnwho played J-*** -J 
, ,Z team in 1901 and 1902 Is again in the gan 
r^oro. indies recieved in base ball lasts, 

Mr Ahearn was unable to come out at the 
lhe X^hmenp,a,ed,heAmhers,H,hS : h 

— C. P. Halligan of the class of 1903 Is coaching 
e linemen of the football squad. Coach Thompson 
expected to be back again in a few days; and Coach 
nnors. who was with Holy Cross last year, will have 
arge of the linemen. 
-Dr. H. T. Fernald received some time ago a box 
tainlng the larva stages of the Mediterranean flour 
In. Since then they have transformed into beauti- 
moths. This is a rare insect in this country and 
should see it. They are at the Insectary. 

Massachusetts men who visit the St. Louis 
chase Exposition next year will be pleased to learn 
the flower beds and walks covering a large space 
;round between the Horticultural and Agricultural 
dings were designed by Gregg. '04. who. during 
past summer, was directly connected with the 
rtment of Horticulture. 
K~lhc comfort of the students has been much 
increased by the laying of a new concrete walk from 
the stone bridge to the chapel slope. This piece of 
walk has always been a source of much vexation. 
Before concreting took place the entire walk was 
raised about six inches, thus preventing water setting 
upon it. The road from the street to the college is 

Athletic N<>**S- 

Vermont punted to our 35-yard line. By good work 
the ball was brought down to Vermont's one-yard line 
when Massachusetts was penalized for offside play, but 
in two more plays she carried the ball over the line 
only to lose all on a fumble. 

Woodward punted to the middle of the field, and 
Massachusetts rushed the ball to her opponent's 10- 
yard line, where she was again penalized, and lost the 
ball on a fumble. Vermont failed on a quarter-back 
kick, and O'Hearn tried a goal from the field but was 
unsuccessful. In a few moments Massachusetts again 
had the ball and O'Hearn tried another goal from field 
but failed. The half ended with the ball on Verm Mt*S 
10-yard line. Score 0. 

In the second half Quigley kicked off to Camp- 
bell Vermont made a gain of 25 yards, but was 
penalized 20 yards for holding. She failed to 
gain, and Woodward punted. Massachusetts lost the 
ball on a fumble, but gained it through a fumble on 
Vermont's part. O'Hearn with good interference 
made a run around right end and on the 15-yard line 
made a successful goal from the field. 

Campbell received the kick off and ran the ball 
back 20 yards. The S ame ended with the ball in 
Vermont's possession on her own 35 -yard line. 

O'Hearn excelled for Massachusetts and Woodward 
and Gale for Vermont. The line-up : 



»e game at Burlington, Vt„ Saturday, Oct. 24. 
ir from satisfactory. The men were too slow 
and finsteady. as evidenced by the offside plays, and 
fumbl • d at critical stages. One fumble beyond Ver- 
moli's goal line in the first five minutes play was a 
serious loss as well as a check on the men's spirits. 
Let these things be straightened out before anything 
more serious occurs in the later games. 

The game was called at 3 o'clock. Massachusetts 
won the toss and chose the west goal. Randall 
recelv-d the kick-off and advanced the ball 30 yards. 
Mallachusetts made another gain of 15 yards, but 
lostlhe ball on a fumble. Vermont failed to gain and 
punted. Quigley tried a quarter- back kick, and Ver- 
mont brought the ball back on a small end run and 
line plunge. Again, Massachusetts men held her and 


O'Hearn. I. e. (cap!) 
Gardner. 1. t. 
Carey. 1. £■ 
Patch, c. 
Cutter, r. g. 
Craighead, r. t. 
Ahearn. r. e. 
Lewis, 1. h. b, 
Whltaker. r. h. b. 
Randall. I b. 
Quigley, q. b 


r. *., Camptxll 

r. t.. Bates 

r. g.. Skinner 

c. Gale 

1. g.. Chamberlain 

1. t., Page 

1. e., Patterson (capi.) 

r, h. b.. Woodward 

1. h. b.. Newton (William ) 

{. b„ Kendall (Newton) 

q. b.. Molt 

Score-Massachusetts 5, University of Vermont Goal 
from field-O'Hearn. Referee-Griffin of Massachu.cHs. 
Umpire-Orton of Vermont. Linesmen-Ph.lbnck of Mas- 
sachusetts. Grow of Vermont. ^^^'^^ 
Vermont; Swain of Massachusetts. Time-20 and 15 min. 


Massachusetts. 28 ; Trinity 0. 
The game with Trinity at Hartford. October 31st, 
resulted In an easy victory. Five touchdowns in forty 
minutes and three goals kicked tells the story of the 






Score 16 to 0. 

game ^^h^r^^ *' m ° 51 !!| M \C U t^ .hrse=Tnd half b, k ,c k «n g to Patch 
^through Trini./s line while the M. .«m »* I ™1^ .U yards. By steady gams up ,he <ie M 
„_. down but twice during the game. It was a no, P , over lor at0 uchdown after six IBM 

'^orToo, ball and bothsides punted '™>y-«^|^ , ^^.»,,or*ch.».U. b ^ 
bong about evenly matched in this respec . O f^, W Martln P kicked ,0 Maddox who advance, 

„ce was the Massachusetts' goal ,n . ™f<- J"° \™^ Massachu se,.s held, and Trinity pun W 
m , ra ,es before the end of the first half Swam of Y end ^ , wen|y (We var ds and = 

Trl „i,y go, the ball on a fumble and car^ d , J «fl W nges ^^ „ lh lasl touchd own 0! 

ya ,ds to the ten yard line. Here he was downed by w , kic k the goal. 

Captain O'Hearn, who made a spend ,d ackle f on ,he ^^ ^ ^ the game whllc MasM . 

behind, ft was Trinity's ball, and after two .line plunges Trl y ^ Q . H<am was , 

had resulted in no gain, Morgan fell back for a dro » *■ «* end of , he (irst half . a „d Lew 

kick The ball went wide of the goal posts, and | to retire ,us «» ^^^ wer( , pu , ou , ( „ roug 

and one of the Trinity players were put out for rough- 
ing it about eight minutes before the end of the game 
For Trinity, Swartze put up the best game He 
was by far the best man in Trinity's line and once broke 
through to tackle Ahearn for a loss of eight yards thus 
forcing a punt. The line up : 


Lycett. Meridith, Win. 

r. t.. Morgar 


O'Hearn, Philbrick. 1. e. 
Gardner, I. t., 
Carey, 1. g- 
Patch, c. 

r. e. 

Trinity's last chance to score had failed 

T game began at 3-15 when Martin for Massa^ 
chusc«.s kicked of. to Ensign who advanced the ba 
t„ yards Trinity punted on the first down, and it 
2 Massachusetts' bal, on the home team's 40 yard 
Z Lewis was given the ball and he wen, through 

he line for five yards, but the next play resulted In a 

nmble and ,he loss o, ,he ball. Trinity punted agaim 

a „d with ,he ball in their possession once more the 

v"s.tor swept down the field for the first score. Ran- 

dal'lntade S. touchdown. O'Hearn failed to kick U^,. ^ 

,hC T C kicked to Ahearn who ran the baii in » ■££» 
vards and withou, once losing the ball. Massachusetts I ^ m , „ „, 
Lnt down the field for the second touchdown In quick whilaker , ,. tu b. 

;:;teS * — — 

Z Trinity kicked to Martin who advanced twenty 

vards O- Hearn punted on first down, but Trim y lost | 

ne ball immediately on a fumble, and line p unges 

averaging from four to eight yards together with end 

runs of 15 and 20 yards by Lewis and Martin respect- 

velv brought the ball to Trinity's five yard line from 

which Whitaker was sent through Trinity's right tackle 

f0 , the third touchdown. O'Hearn kicked the goal. \™"™ 'J^ed' to make their distance and the . 
Massachusetts kicked off » Mrfta. ™*?» VJ^T^ Juniors who sent Hunt through for 
unable to advance and on the ^^^ttJ^L-^^ The try for goal fai 
Here occurred the fumble which nearly resulted , ^J™ d the nex t kick-off and ran the ball 

After Morgan's attempt at a I 

r. g.. Naylor. Swart:; 
c, Landerborn, Cum 
1. g., Smart, Dohcr. 
1. t., Cobur: 
1. e„ Burkeley, Pern 
q. b., Maddox (cap' 
r . h. b.. Ensign, Re 
1. h. b., Wee 
f. b.. Reed, Morga 
Touchdowns— Rar 
Goals— O'Hearn I 
ReVree-Davis of Wesleyan. Umpire-Halliga: 
L ntmen-Crall of Trinity and Snell. '03. T,mers_Mal 
of Trinity and Couden. Time-20-minute halves. 
Juniors. 15; Freshmen, 5. 
The first of the series of interclass football garr: 
was played on the campus Saturday afternoon betwee 
,905 and 1907. The Juniors kicked off to the Frer 
men who ran the ball in but a short distance. 

:he first half ended with the ball on the freshmen's 
/enty-five yard line. 

The second half started off by the Freshmen kick- 
B off to Tupper who advanced the ball fifteen yards, 
series of end playes brought the ball to 1907's thirty 
Ird line when Hunt again circled the freshmen's end 
the third touchdown. 1 905 failed to kick the goal. 
)7 received the next kick-off and were held for 
ms. Holcomb was sent through and landed the 
J on the freshmen's three yard line. Ladd fumbled 
in the next play and Peters picked up the ball and ran 
the entire length of the field for a touchdown, 
: freshmen did not kick the goal. The 
le ended with 1905 in possession of the ball on the 
^hmen's thirty-five yard line. 
The Freshmen showed lack of team work and were 
slow in getting plays started. Hill surprised many 
when he went in at right guard. Hunt and Tupper 
excelled for 1905 and Clark showed up well for 1907. 
Bhe line up :— 


r. e.. Shuttleworth 

r. t., Denham 

r. g., Engstrom 

c, Pray 

1. g„ Walker 

1. t.. Pierce (Watts) 

1. e.. Clark 

q, b , Chadwick (Peters) 

r. h. b., Peters (Hanson) 

1. h. b.. E. H. Shaw 

f. b.. Curtis 

Touchdowns — Hunt 3. 

Umpire— Walker '05. 

ObstrJ&tion$p^C onc ' u S ,on $ 

Help! Help!! Help 

1 1 I 

arrs, 1. e, 
omb, 1. t. 

Newhall. c. 
Sears. (Hill) r. g. 
Ye*» r. t. 
Crosby, r. e. 
Allen, i. b. 
Hunt, 1. h. b. 
Tuppc r. Ii. b. 

Ladd, f. b. 

Score— Juniors 15, Freshmen 5. 
Peten 1. Referee. Gregg '04. 
Ltne«n<*n— Colton "06, Hall '07. 



touchdown for Trinity. 

droo kick Massachusetts kicked out from the 25 yard 
ine Z for the remainder of the half the ball was 
punted from one team to the other and back again. 
The half ended with the ball In Trinity's possession on 

twen ty yards. Hunt and Tupper proved a tower 
strength and made long gains around the ends W1u 
th e ball was on the freshmen's twenty-yard line H. 
was sent around right end for the second touchdo* 








■■ The Mocking Bird." 

Joseph Murphy in " The Kerry Cow." 

•• The Candy Man." 


Paula Edwardes In •• Winsome Peggy." 
Madallne Besley in " The Mocking Bird." 
Joseph Murphy in •• The Kerry Cow.'" 
Isabel Irving in * The Crisis." 
James O'Neil in •' Tollgate Inn," 

The success of the foot ball team in the two games 
since our last issue and in the one just preceding it 
must be a matter of self-congratulation to all who 
have the welfare of the college at heart. We may 
well feel proud of the fact that a college so small as 
ours, and handicapped in so many ways, has for the 
last few years been able to point with pride to the 
success that has deservedly rewarded its effort in this, 
the most popular branch of college athletics. Victory 
repays in a measure the men on the team for tho 
sacrifices they must make in order that victory may be 
possible ; and yet the glory is not theirs alone. To us 
who do not play, to the undergraduates and to the 
alumni Is given the victory just as much as to the 
team itself. Why then should anyone begrudge the 
tax or the subscription asked of him to enable the 
management to buy equipment and to furnish coach- 
ing ? In this day when foot ball has been reduced to 
a game of brains as well as brawn, money Is a prime 
necessity if games are to be won. To be sure the 
team with the most money does not always win. no 
more than does the team with the most weight ; but 
given two squads of eleven men equal in everv respect 
at the beginning of the season, and it can almost be 
put down as an axiom that the team with the best 
coaching and the best equipment is going to win the 
game. It Is said that the Pennsylvania team makes 
a practice on a rainy day of changing uniforms 
between halves. A little extra money would provide 
our team with a second set of uniforms. Another 
little sum would enable the manager and his assistant 
to hire some one to do the sewing, and to buy a tack- 
ling dummy Instead of building one out of three planks, 
a bundle of straw, a rope and a bag of stones. And 
why is it necessary that the team play an exhibition 
game on Thanksgiving day. missing the dinner and the 
home visit, so that the management can give them 
the college sweaters and caps that they have fought 
so hard to win? How many undergraduates, how 

many alumni are sacrificing their Thanksgiving dinner 

that the team may win from Tufts and from Amherst? 

And at the Tufts game and at the Amherst game 





u^ manv alumni who live 
we need men to cheer. Ho* many ^ 

near Boston are going to make s sped *-* 
the game at Tufts' oval next Saturday^ 

Dtpartmtrvt* N°*« s 

Dr G. E. Stone has been appointed to take charge 
ft. ^^'J^JZ^^ **™- ot to biological exhibit of the Jj^^ J* 

^CT K^SJJS - iustas rdoctor and J-^^fiS 

« n ?I-t 22 . .tTi M Prove <o toL h -d has been »-»£•£ "a 'X 
XL' sote ^ be^e a scan, hundred and ffi, unde, o( g. ^S^'CSJ '^age * 

J.^. "™ 8 , V— rou J osrad - k, *,%£.£ £*« havecon^e, 

S ^u 'vf •' P-f« d ° n d ^ d ^ 'fcU «n ' aTy as2par.on.ed and, «Ub s P ec 
^we lose we bad a. leas, deserved .be v.c.ory. | drawers «, (acM.les are a. hand. 

Dr. Loomis. assistant professor of zoology at 
HAmherst college, will lecture before the geology divis- 
', |onof the junior class next Friday at 4 30 p.m. He has 
^ Chosen for his subject the development ot the North 
American continent. There will be many views illus- 
Satlve of points brought out in the lecture. 

I In accordance with the desire of the advanced stu- 
dents in entomology. Dr. Fernald will continue the 
leadings on evolution again this year. For the bene- 
of those who are not acquainted with these gath- 
^ngs, we will say that they are the outgrowth of a 
led felt several years ago by the graduate students in 
k department for a more thorough knowledge of the 
Jolutionary principles set forth by Darwin and other 
Eminent naturalists. As yet the college curriculum 
does not include such a course, pure and simple; this 
makes the readings of more value. Coming as he 
did from the Pennsylvania state college where he held 
the position of economic zoologist, Dr. Fernald is 
admirably fitted for this line of study and is giving 
one evening each week to eight men who are inter- 
ested in evolution. The meetings, which are entirely 
Informal, are held at his home on Amity street and 
are Riven up to readings from, and discussions upon.books 
of evolution. The work now before the class Is 
Romanes' " Darwin and after Darwin." AD inter- 
ested are invited to attend. A social time, during 
which refreshments are served, follows the readings. 

electricity, high pressure, environment, etc. upon their 
growth ; changes in morphology, and the chemistry of 
bacteria; their motility, power of pigment production, 
and relation to fermentation and putrefaction; and sus- 
ceptibility and immunity, including chemotaxis, phag- 
ocytosis, and the several theories connected with the 


The different phases of laboratory technique, such 
as an insight into the preparation and use of medias. 
methods of sterilization, use of antiseptics, growth of 
pure cultures, the various means for testing the 
rate of their growth as effected by temperature and 
presence of oxygen, the production of gases, acids, 
and alkalies, thermal death point and reactions to 
antiseptics— of all these, together with the methods of 
staining, mounting, and use of the microscope, each 
student has gained a practical knowledge. 

The wisdom of the trustees in thus adding this 
course to the curriculum has been satisfactorily proved 
by the roused enthusiasm and profit gained during the 
six weeks which have just past. A good foundation 
is laid for advanced work. To Dr. Paige is due much 
credit for making the course what it Is. 
^ > 

Taxes and faculty contributions 


Jks bacteria are now-a-days the subject of so much 
thought and scientific research, and play such an 
important part in the life of man, the study of them 
has become not only popular but even imperative. 
Realizing this fact, the trustees of the college last 
year established a short course in this subject and 
made it compulsory with the senior class. Dr. Paige 
Is In charge. Although In the past a slight knowledge 
of these tiny organisms has of necessity been gained 
Incidentally by those electing botany and veterinary, 
no sytematic course in bacteriology has been offered. 
She course, as it now is. consists of lectures and 
laboratory work. Some of the subjects with which the 
former treat are the classification of bacteria accord- 
ing to their shape, method of growth, and effect pro- 
duced ; their life-history, including spore formation, 
resistance, and germination; the influence of light, 


Millers Falls 




Springfield Tr. School 




75 00 







Linament. etc. 


Telephone and telegraph 

Waiting on table 

Rubber (Football) 








Score book 


Training School 



Re-covering balls 

Railroad and car fares, nuleage. etc. 


Hotels, meals, etc. 
Doctor's bills 
Repairs to mask 
Repairs to windows 




$0 04 (all bills not paid) 

J. G.Cook. Manager 

Young Men's Clothing 

With all the " Kink, of Fashion- 
ed plenty of assortment .-. ••• 

THAT'S us. 

Haynes & Co., 

Always Reliable. ^ 

Balance on hand 
H j. franklin. Auditor 

' m L „uis se^^^irs, .his year dw 
, oYale . Harvard and Princeton combined. 



_ .,___ . ,„.. !*_. imnrovement. 60 pp. illustrated 

price $ 

book for all the people all the time, in 
Teited 25 years 
will send the book and course 
ouc week for *500 
Business Pbhman 
Chicago, IH- 

all vocations; for home improv 

60 pp. illustrated 
For a brief time 

and one lesson, 10c mmuw 




At a meeting of the Alumni Athletic Association 
)ct. 1 1, the following officers were elected : President. 
>rof. W. B. Brooks; vice-president. Dr. J. B. Paige; 
klerk. Prof. Howard; treasurer. C. L. Flint. The 
sard of directors consists of the above and Dr.G. E. 
Ltone, Dr. Charles Wellington and E. B. Holland. 
|hc question of site for the proposed athletic field was 
jnbidered, and Dr. Paige was authorized to consult a 
vyer in reference to the possibility of gaining a 
Imoval of restriction as to the use of the Q. T. V. 
for such a field. The chance of securing a site on 
college grounds was also discussed and Dr. Stone 
is appointed to secure from contractors an estimate 
jthe cost of equipping a field on the college estate. 


r*4. — Among the few among our alumni who have 

led their attention to journalism as a life work stands 

Daniel G. Hitchcock of Warren, Mass. Mr. 

:hcock is editor and proprietor of the Warren 


73, — Chas. 0. Lovell, manufactures of dry plates. 
Cotton Exchange Building, New York city. 

'8 1 .—The present address of Dr. Charles E. Boynton 
is at Smithfield, Utah, where he is with the Abbott 
Alkaloidal Company. 

•82.— Burton A. Kimerly, home address, 18 
Bleachery Street, Lowell, Mass. Alumni please not 
change of address. 

•f3. — F. A. Smith has become overseer of a new 
and large estate at Ipswich. Besides having a large 
amount of construction work before him, he has a 
large farm to organize and equip. He has forty-four 
men on his pay-roll. Address, Ipswich. 

•94 -Charles H. Higgins, 109 Florence Street, 
Ottawa. Canada, is in charge of laboratory work in the 
Veterinary Department, Dominion Board of Agricul- 
ture. Mr. Higgins is one of a great many who have 
been successful as an experiment station worker and 
Is one to whom we can point as a son of '• Old 

♦94 _We wish to draw the attention of the alumni 
to the change in address of Mr. Elias D. White from 
East Point, Georgia, to College Park, Georgia. Mr. 
White is employed as a railway postal clerk. 

%fie HEIR 




Will mako the old farm pay 
If he farms the farm in the 
modem way. 


tzaught by Mail. 

A thorough and practical course, 
under the direct charge i>f Win. !'. 
Brooks, l'li. 1'.. < Massachusetts A«- College). Oar cow 

1 on 'Brooks' Agriculture;" It 
treats of soils, plants, tillage, drain* 
are, irrigation, manures, fertilisation, 
crop rotation and everything pet 
taining to money-making on tl>e 
farm. Text books (3 volumes. fc"0 
, 300 ilhu nations) lioe to stu- 
dents. Send for 3<i paue book de- 
scribing com so in full. 



Springfield, Mas J. 

DSkef Conor llHnillli-1'. Mloif IiiumI, 

Penmanship, Typewriting. Normal 
course ntn forteacnsT'seerwOeate. 


Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 


H\ W. SIvOAN, 

Amhkukt, Mass, 

W. M. Skahs, '05. 

W. W. Coi.ton, '06. 



Toilet Articles, Glue, Mucilage, 
White Gloves, and Shoe Blacking, 
Candies, Fancy Crackers and Soda, 



3 6 


.95 -Following closely the news of the promotion 
of Mr C B. Lane from the New Jersey ExpenmenUl 
S Ltlon to Washington comes the report hat M, 
Georee A. Billings has been chosen to fill the place 
S by Mr. Lane. Mr. Billings will enter ,- 
ately upon his duties. His address will be College 
Farm New Brunswick. New Jersey. 

•OS H D Hemenway lectured last Friday even- 
ing 9 at7he^thodist church on - School Gardens. 
96,-We take occasion to extend £■ ■ corjpatu^ 

tlons to Mr. and .^-.^S^n Sepiember 5th 
blessed with an heir. A win Dalton on dp 
Mr. Kramer's present address, Z Asman 
Worcester. Mass. 

•03 The undergraduate body of the college heartily 
Zu> the action of Charles Halligan, who has 
SSd toS^lh. Une r.en of the football team. 
Mr Halligan was captain of last year s team. 

Yn Edward B. Snell has also been in town to 
notfthTconduion of the team. Mr. Snell was one of 
our heaviest players for four years. 

Ex--04 -H.C.Pierce of Worcester spent a few 
day E s wSju^r^r^er^e of the class of 1907. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

k baurn & Co. Clothing. 

monahcii w ows, nam ** «■ ?• GL0VE8 - 



Bmberet Itouse. 


D. H. KMNDHICK. Pmormimrom. 

Don't Be Afraid 

else worth while to a student. 
A posUd costs one cent- 

Henry R- Johnson, 

313-315 Mala Street, 

Belle (Bead Sweets. 


The best Confections made. 




High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main St., 


the: college signal 



NO. 4 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 

Ify the Business Manager. 


R. RAYMOND RAYMOTH, 1904, Editor-in Chief. 
HOWARD MORGAN WHITE. 1904. Business Manager, 
ocnorc wnwARn ALLEN 1905, Assistant Business Manager. 



THUR LEE PECK. 1904. >»««~ ,te K'» t «- ALLAN DA NA FARRAR. 1906. 

.EST ADNA BACK. 1904, Department Notes. * PE AKES. 1906. 

EN NEWMAN SWAIN. 1905, Athletics. RALPH WAKt rtA *' 


C. A. 
Ball Association, 
ige Senate. 
lir.g-Room Association, 


A. W. Gilbert, Pres. Athletic Association, 

C. H. Griffin, Manager. Base Ball Association. 

F. D. Couden. Pres. Nineteen Hundred and Five Index. 

A. W. Gilbert, Sec. Fraternity Conference. 

Prof. S. F. Howard, Sec. 
R. A. Quigley, Manager. 
B. Tupper, Manager. 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 

Entered as second-class matter, Post Office at Amherst. 


We shall endeavor to make our next number of 
the Signal a special foot ball number, when a more 
illed account of our seasons progress will be given. 

Our annual foot ball game with Amherst is always 
more or less a time for reunion among the alumni 
and it does us all good to see how they return to the 
interests of their Alma Mater, especially the later 
additions to our alumni body. It proves that they do 
not forget the old college as soon as they leave its 
walls and we are glad of it, in spite of thoughts to the 
contrary often expessed. 

in marching off the field when defeated cannot but 
reflect credit on our Alma Mater. To desert a team 
when they are in most need of encouragement is the 
height of cowardice. Everyone can rejoice when vic- 
tory crowns our efforts, but to celebrate when failure 
meets us requires more courage and yet it Is but the 
right thing to do In honor of a team who has so nobly 
fought for our interests. In time of defeat is when 
our men need the heartiest cheers and greatest 
encouragement. Let us ever see to It that they 
receive It. 

To say that college spirit ran high the last week is 
putting it mildly; there was a regular tidal wave, and 
It was a joy to everyone to see it manifested. We 
believe it has helped to knit together more closely the 
various elements of the college, and hope that it may 
continue. The support of the team by the college 

Thouch Saturday's game did not turn out as we 
might have hoped it would, yet we can feel proud of 
the team that so successfully upheld the name of 
Massachusetts this season. Their work, with one or 
two exceptions has been spendid. and they as well as 
the rest of the college should not feel discouraged or 
downhearted because they did not win the final game, 
for they put up a fine game from start to finish, and we 
readily admit that we were outplayed by a superior 
team. But we cannot help wishing that fairer play 





had been shown in the decisions of the umpire. Many 
of his rulings were wholly unjustifiable and were 
either due to ignorance or strong partisanship, two of 
the gravest faults that can be attibuted to one who 
shall decide any questions that may arise in a modern 
foot ball game. There is such a thing as winning a 
game and there is such a thing as being defeated. 
And oftentimes there is victory in defeat. 

The question of the class tree was discussed some 
time since in these columns and we refer to it again 
only to emphasize the need of some decided action 
being taken in the matter. As we stated before.plant- 
ing the tree the last year of our college life seems an 
unwise as well as an unreasonable custom, for the 
time to plant, it seems to us is in the first year of the 
course, when the tree can be cared for and where 
many a pleasant revel can be held. It is the custom 
in other of our sister colleges and it seems a safe and 
profitable step to follow. This question of planting 
the class tree in the Freshman year was brought to 
our attention recently by a member of the faculty 
suggesting the advisabity of the change, and express- 
ing the wish that something definite might be decided 
upon. It is worth your consideration and some step 
should be taken that will result in action. 

There is material in college at present for the foun- 
dation of a good orchestra and we would like to see 
something attempted in that direction. True we are 
crowded with other duties but something of this nature 
would tend to draw the fellows together and could be 
made the means of enkindling college spirit to a more 
enduring flame. The spirit and enthusiasm evidenced 
the past week and more has been a delight and pleas- 
ure to all and the Alma Mater will seem more dear 
when such interest is so enthusiastically manifested. 
In regard to a piano we feel sure that the ladies of the 
faculty will come to our assistance should they be 
called upon. They have been interested in our wel- 
fare in this respect in the past and we feel sure they 
would respond in any present need. Consider this, 
you men of musical inclinations, and discuss the fea- 
sibility of this suggestion. If practicable take some 
action and do not let the matter drop and pass into 
oblivion, to be revived at some future time and per- 
haps repeat the process. 


Those who have never had the opportunity of attend- 
ing a World's Fair, or who have never become familiar j 
with the workings of a great undertaking of that nature 
can not begin to realize the magnitude of the great 
enterprise which is fast nearing completion in the city | 
of St. Louis. We who have received an insight into 
this great problem find a subtle fascination in watch- 
ing the course of construction on the grounds of the 
Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 

There we see the activities of over five thousand 
men working with all the skill and energy {.-ssible. t: 
complete this great Fair before April 30, 1904, when 
the gates are to be thrown open to all who can avail 
themselves of the opportunity thus offered, of seeing 
the greatest of all World's Fairs. An opportunity 
which will prove equal to a ten years' tour through the 
various foreign countries which are to be representee 
within its palaces of industry. There, one will lear; 
what the world is doing along the multitudinous line: 
of effort. There one will find the essence of the 
world's productive power compactly displayed. 

While it is possible to realize the number of mer 
employed on the Fair grounds it is impossible t. 
imagine the vast army of people, who for a long time 
have been working in the towns and cities of our owr. 
and foreign countries, preparing the magnificient an: 
costly exhibits, which are to occupy the palaces of ar 
and industry. France, Germany, Mexico. Englanc 
China and Japan will each spend over $500,000, whi, 
thirty other foreign governments will make elabora'.-: 
displays. Forty-four of our own states and territories 
will appropriate over $5.812,500 ; while the expend: 
tures of the state and countries together, will aggregate 
over $15,000,000. 

Besides all this great expenditure, the differer,' 
amusements and consessions will represent mar, 
millions more, and all this represents the labor : 
countless hands. We are already anxious to faff 
what Germany will do. what England and China *. 
exhibit, and what France, Italy and Japan have in sto: 
for us. The foreign countries will aim to excell in H 
and art industries. They will not only compete wiv 
each other but will try to surpass all American effort 
along these lines. 

All who visit the Fair next year, can not fail I 

recognize among the other things, the magnificient 
composition of buildings and landscapes. True it is 
that other Fairs have possessed palaces of rare artis- 
tic beauty but it has been left for St. Louis to surpass 
them all. It will be perfectly natural for some one 
special feature to impress some persons more than 
others, but all, I think will be of the same mind when 
they consider the central feature of the whole picture. 
known by several names, as The Grand Basin, or The 
Terrace of States or The Cascade Gardens. Here 
we have a magnificient achievement of the Architect, 
Sculptor, Landscape, Artist and Electrician. 

ks one looks upon this picture from the north he 
gazes down into the the "Grand Basin" into which 
the ■•Cascades'' pour their foaming waters at the rate 
of ninty thousand gallons per minute. The distance 
from north to south is over a thousand feet and from 
eastJto west, nearly one half a mile. At the south the 
basin broadens out and continues east and west in 
"Lagoons" which extend around the Palace of Elec- 
tricity on the west and the Palace of Education and 
Social Economy on the East. Along the crest of the 
sixty foot slope is a wonderful cresent of magnificient 
architecture, extending for nearly one fourth of a 
mile. No brush can paint or words describe this 
grand picture nor indeed the many other most beau- 
tiful spots which entirely cover the space of 1240 
acres. Columns might be written of each one in 
turn with out paying unnecessary attention to any 
particular subject. 



The 37th annual convention of the Y. M. C. A. 
associations of Massachusetts and Rhode Island was 
held In Gloucester Nov. 6-8. Walker. '05. was sent 
as delegate from our association and reports a very 
suceasful gathering. The "Extension of Christ's 
Kingdom among the Young Men and Boys of the 
Two States," the theme of the convention, well rep- 
resents what the associations are trying to do All 
the colleges and training schools within the limits of 
the convention were well represented. Of special 
Interest to college men was the meeting given over to 
the discussion of the various problems before the 
associations in different colleges; delegates from the 
larger eties gave helpful talks. These conven- 
tion* are doing much good in advancing the work by 

bringing about an exchange of ideas, plans, and 
methods, and promoting a closer friendship between 
the christian students in our colleges. 

Athletic No-r«- 


Massachusetts, 6 ; Tufts. 0. 
Saturday, Nov. 7, Massachusetts added one more 
victory to her list by defeating Tufts college at Med- 
ford. Quite a number of the alumni from Boston and 
vicinity were present. Massachusetts put up a good 
game, although the score was not large. The men 
pulled together splendidly and this is what must be 
done if we are to close the season In victory. 

The game was called at 3 o'clock. Harrington 
received Martin's kickoff on the 15-yard line, and 
advanced the ball 10 yards. After a gain of 25 yards 
Tufts punted to Martin, who returned the ball 10 
yards. At the line-up Randall received the ball and 
made 35 yards. Tufts was penalized for offside play. 
After Massachusetts had forced the ball to Tufts 8- 
yard line Quigley tried a goal from the field but failed. 
Quigley received the kick from Tufts and advanced 
the ball 10 yards; and Randall again made a good 
gain to Tufts' 8-yard line. Lewis was pushed over 
and he kicked the goal. Score 6-0. 

Cannell received the kick-off on the 15-yard line 
and returned the ball 20 yards. After a gain of 25 
yards Tufts was penalized for holding and punted. 
Randall gained 20 yards through the line. Massa- 
chusetts forced the ball to Tufts' 15-yard line and lost 
on a fumble. Tufts punted and Massachusetts 
returned the ball by steady gains to within 1 foot of 
Tufts' goal when time was called. Score at the end 
of first half. Massachusetts 6, Tufts 0. 

Randall received the kick-off in the second half 
and advanced the ball 20 yards. With steady gains 
Massachusetts reached Tufts' 25-yard line, where she 
lost on a fumble, but held Tufts for downs. Martin 
punted and here Tufts took a brace and advanced the 
ball by steady line plunges and an end run of 20 yards 
to Massachusetts' 12-yard line when time was called. 
Massachusetts 6. Tufts 0. 

For Massachusetts, the playing of Randall. L^wis. 
and Martin was especially marked. 




The line-up : 


Quigley, 1. e. 
Gardner, 1. t. 
Carey. 1. g. 
Patch, c. 
Cutter, r. g. 
Craighead, r. t. 
Martin, r. e. 
Lewis, 1. h. b. 
Whitaker, r. h. b. 
Randall. f. b. 
Ahearn, q. b. 

Score— Massachusetts 6. Tufts 0. Touchdown— Lewis. 
Goal— Lewis. Referee— Burleigh of Somerville. Umpire— 
Halligan of Massachusetts. Linesmen— Harrington of Tufts. 
Patch of Somerville. Time-keepers-Mullen of Tufts. Mc- 
Cobb of Massachusetts. Time— 25 and 20-minute periods. 


r. e.. 

Dunham (Viles) 

r. t., MacMahon 

r. g., Hall 

c. Prince (Hill) 

1. g., Galarneau 

1. t.. Hurley 

1. e. 

Hill (Knowlton) 

r. h. t 


I. h. b. 

f. b 






Colleg* Not?$- 

r. Canavan recently visited friends in Westfield. 
ollege pins and paper may be had at the college 

Wallace has secured a third fireman. George 


Amherst. 1 1 ; Massachusetts, 6. 
Massachusetts wound up her season Saturday, Nov. 
14, when she was defeated on Pratt Field by Amherst, 
11-6. It was an ideal football day. and the bleachers 
on both sides of the field were well filled. The pres- 
ence of Massachusetts' band was a new feature and 
helped materially to enliven matters. The game was 
good in all particulars, both teams playing good ball, 
with the advantage of weight somewhat in Amherst's 


The game was called at 2.50 and began with Lewis 
kicking off to Patch on the 25-yard line, who ran back 
5 yards. Whitaker punted after 1 1 yards had been 
made. Lewis fumbled the punt, and Martin fell on 
the ball on Amherst's 2 -yard line. In the first scrim- 
mage Lewis was sent over for a touchdown, and 
Quigley kicked the goal. Score. 6-0. 

On the next line-up in the middle of the field. 
Lewis kicked off to Randall on the 13-yard line. He 
was downed in his tracks. After a few plays in which 
12 yards were gained. Massachusetts lost the ball on 
the 25-yard line. Almost immediately Shay punted, 
and the ball went over the goal line. 

Lewis caught Whitaker's punt from the 25-yard 
line on Massachusetts' 40-yard line, and in the first 
play, on a trick, Shay broke through and ran for a 
touchdown, the goal to which was kicked by Lewis. 

Score, 6-6. 

Once more Lewis kicked off. Ahearn getting the 
ball this time, reaching the 25-yard line before being 
downed. Soon Whitaker punted, and Martin fell on 

the ball, but it was given to Amherst. Amher. 
finally reached Massachusetts* II -yard line, whe 
they lost the ball on a fumble. Martin getting i 
Massachusetts from there had made 15 yards whe 
time was called. Score, 6-6. 

After a 10-minutes' rest, both teams came on tt- 
field again. Quigley began the half by kicking off 

Amherst's 5 -yard line. After they gained 25 yard 

Lewis punted to Ahearn. Soon after that Whitak 

returned the punt. From there Amherst went do* , ^ ^^ ( ^ bdonging t0 the col . 

the field slowly but steadily for a touchdown. Lew ^ ^ ^ ^^ 

missing the goal. Score 1 1-6 jottingham '03 is taking post graduate 

beeTmade wortMn Chemistry and Botany. 

^ThiTtirne. also. Lewis kicked off to Ahearn. Afc 4jHr. Raymoth has returned to college from his 

a gain of 25 yards, Whitaker was obliged to puvisittc his home in Pennsylvania. 

The ball was caught on the 45 yard line. Amher: — Couden. '04. spent last Friday in Easthampton in 

with the ball in her possession, started again a: the employ of the Board of Forestry. 

and reached Massachusetts 23 yard line when ' Suhlke, 06. recently entertained his brother, A. 

game ended. Score, Amherst 1 1, Massachusetts^ Hj)«, f Leominister. for a few days. 
Lewis, Randall and Martin were the most consp 

Th- Freshmen have succeeded in securing a 

uous in their playing, although the team wor - p!ctu gJ f their class taken on the chapel steps, 
together well. _p r ir - K \\n, 03. has been out for foot ball practice 

The college appreciates 

The line-up : 


Quigley. 1. e. 

Gardner. 1. 1. 

Carey. 1. g. 

Patch (Paige), c. 

Cutter, r. g. 

Craighead (Franklin), r. t 

Martin, r. e. 

Lewis, 1. h. b. 

Whitaker, r. h. b. 

Randall, f. b. 

Ahearn (capt.). q. b. 

Score— Amherst 11. 
Lewis, Shay, Pierce. 
Pendleton (Boston) 

r. e. 

during the past two week 

AMHt hisspir* 
Priddy (Cha; , . . . . v 

— Walker, 05. as delegate of the Y. 

Several students entertained Dartmouth friends 

■yaiKcr, uj, *a UCIC5016 wi mm »• M. L/. A. 

r. g..Leigr attended the Y. M. C. A. convention held at Glouces- 

c. Hotter. Nov. 7-8. 
1. g., Pa> 

n .who Were in town to see the Dartmouth-Amherst foot 
r. h. b.. Hubbard (Ly: ball gtme Nov. 7. 

l. h. b.. . Nathan J. Hunting of the class of 1901 has been 

f. b.. Cogges ^gagad t0 ta k e charge of the separator room during 
a. b., Lewis (ca: , , . 

4 the short course in dairying. 

Massachusetts 6. Touchdown.' ... u i„„ a i„ .»,*, k,ii 

Goals-Quigley. Lewis. Refer, —New curta.ns have been placed in the drill hall 
Umpire— Pulsifer (Dean Acader recitation room and reading room. When shall we 
Unesmen— Halligan of Massachusetts, Biram of Amh see tnern in the mathematical room? 
Timers -Belden of Massachusetts, Allen of Amherst. __g| uc jents having damaged lamps are requested to 

—two 25-minute halves. Jake ^ &m [Q the heating station for exchange before 

*•" 6 P. M. as the office closes at that time. 

The annual excursion of the geological departmr 
of the New England colleges was held recently, T -The faculty has granted a petition from the stu- 
excurslon included a visit to West Peak at Mer,: dent body to postpone the coUege exercises of Friday. 
Conn The following colleges were repress November 28, to Saturday, December 5. 
Harvard. M. I. T., Williams, Amherst, Welles _A Press Club was organized— I mean was lost- 
Smith and Holyoke. sometime ago. Anybody see it anywhere? When 

found please return notice to the Bulletin Board. 

—The drill of last Thursday was postponed until this 
week Wednesday in order that the student body might 
sing and cheer at the last scrub game of the season 
which took place on that day. 

—Friends of Capt. O'Hearn will be glad to learn 
that he is able to attend recitations. As the result of 
his injury received in the Trinity game, he will be 
forced to wear a cast for sometime. 

Dr. Stone lectured November 1 I on the subj set 

of " Chrysanthemum Diseases" before the Chrysan- 
themum Society of America The lecture was 
delivered in Horticulture Hall, New York city. 

The literary criticisms of the Junior orations were 

made by Mr. Knight Nov. 5 and 6. Rehearsals occur 
this week Thursday and Friday; and the appear- 
ances before the class will take place shortly after 

F. A. Watkins. '06. who has been a strong man 

on the scrub in almost every game this season, had his 
leg badly wrenched in last Thursday's scrub game. 
His injuries are not so bad. however, as to confine 
him to his room. 

— Professor Loomis of Amherst college delivered 
a lecture to the Junior class in Geology Tuesday even- 
ing. The subject of the lecture was "The Formation 
of the North American Continent." Professor Loomis 
was in charge of Dr. Lull's classes last year dujing 
the latter's absence. 

The college is represented in the newly elected 
Massachusetts House of Representatives by the fol- 
lowing alumni : Alfred S. Hall, '80. Revere, second 
term; Prof. James B. Paige, '82, Amherst, second 
term; Arthur D. Norcross, 71, Monson ; Evan F. 
Richardson. '87, Millis. 

— Dr. Lull has assigned to each member of the 
Junior class in Geology a topic for special study. 
These subjects have to do for the most part with th-; 
history and characteristics of the minerals. Accord- 
ing to the plan some member of the class gives a ten 
minutes' talk on one of these topics al the beginning of 
each class exercise. 

North college and the chemical laboratory are 

soon to be put upon a separate circuit so as to more 
satisfactorily control the heating of them. At present 
all the college buildings to the west of the country 

I '« 





road are connected with one system. This has proved 
disadvantages as the two buildings mentioned need 
a high pressure of steam to thoroughly warm them. 
This change will be appreciated by those who roomed 
in north domitory last winter. 


-Mrs. R. S. Lull and daughter have returned to 


-Dr. C. S. Walker has purchased a building lot on 

Lincoln Avenue. 

-President Goodell will not be able to meet h.s 
class in German this week. 

-Mrs C. S. Walker addressed the Girls' Improve- 
ment Society of the High School Nov. 6. 

_Dr Wellington rode his wheel to college in the 
pouring' rain not long ago. It was hard work to hold 
an umbrella. 

-Dr R S Lull recently visited the American 
Museum cf Natural History to inspect a restoration 
which is in progress. 

-Professor Hasbrouck left a barrel of apples out 
under his tree all night. It was not -lifted". Draw 
your own conclusions. 

-Capt. Anderson had his picture taken on the 
campus last week Tuesday. The battalion was in the 
shade. So was the band. 

__ Dr p a ige was elected representative for th.s 
district at the last state election. We are glad to 
note that he received a large marjority. 

-Mr Canning, instructor in floriculture, and Mr 
Green, instructor in horticulture, attended the Chry- 
santhemum Show in Boston week before last. 

—Prof W P Brooks has been elected president 
of the Unitanan Society; H. L. Knight, instructs In 
English, treasurer; and G. E. Stone, a trustee. 

-President Goodell and Professor Waugh went to 
Boston last Friday to consult with committees of he 
trustees concerning the new Horticulture Hall which 
we hope to have in the near future. 

_ Dr H T Fernald has recently published the 
following papers: -Notes on the North American 
species of lsodonta. Patton. with description of a new 
species and varletv." -Two New Species of Sphex. 
and The •' Plum Webbing Saw-fly." 

F . Cooley delivered a lecture at We 
Bridgewater Oct. 30.on Brother -Jonathan's Horses 
He has also accepted the invitation to address 
Connecticut State Board of Agriculture at MkM 
town. Dec. 16. his subject being; "The Cow Feede 
Great Problem." 

-Professor Waugh delivered a lecture on-Orch; 
Management" at the New Hampshire State Colle; 
a short time ago. On Nov. 11. he spoke btfc 
an audience at Storrs Agricultural college on his Eur. 
pean trip. He was also invited to Syracuse early 
the season to judge fruit. 

—Prof C H. Fernald is at work upon a "Mow 
graph of the Pyralidae of North America." He I 
alreadv published monographs upon the farm! 
Pterophoridae and Crambidae. These, together w 
the work now in hand. Include a considerable par: 
the Lepidoptra. 

-Professor Fernald is also preparing the par; 
Wytsman's -Genera Insectorum" which includes: 
Tortricidae of the world. Monsieur Wysman 1 
seclected the highest authorities in the world to p 
pare the different parts of this work which ton. 
being published in Brussels. Belgium. Copies of I 
parts of this magnificient work already published rr 
be seen in the library. 

_ Dr G E. Stone addressed the convention of • 
Chrysanthemum Society of America held in N 
York Nov. 10-12. His subject: "Diseases of Cr 
santhemums." Dr. Stone was also the guest of 
society at the grand Chrysanthemum show of 
American Institute of the city of New York anc 
Chrysanthemum Society at the Herald 5* 
Exhibition Hall. 

—Dr. Packard, professor of zoology and geolog 
Brown University has recently published a pa 
containing hints for the classification of the Art' 
pods Dr Packard was entomologist for this s: 
during the years 71-73. and was the first lecture- 


e feel a little pride in noting the names of four 
of our prominent alumni among the speakers who are 
to address the above convention which is being held 
In V/ashington this week and to which President 
Goodell has gone. Dr. Winthrop E. Stone, '82. pres- 
ident of Purdue university, will speak upon agricul- 
engineering. Chas. S. Plumb. *82. professor of 
al industry at Ohio State college, has for his 
ct, "Experiments in Animal Breeding." Both 
of these men are classmates of Dr. Paige. "Uniform 
Fertilizer Laws" will be the topic of Dr. H. J. 
Wheeler. '83, director of the Rhode Island Experi- 
ment Station, while Dr. E. P. Felt, "91, state entomo- 
logist for New York, will give an address upon record 
devices for entomological workers. Men like these 
are lengthening the names of Massachusetts through- 
out the scientific world. 

during tne yeara / .- »«# 

entomology at this college. Since leaving he, 
I has become a member of the most s: 
' ties here and abroad, and has won a lasting reput; 

as the author of many books upon zoological sutv 

The Cornell Agricultural College is to add a 
years' course in landscape gardening to its currlc. 


For ninety men out of one hundred there is but one 
answer to this question. These ninety are the rank 
and file of college men, and while some get more and 
some less out of their course, not one can say that his 
condition is not materially improved by four years of 
college training. 

So this class -the majority — may be lett out of the 
discussion : in their case there is no question, no 
chance for an argument ; and upon them rests the 
responsibility of showing to the world the advantage of 
a college education. 

But what of the other ten ? Here comes a ques- 
tion, and a difficult one. Nine of them are sons of 
wealthy or well-to-do parents ; men who have no par- 
ticular desire for fame for the simple reason that it 
requires too much effort to attain it, and that they are 
sure of an easy comfortable life without it. 

Thb class of men go to college - for the sake of 
what fun they can get out of it ; " and they get the fun 
every time, but do they get any lasting benefit ? 

I think they do. Of course it is small when com- 
pared with the benefit derived by those who do earnest 
conscientious work; but I don't believe that any 
bright, full-witted man can live four years of college 
life— as college life is to-day — without learning some 

lessons, which, although they do not come from books 
or professors, are sure to be of some use to him in 

after life. 

So. taking into consideration the life which these 
men would be apt to lead for those four years, were 
they not in college, we can hardly say that their time 
is wasted. 

That disposes of ninety-nine ; and now let us con- 
sider the hundredth. 

This is the man who has neither parents nor money 
to ease him along ; who has already a good position 
at fair pay, and a chance for promotion in the future. 
Will he not stop and think for some time before he 
stakes what little hard-earned money he may have, 
and four of the best years of his life upon something 
which may bring him neither riches nor happiness ? 

With this man there is something in the balance, 
with him it is not a question as to whether he will or 
wilt not learn, in those four years, some few things 
which he can make use of, more things which may 
perhaps improve his conversational powers or give 
him a little more of the French savoir /aire. 

With him the question is this, " Can I get returns 
for the money invested ? Will my conditions in ten. 
twenty or thirty years, be enough better to repay me 
for these years of hard and self denial?" If not we 
may as well call the time wasted. 

All depends upon a man's disposition and tempera- 
ment. The ambitious man with a quick nervous tem- 
perament, must always be working at something, striv- 
ing for something, learning something ; always weary 
of the old and eager for the new. Such a man can- 
not waste the time spent at college. The mere work 
which he does, though he may never see any practi- 
cal results from it. is just as necessary to him as his 
daily food and no matter if he die a pauper his time 
has not been wasted. 

On the other hand is the cool, phlegmatic, easy- 
going man, of mediocre ability and limited ambition. 
While his ambitious, high strung brother is toiling 
and digging in college, he is working along easily and 
playing his cards for a snap along other lines. He 
usually gets it. and just when the college man is get- 
ting into the hardest, most strenuous part of his 
career, trying to make his record in the world equal 
his record in college, the ignoramus begins to smoke 
imported cigars and take things easy generally. 







There are hundreds of such men in the country 
to-day and what a waste of time a college education 

would mean to them ! 

And so the answer to our question depends upon 
many things: men. surroundings, circumstances, etc.; 
but in the greater number of cases the college course 
is most decidedly not a waste of time. 

Dtp&r-tmtrvt* f4o-t{s. 

For those possessing an aesthetic taste this has been 

"dream"* whe- tn « nic " th of the " year in whicht0 visit the plant houses - 
t u, This is the ■• Chrysanthemum Month.'" While the 

societies of Boston and New York have been gathering 


Possessed of that indomitable courage, persever- 
ance and ambition, so characteristic of the Anglo- 
Saxon and his descendants, it is little wonder that 
japan has been called the England of the East. 
Unlike England, there has been no gradual develop- 
ment along well-constructed lines, but there has been 
a sudden bursting into full bloom of the buds of prog- 
ress in this Flowery Land. 

To say that Japan has progressed is inadequate. 
If we consider the advance in civilization of America 
and the European Powers, as progress, the forward 
march of Japan is phenomenal. » The process of 
transition," says Ransome, •• has been so abrupt that 

do not display such energy or undertake such exper 
dlture without a purpose." 

Filled with an enthusiasm which naturally folio* 
in a country after a victorious war, the Japanese 
looked forward to the realization of a dream 
they too shall exert an influence in the affairs of 

world, and have prepared for the e^*" * ^\ t ^ great fk)Wer shows , W e would call the attention 
they shall be called upon to act ■• His tnougnts ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ and 
says one writer, " have turned to things Western, a. ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^^ 
he has realized that it is essential to the future we, ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^ 
being of his country that he should not only thir ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ cuh|vat|on of this 
but thoroughly understand modern methods^ is p ro f es sor Waugh has made special 

not necessarily because he likes them, nor because M 
considers them 

popular flower. Professor Waugh has made special 

LToKw'^nPrkTrTc ih e ««* t0 secure manv new and handsome varieties 
to be imme ^; h aby a !^ t ^ have not before been grown at Massachusetts, 

own. but because he has grasped the taci inai p ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ specialist Mr canning. 

serve his own country intact he must ma e fuccess has been obtained in producing blossoms 

eigner respect him, and that to affect this purpose ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ m| _ 
must bring his country into line wit rnnauor ^ | ^ varieties hag ^^ the c|ass |n floriculture 


' , opportunities for study which have been well appreciated 
lapanese as a rule is by nature and instruct a studer. 
and a very profound student. He is willing ^ 

anxious to study any subject, both with regard to h |cultura , department from Maryland. 

not necessarily with a view 

r respect him. and that to aiieci «.,=> w-i~~- q{ ^^ sj2e and r , chness of color Thjs large col 
bring his country into line with Western nauo, ^^ ^ wzrieiita has given the class in floricultun 
is another very powerful reason namelv ; tha opporturities forstud v which h 

by all. 

A second lot of persimmons has been received by 
,,a horticultural department from Maryland. Besides 
' ranS "T Tckedwhen' a. the end o7a bulky vol- theory and Us practice, no, necessarily wh a vre. ' ffom M|ch and ^ from 

,he 'f :[,:/w, Dai^os f oweTceremonles. cherry- adopting the policy laid down therein, but in de » ^^ ^ ^ „ , 

r 6 ' 1 arde n r and temples he finds these pu , himself in the position of being able •»•**• (lne collectlon has reac hed Professor Waugh 

TT 5 sudden , replaced b, Si ordnance, rail- either in whole or in part, should he fee that s ^ ^ ^ ^ m ^ ^ 

->»- doing would be advantageous to himself or l0 ' a pleu|ng featme , lhe work in pomo | ogy , hls (a ||. 

country. * * # * » 

Situated geographically like England ^possess ^^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ agricultural 
the same spirit for advancement and wnlevemem * ^ ^ w||l meet fortnight , y fm , he considera . 
moving forward with such rapid strides in » ™ ar \ |0B ^ tne different phases of farm management, 
of the World Powers, and fo" *^ £ c*VM™* ***« has become of such utmost importance 
closely at his heels, Japan can w ^ ^ agricultural students of to-day that attendance 

England of the East. 

ways international politics, electricity, and merchant 
firms. The contrast is too striking to be either 
artistic or satisfactory." 

With no long history back of her to show the prog- 
ress in the struggle of existence. Japan has risen sud- 
denly as one of the maritime powers of the world. 
The Japanese have been called good imitators, truly, 
but they have far excelled those whom they patterned 
after " Japan is not only building more ships than 
any other power except England, but she is building 
better ships in English ship-yards than England her- 
self is constructing for her own navy," says Charles 
Cramp. "While other nations proceed by steps. 
Japan proceeds by leaps and bounds. ... The spec- 
tacle of Japan surpassing France and closely following 
England herself in naval activity is startling. Consid- 
ering the shortness of the time which has elapsed 
since Japan entered the family of nations, or aspired 
to any rank whatever as a power, it is a little short of 
miraculous. Yes. it Is a fact, and to my mind It is 
the most significant single fact of our time. Nations 




23. •• Ninety and Nine." 

25-26. " The Drummer Boy." 

27, •• The Defender." 

apon these meetings is required as a part of the 
regular senior course in this department. Using the 
college farm as a basis, the members will be assigned 
ndlvldual problems for special study. They will be 
.ided In their research by maps and typewritten details 
>f the equipments and management of the farm. 
\side from the reports which will be read and dis- 
:ussed, from time to time authorities upon agricultural 
subjects will be secured to address the seminar. In 



.... , A ™ „j these days when wealthy men are looking for skilled 

,e n iq .. Th»» Hreat Whte Diamond. J J ° 

. 16. 17, 18. — l ne ureai w mv^ 

Nov. 19, 20. 21.—" The Eleventh Hour." 

Nov 23. 24. 25.-" The Ragged Hero." 

Nov. 26, 27. 28.—" The Winning Hand." 

igrlculturalists to take hold of their newly acquired or 
un-out estates and put them upon a paying basis, a 
•-ourse such as Professor Brooks is planning to give in 

this seminar ought to appleal to every student. 

One of the most useful accessories of the agricul- 
tural recitation room is a nickel-plated stand for the 
display of photographs illustrating the effect of differ- 
ent fertilizers upon economic farm and garden crops. 
Professor Brooks has mounted his photographs so 
that they can be quickly and easily adjusted In the 
swinging arms attached to the stand. This does away 
with tha slow and unsatisfactory method of passing 

pictures about the class. 

* * * « * 

Professor Cooley has started an extra course In 
stock judging. We feel quite certain that the work 
of this class will be more enthusiastically carried on 
than it has been with previous classes. To begin 
with, the course is not wholly compulsory ; and in the 
second place, an attractive text-book has been chosen. 
Those who have taken this subject when nothing was 
furnished but score cards will appreciate the value of 
this latter advantage. '-Judging Live Stock," by John 
A. Craig, professor of animal husbandry at the Iowa 
Agricultural College, is a beautifully illustrated book 
and should be owned by all fanciers of live stock. 
This course will consist of two exercises a week for 
the rest of the semester ; the time to be evenly divided 
between the recitation-room and the judging ring. 
Several people not in college have signified their 
desire to become members. The class numbers 

about twenty. 

* # * » * 

The Journal club held Its second meeting of the 
season on Nov. 2. Franklin, '03. reported two papers 
upon the Thyscmura ; one dealing with the Collembola 
of Minnesota, and the other the genus Japyx. The 
first of these Mr. Franklin has found helpful to him in 
his work as graduate student. Osmun. '03, brought 
up for the consideration of the club several articles 
recently published upon the Lepidoptera. The " List 
of Lepidoptera." by Smith, which has just come out. 
received the criticism of Prof. Fernald ; for those of 
the club who were thinking of purchasing this work 
his remarks were quite timely. Most of the time, 
however, was occupied by a discussion by Dr. Fernald 
upon a paper by Dr. Packard of Brown University on 
the classification of Arthropods. The author's 
research into this phyllum has led him to believe Its 
members to have descended from the annelid worms, 





but along such widely diverging lines that the phytlum 
should be broken up Into five separate classes. 

For th- first time in the history of the station, 
specimens of the Pear-tree oyster Scale (Aspidiotus 
ostreaeformis) were received last week. This scale 
has not been reported from this state before. Because 
of its ravages in Europe, this insect Is there ranked 
with the dangerous San Jose Scale. 


Young Men's Clothing 

With all the *« Kiuks of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment .'. •"• 


•85 — C S. Phelps has just completed a lecturing 
tour of ten days during which time he spoke before a 
number of Farmer's Institutes. Professor Phelps 
has also been elected master of the newly organized 
grange at Salisbury. Conn., his native town. 

•93 —Delightsome news comes from far-away Bra- 
zil in the announcement of the birth of a daughter. 
Maria Eliza, to Senor and Senora Louiz Anton.a 
Ferreir Tinoco on Sept. 13. Address. Campos. RlO 
Janeiro, Brazil. 

Haynes & Co., 

Always Reliable. 





ft. book for .11 the people .11 the time, io .11 vocation. ; for home improved. 60 pp. ilia- 
, )rice |, Te.ted H Three mo.,tb.' correspondence couree by .utbor 17. For . brief to 
.111 .cod the book .ml coorec tor II. Will lecture on pby.icl tr.ioing in wntmg for |W 
„„. „cck for MOO. Conducive to help and positive cure for b.d writing., ret. 

Z£Z~» - - •— . «*• AMre " prof - °- BIXLER - Ma4ison st - and og 

Chicago, 111. 

'94.— A. H Kirkland has recently been engaged 
in superintending the construction of a new building 
for the manufacture of insecticides, by the American 
Chemical Co. in New York. 

•98.— Willis Sykes Fisher, principal of Goodrich 
Street School. Fitchburg. 

'99 -B. H. Smith. Bureau of Chemistry, Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, has recently published two arti- 
cles In the Journal of the Amercan Chemical Society 
d " Estimation of Formaldehyde In Milk." and 
omparative Study of Methods for Determining 
Formaldehyde." These are two praiseworthy papers 
and show careful study. 

*99.— Charles P. Lounsbury of Cape Town. South 
Africa, has just recovered from a series of attacks of 
fever so common to the country. 

»0|. — A. C. Wilson, assistant to S. O. Miller, Con- 
sulting Engineer. Columbia University. Mr. Wil- 
*s residence is 66 West 107th St., New York city. 

'01, — William Alucius Dawson and Anne Duncan 
torer were united in marriage on Sept. 8, at the home 

the bride in Cromwell, Conn. Mr. Dawson Is at 
present employed as a carnation grower with J. A. 

udling &. Son Co. Address, 12 Oakland Ave.> 

uburn, R. I. 

*0I. — Nathan A, Hunting has been engaged to 

n the separator room in the winter dairy school 
urlng the coming season. 

'02.— Edward Boyle Sanders and Grace Perditta 
Wlggln were united in marriage at the home of the 
bride at Levent. Me.. Sept. 26. 

•02v— John C. Hall. Principal of High School, 
Dartmouth. Mass. 

We take occasion to refer to some recent bulletins 
issued by the National Museum, which were the work 
of Andrew Nelson Candell, who for some time pur- 
sued a graduate course at the college. The title to 
the publications were " The Pharsmindal or Walking- 
sticks of the United States and Notes on Orthoptera 
from Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas, with 
descriptions of New Species. 

The Intercollegiate Fencing association, including 
Annapolis. Columbia. Cornell, Harvard, Penn., Yale. 
and West Point, is entering upon its third successful 


To he "J 
1*0 theF/XTZM 

Will m.iko the old farm pay 
If he faiuis tin: [hi in in the 
modern way. 


U aught by Mail. 

A thorough and practical murse. 
under the din-rt charge of Win. 1*. 
Brooks, Ph. 1>., (Massachusetts Au- 
ric ulturnl College). Our courso is 
based on ' Bfooko' Agriculture;"!. 
treats of soils, plants. tillage, drain- 
age, in ic« lion, in ami rt is, fertilisation, 
crop rotation and eveivthin;: per- 
tailing to money-making on the 
farm. Twtbooko (3 volume*. 800 
pages, 300 illustrations) fiue t> stu- 
(l.iiis. Srnil for Mt page book de- 
scribing course in full. 



Springfield, Majj. 
Other Course: Duatntwa, Shorthand. 
Pmuaaoahtp, Typowrtttna. Normal 

course fits forteiieherV c*-i nitrate. 


Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 

Amhkkst, Mabh. 

W. M. Skaks, '05. 

W. W. COLTOM, Ofi. 



Stationery, Note Books, Pens, Paper, 

Toilet Articles, Glue, Mucilage, 
White Gloves, and Shoe Blacking, 
Candies, Fancy Crackers and Soda, 








An excellent and most praiseworthy plan is that 
proposed by Cornell University for pensioning off Its 
professors who are retired after reaching the age of 
seventy years. One hundred and fifty thousand dol- 
lars has been given the university for this purpose, and 
this amount will be placed at compound interest until 
1914, when it will amount to $25,000. Each profes- 
sor retired will receive an annual pension of $1,500 
three-fourths of which will be paid from the the pen- 
sion fund and one-fourth of which will be contributed 
by the professors. It is expected.however, that profess- 
ors who reach the age limit before 1914 will also receive 
thebenefitsof the pension schema. The salaries paid in 
even our largest and wealthiest universities are meager 
compared with those received by men of no greater 
ability engaged in mercantile pursuits, and this, taken 
together with the social and other demands made 
upon the professors, make it almost impossible for 
them to save anything. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The largest stock and the lowest prices in town. 

Agents for the celebrated Gnycr Hats and A. B. Kir*cli- 

baurn & Co. Clothing. 




E mbetg t Tbouse, 



Don't Be Afraid 

to ask questions. We gladly quote prices on 
Stationery, Books, Fountain Pens, or anything 
else worth while to a Btudent. 
A postal costs one cent. 

Henry R. Johnson, 

313-315 Main Street, 

Sprinofiki.d, Mash. 



The best Confections made. 




High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 


NO. 5 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, 
(its and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed. Coixboe Siohal. Amhbrst. Mass. Ths Signal will be 
■ all subscribers until its discontinuance is ordered and arrears are paid. Subscribers who do not recede their paper regularly are requested to 
notify the Business Manager. 


R. RAYMOND RAYMOTH. 1904. Editor-in Chief. 

HOWARD MORGAN WHITE, 1904. Business Manager. 

GEORGE HOWARD ALLEN. 1 905, Ass'stant Business Manager. 

ARTHL. LEE PECK. 1904, Interco legtate. JOHN FRANKLIN LYMAN, 1 905. College Notes. 

ERNBST ADNA BACK, 1904, Department Notes. ALLAN DANA FARRAR, 1906. 


Terms: $1.00 per year in adcaoce. Single Copies, 10c. Pontacje outside o* United States and Canada, 26c. extra. 

Y. M. C A. 

Foot-Ball Association, 
College Senate. 
R'wdlnf-Room Association. 


A. W. Gilbert, Pres. Athletic Association. 

E..W. Newhall. Jr., Manager. Base- Ball Association, 

F. D. Couden, Pres. Nineteen Hundred and Five Index. 

A. W. Gilbert. Sec. Fraternity Conference. 

Entered as second-class matter, Pest Office at Amherst. 

Prof. S. F. Howard, Sec. 
R, A. Qulgley, Manager. 
B. Tupper, Manager. 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 


We have devoted this issue of the Signal to foot- 
ball interests because we feel that the team has nobjy 
defended the college it represents, and deserves some 
credit for the work done. In the games that we lost 
our scores have been among the lowest with which 
that college defeated her opponents. And the teams 
we have met are among the best in New England. 
The standing of the college has been raised remarkably 
by the success of the past few years and it behooves us 
to continue the work with greater success in the future. 
College spirit was manifested this fall in a greater 
degree than it has for some time and if anything will 
help and cheer a team on to victory it is the spirit by 
which each man feels a pride in his Alma Mater and 
with all his power assists in her endeavors. 

The action of the Faculty of Purdue in erecting as 
a memorial to their dead students, a gymnasium seems 
to US to be wise and worthy to be patterned after. 

102 Main St., 


We have not met with such a bereavement it is true 
but one of the greatest needs of the college is a gym- 
nasium. The military drill Is supposed to take the 
place of physical training as supplied by the gymnasium, 
but how sadly it fills the place. The drill is splendid, 
we admit, but it is not sufficient, there Is need of a 
broader physical development and this the gymnasium 
alone is able to accomplish. The very words of the 
announcement seem to refer directly to Massachusetts ; 
" the greatest need of the university would be met by 
such a building, supplying facilities for exercise and 
social intercourse for which there are only meager 
opportunities at present. " Speaking of this matter 
one day before a member of the faculty, he replied, 
•• We need a gymnasium, and we need it badly." Let 
us hope when the good old state of Massachusetts 
awakes to the needs of her children, she will respond 
generously and erect a building that shall be an honor 
to her and a thing of beauty to be enjoyed forever. 

Apropos of the snow storm and in consideration of 
other storms yet to follow, a word or two on the mat- 





ter of managing the snow on the roofs of the college 
buildings, might not be out of place. Our list of stu- 
dents is already too small, and the faculty seems to be 
well able to find means of still reducing the fiock. but 
there is no need of shipping us off in a coffin or 
ambulance as the case may be unless something 
definite is done, some means provided that will prevent 
huge masses of snow and ice from falling from the 
eaves. Of course as long as no one has been seriously 
hurt thus far there is no need of crying over spilled 
milk, but the safest plan it seems to us is to keep the 
milk in the can and incidently make some arrange- 
ment to keep the snow off our heads. 3esides you 
know it provokes profanity and the faculty seem averse 
to cultivating this virtue (?) . Just consider, suppose 
you were talking to a friend outside the door of 
one of the class-rooms and a piece of ice or avalanche 
of snow should drop between you and your friend or a 
few feet from you— well probably you would jump, but 
oh. no. you wouldn't say anything. But putting all 
joking aside this is serious and liable to end in some- 
thing serious unless precautions are taken to prevent 
any accident. We are compelled to pass very near 
the side of the buildings whenever we keep to the walks 
especially about North and South colleges and at such 
times as the past week snow and ice are continually 
falling due to the absence of sufficient guards on the 
roof. We trust a word to the wise is — well. 


My dear Prest Goode!l.—\ must say to you how 
much I appreciate the sympathetic message from you 
and your colleagues and students, which came to us 
in our recent trial. Our entire community has been 
saddened and cast down but out of the event has 
grown a deep sense of obligation to others and of the 
value of kindly sympathy which will have a lasting 
impress upon our young men. We could not forget 
the disaster but we have striven to learn and utilize 
the lesson it has taught. 

Please express to all at M. A. C. as opportunity 
may permit our deep gratitude for your kindly interest 
and sympathy and accept our wishes for your continual 

well being. 


W. E. Stone. 


As a result of the fatal railway disaster of Octobe- 
thirty-one. by which sixteen lives were lost to Purd.- 
University the following announcement hasbeen ma- 
by the faculty of that institution. As most of the live: I 
lost were those of foot ball men and as the propose 
memorial is to be such as to foster athletic interes' 
it seems appropriate to our present issue and we quo- 
from their announcement circular. 

"The most appropriate memorial to our dead, w 
represented every department of University activ'.! 
would seem to be a suitable building devoted to t,v 
highest physical and social interests of the stud? 
body. At the same time, the greatest need of t« 
University would be met by such a building, supplyr 
facilities for exercise and social intercouse for whi: 
there are only meager opportunities at present, 
attain both these ends in one effort is deserving of tfc 
attention of all friends of the University and i 
occasion has ever arisen when the concerted action: 
all such might so efficiently or worthily be exerted. 

The faculty authorizes a committee with the Pre: 
dent of the University as chairman, to receive fun; 
for the erection of such a memorial, and to coopera 
with committees representing the students, alum. 
citizens and any others working to the same end. 

To obtain a building of appropriate character a: 
memorial, and of the dimensions and appointmer 
suitable for the purposes stated, will require the sir 
of $ 1 00.000. T j provide this amount, will necessita 
generous giving by many contributors, while the m 
ber of those participating should Include all who: 
hearts have been touched by this dreadful calami: 
The character of the proposed memorial will appe 
to all who. by reason of their sympathy with the lit 
versity in its bereavement or interest in the high: 
welfare of her students, may wish to contribute to r 
erection of a suitable building, which shall not o: 
stand as an enduring memorial to the dead, but sh; 
also minister to the physical and social neede of yo. 
in years to come. W. E. Stone. 

Purdue University. President of the Univ 

LaFayette. Ind.. Nov. 24. 1903." 

Chicago University has received $300,000 
archaeological research in Egypt and Babylon. 

/Uhletic No-Us- 


Massachusetts. 5; All Westfield, 0. 

Massachusetts defeated the All-Westfields Thanks- 
giving morning at Westfield. 5 to 0. The game was 
fast and rough, and marked by the constant fumbling 
of boti. teams. The principal cause of the rough work 
was ti ■ feeling caused by the playing of Sneli at tackle 
on the Westfield team. 

The game in itself was full of interest to the 1500 
spectators. Massachusetts scored in the first few 
mlnut I of play. Daly kicked off for Westfield, and 
Martin ran the ball back 20 yards. Massachusetts 
couM not gain and Martin punted. Westfield failed to 
advance the ball and fumbled it on the third down, 
Qulgley falling on the ball. From here the ball was 
carried to the 10 yard line by Lewis, Taft and Munson. 
the latter being pushed over for a touchdown. Quigley 
failed at goal. 

During the remainder of this half the ball was rushed 
back and forth across the field. One team would 
rush the ball almost to the line, when It would be lost 
on a fumble. Time was called with the ball in Massa- 
chusetts' possession on Westfleld's 40 yard line. 

At the beginning of the second half the Westfields 
began pushing Massachusetts for good gains. Time 
after time they made their distance through 
the line, it seeming that a touchdown must result. 
Westfield fumbled and a Massachusetts man 
fell on the ball. Taft carried the bali back 20 yards. 
and Lewis 60 more. From here the ball was carried 
to Wastfield's 10 yard line. One of the Westfield 
line then broke through and knocked the ball from 
Ahearn's hands. A Westfield man fell on it, but the 
referee decided that Westfield was off side and gave 
the ball to the college team. The Westfield team 
refused to continue if this decision held, and Massa- 
chusetts consented to give the ball to the home team. 
Soon after this the game ended just as Westfield 
had been pushed backed for a loss of 10 yards. Lewis, 
Munson. ^earn and the ends played a great game for 
Massachusetts and Greer. Sneil. Daly and Roach did 
fine work for the home team. All the line men were 
able to make big holes in the college line. The 
summar . 


I. e., Carr 

1. t.. Snell 

I. g., Coffee 

c, Lynch 

r. g.. Slattery 

r. t., Martin 

r. e.. Creen. Thorpe 

b., Shenrock, Greer 

I. h. b.. Roach 

r. h. b., Mulvihil 

f. b., Daley 

Touchdown — Mun- 

Referee— Halligan, 



Quigley. Tuppcr, I. e. 

Gardner, i. t. 

Carey. I. g. 

Patch, c. 

Cutter, r. g. 

Craighead, r. t. 

Martin, r. e. 

Ahearn. q. b. (capt.) < 

Lewis, 1. h. b. 

Taft. r. h. b. 

Munson, f. b. 

Score — Massachusetts 5, Westfield 
son. Linesmen — Chapman and Tinker 
Massachusetts. Umpire— Gray, of Training school. 
keeper — Griffin. Time— 20 minute halves. 

Freshmen. 0; Sophomores. 0. 

On Saturday. November 21, the annual freshman- 
sophomore football game took place on the campus. 
The day was well suited for the contest, and the crowd, 
although not great in numbers, made up for its lack in 
other ways, the freshmen being especially noticeable 
in this respect. 

The game was called at 3 o'clock when Hanson 
kicked off to Watkins who fumbled the ball, a fresh- 
man falling on it. The freshmen in a series of short 
but steady gains reached the 6 yard line, when the ball 
was lost on a fumble. After making 30 yards, the 
sophomores punted, the ball being caught by Hanson. 
Failing to gain, he punted. Then an exchange of 
punts followed, until Peters, catching the ball on one, 
got around the end and reached the 10 yard line before 
being thrown. Again, failing to gain their distance, 
Hanson dropped back for a goal from the field but was 
unsuccessful. Shortly after Farrar had kicked out 
from the 25 yard line, time was called with the ball 
near the middle of the field. Score 0-0. 

At the beginning of the second half, Hastings kicked 
off to Hanson on the 15 yard line. The freshmen 
were soon forced to punt, which was quickly followed 
by a punt by Farrar. In three downs, failing to cover 
5 yards, the freshmen surrendered the ball to the 
sophomores. From there the sophomores reached 
their opponents 2 yard Ikte, where they lost the ball on 
a fumble. Hanson then punted 25 yards to Pray who 
advanced 10 yards. Making no gain. Hastings tried 
a goal from the field which failed. Hanson got the 
ball behind the line, but ran out with It and made 5 
yards Then he punted and it was the sophomores' 



The college sigMaL 



the freshmen's 30 yard line, when time was 
Score 0-0. 

ball on 

Line-up: — 


Clementson. I, e, 

Gould. I. t. 

Engstrom. I. g. 

Green, c. 

Pray, r. g. 

Searle. (Wnitney) (Smith) 

Clark. (Shuttleworth) r. e. 

Hanson, 1. h. b. 

E. H. Shaw. r. h. b. 

Pierce, f. b. 

Peters, q. b. 

Score — Freshmen 0, Sophomores 0. 
Umpire— Danahy. Timer— Professor 
—Patch and Lewis 



r. e., Tirrell 
r. t., Watkins 
r. g.. French 

Holy Cross 32, Tufts 0. 
Games won. 8 ; lost, 2. 



r. t. 

r. h. b. 

Strain (Gaskill) 

1. g.. Harris 

!. t.. Suhlke 

1. e., Hastings 

A. H. M. Wood 

1. h. b.. H. P. Wood 

f. b.. Pray (Moseley) 

q. b., Farrar 

Referee— Halligan 

Howard. Linesmen 

Time — 20 and 15 minute periods. 

We present the scores of the various teams Mass- 
achusetts met this season and call particular atten- 
tion to the fact that when defeated or scored against, 
our score has been among the lowest of the respec- 
tive colleges. This is a remarkably good showing 
and the team deserve credit for the good work they 
have done for their Alma Mater. 


Massachusetts 0, Holy Cross 6. 
Massachusetts 0, Dartmouth 12. 
Massachusetts 0, Williams 17. 
Massachusetts 46. Rhode Island College 0. 
Massachusetts 12. Training school 0. 
Massachusetts 5, Vermont 0. 
Massachusetts 28. Trinity 0. 
Massachusetts 6. Tufts 0. 
Massachusetts 6, Amherst 11. 
Massachusetts 5. Westfield 0. 

Games won 6, lost 4. Points won 108. lost 46. 


Holy Cross 6. MASSACHUSETTS 0. 

Holy Cross 0, Dartmouth 18. 

Holy Cross 1 1 , Wesleyan 6. 

Holy Cross 10. Yale 36. 

Holy Cross 6, Tufts 5. 

Holy Cross 36, Amherst 0. 

Holy Cross 27, Training school 5. 

Holy Cross 5. Maine 0. 

Holy Cross 41, Worcester Polytechnic 0. 


y 0, Yale 35. 
0, Worcester Polytechnic 17. 
0, Amherst 18. 
Trinity 5. New York University 35. 
Trinity 0. MASSACHUSETTS 28. 
Trinity 22, Eastman 0. 
Trinity I 1 . Wesleyan 66. 

Games won 1. lost 6. Points won 38. lost 196. 


Tufts 0, Exeter 6. 
Tufts 0. Yale 19. 
Tufts. 0. West Point 17. 
Tufts 17. Worcester Polytechnic 0. 
Tufts 5, Andover 15 
Tufts 23, Bates 0. 
Tufts 0, Williams I I. 
Tufts 5, Holy Cross 6. 
Tufts 5, Exeter 18. 
Tufts II. Manhattan 0. 
Tufts 1 1, Maine 6. 
Tufts,0. Holy Cross 32. 
Games won 4, lost 9. Points won 77, lost 136. 


05.1os!\mherst 6, Williston 0. 
vmhawt 23. Colby 0. 

Points won 


Dartmouth 12. MASSACHUSETTS 0. 
Dartmouth 18. Holy Cross 0. 
Dartmouth 36. Vermont 0. 
Dartmouth 34, Union 0. 
Dartmouth 17. Williams 0. 
Dartmouth 0, Princeton 17. 
Dartmouth 34, Wesleyan 6. 
Dartmouth 18, Amherst 0. 
Dartmouth 1 1. Harvard 0. 
Dartmouth 62, Brown 0. 

Games won 9, lost I. Points won 242, lost 23 


Williams 0. Harvard 17. 
Williams 20, Laureates 0. 
Williams 17. MASSACHUSETTS 0. 
Williams 0, Columbia 5. 
Williams 0. Dartmouth 17. 
Williams 1 1 . Tufts 0. 
Williams 17, Syracuse 5. 
Williams 0. Brown 22. 
Williams 29, Hamilton 0. 
Williams 6, Colgate 0. 
Williams 5. Wesleyan 5. 

Games won 6. lost 4. tie 1. Points won 


Rhode. Island College 0, Fall River High 0. vmherat 23. Bowdoin 0. 

Rhode Island College 0, MASSACHUSETTS 46 imherst 5. Harvard 0. 
Rhode Island College 0. Brown '06 22. ^mherst 0, Columbia 12. 

Rhode Island College 5. Friends School 0. *mherst 16. Union 0. 

Rhode Island College 0. Worcester Tech 45. .mhemt 18. Trinity 0. 
Rhode Island College 0. Dean Academy 30. mherst °- Ho| y Cros s 36. 

Rhode Island College 1 1 . Conn. Agricultural Colleg' mherst 0, Dartmouth 18. 

2, lost 4. tied 1. Points won mherat 1 1 . MASSACHUSETTS 6. 

Game! won. 7 ; lost. 3. Points won, 102 

Games won 
lost 149. 


Training School 5. Ludlow 0. 

Training School 0, Yale 22. 

Training School 0, MASSACHUSETTS 12. 

Training School 10. Worcester Polytechnic 6. 

Training School 5. Holy Cross 27. 

Training School 6. Brown 6. 

Games won. 2; lost, 3; tie, 1. Points won. 
lost. 73. 

lost, 72. 


Capt. George E. O'Hearn, '04. of Pittsfield, left 
id. 23 years old, weight 1 66 pounds, height 5 ft. 1 I in. 
layed four years on Pittsfield high and four years at 

. A. C. 

Fredf A. Cutter. 06, of Lowell, left guard. 21 years 
i weight 160 pounds, height 5ft. 7 Jin. Three years 
Lowfftbigh school. 

John JL Gardner, 05. of Milford. left tackle, 21 

years old. weight 183 pounds, height 5ft. 1 1 In. 

Willard A. Munson, "05. (Capt. '04) of Aurora, III., 
full-back, 21 years old, weight 165 pounds, height 5ft 
1 lin. Four years at East Aurora high school. 

Chester L. Whitaker, '05, of Somerville. right 
half-back. 21 years old. weight 158 pounds, height 
5 ft. 10 in. Two years at Somerville high school. 

G. Willard Patch, '05, of Arlington Heights, 
center. 22 years old, weight 176 pounds, height 5ft 6 
in. Two years at Somerville high school. 

Clarence W. Lewis, '05, of Melrose, left half-back. 
20 years old, weight 175 pounds, height 5 ft 9^ in. 
Three years at Melrose high school. 

William Craighead, '05, of Boston, right tackle, 22 
years old, weight 176 pounds, height 5 ft. 1 1 in. 

J. Edward Martin, '06, of Brockton, right end, 20 
years old. weight 150 pounds, height 5ft. lOin. Three 
years at Brockton high school. 

Micheal F. Ahearn. '04, of Framingham, quarter- 
back, 24 years old. weight 137 pounds, height 5 ft. 6 J 
in. Four years at Framingham high school. 

Raymond A. Qulgley. '04, of Brockton, quarter- 
back, 21 years old. weight 162 pounds, height 5 ft. 
Ill in. 

Frank H. Kennedy. '06, Boston, quarter- back, 21 
years old, weight 156 pounds, height 5 ft, 8 J in. Four 
years at English high school. 

Edwin Philbrick, '07, of Somerville. fullback. 19 
years old, weight 160 pounds, height 5 ft. I0J in. 
Two years Somerville high school. 

William 0. Taft, '06. of Pepperell. right half-back. 
20 years old. weight 145 pounds, height 5 ft. 9 in. 
Three years at Pepperell. 

C. Sheldon Holcomb, '05. of Tarlffville, Conn., 
right guard, 20 years old, weight 155 pounds, height, 
5 ft. 8 in. 

Daniel W. Carey. '06. of Rockland, right guard. 
17 years old. weight 157 pounds, height 5 ft. 7 In. 

George E. Paige, '06. of Amherst, center. 20 years 
old, weight 159 pounds, height. 5 ft. 5 \ in. Two 
years. Amherst high school. 

Bertram Tupper, '05. of Truro, N. S.. left end. 23 
years old. weight 155 pounds, height 5 ft. 8 in. 






Last year in speaking of the foot ball season of 
1902, the editor of the Signal congratulated the team 
upon the fact that " supported by a student body of 
less than 150 men. and with a squad of but 19 play- 
ers " the season as a whole had been so successful. 
In speaking of the work of this year's team, almost 
the same words may be used, if we note the fact that 
the squad this season was made up of 16 instead of 
19 men. Captain O'Hearn and his team have 
indeed earned our congratulations, and the gratitude 
of every patriotic son of " Mass'chusetts " for the vic- 
tories and the honors which they have brought to their 

One of the most pleasing matters in connection 
with the season just past, was the entire absence of 
the annual slump which has characterized the work of 
teams of previous years. It has been conclusively 
shown that an M. A. C. team can play foot ball con- 
sistently during an entire season. To be sure the 
team played better ball in some games than in others, 
but as a rule, it was " coming " all the fall. There 
were no spurts, and consequently no slumps. 

The first game of the season was played with Holy 
Cross after only three days of practice, and the Dart- 
mouth game followed so closely that only one day 
more was allowed the team to prepare for it. Taking 
these facts into consideration together with the rec- 
ords that those teams have made this fall, we can well 
be proud that the games were lost by small scores. 
The Williams game was somewhat more of a disap- 
pointment, because during at least a part of it. the 
Massachusetts men outplayed their opponents ; and 
the score should have been much closer to represent 
correctly the comparative strength of the two teams. 
Nothing need be said about the Rhode Island game. 
except that we simply outclassed our opponents. In 
winning the next four games however, from Spring- 
field Training School, University of Vermont, Trinity, 
and Tufts, the team showed unexpected strength, and 
the loss of the game with Amherst by a single touch- 
down should not be allowed to overshadow these vie 
tories or lessen their value. 

The team averaged several pounds lighter than that 
of last year, they had the usual number of accidents, 
and less coaching. And yet their record compares 
very favorably with those of former M. A. C. teams. 

and with teams representing much larger and ; 
institutions than ours. The great disappointme- 
the season was the injury to Captain O'Hearn. 
three years now, the captain of the team has: 
unable to play the Amherst game ; and althoug- 
don't want to play the part of hard losers, we x 
have submitted much more cheerfully to our a; 
this year had Captain O'Hearn been in the game 


We can now look back over a successful fa 
season in which the efforts of the team and the 
port of the college in general, have placed this in 
lion before the public in a most creditable ma: 
The question now arises, — are we to coming 
good work or leave it unfinished ? We have ca 
through a successful season, and by defeating a: 
team has done, many colleges far larger than 
the public has naturally become interested in this 
lege. People constantly glance through the past 
learn more about us ; but for the most part se: 
little until the succeeding fall. By that time 
have almost forgotten the place. 

Certainly an effort should be made to do some 

by which the institution may still be kept before 

public from an athletic standpoint. And this en 

only be accomplished by sending forth a good h 

ball team. As the majority of us well know 

college has made an attempt for the past two or 

years to support a team of this kind. We als: 

that each year when the season was about i 

two-thirds over, the team has been forced to a: 

for various reasons, partly because of discourag; 

and lack of interest shown by the players; 

because of improper training ; and mostly beca. 

a decided spirit of disinterest and lack of s. 

from the student body, Ask yourselves, — is t 

proper attitude for a college to assume ? H: 

we even expect to carry through a successful I 

under these conditions ? 

Through these winter months something rr 
done to keep alive this coal of interest. W- 
send forth a basketball team to cope with o 
colleges. It seems difficult, and we are 
against great odds. But they have been 
In football, and it certainly is not so grea 
this branch of athletics. It is a question 


and training ; not of strength and weight. One that 
reqiires quickness and a working together, which may 
be attained by hard and faithful practice. 

Heretofore there has been very little real training 
on the part of the players, and tha results have been 
very noticeable when pitted against a team in perfect 
condition, During the early part of a game the win- 
ning team has been a doubtful proposition ; however. 
as the game progressed the more perfect physical con- 
dition of the opponents has revealed itself again and 
again. Never before has basketball been recognized 
as one of the representative athletic departments of 
the college. This year the senate has decided to 
award to each man playing in five scheduled games, 
an M B. B as is Riven in the majority of other col- 
leges. This is done mostly in hopes that a renewed 
interest will be taken in the sport this winter and in 
years to come. The management has also decided 
to make it compulsory that each man upon the varsity 
squad shall train as regularly as in football. 

The most important orobhm is that of the develop- 
ment of the material. It cannot be done by practic- 
ing one ■ >: twice a week in an irregular manner. 
Practice must be regular and as often as possible. 
First of all, a series of interclass games should be 
played before the varsity season commences. These 
games serve not only as bringing out a spirit of rivalry 
between the various classes ; but by far the greatest 
benefit derived from them is that of presenting the 
material available for developing a team to represent 
the college. Another point which has been practi- 
cally Illustrated many times is that in regard to scrub 
practice. The men who take advantage of the oppor- 
tunities to receive experience at the varsity's expense 
are by no means losers. Here lies a golden oppor 
tunlty for the Sophomores and Freshmen Come out 
on the scrub at varsity practice ! You are benefitting 
yourselves as well as the team. It requires no such 
sacrifice of time as does football and a more healthful 
exercise could not be found. 

It seems, this year especially, that our college 
should be capable of putting forth as good a basket- 
ball team as the average college. Composed mostly 
of men who have played together for the past two or 
;*iree years, as well as what new material may come 
it. there Is no reason why it should not reflect credit 
>on the Institution. The schedule this year has been 

carefully mads and there are many hard games 
ahead. We hope soon to see a series of class games 
arranged and played. Let us co-operate one and all 
to give the team our strongest support in carrying 
through a successful season. A. D. T. 


After closing three successful seasons on the grid- 
iron we are looked upon as being one of the strongest 
minor colleges in New England. This reputation we 
must uphold and the question arises, how is it to be 
done? A great deal depends on the alumni, not only 
in helping financially, but in sending us material with 
which to develop our teams. You alumni rejoice at 
every victory which comes to old Mass'chusetts. 
Do you not want to continue rejoicing? 

The prospects are good for a winning team next 
fall ; but without new material it will be impossible to 
have a strong team during the entire season as 
injuries are sure to come, and we must have more 
men to rely upon. 

I? is the duty of each alumnus to send us one 
man. If you know, or know of, a promising fellow 
write to the manager of team and inform him of the 
same. In that way we may correspond and influence 
such a man to enter M. A. C. 

This not onlv applies to foot ball bat to all other 
branches of our athletics. Hustle arojnd and do it 
' now as this is the time high school students are look- 
ing up the college for their future courses. With our 
alumni working as hard as the undergraduate body 
we would always have banner teams. 

Think it over seriously, let us hear from you — Gel 


Jan. 9. 
Jan. 13, 
Jan. 16, 
Jan. 23, 
Jan. 29, 
Feb. 10, 
Feb. 20, 
Feb. 26, 
Mar. 4, 

Mar. 5, 


M. vs. Wesleyan at Middletown. 

M. vs. Ludlow Athletics at Amherst. 

M. vs. Northampton Y. M. C. A. at Amherst. 

M. vs. Brown at Providence. 

M. vs. Boston University at Amherst. 

Open, game pending. 
M. vs. Worcester Polytechnic at Amherst. 
M. vs. Renssalear at Troy. 
M, vs. Mass. Institute of Technology at 

M. vs. Fitchburg Y. M. C. A. at Fitchburg. 




Unless unforseen accidents occur, the 1905 Index 
will appear on the 18th of this month. Now is time 
to give the old cry, "Buy an Index." Take one 
home for Christmas and show your friends the best 
souvenir of "Old Massachusetts" which money can 
buy. It has cost $2.50 to print each copy of this 
book; but you are welcome to the same for one dollar, 
on consideration that you show it to your friends and 
thereby help advertise our dear old college. It means 
hard work and a large tax for the Juniors to produce 
this book, and everyone should support them, espe- 
cially the alumni. Undergraduates, buy an Index. 
Alumni, buy an Index. Professors, buy an Index. 

Obsr\?^tions# ) C onc ' u S ,on S- 

The Observer wishes that all the alumni could be 
made to realize how great a share college spirit 
among the undergraduates has played in the foot 
ball season just past. Coach Connor was with us for 
only four days. He came as an entire stranger, and 
with no previous acquaintance with the college. He 
knew of its existence and nothing else concerning it. 
He was so impressed with the spirit of the student 
body, however, those who played foot ball, and those 
who did not ; that he left behind him the statement 
that if he is in this part of the country next season, 
he will be glad to give the team two week's coaching 
without recompense. That means that a professional 
coach who is almost unacquainted with the college, 
offers to do almost as much to ?dvance its foot ball 
interests as was done during the past season by the 
whole body of M. A. C. alumni. 

* # * # # 

In the Amherst Student for Nov. 21, the editor sug- 
gests that hereafter Amherst follow the example of 
other colleges " in her class," and put the M. A. C. 
game a* the beginning of the season. Judged by its 
record this year, to classify the Amherst football team 
would be quite a considerable task. Its work has 
been far from consistent. The editor will succeed, if 
he keeps on. in making his college as ridiculous as he 
has already made himself. He has been ridiculous 
before. The very day of Amherst's game with Holy 
Cross, the Student naively stated that " Amherst had 

her annual slump in the Columbia game last Saturda 
and was defeated 12 to 0." There is even less sen 
to that statement than there would be to one to <: : 
effect that Massachusetts had her annual slump i 
Sept. 30, when Dartmouth defeated her by the sun 
score. When Amherst has succeeded in proving k 
editor's claim to a membership in the " Big Six," || 
A. C. will very gladly consent to play her at the beg; 
ning of the season rather than lose the game ai': 
gether. Just now we prefer the present arrangeme- 
In the same issue of the Student — that of Nov. | 
— it was suggested that there was considerable I 
feeling shown " on one side at least " in the game 
Nov. 14. Here again the Observer takes excepti:- 
He thinks that after the umpire had shown him;-: 
unable to rise to the occasion, there were evident 
of ill-feeling among the members of our own, as v.: 
as of the Amherst team. To be sure, it was ; 
shown in quite the same spirit. The Observer u 
his friends do some good straight slugging, and tti< 
game as a whole was a rough one ; but he did not I 
any of them deliberately walk up and kick an opp: 
ent who was down, he did not note one of them pi 
tishly kick an opponent's headgear, which had fa - 
off, to the other side of the field, nor did he obse- 
any of them leave the field without giving the custc 
ary yell for the opposing team. The Observer da 
not mean to insinuate that members of the Amhe- 
team were guilty of these — well childish is a cha: 
able word — childish performances. The Obser. 
prefers always to state facts rather than to rrn 
insinuations ; and the above are facts. 



Dec. «. II, 12. 
Dec. 14, 15. 16. 
Dec. 17, 18, 19. 
Dec. 2 1 , 22, 23. 
Dec. 28. 29, 30. 


" Missouri Girl." 
••The Hidden Crime," 
•• A Guilty Mother." 
•• A Fight for Millions." 
■• His Sister's Shame." 

Collect Not«. 

Dec. 12. 
Dec. 16. 

Dec. 17. 



The Kneisel Quartette. 

William Collier in "A Fool and 

•• Over Niagara Falls." 


Dec. 11. •• The Earl of Pawtucket." 
Dec. 17, William Collier in •• A Fool 

Dec. 18, 19. -The Holyokers." 
Dec. 22. •• Miss New York Jr." 
Dec. 26. James K. Hackett. 


he foot ball team will have new sweaters in a 

— Only about a dozen of the fellows spent Thanks- 
giving day at college. 

— The college lost the valuable French coach 
stallion. Lance valued at $900. 

— Newhall. '05, and Ellwood. '04, attended the 
Harvard -Yale game at Cambridge. 

— C. A. Tinker ex, '04, has begun to prepare the 
college charts for the St. Louis exhibifion. 

— Ttnnatt, '06, who has been engaged as a civil 
engineer at Easthampton has returned to college. 

— The Freshmen have ordered their class sweat- 
ers. They are to be white with brown trimmings. 

— A clump of arbor vltae has been set out on the 
west side of the entrance to the Botanic Museum. 

— President Goodell was in Washington, D. C. 
last week at a meeting of state experiment station 

— Many students and town's people enjoyed fine 
skating upon the pond during the week following 

—The first informal dance of the year will be held 
in the Drill Hail Saturday Dec. 12. Dancing will be. 
from 4-30 to 8-30 p. m. 

— Mr. Theodore F. Borst spoke before the Horti- 
cultural Seminar Nov. 16 on • -Forestry and its Rela- 
tion to Landscape-Gardening." 

— Wlllard A. Munson of Aurora. III. has been 
elected foot ball captain for next year. E. W. New- 
hall Jr. will be the manager of the team. 

— Fulton. '04, spent the latter part of last week 
testing Guernsey cattle, belonging to F. L. Ames of 
North Easton. for the advanced registry. 

— Racicot, '06, received an appointment to the U. 
S. Marine Corps but on account of age will not be 
eligible for examination until another year. 

— A fine collection of apples has been received 
from California through the kindness of Prof. R. E. 
Smith formerly associate professor of Botany. 

— Captain O'Hearn received a letter of congratula- 
tion for the work of the football team from Prof. 
Herman Babson, who is at present in Germany. 

— At a meeting of the wearers of the M the follow- 
ing styles for sweaters were adopted : Foot ball, a six 
inch M. for base ball, a five inch English M, and for 
basket ball M B B. 

— Dr. Stone has organized a Botany Conference 
composed of graduate students. The conference 
will meet monthly to discuss questions in connection 
with post-graduate botany. 

— Profs. Brooks and Waugh. Dr. Paige and Mr. 
Greene attended the winter meeting of the State 
Board of Agriculture held in Athol, Dec. I, 2, and 3. 
Many alumni of this college were present and several 
men connected with Massachusetts took part. 

— Mr. H. D. Haskins and Mr. P. H. Smith of the 
Hatch Experiment station attended the convention of 
American Agricultural Chemists held In Washington. 
D. C. The purpose of the organizaiion is to Improve 
methods of analysis in the Experiment stations. 

— The baskets have been put up in the drill hall for 
basket ball. Mr. Wallace has put in two large arc 
lights, so everything is in readiness for practice to 
begin. The schedule of games for this year is better 
than ever before ; and everything points toward a 
sucessful season. 

— A number of students attended the lecture 
given by Mr. W. B. Yeats, the Irish dramatist, in 
College Hall. Amherst College. Mr. Yeats took for 
his subject "The Theater and What It Might Be." 
Professor Churchill of Amherst college had very 
kindly given an invitation to the lecture to our college. 
— At a mass meeting of the student body F. H. 
Kennedy, '06, was elected assistant business mana- 
ger of the foot ball team. Mr. Kennedy has been 
prominent in athletics here in college and as he 
possesses exceptionally fine business qualities the 
college is sure that it has selected the right man for 
the place. 



—The Junior class has elected a Prom committee 
of twelve man with A. N. Swain as chairman. The 
prom will occur on the twelfth of February. The rest 
of the committee is as follows :— E. W. Newhall Jr., 
H. D. Crosby. G. W. Patch. G. H. Allen. B. Tupper, 
L. W. B. Hill, F. L. Yeaw. L. S. Walker. C. L. 
Whitaker, C. W. Lewis. P. F. Williams. The 
Faculty is represented by Profs. Hasbrouck. Waugh. 
and Lull. 

The Sophmore- Freshman games occured Satur- 
day Nov. 21. The day was ideal, warm, and bright. 
The Juniors wore high hats and carried canes in 
honor of the Freshmen. In the morning the Fresh- 
men had their class flag fastened at the top of the 
flag pole ; but as Captain Anderson had set that day 
to lower the pole the flag came down too. It seemed 
to be a true Freshman day nevertheless, as they were 
victors in the rope pull, winning by five feet nine 
inches ; and they held the Sophomores to a tie game 
in foot ball. The results of both games were rather 
a surprise to the college, as the Sophomore teams 
were considered heavier and more experienced. In 
foot ball the Sophomores were greatly handicapped, 
however, by the loss of Baird, their quarterback, 



Young Men's Clothing 

With all the " Kinks of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment .*. 


had no other experienced man for the posi- 
tion! and, had Baird been in the game, the result 
would doubtless have been different. The following 
meAulled on the rcpe-pull teams : Sophomores, — A. 
H. M Wood, (capt.) H P. Wood. Cutter, Wellington. 
Carey and Wholley : Freshmen, — Caruthers, (capt.) 
Engsti m, Pierce, Dickinson, Raitt, and Whitney. 



Haynes & Co., 

Always Reliable. 


The eighteenth annual reunion and banquet of the 
Massachusetts Agricultural college club of New York 
will be held at the Denis hotel, Broadway and 11th 
street, Friday evening, Dec. I 1th, under the presi- 
dency of Chas. O. Lovell, 78. A full attendance is 
desired ; all graduates and former students are eligible 
to membership simply by attending and paying the 
banquet fee of three dollars ; this should be remitted 
to the undersigned by Dec. 8th. 

Yours in M. A. C. 
Alvan L. Fowler. '80. Treas. 
21 West 24th street. N. Y. 

[This notice was received too late' for insertion in 
the last issue of the Signal ; although so near the date 
set for the banquet we trust it may still catch some 
member' eye in time. Ed.] 

'95. — The marriage of Herbert David Hemenway 
to Myrtle Luella Hawley of Amherst took place in 
the Methodist Episcopal church on Wednesday Nov- 
ember the twenty fifth. The ceremony was per- 
formed by Rev. John R. Chaffee a former pastor, the 
ring servi-e being used. Mr. Hemenway has of late 
been qui: I suceesful as Director of the Hartford 
Handlcra" Schools of Horticulture. Our congratu- 
lations, and best wishes for a happy life, with lots of 

'96. — We are happy to announce the marriage of 
Frank ■ Ciapp of Waterbury. Conn., to Miss Ruth 
E. Browne, at Dorchester, which occured Wednes- 
the book for all the people all the time, in all vocations ; for home improvement. 60 pp. illustnday evening. Nov. 25. This seems to be the month 

mice $1 Tested 25 years. Three months' correspondence course by author $7. For a brief t of H X"»" The S.gnal rarely has so many marriages 
puceei. *«•« j r to record in one issue. We suppose they were so 

will semi the book and course for $1. Will lecture on physical training in rspul writing for *l" thankful for the many blessings received that they 

one we* k for $500. Conducive to help «ud positive cure for bad writing. Individuality reti tried to make others thankful— at least we hope so, 

RnmiM Pknman and one lesson, 10c. Address PROF. G. BIXLER, Madison St. and Ogden J and * * you many bright returns of the event-that 
mi - • Is anniversaries. 

Chicago, 111. '97.— -H. F. Allen, teacher. Beaumont. Kans. 

'97— George A. Drew writes a timely article for 

the Nov England Homestead for Nov. 21 on the 

mulching of strawberries. 






With totters from physician* ami 
<lni«slintH stating results obtained. 



It Makes Rough Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

We will upon request mail the pamphlet to you in a 
plain envelope, and you will he convinced, 

All Druggists Sell It 




Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 

Amiikkst, Mass. 


Monogram Paper 

at Tim 


W. M. Hkab* w . w . COI/TOB. 



'97. — Clayton F. Palmer, graduate student, Leland 
Stanford university, also instructor in Zoology, Palo 
Alto high school. 

'97. — During the past summer Prof. Charles 
A. Peters has been pursuing a course of chemical 
investigations at the University of California. Pro- 
fessor Peters, as head of the department of Chemistry 
in the University of Idaho has been quite successful, 
his laboratories being over crowded. At the next 
session of the State Legislature appropriations to 
increase the facilities of the Department are expected. 

•99. — Herbert W. Dana, advertising manager of 
the firm of Almy, Bigelow & Washburn, Salem. 

"02. — John M. Dellea. R. F. D. No. 1. Great 

'03. — S. C. Bacon with Brookline Gas Co. 
Address 824 Colonial Building, Boston. 

*00. — On Thursday. Nov. 26, at the home of the 
bride, in West Newton, George Freeman 
Parnienter and Martha Elizabeth Ellis were united in 
marriage. Peace and prosperity attend thy household. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The lariceHt stock and the lowest prices in town. 

Agents for the celebrated Gnyer Hats and A. B. Kirscli- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 




Bmbevst Ibouee. 


D. H. KENDRICK, Pmormimrom. 

For criristmas Gins? 





NO. 6 


313-315 Main Street, 

SPKrNGKiKi.n, Mas- 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 
bts and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed, Collbob Signal. Amhrkst, Mass. The Sional will be 
[ W all subscribers until Its discontinuance is ordered and arrears are paid. Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 
eottfj tke Business Manager. 


R. RAYMOND RAYMOTH. 1904, Editor-in Chief. 

HOWARD MORGAN WHITE. 1904, Business Manager. 

GEORGE HOWARD ALLEN, 1905, Assistant Business Manager 

UR LEE PECK, 1904. Interco'legiate. JOHN FRANKLIN LYMAN. 1905, Colleee Notes 

ERNEST ADNA BACK. 1904, Department Notes. ALLAN DANA FARRAR 1906 


Belle im Sweets 


The best Confections made. 

frormo, >1.00 por poor la odconco. Single Copioo, lOc. Pootogo outoldo ol United Stotoo and Canada, 2«c. extra 

Y. M. C. A 

Foot-BoB Association, 
CoJlOgO 8—atc, 
Roadlng-Room Association, 


A. W. Gilbert, Pres. Athletic Association. 

E. W. Newhall. Jr., Manager. Base- Ball Association, 

F. D. Couden, Pres. Nineteen Hundred and Five Indea. 
A. W. Gilbert, Soc. Fraternity Conference, 

Prof. S. F. Howard. Sec. 
R. A. Quigley, Manager. 
B. Tupper, Manager. 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 

Entered as second-class matter, Post Office at Amherst. 




We received a letter a short while ago from Prof. 
E. Smith of the University of California, compli- 
menting the college on the notice it has been receiv- 
ing In the West due to the success of our athletic 
Interests. We shall endeavor to print a portion of it 
In our Mxt issue as it contains some unusually good 
advice of interest to the college. 

In regard to the Index one thought comes to our 

attention which is well demonstrated in this year's 
annual. The artistic element of the book has become 
a question of great consequence and a great deal 
ol the success depends upon the work of the artist. 
Time and expense enter very largely in the carrying 
IPHOTOOKAI :> HKl outof thc artists P lans an d he is often handicapped 

High Grade Work. 

A Specialty of College Classes, one man but rather that two or more 

r Uftlna the burden. Let the succeedi 

102 Main St. 


for both ; In fact it has become definitely settled that 
: is not wise to limit this department to the work of 

should share in 
lifting the burden. Let the succeeding classes bear 
this In mind and act upon It wisely. 

The New Year seems to bring with it a suggestion 
of new resolves and renewed determination to do 
things better than we did them the past year ; and no 
matter how we may laugh and scoff at new resolu- 
tions, there is a genera! desire to start the new year 
aright, however it may end. There Is something to 
be gained In this, since higher ideals seem to have a 
firmer hold upon us at this time and our thoughts are 
turned to things of more vital importance. Even 
though our resolutions do not last beyond the first 
breath of enlivening spring, let us at least keep before 
us the desire to posses those qualities of mind and 
action which we realize are lacking, and to overcome 
those tendencies toward negligence in carrying out 
our purposes. 

THE 1905 INDEX. 

The Index made its appearance early in the week 
before the Christmas vacation, and is the second one 
— 1 904 being the first — for a number of years to come 
out •• on time " by which we mean before the Christ- 
mas holidays. In size it is about as large as the Index 



of last year. It establishes a precedent in the shape 
and in opening on the smaller side. The cover is 
rather a happy combination of green and white, pleas- 
to the eye. The dedication to the hills and meadows 
surrounding our beloved Alma Mater by Prof. Herman 
Babson is timely and well chosen for if we have reason 
to be proud of one thing it is the natural landscape 
surrounding us. 

The class histories are rather lacking in material 
and— well the least said about them the better. One 
feature especially noticeable is the splendid work put 
on the half-tones and drawings. In this the 1905 
Index excels. The literary features include quite a 
bit of poetry. Editorially we fear the editor was, as his 
humble associate on the Signal often finds himself, at 
a loss for something to write about. 

The grinds are good, and none cut deep, all are 
light pleasantries and therefore more enjoyable. We 
wish especially to compliment the artists on their 
work. Mr. Williams' work is good throughout and 
class headings by Mr. Richardson are well conceived 
and executed. The book on the whole is a very good 
one and the editors and class are to be complimented 
on their success in bringing to completion In good time 
the work given them for we realize what a task it is 
having passed through the ordeal. The price remains 
the same although the book is worth double and should 
receive the support of undergraduates and alumni that 
the burden may not rest to heavy upon the class for the 
one knows what a burden it is, and othsr will realize 
it soon enough and will appreciate all the help they 

ness to the state urging that everything possible sho 

be done to uphold the hands of the faculty in th ^W' ium P hant course of one man who entered the 
arduous work. He then introduced Dr. John A. Cu r°^ e wi,h very sma)l capital, after seeing its adver- 
'82 as toastmaster because of the latter's intirr :,i6ment whlle at work in a store ; worked his way 

hrough the institution and is now holding a responsible 

Joaltlon and earning a high salary. This led him to 

:all attention to the economic value of the education at 

He showed that as a mere financial invest- 



1843, M. A. same, D. D. Iowa Coll. born 1823. 
October 19th. 1903, at Flushing Long Island, 
fessor of Mental, Moral and Social Science. I87C 




vice-president daniel p. coke. 72, In the chair. 

Guests: Prof. Charles H. Fernald. M. A.. Ph. D. 
and Lieut. C. A. L. Totten. M. A. 

Post-prandial— -The Vice-President announcing that 
because of the death of President Lovell's father, he 
was called upon to preside, made a stirring address on 

knowledge of the members present. 

The toastmaster with a few remarks drew the at 
tion of the club to the recent deaths of Profe 
Parker and President Lovell's father; on mot J 

made by him, duly seconded, the vice-president ™ nt f e co,le 8 e course was paying many men 50% 

same to the club and the two following resolut lntere * t aim °stfrom Its close. This later was corrobo- 

were unanimously adopted : rate< * by state ™ents of Mr. William D. Russell, '71 , a 

I. Rev. Henry Webster Parker, B. A. Am,: :>u,,n * s man and Mr - S. C Thompson, '72, a civil 

sngtaafr. Professor Fernald also outlined the course 

eadlng to the masters and doctor's degree in his 

department. It was a matter of satisfaction to those 

and college preacher, 1870-76, Mass. Agricu Dresent t0 learn that these ar « the hardest of any given, 

college, also Instructor In many departments as oVr™" 7 PUtUng the college on a diversity basis in gradu- 

made necessary : poet, author, scientist, philosop '*** *' 

an after dinner speaker of the highest order W* W * S the flrst time Pr °fessor Fernald has 

New York Club of Alumni has lost not only a rev^ l° ne ° f ° Ur New York ^-unions, his address 
associate at our annual re-unions, but those • "** * rovelation »o the older graduates; long may he 

Ive to give his beneficient work to the students in M 
A. C. 

The toastmaster then called upon Lieutenant Totten 
is one of the guard ; the man who took the cadet corps 
o camp at Mt. Tobey. who built the fort and magazine ; 
vho harassed the students by the hardest kind of drill- 
ng and left at the end of of his term of service In 1878. 
>earlng with him a most profound feeling of respect 
ind love from all. 
Lieut. Ibtten said: I am In a reminiscent mood 

to all the students as a first class artist *ni * Z'T^nt! *T ?* labors of the cad ^ '" the 
genial man ° "*?* en ° f by the toas tmaster ; of also how I was 

' The toastmaster In calling upon Professor F.r'^^l^^Y^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ 
drew attention to the splendid work the profess. Tr k^.t w t e T^h h Tl T c ^ *" 
done in his department stating that his studem hese"ra union h * „ "" * ^ Speak ' ng ° f 
now in demand all over the wof.d ; andtheento,, X™ h7.,te„™d " "" "" ^ "^i 6 
cal department is ranked first In the world. Mr Alfred W / „h!i„ -ra 

y~ *n* addsessed the Cuh a, ,e„ glfc „. ^ ^J2222£Z£ 
most felicitous manner ; he sketched the work officer in years oast but of i a ». kVk 

«£«,, ^ h0 w ,„ the „ riy days of his , „,, ^:i::l::i : z:;l -tit 

nection with the college, he had to teach man, ( ,*pr«*d very fittingly his regret that nil coll^ 
and was spread ou, so thin, tha, one co„,d see „„ =o Un . ■ „ M been ^rried ouuo ,h „ 1" arf 
him; nowthe department Is organized with a full tenetlt of a college training was Inestlmahl. Z t.' 
of instructors He called special altention ,„ ■ „ » voctton was one dlametrlcTy pp Id \ cu, 

early days of the college know well that a great U 
has gone on to a well earned rest and hereby 
express only in small measure our appreciation o: 
influence upon us for good in the formative days gj 
life when at M. A. C. To his widow we respec 
tender our sympathies. 

II. The Club desires to tender to President CI 
O. Lovell. 78, its sympathy for his sudden loss t 
death of his father; Mr. Lovell. senior, was for 
years local photographer at Amherst and wel 

,h.o^H»h i r^ 7 V K " «parimeni to maKe its teaching meet ure. He called on all to let the oeoo e kr 

the good the college had done for him, and Its useful- 1 necessities of agriculture. He also feelingly spc he college is doing, wherever the 1U 


may be. 

The toastmaster then introduced John H. Washburn, 
'78, former president of the R. I. College of 
Agriculture : 

After a slight reminiscence of the time he was 
in college, President Washburn said ; •• I wish to thank 
Prof. Fernald for coming to the dinner and in so able 
a manner representing our beloved President whom 
we all regret being unable to see, Our hearts have 
all been touched with Prof. Fernald's account of 
these Instances demonstrating the strong and helpful 
Influence of our Alma Mater on these young men men- 
tioned by him. It recalls to each and every one of us 
a half dozen or more similar instances where our 
friends have been to the college and educated ; they 
having an opportunity to work, and have by their own 
exertions been able to defray a large amount of their 
expenses, they have become strong and useful men 
an honor to themselves, their classes and an ornament 
to their Alma Mater. We are proud to give witness 
to the strong Influences toward true and manly living 
and culture exerted by our Alma Mater on ourselves 
and we are glad to acknowledge the Influences upon 
our lives of such men as Dr. Goessmann, Prof. Stock- 
bridge and others. The aid and care given by the 
college to me was like that of a mother, and I feel It a 
special privilege to be here to-night, meeting so many 
friends who have come for the same purpose, to pledge 
our faith and gratitude to M. A. C. and our friendship 
for one another." 

The nominating committee, Messrs Foot. 78. Fowler 
'80. and Beach. '82. reported the following nomina- 
tion: President. James H. Webb. 73; vice-president 
Jos. F. Barrett. 75 ; 2nd vice-president, Charles E. 
Lyman. 78; 3rd vice-president. Frederic L. Greene, 
'94 ; secretary and treasurer, Alvan L. Fowler '80- 
choragus. Sanford D. Foot. 78 ; historian. Dr. John 
A. Cutter. '82. The report was adopted. 

Charles E, Lyman, 78. a Simon-pure farmer from 
Connecticut, a faithful supporter of the club followed 
with brief remarks. 

Professor W. H. Bishop, '82, formerly of Delaware 
college and now expert in a large dairy business. 
Westchester County, admirably showed the difference 
In equipment and faculty between his college days and 
the present. In New York as well as Amherst, ft Is 
not appreciated to what an eminence the Institution 
has risen. His experience as a teacher In a land- 



the college signal 

grant college for ten years and his investigations of 
other institutions of like character had given him ample 
opportunity to know of what he speaks. 

Charles Edward Beach, '82, of Connecticut, another 
Simon-pure farmer, the man who has been present at 
the last twenty-five commencements of the college 
made his usual felicitous response. 

The toastmaster then introduced W. L. Morse, '95, 
3rd vice-president, as one who was engaged in the 
blessed work of improving the N. Y. C. R. R. Terminal 
in New York ; and who by his persistent efforts had 
brought out a number of new members from the recent 
graduates. Mr. Morse responded pleasingly 

Mr. Frederic L. Greene, '94, was introduced by the 
toastmaster as the 3rd vice-president elect. Mr. 
Greene spoke feelingly of his experiences with the 
graduates of other colleges and of the great need of 
making the college and its benefits better known. 

After a long and very profitable discussion on motion 
by Dr. Cutter, *82, seconded by Mr. Lublin, '84, It was 
resolved — 

That this ciub respectfully request the faculty to 
consider the advisability of having prominent alumni 
address the students during the college year on sub- 
jects of their own choice. 

On motion of Mr. Russell, 71 seconded by Mr. 
Thompson, 72, it was voted that the secretary notify 
the secretaries of the other Alumni Clubs of the fore- 
going resolution that there might be co-operation in 
this matter. 

This resolution was very thoroughly discussed by 
many present, the keenest interest being shown. Dr. 
Cutter in making the motion said : •• Who could 
speak better to the students than Jas. H. Webb, 73, 
J. F. Barrett. 75, Chas. S. Howe, 78. President of 
the Case School of Applied Science, and Winthrop 
E. Stone, '82. President of Purdue University ; 
Indeed there are men at this gathering well fitted for 
the task, to say nothing of other alumni, working in 
the other associations." The remarks of Dr. Wash- 
burn, now Director of the National Farm School at 
Doylestown, Penn., are here given in full : 

" This discussion concerning the detrimental influ- 
ences upon the students and professors of the college 
and in hindering its best Influence and work which 
arise from a state of • fall and winter blues." and the 

communicated more or less to the alumni thr u 

the college paper is thought a matter of ser - h ools to compare the excellent equipment which 

sideration. I most heartily agree with the s , ar college has with that of other Institutions, Dis- 

offered by Dr. Cutter and believe that no DenHI seems to lend an enchantment to the view of 


could be found among the alumni bette; ther institutions. Lectures and talks such as those 
address the student body than those suggested by-^B ed bv Dr - Cutter would open their eyes and 
However, this feeling of • blues ' is not a pecu„ i -^B uId be P roud of the very things that they now 


which belongs to the student body of M. A. 
has been my experience to have seen it in at 
three different institutions, and in conversing wit 
lege presidents all over the country, I find tha 
observations upon this topic have been sim 

oeak of ftentimes among themselves in a criticising 
ttltude vhich, in reality, is more of a criticism on 
ie undergraduates than upon the institution itself, 1 
ope At all these excellent suggestions made by the 
ther feakers upon this subject may be considered 
mine. It is an error of judgment which creeps •^^■ a culty and trustees; and that good to our 
all schools unless it is watched and guarded a ,lma Mater ma y result therefrom, 
by the professors and students themselves. Vote * of thanks were duly passed to the guests and 
thought by some to be due to the state of he 1e ott,Cers of the past year. 

the students at that time, they having been sc 0n motion of Mr - Greene. 94. seconded by Presi- 
ln the fall and as the cold weather comes on t ent Washburn, 78. the club passed the following 
inactive. Others have suggested that the , JSO,ut,on b v a unanimous vote, 
the criticising attitude of the students comes fr R «*ohred :— That the Massachusetts Agricultural 
fact that many of them, as at M. A. C. and 0,,ege Club of New York takes this Opportunity to 
Institutions, have not been to preparatory s- Xpress * ,he facultv of th e college its keen appre- !h! 
whose teachers being alumni of the college iat,0n °' their whole hear 'ed and successful work for ' 
taught them that reverence and faith In the ins: ,ma Mater and its falth tnat their efforts will meet 
which is so often done through a number of , "" evar-tocreasing reward. 

preparatory instruction in a large number of t 0n motion of Dr - Cutter seconded by Mr. Teklrian. 
ondary schools. It has been suggested by oth W8S VOted t0 preslde nt Goodell our heart-felt wishes 
another cause is that the boys are getting to, '' speed y recovery to a full measure of health, 
for too little money, and like all free service 1 The meetin S was ,ne n turned over to the vice-presi- 
value is attached to that which cost them s : " t; ha called on the secretary and treasurer, Mr. 
money and sacrifice. Those of us who have .°^ T ' Wh ° has held his office for ten years, 
the college and looked at Its equipment, know !J . ^h^' Sa ' d that hls P rovir >ce was to work not 
is a great institution well equipped, with a congratulated the club on the accession of 

teaching force and with a wealth of appara' ma " !r B,embers from the younger alumni he also 
other facilities for instruction that has already t ** ' i * ltention of Professor Fernald to the fact that 
a great envy to the schools who are corner.- *• l* ent is now ab °ut to erect 


The dairy school opened with 29 students. No 
special course will be given In horticulture this winter 
as only four students applied. The Instructors for the 
dairy school are F. R. Church, milk testing ; N. J. 
Hunting, separator work ; F. Hansen, butter-making ; 
N. Wallace, care of boilers, engines and machinery.' 
Prof. Brooks will give 40 lectures on soils and crops. 
Prof. Cooley 40 on foods and feeding and dairy 
products. Prof. Howard 10 lectures on composition of 
milk, and Prof. Williams 20 on common diseases of 
stock. In addition to the regular prizes offered in this 
course the Stoddard manufacturing company of Rut- 
land, Vt.. offer prizes of $15 and $10 to the students 
making the the highest scoring butter, and Baron von 
Terff of the German Kali works of New York offers a 
prize of one ton of kainite for the best essay on fertil- 
izers for grass lands. A large amount of dairy 
apparatus has been sent to the school by dairy appara- 
tus manufacturing companies, and is on exhibition in 

competin,*^B """ " uuul lu creci a number of 

M. A. C. in giving instruction to the youth of 3 Annapol.s ; being engaged in part of the 

sachusetts. and we know that these schools r- , J" W ° rk ° n Same ' Mr Fowler 'earned of the 
of their envy and jealousy of the fine equipm ^, * * re , l ° be placed ,n an 'mmense octagonal 
sessed by our Alma Mater, have spoken of the ' re P osit,on of the remains of naval 

in that spirit of professional competition w^" ^ ^ rS ^ a " y he was 8 lad ,n at the professor had 
regret to say exists among too many institute "r, i. ir ,i T* ^ U ' tlmate, y reach "K M. A. 
dissatisfied students hearing this and not und-l T 1 u ^ *** S,ayed ,n the nav y after 

ing the cause regard it as something dentil L T ™ h ' S remains would eventually 

Al „ . , , 5 ut,u 6 pose at Annapolis 

our Alma Mater. Instead of a thing to be prouc t^- # p^,^., r , 

to rally them in a royal body around her banner^ ^fTl. t & P ' eaSing val edlctory 

regret expressed by some that this state of affairs was | few of our undergraduates know enough abou: f Cighteenth annual bunion at an end. 



registered for the short course is as follows :- 

Chester D. Abbott of Andover. Frank L. Austin of 
Potsdam. N. Y.. Alfred W. Blair of Roxbury. Homer 
F. Browning of Northfield. Herbert A. Dorr of Pitts- 
field. Frank A Dunbar of Richmond, Alvah G. 
Eldridge of Grosvenor. Ct., Fred S. Farwell of West 
Fitchburg. Harry N. Kendrick of East Charlemont. 
Faiey E. Kilbourn of Ashburnham. Harry C. Knox of 
Roxbury, Albert W. Mead of Hartford. Vt.. Walter B. 
Millard of North Egremont. Walter L. Newcomb of 
Brattleboro. Vt., Ransom C. Packard of Brockton, 
Charles M. Parker of Newtonville. Arthur A Perry of 
South Pomfret. Vt., Homer G. Phillips of Hadley, 
Fred M. Pick of Southboro. Lincoln Potter of Worces- 
ter. Gordon Runkle of Waltham. Will C. Seely of 
Hamburg. N. J.. Chester L. Shaw of Brocton. Ray- 
mond B. Smith of Chicago, III.. Lyman L. Stearns of 
Hyde Park. Vt.. Charles H. Thayer of South Hadtey 
Henry S. Twlchell of Brookfleld, Frank E. Wilder of 
Petersham. Theoph W. Wilmarth of Sunapee, N. H. 


For the benefit of underclassmen we print the fol- 
lowing rules relating to the election of new members 
to the board of editors of this paper : 
" Competition for positions on this board shall be 



operuo all students of this college and contributions 
are solicited at all times. All such contributions shall 
be considered in the election of new men. fn addi- 
tion to this competition, recommendations from the 
English department shall, whenever the Board deem 
it advisable, be submitted not later than March 1. 
The list of those thus recommended together with 
those who have previously contributed shall be pub- 
lished in the next issue of the College Signal. The 
men whose names are thus published may then 
become eligible by submitting at least one additional 
article before the closing of the competition March 21. 
The election of new men will then be made, on the 
basis of merit and ability, from the list of those who 
thus become eligible, it being understood that in all 
cases of doubt the preference shall be given to those 
who contributed prior to March I. In the case of 
vacancies occurring after the annual election the same 
procedure shall be followed, except that the date for 
the receiving of recommendations and the closing of 
the competition shall be decided by the Board.*' 

We want every man in college to feel an interest in 
this the representative paper of his college. If it does 
not come up to his ideals we want him to try and 
make it such. Do not leave all to the Board ; but let 
each do his share, and raise the standard. Let every 
loyal son of Massachusetts try for a position on the 
Board, and in so doing provide material that shall be 
representative. Any Information regarding this mat- 
ter or assignments for articles can be secured from 
the Editor-in-chief. 


T. F. Borst, State Forester for the Massachusetts 
Forestry association and a member of the department 
at Washington gave a talk on Forestry and Landscape 
Gardening before the Horticultural Seminar, Monday 
evening, Nov. 16. He gave us some good thoughts on 
Forestry but we failed to obtain anything particular on 
the second part of his topic.although he did refer to the 
••landscapers'once or twice. On the subject of Forestry 
however he seems well versed but like so many other 
present day specialists seems to be drifting toward the 
Inevitable- if he will pardon us—L'etat c'est moi. 
Notwithstanding this however, he did give us some 
splendid ideas particularly on the growing of a white 
pine forest. The first lesson to learn he said was to 

know how to utilize the trees one finds on the pis- 
intends converting into a forest. There are 
growing there like the birch which are practiy 



and Freshmen on Nov. 19, which was won! _ w 
Seniors. The other games that have been 

no commercial value but splendid for crowding " X are ,he Sen,or - Junl °r. Senior-Sophomore. 

pine so long as It does not overtop. The! [ reSh 

being to force the growth into a good trunk wi: * m ° S ' irn P ortam one - viz. the Freshman-Sopho- 

nificant branches. For when young it is a 

endurer." and when older a •• light needer." 

or as |( 

This he said was another important thing 


1 off 

man. and Junior-Sophomore, thus leaving 


ore, yet unplayed. 

^^tolds championship again this year, possess- 
es, the majority of the 'varsity, 
^nthuslam is shown at these games, and it Is 
Iplan to have them occur as they do, before 
Jfty season, because it gives the captain of 
e team a chance to examine the men who 
>r them and thus perhaps find unexpected 

Collet flottj. 

in mind that some trees like beech and hemloc 

" shade endurers," and the poplar and tamaraa 

needers." This Is especially Important in plan 

young forest, to know what trees to use fo 

One must also learn his market, for therein 

trade ; and Forestry, he said, is the bust 

raising timber crops, not alone for beauty 

some commercial purpose. Of course the 

seem slow in coming, but they will repay ; 

care is properly bestowed upon the forest. — Thete are twenty-nine men In the short course 

The management of an estate on which s "Inter. 
large piece of woodland often falls to th- —Prof. Waugh has returned from Kansas where 
development of the landscape gardenei, and • *PM* lie vacation. 

usually falls, said Mr. Borst, as he knows -Th. senior divison of agriculture is having dairy 
nothing of Forestry and here Is where e ictlce twice a week, 
needed among those who In the future Intend _ The Boston Sym h Orchestra will 
that profession. He believes that the be ncert |n Springfidd y ^J ^^ *'" 
comes from young seedlings rather than in , __ Df> Wel]ingfon ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

give a 

shoots from old stumps to develop. In 
well with a forest, he said, study your soil, H 
trees, and study your market. 


ek owing to an attack of tonsilitis 
lack, 04, spent the vacation studying at the 
m of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge 
JUNIOR PROM. Mr,. Gilbert has closed her boarding house for 

Once more we desire to call attention to the ' Preaont on account of the illness of Mr. Gilbert 
the Junior •■ Prom," to be given by the class ^-The new uniforms for the basketball team h 
Is to occur on the evening of Feb. 12. T ived. T*e jerseys are red with M B B In whi? 
a success, we need the hearty cooperation _p rtrf R ' w,me - 

undergraduates, and all friends of the talk befor • "^^ a very interestln g and Instruct- 
those alumni desiring help in filling out their :. ( „ re l e Y - M - C. A. Dec. 1 on • • Missions 
will send their names to the chairman, he 

be very glad to as."" ■ West ' ' 92 - travelling salesman for an oil 

A. N. Swa.n. Ch** 6 ln , N,W York ' an <* Dvight Dickinson, '90 were 
own Jan. i e 

-While I 

rest of the committee wi 


Basketball, especially In class contests, is 
sway now. Five of the games In the 
series have already been played 

Paige is absent from college attending 
iraJ Court as representative. Dr. M H Wil 
■rill substitute in his place. Dr. Williams 
I of Harvard Veterinary school and has 

The series was opened by the game be :,,c#d ,n l vnn and later In Sunderland. 

E. Tottlngham of the Experiment Station 
has been called to his home in Bernardston on account 
of sickness in his family. 

— Capt. Anderson suffered serious injuries from a 
fall on the icy sidewalk Dec. 5 when he was coming 
to college to make the weekly inspection. 

—The 1905 Index appeared Monday, Dec. 15 | n 
many ways it surpasses all previous numbers and 
everyone is greatly pleased with the book. 

—Prof. C, H. Fernald represented the college at 
the meeting of the M. A. C, New York club held 
Friday. Dec. 12 at the St. Dennis Hotel. New York. 

—The large ice house of the college has been filled 
with ice from the college pond. Later a smaller 
house will be filled with ice suitable for use in drink 
ing water. 

-A petition of the band that its members need not 
appear in uniform for practice until they come out on 
the parade ground in the spring has been granted by 
the faculty. ' 

— R. P. Gay. ex-'04. of St. Louis visited college 
Jan. 8. Mr. Gay is engaged in floriculture on the 
exposition grounds at present, but expects to return 
to college next year. 

—Literary criticisms of the second Junior orations 
took place last Thursday and Friday. Rehearsals 
wllll be two weeks from those days and appearances 
one week after rehearsals. 

-During the drill hour Dec. 10. a fire broke out in 
a closet of No. 14 North College which is occupied 
by T. C. Pray, '06, and James Pray. '07. Before 
the fire could be put out most of the clothing in the 
closet was destroyed. 

— W. E. Hinds 99 and A. W. Morrill, '00, ento- 
mologists, engaged against the cotton boll weevil in 
Texas, spent a day at college during the holidays 
Dr. Morrill exhibited a fine collection of views which 
he has collected fn Texas. 

—The trustees at their annual meeting held Tues- 
day Jan. 5 in Boston, voted to ask the Legislature for 
an appropriation of $38,000 for the purpose of erect- 
ing a new Horticultural building. President Goodell 
is at Boston In the interests of the bill. 






At the meeting of the State Board of Agricul- 
ture held recently in Athol the dairy herd of the col- 
lege was severely criticised and a warm discussion 
took place. Prof, Brooks was present and explained 
the object in the selection and management of the 

The scores of the interclass series of basketball 

games played before the holidays are as follows: 
Sophomores vs. Seniors. 04-40 ; 06-8. 
Juniors vs. Freshmen, 05-50 ; 07-9. 
Seniors vs. Freshmen. 04-42 ; 07-13. 
Juniors vs. Sophomores. 05-7 ; 06-8. 
The following men have entered the various fra- 
ternities: Allen, Armstrong, J. O. Chapman. Dearth. 
Higgins, Leominster. Smith, Stoddard, entered D. G. 
K.; Chase, Clark. Denham, Dudley, Leighton, Lin- 
coln, Perkins, Pierce. Summer. Raitt. — C. S. C; 
W. S. Chapman. W. L. Curtis, Gould, Larned, 
Parker, Whitney— Q. T. V.; Barlow, Bartlett, Chad- 
wick, J. G. Curtis. Dickinson. Green, Hall. Peters. 
Philbrick. Pray. Rice, E. H. Shaw. F. E. Shaw, 
Thompson, Watts, Walker. Watkins— Phi Sigma 

Professor Waugh spent the Christmas holiday 

In St. Louis. Kansas City, and Manhattan, Kans 
He also lectured before the Kansas Horticuhu 
society at Topeka. 

Special Orders, 
No. 93. 


War Department 
Washington, Dec. 9, 1 



Dr. Paige has gone to Boston to attend the 


Dr. Wellington has been confined to his house 

for a number of days with bronchitis. 

— Dr. Williams, of Sunderland, is taking charge of 
Dr. Paige's class during the latter's absence. 

' — Dr. Fernald visited the museums in New York, 
Philadelphia, and Washington during the vacation. 

— Professor Brooks lectured during the vacation 
before the H olden Farmers' club upon the work of 
our experiment station. 

— Professor Fernald represented the college at the 
banquet of the Massachusetts Agricultural College 
club of New York recently held in that city. 

— Dr. Stone read a paper on the Influence of Elec- 
trical Potential on Plant Growth before the society of 
Plant Morphology and Physiology which was held 
during the vacation in Philadelphia In connection with 
the American Naturalists society. 

7. By direction of the President, Captain Js 
Anderson, U. S. Army, is relieved from duty at t 
Massachusetts Agricultural College. Amherst, M 
chusetts, to take effect Jan. 1 1. 1904 

8. By direction of the President. Captain J 
Anderson. U. S. Army, upon his own application 
detailed under the provisions of the act of Congr 
approved Nov. 3, 1893, as professor of military 
ence and tactics at the Massachusetts Agrlcult 
College, Amherst, Massachusetts, to take effect | 

12, 1904. 
By order of the Secretary of War : 

S. B. M. Youn: 

Lieutenant General. Chief of S 

Official : 

W. P. Haul. 

Acting Adjutant General. 

President, Agricultural College 
Amherst, Massachu 



Jan. 12, " Human Hearts." 
14. "His Last Dollar." 
18-23. Clara Turner in repertoire. 
28. Maud Adams In « The Pretty Sister of Jc 


Jan. 11-16, Clara Turner Co. Matinees daily 
26, Stetson's Uncle Tom's Cabin Co. Mat 
29-30. Shepard's Moving Pictures. 


Jan. 14. 15, 16. " Human Hearts." 

18. 19. 20, •• His Brother's Crime." 
21. 22. 23, " To be Burned alive." 
25, 26, 27. " Midnight In Chinatown." 

/Uhletlc No-Us- 


Wesleyan. 49; Massachusetts, 15. 

Saturday, Jan. 9, the 'varsity basketball season 

opened with a defeat at Middletown by Wesleyan. 

the score of 49-15. For the first ten minutes 

[ sides were about equal, and appearances seemed 

Lint to a close contest throughout. After that. 

kver, Massachusetts began to weaken and through 

I of team-work showed want of practice. There 

some good individual plays, one of which 

[rred when Hunt threw a difficult basket from the 

For all-round, good playing Quigley was most 

jlcuous for Massachusetts, while Woodruff did 

lest work for the home team. The line-up : 


1. g.. Taylor 

1. f.. Demming 

i c, MacNaughton 

r. g., Garrison 

r. f., Woodruff 

ire _ Wesleyan 49, Massachusetts 15. Goals— Quigley 

lor. Hunt. Ahearn, Woodruff 7. Taylor (Wesleyan) 2, 

ing 5, Garrison 4. MacNaughton 6. Goals from fouls 

§1, Woodruff. Fouls called — on Taylor (Wesleyan), 

ing. Garrison. Hunt. Referee — Carleson, Wesleyan. 

e— Chapman, Massachusetts. Timers— Dr. Swain. 

lyan ; Peters. Massachusetts. Time— 20 and 15 min. 


^n, r. f. 

r. g. 
|r. c. 
ey. I. f. 

Dfp&rtmtrvlf fJotts. 

; short course has opened most auspiciously, 
ass numbers twenty-nine and while the majority 
men come from Massachusetts, New Hamp- 
Vermont, Connecticut, New York, and New 
are represented. As special instructors N.J. 
ig has charge of the Babcock testing apparatus. 
Hansen, former assistant in the dairy depart- 
>f the Iowa State college, has charge of the 
irlzation and butter-making. Professor Brooks 
en fortunate in enlisting the cooperation of 
manufacturers of dairy machinery and others inter- 
ested In dairy matters and has secured through them 
a loan of a much more complete line of dairy appara- 
tus than ever before. Several new machines have 

been added permanently to the equipment of the 
department. The prizes include those customarily 
offered by the Massachusetts society for the Promo- 
tion of Agriculture and several liberal special prizes 
from the Bowker Fertilizer Company, the German 
Kali Works, and the Stoddard Manufacturing 

* • » * a 

It is a source of no little gratification to the Ento- 
mological department that its course is being so fav- 
orably looked upon by workers along this branch of 
science, both in America and abroad. This appreci- 
ation has made itself manifest in a most substantial 
way by the receipts within the past two weeks of six 
inquiries for young men of ability. At least four of 
these positions would pay one hundred dollars a month 
and expenses, but were coupled with the limitation 
that the man in order to secure them must have 
received the doctor's degree from this college. In 
all. the department has received nine calls for men 
since the opening of the college year. 

These are the facts. How about the men ? Thus 
far, the department has not been able to fit a suffi- 
cient number of students to fill the places offered, and 
time and again a negative reply has had to be sent to 
the inquiring parties. Unless the number of students 
Interested In this work increases, It Is doubtful whether 
the department will ever be able to meet all the calls 
for men which it is only reasonable to expect It will 
receive. The foregoing ought to be sufficient to 
round off a few of the corners of the corn-cob house 
of pessimism which the promoter of the story that this 
department had but little substantial to offer Its stu- 
dents built about himself early in the fall. 




After the Harvard- Amherst game this fall the 
Harvard alumni in Chicago sent the following tele- 
gram to head coach Cranston of Harvard. •• The 
Harvard Club of Chicago looks to you with confidence 
to develop against uphill conditions a team strong 
enough to down Yale ! Let us know if we can help you 
in any way." 







M. A. C. had just as successful season as Harvard 
but the football association has been left in debt. 
Why is it that our loyal alumni do not send us a few 
messages in regard to help. What we need is 
financial help. This is not a poor cry, we really need 
the money as our bills must be paid. 

C. H. Griffin. Manager. Season of 1903. 

The eighteenth annual banquet and reunion of the 
Massachusetts Agricultural College club of the city of 
New York was held on the evening of Dec. 18. at the 
Hotel St. Dennis. 

Among the new members elected to the State 
Legislature are four from old Masschusetts men. 
The Old Bay State knows who to trust in her legisla- 
tive halls. 

"82. — Eugene P. Bingham. Address 450 South 
Chicago St.. Los Angeles, Cal. 

'88. — We take pleasure in noting that Robert 
B. Moore of the Bowker Fertilizer works in Elizabeth- 
port, N. J. has been made Superintendent of the 

Young Men's Clothing 

With all the M Kinks of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment • •. .•. 


Haynes & Co., 

Always Reliable. 



Surprise PRIZES given away. 

to get the people to talk about bixlers' physical traixlvg in penmanship, th^ 

beet method of instruction in the world — Saves 90 per cent, of time, etc. 

Merit Prizes, Surprize Prizes, Prize Prizes, Sure Prizes, Big Prizes, Littl^ 

Prizes, Contingent Prize and other Prizes for little folks and big folks Send 10( 

for Business Penman. 12 Writing Mottoes, sample rapid Writing, skilled Bir 

Flourish, and full particulars. (1 Surprise Prize will he included, worth fror 

10c. to a dollar, and a $10 Prize Prize goes with each 100th 10c. order — con 

ditional ) 

Prof. G. Bixler, 97 Odgen ave., Chicago, III 

Ihiladelphia works of the American Agricultural 
|hemical Company. 

'89, — Charles L. Crocker has just gone to the 
»me works as chemist. Mr. Crocker has until 
gently been retained by the Darling Fertilizer Com- 
iny of Pawtucket R. I. in a similiar capacity. 

'92.— During Dr. Paige's absence at the Legisla- 
te in Boston, Dr. Milton H. Williams will take his 
ice as instructor in Veterinery Science. Dr. Wil- 
ims has been practicing since graduation, his last 
ace being Sunderland. 

'94.— Ellas D. White. Railway Postal Clerk. Col- 
\t Park. Ga. 

'95. — As an appreciation of the position of "Massa- 
busetts" men in the entomological world we would 
Ifer to Albert F. Burgess, who for the past year 
p held the position of Secretary of tne Association 

Economic Entomologists. The membership of 
kis body includes some two hundred and fifty of the 
lost prominent Entomologists in the world. 

'96.— Born, at South Hadley, on Jan. 5. to Mr. and 
rs. Asa S. Kinney, a daughter, Elizabeth Tucker. 

'97.— John Albert Emrich, address, Los Angeles, 

'"•—We welcome back William Anson Hooker 
| our numbers as a graduate student at the Insectary. 
ay our graduate department be augmented still more 
^h those of our younger alumni. 

'99.— Elmer Warren Hinds. Ph. D., '02, visited 
bnds in town during the Christmas vacation. Dr. 
Inds has of late been working under the Bureau of 
homology in Texas. Investigating the boll-weevil 

lEx-'99.— Car! c - Dickinson, address Santa Bar- 
Ja, Cal. Mr. Dickinson is station-master on the 
juthern Pacific railroad at that place. 
|00.— Dr. Austin W. Morrill. In town for a day or 
|>, from Victoria. Tex., will report at Washington on 
return, for further assignment. 
[00. — Dr. A. A. Harmon has been appointed assist- 
to the State Livestock Sanitory Board of Penn- 
vania. Dr. Harmon's headquarters will be in Phil- 
jlphia. During last winter he took charge of Dr. 
Pge's veterinary classes, and In the summer 




With letters from physicians mid 
druggists stntlnu results obtained. 



It Makes Rough Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

We will upon request mail the pamphlet to you in a 
plain envelope, and you will be convinced. 

All Dkuggists Sell It. 



Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 


V. 'W. SLOAN, 



Monogram Paper 




W. M. SKA KB. W . W . foLTOW. 



assumed a practice in Marlboro, where he was at the 
time of his appointment. 

'03. — Franklin has a paper in the last number of 
Psyche entitled " Notes on Acanthotrips." 


The Peabody museum at Yale is to receive another 
collection from the Egyptian exploration fund. 

The Iowa State Agricultural College is conceded to 
be the largest, most progressive and most comprehen- 
sive institution of the kind in ths world. The last 
year was the most prosperous in its history, and the 
next promises to be even more important. There 
were 1 .322 students enrolled in the regular courses. 
not including about 600 more who were taking short 
and special courses. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The largest stock and the lowest prices in town. 

Agents for the celebrated Gnyer HtUs and A. B. Klrsch- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 




Hmberst Ibouse. 


D. H. KENDRICK, P*op*imto*. 



313-315 Main Street, - Spiungi iki.i.. Mass. 

Belle jaj Sweets. 

The best Confections made. 




High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main St., 






Published Fortnightly by Students of tha Massachusetts Agricultural College. 
Itudents and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed Collboi Signa. Au»., ct u!« t e 


R. RAYMOND RAYMOTH. 1904. Edltor-ln Chief. 

HOWARD MORGAN WHITE. 1904. Business Manager 

GEORGE HOWARD ALLEN. 1905. Assistant Business Manager 
fETTE DICKINSON COUDEN. 1904. foam* rlo ,rJu,,^,. 

PHUR LEE PECK, 1 904, Intercalate. JOHN FRAN UN S,-' r°«' A ' Umn ' """■ 

<EST ADNA BACK. 1 904. Department Notes. AL^N DANA FARRAR ^906 '* ^ 

-EN NEWMAN SWAIN. 1 905. Athletics. ^PH WARE P^KES " 

Terma. $l.OO per year In edcence. Single Copiee, ioc. Pos tage ou tolde~o7 United Statea7nd Canada, 2»c. ertraT 

A. C. A. 

-Ball Association, 
ege Senate, 
iir.g-Room Association, 


A. W. Gilbert. Pres. Athletic Association, 

E. W. Newhall, Jr., Manager. Base- Ball Association, 

F. D. Couden, Pres. Nineteen Hundred and Five Index. 
A. W. Gilbert, Sec. Fraternity Conference, 

Prof. S. F. Howard. Sec. 
R. A. Qulgley, Manager. 
B. Tupper, Manager. 
F, D. Couden, Pres. 

Entered as second-class matter, Pest Office at Amherst. 


^e regret exceedingly that we are compelled to use 
fch strong measures as this present issue Indicates to 
aken the men to a sense of their duty. But for 
esident Goodell's and Mr. Bowker's articles the 
^nal would have been all blank pages. Of course 
can fill the pages with clippings from the news- 
kers and magazines and keep up a full issue, but 
It it seems to us is not the policy of the paper and 
|uld not be. The Signal has got to be representa- 
of the college if we are going to make it a college 
ker and it rests with you men to support it. Don't 
|r let a thing like this occur again, but take a pride 
Ihe organ which represents the college to the out- 
world. Of course this is not the only college that 
ax in this respect but it should not be one of them. 
[>ughtlessness is at the bottom of it. Wake up 
dws and do your duty. 

of Medford. on the -Ravages of the Gypsy Moth" In 
which he urges that property owners be compelled to 
do all in their power to destroy the pest, rather than 
appropriating a certain amount of money to a com- 
mission, but that they shall receive a remuneration 
for all expenses incurred above a certain sum. This 
seems fairly reasonable and probably the best way to 
hinder the progress of this pest which is rapidly 
spreading. Something must be done and that quickly. 
From September on Is probably the best time to deal 
with the pest, as the eggs do not hatch until about 
April, and when the caterpillars emerge, it Is next to 
Impossible to save the trees. This has become a 
vital question to the eastern part of Massachusetts 
and unless some definite action is taken, it is likely to 
spread over the whole state. 

"he Signal received the report of the City Solicitor 

There is now pending in Congress a bill introduced 
by the Hon. Walter P. Brownlow of Tennesee, and 
the Hon. Jacob H. Gallinger, Senator from New 
Hampshire, appropriating $24,000,000 as national aid 
for the building of wagon roads. This sum is to be 



distributed to each state according to its population, 
except that no state is to receive less than $250,000. 
The state or counties receiving this money must add 
a like amount so that $48,000,000 will be expended in 
the building of new roads. Colonel Brownlow says 
that we have over 200,000 miles of the finest 
railway In the world, more miles of railway than all 
the rest of the globe put together, yet we have the 
poorest wagon roads of any civilized country He 
believes that no one thing will do this country so 
much good as the building of wagon roads, as pro- 
vided for in this bill. As these are to be built in every 
state of the Union, they will be especially valuable as 
an object lesson. Experience has shown that wher- 
ever good roads exist every one wants more of them 


There is quite a lot of dissatisfaction expressed 
over the Junior Elective course from the fact that it 
Is not elective, too many hours are scheduled and 
each course really includes almost all the studies of 
the other courses; when from 30 to 35 hours a week 
are devoted to exercises, though the majority are 
laboratory, very little opportunity is given for special- 
izing. Of course in a university this is mild, but 
Massachusetts is not a University and the -small 
college" does not supply the advantages of a univer- 
sity. Were these same number of hours put into a 
few subjects, the dissatisfaction might not be so pre- 
valent as there would be more chance for thorough 
work. In fact the number of hours and exercises has 
steadily increased In the Freshman and Sophomore 
years to such an extent that it is discouraging many 
men who enter, and who, unable to stand the pressure 
drop before the end of the first year. Naturally, we 
speak of the -survival of the fittest," but this is not 
altogether true, as some of the men who dropped 
gave evidence of being bright students and under 
better conditions might have graduated with honors. 
But through financial and other matters they were 
unable to stand the strain; still, some say. a man 
ought not to come here who hasn't enough money to 
get through safe ly. We understand that, these state 
colleges were founded, among other things in order to 
give the man of limited means an education that 
would make him a better citizen, more capable of caring 
for his country's interests and of some use to the world, 
but with the new courses of study no opportunity is 

given for such a man to obtain work, most all his 
time is devoted to recitations and study. If he is of 
an exceptionally bright mind or particularly adept in th< 
art of cribbing, he may receive his diploma and thei 
—well then ; but for the fellow of ordinary talent an< 
ordinary honor, the college as well as the world seem,: 
to have no room. Is this fair and is it right ? Thel 
college Is small enough as it is ; why debar any 
more. Give the common fellow a chance. It's all 
right to speak of raising the standard, but it's another] 
thing to leap over the standard fixed by colleges more 
firmly established and larger than Massachusetts. 


And speaking of cribbing, this horrible (?) feature 
of college life. At the time of final examinations the] 
unfortunate crlbber who is caught is severly punished 
and yet all through the year he Is encouraged in his 
work. This is consistency the jewel. If cribbing isl 
unfair, why countenance it at all, and if not so very bad 
why punish at the end ? What right have we to make 
such statements? Are instructors so blind that they 
cannot see an open book two feet away, or do they 
remember their own student days and how a little, 
just a little, cribbing helped them out of a hole. Be 
that as it may. it is good for an instructor to remem- 
ber his student days.but the unfairness is shown when] 
a man whose sense .of honor forbids him to crib 
receives a zero or perhaps a 5 spot, for knowing no 
less than the man who reads from his text and 
receives a perfect mark. Of course we say marks\ 
are no standard to judge a man. but marks are what 
show his standing in college, and he fails or succeeds 
as they rise and fall. Let there be a fairness In all 
dealings of this sort that the common fellow may have 
some show. 



One of the best expositions of the farmer's educa- 
tional needs that we have ever seen, and as we| 
believe, one of the best ever given, is the open letter! 
from Mr. W. H. Bowker to the editor of the New\ 
England Farmer and published in a recent issue of | 
that paper. In other branches of industry or in the! 
professions.specialization is now the rule. The farmer | 
may specialize to some extent, but the foundation on 

which he builds a successful career must be broad 
and well laid. For an interesting, sound, and forcible 
presentation of the subject we commend this letter to 
every student. — Ed. 

Dear Mr. Cheever : 

I read carefully your article on education in the 
New England Farmer, and enjoyed It very much. You 
have gone to the foundation of things. My thought is 
that anyone is educated, in a sense, who can do any 
one thing well, but I suppose the broader definition of 
education means the seeing of things In the right pro- 
portion and perspective, which is not possible without 
knowledge of events, past and present, and without 
experience in life— a trained mind, which, like the 
trained hand, knows how to use the tools at its com- 
mand, books, facts, and experience. It is therefore 
true that one's education is never complete. 

Education Is a great subject, and our ideas of it 
change with changing times. , A century ago the min- 
ister was thought to be the best educated man. and 
yet we think of him to-day as perhaps being the least 
educated, except along one line. I sometimes feel 
that the up-to-date, scientific farmer, if he knows how 
to express himself, that is, has been properly trained 
in English, is the most broadly educated man of them 
all ; at least in all matters pertaining to material 
affairs. Just think what an educated farmer must 

To begin with, he should have some knowledge of 
geology, which deals with rocks, soils, and their ori- 
gin ; in addition he must have some knowledge of 
chemistry to know their composition and their require- 
ments, how to treat them and how to fertilize them. 
He must know something of botany to be familiar 
with the character and habits of plants, the things 
which he Is to grow. Neither can he neglect biology, 
which concerns the lower orders of life, the unseen 
forces which are constantly at work to build up animal 
and vegetable life, or to destroy it— the bacteria in the 
soil, without which no living thing can grow ; or the 
blights which are so destructive to life. He must 
have some knowledge of veterinary science to suc- 
cessfully deal with the diseases of animals ; likewise, 
some knowledge of entomology, to know the insect 
pests and how to combat them. When he comes to 
survey and drain his land he will find a knowledge of 
mathematics and engineering of great service to him ; ! 

also, a knowledge of mechanics to know how to deal 
with farm machinery. 

Then we have the business side and his relations as 
a citizen to the community in which he lives. I 
believe the successful farmer would make a successful 
business man anywhere. As a land owner and 
employer of labor he must be conversant with political 
and social economy, and as a citizen he must keep in 
touch with the affairs of the day. In short, he must 
be an all-round man. and the up-to-date, successful 
farmer is such a man In my judgment. There are 
thousands of just such men engaged in farming all 
over the country ; men who know a lot and yet If they 
lack at all, it is In the ability to express what they 
know, either on their feet or on paper. In my exten- 
sive dealings with men all over the country I have 
found that the illiterate man, so-called, is not neces- 
sarily an uneducated man. 

There are many well-educated, all-round men 
connected with our agricultural colleges and experi- 
ment stations, and more will be sent from these Insti- 
tutions. I believe more would have been sent up to the 
present time if the training in our country schools had 
been of a different character. We ought to have 
more nature studies taught In these schools, studies 
that will Interest the boy and girl In the common 
things about them— rocks, soils, trees, bird, insects, 
etc.. and these subjects would be so Interesting to 
them that they would want to know more about them, 
and would turn to our agricultural colleges for 
advanced Information. 

If our ministers in the country parishes could first 
attend an agricultural college before they went to the 
divinity school, I believe they would be better fitted to 
preach to their flocks. They certainly would be more 
in touch and sympathy with them than they now are. 
What better way to lead a man from •• Nature up to 
Nature's God " than through a knowledge of the sci- 
ences which deal with Nature in all its Infinite variety. 

Yours very truly, 

W. H. Bowker. 


Before answering the above inquiry, it would seem 
pertinent to say a few words respecting some of our 
former presidents and what they have done. The 
men who led the van were men of whom we all have 





reason to be proud. Notable in peace, notable in war, 
notable in scholarship, notable as educators they were 
a living force in this state. French, Chadboume. 
Clark. Flint, without them the college could not have 
been. With them, the foundations were laid so broad 
and deep and on such truly catholic lines that no 
additions to its structure have ever changed its original 
plan and purpose, and to-day it has earned the unique 
distinction of being the "Only Agricultural College" 
in the country. 

Henry F. French, lawyer.judge, Assistant Secretary 
of the Treasury of the United States, vice-president 
of the United States Agricultural Society, editor, 
author, and scholar was^our first president, holding that 
office for a brief two years, 1864-1866. As author, 
he contributed a work on farm drainage, that still holds 
its place among the treatises on that subject. His 
son, the noted sculptor, Daniel C. French, presented 
the college with that fine bust of his father that now 
adorns our reading-room. 

Paul A. Chadboure, M. D., D. D.. LL. D., was our 
second president 1866-1867, and also our sixth, 1882- 
1883. Compelled to leave the college on account of 
ill health early in 1867, he returned to it in 1882, but 
only for a year, when death took him from us. 
Absolutely fearless, he did not hesitate to boldly express 
his opinions. It was entirely characteristic of the man 
that when he entered Into an agreement with the 
trustees to assume the presidency of this college, he 
stipulated that he was " not to be interfered with in 
politics, religion, or discipline." His forceful charac- 
ter brought him naturally to the front, and he was in 
turn president of the University of Wisconsin.Williams 
College, and finally of the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College. He was a member of the Massachusetts 
senate for two years ; was presidential elector-at-large ; 
chairman of the republican state convention ; mining 
geologist in Utah, North Carolina and Dakota ; 
director in several mills, in the Berkshire Life Insur- 
ance Company and in the North Adams Savings Bank ; 
was editor of " The Wealth of the United States " and 
" Public Service of New York ; " and led several 
scientific expeditions to Newfoundland, Labrador, 
Florida, and Greenland. He published two volumes, 
one entitled "Natural Theology" and the other 
•• Instinct in Animals and Man." 

William S. Clark Ph. D.. LL. D., teacher, soldier. 

statesman. He represented the town three times at 
the General Court. On the first occasion receiving 
every vote in the entire district except seven. He 
was presidential elector and secretary of the electoral 
college, was one of a commission of three appointed 
by Governor Andrews to consider the expediency of 
establishing a State Military Academy. He was the 
organizer and first president of the Imperial College of 
Agriculture at Sapporo, Japan. Modelled after our 
own, officered by our graduates, and established In 
1876, this child of the college Is still to-day the most 
flourishing institution of the kind in the Eastern world. 
President Clark was really our first president, holding 
the office 1867-1879, for he was the first to gather 
round him a faculty, organize the college into a 
coherent whole, and lay out courses of study. Who 
that ever sat under his enthusiastic teachings in Botany 
could for an instant doubt his ability to instruct ? As 
he saw, so he made you see, and led you a willing com- 
panion into the mysteries of an unknown world. A 
gallant soldier, he soon rose to be Colonel and took 
part in some of the severest actions of the Civil War. 
It was at the battle of Chantilly that, losing his way 
and becoming separated from the regiment, accom- 
panied by only a handful of men. he was surrounded 
by the rebels and ordered to surrender. Preferring to 
run any risk rather than encounter the horrors of 
Andersonville or Libby, a desperate effort was made 
to escape but all were shot down except himself. 
Lying concealed within the enemy's line for three 
days, he finally worked his way out, and reached home 
in time to read his own obituary and greet his wife as 
the " Widow Clark " 

Charles L. Flint, lawyer, author, secretary of the 
state board of agriculture, president of the college 1 879- 
1 880. When in 1 852 a state board of agriculture was 
created. he was appointed its first secretary and for nearly 
thirty years issued annual reports that have served as 
models in other states and for which there Is a con- 
stant demand. In addition to these, he was the author 
of "The Agriculture of Massachusetts" in three 
volumes, " Grasses and Forage Plants," " Milch Cows 
and Dairy Farming," and in connection with Emerson, 
a " Manual of Agriculture " to be used in the public 
schools. When in 1879 Mr. Clark resigned the presi- 
dency of the college, Mr. Flint reluctantly consented 
to assume its responsibilities and for a year, during 

perhaps the most stormy period of its existence guided 
it in safety over the troubled waters. He believed in 
it most thoroughly and emphasized his belief by both 
precept and example, sending to it his two sons for 
education. Through all the incidents of its earlier 
years he was Its friend and to him it is deeply indebted 
[for advice and services. A lecturer at the college 
[without compensation, a president without pay, he 
[cheerfully gave his services, asking for no reward save 
[that arising from the consciousnesss of having per- 
formed his duty. 

Returning now, after this digression, to our subject, 

|we find that there have been six hundred ten 

graduates and a little more than thai number of non- 

jraduates. Of the former thirty-seven have passed 

|away ; of the latter about one hundred. It is the oid 

story of the survival of the fittest. Those who were 

/eak or sick have fallen out by the way and in the 

race for existence were found unable to cope with the 

iccldents of life. The surprising thing is that of these 

|l37 fatalities, nineteen have died a voilent death or 

>ne In every seven, an abnormally heavy percentage. not 

|lo be explained. The following rough summary will 

show the professions in which the living are distributed : 

Farmers, 123 

Florists, 16 

Fruit growers, 8 

Dairy. 12 

Market gardeners, 4 

Entomologists, 12 

Veterinary surgeons, 17 

Landscape gardeners, 6 

Teachers of Agricultural Colleges, 21 

Officers Experiment Stations, 29 

Fertilizer business, 12 

Editors agricultural papers, 4 

Business, 119 

Civil engineers, 34 

Lawyers, 1 9 

Teachers, 35 

Doctors, 33 

Ministers, 4 

Druggists, 5 

Electricians, 1 1 

Dentists. 5 

Postal clerks, 3 

Chemists, 4 

Editors, 4 


Editor College Sicnal : 

Dear Sir : 

I am sending you herewith a portion of the 
San Francisco Chronicle for to-day, in which you will 
note a classification of the college football teams" of 
the country, with the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College quite prominent in the list. While this list Is 
probably copied from some eastern publication and no 
doubt has already come to your attention, so far as 
the rating given our team is concerned. It may be of 
interest to your readers to see the wide notice which 
a successful football team gives to a college. Had 
our schedule Included Brown and Wesleyan, I have 
no doubt that our place might have been one or two 
points higher in the list, but were the number of stu- 
dents correctly given, we should stand at the bottom in 
this respect. 

You will also notice the great advantage in such a 
case as this of the use of the proper, distinctive name 
of the college. Whatever may be our individual views 
as to the most desirable name for the institution, noth- 
ing can be more mistaken than the public use of a 
variety of titles which tend to confuse Its identity. 
Especially to be avoided is the use of the word 
" Amherst " in any connection with the college on 
account of the resulting confusion with our neighbor- 
ing institution. At this distance I find many people 
by whom both Amherst College and the Massachu- 
setts Agricultural College are well and favorably 
known, with no idea that they are located in the same 


I have followed the career of the football team this 
year with the same Interest as ever and have ambi- 
tions for next season concerning which I have already 
written my worthy classmate and successor on your 
athletic Board. Special efforts should be made to 
obtain good material for the team, without which the 
best of coaching has its serious limitations. 

Yours as ever, 

Ralph E. Smith. 
Berkeley. CaL Dec. 20. 1903. 

[We regret to say that the Chronicle did not reach 
us. and cannot make note of the reference given.— Ed.] 

I • 





/Uhletic Notts- 


Massachusetts, 49; Westfield, 15. 

The home-games of the varsity basketball team 
began Saturday evening, January 16. They opened 
by a victory over Westfield. This one was a game 
in which the winning team seemed to be able to throw 
baskets at will, the power of the opposing team to stop 
them, seeming to be of no avail. From the specta- 
tor's standpoint, there was little or no excitement 
such as usually accompanies an exhibition of this 

Line-up : — 


Quigley, 1. f. r. g., Jacques 

Ahearn, r. f. 1. g., Thomas 

Taylor, c. c, Harris 

Hunt, 1. g. r. f., Thomson 

Fulton, (capt.) r. g. l.f., Timmins 

Score : — Massachusetts, 49 ; Westfield. 15. Referee — 
Chapman of Massachusetts. Umpire — James of Westfield. 
Timer — Peters of Massachusetts. Time — 20 minute halves. 

University of Vermont, 23 ; Massachusetts, 22. 

The second home game In basket ball occurred on 
Tuesday evening, January 19. It resulted In defeat 
at the hands of the University of Vermont by the score 
of 23-22. 

It was a fast game from start to finish, with the 
score In Vermont's favor most of the the time, save 
when tied by Massachusetts. The score at the end of 
the first half stood 15-10 In favor of the former. It 
was much more even during the second half, being tie 
up till the last few seconds, when Vermont obtained 
the final score on a foul. 

Several good baskets were thrown during the game. 
Ahearn and Quigley being prominent In this depart- 
ment. For Vermont, Fogg played a good game, while 
Barlow showed good skill in throwing goals from fouls, 
seldom missing. 

The line-up : — 

u. op v. 

Fogg, (capt-) I. f. 
Barlow, r. f. 
Peck, c. 
Clark, 1. g. 
Black, r. g. 


g., Fulton (capt.) 

I. g.. Hunt 

c, Taylor 

r. f., Ahearn 

1. f„ Quigley 

Score: — U. of Vt., 23; Massachusetts, 22. Coals from 
field — Barlow 2. Peck. Ahearn 3, Quigley 4, Fogg 4. Taylor, 
Clark 2, Hunt 2, Fulton. Coals from fouls — Barlow 4. Fogg. 
Referee, Appleton of Vermont. Umpire — Couden of Massa- 
chusetts. Timers — Patterson of Vermont, Cook of Massa- 
chusetts. Time — 20 and 15 minute periods. 

Brown, 24; Massachusetts, 16. 

In a fast and exciting game, Massachusetts met 
defeat at the hands of Brown University on Saturday 
evening. January 23. The game occurred in Provi- 
dence and ended with the score 24 to 16. Both sides 
played well, with no intervals where things slowed 
down. At the end of the first half the score was 1 I 
to 6 in favor of the winning team. Not until the last 
few minutes was Brown certain of victory, when she 
threw three baskets in rapid succession. 

In basket throwing, DeWolf and Rackle excelled 
for the home team, while Quigley did the same for 

The line-up: — 


DeWolf. 1. f. r. g.. Peters 

Rackle. r. f. 1. g., Hunt 

Leland, c, c„ Taylor 

Ingalls, 1. g. r. f., Ahearn 

Ahrens, r. g. 1. f. Quigley 

Score : — Brown 24 ; Massachusetts 16. Coals from floor — 
DeWolf 5, Rackle 4, Leland. Quigley 4, Ahearn 2, Taylor. 
Goals from fouls — Ahrens, Rackle. Quigley 2. Referee — 
Mandeville of Brown. Umpire — Chapman of Massachusetts. 
Time — 20 minute halves. 


The basketball season has now opened and unfortu- 
nately Is headed with a defeat at the hands of Wes- 
leyan. The victory for the opponents was well earned 
by a superior team that outplayed us at almost every 
stage of the game. In spite of the hard work by the 
players, some students remark : " Well it is just as I 
expected, I knew they would be beaten." Now how 
much forethought Is there in that statement ; cannot 
we put out just as good a team as Wesleyan ? What 
is needed is a scrub that will give the varsity good, 
solid practice. There Is little use in going out night 
after night to play against a scrub some members of 
which are coaxed and urged to play ; while others 
have perhaps played only a few times. It Is the 
college spirit that some of the faithful ones have shown 
however, which Is appreciated and encouraged. 


, 7' 



this is not true practice as concerned with the devel- 
opment of a first class team. There is little difficulty 
in piling up a score against such men : but what we 
want is a score against good men ; and in order to do 
this there must be a majority of experienced players 
on the scrub. 

Now at Wesleyan there were at least eleven men 

out on the varsity squad and these from a college not 

much larger than ours. If the squad here consisted 

of ten men at present, it would include all of the 

scrub. There are three seniors on the varsity this 

year and next year the college is to support another 

team. Of whom is it to consist ? Where will the 

experienced players be found ? Each class professes 

to have a basketball team of its own and there are at 

least six or more men from every class that claim to 

play when It comes time for a class game. From 

these twenty odd men how many can be found on the 

nights of varsity practice. About eight or nine and 

one or two of those are not members of the regular 

class teams. Where are the others? Studying! 

That is all well ; but it certainly does seem that twelve 

or fourteen men might come out at regular practice 

and that would not necessitate each man's coming 

more than twice 'each week. The captain or the 

manager has not the time to come to each man every 

day, and ask him personally if he would appear at 

practice. Their time is taken in keeping the financial 

end balanced. Even though their time were not 

otherwise occupied ; the men should feel it their duty 

to come without being begged, coaxed, and urged. 

Let every man, with any basketball ability, put forth a 

little extra effort and help out. If you haven't a suit, 

tell the manager, and he can let you have one to use. 


chusetts. and points out the advantages to be derived 
from a course here, especially in Horticulture, Land- 
scape Gardening, Floriculture and greenhouse 

Prof. Waugh delivered an address in Baltimore, 
Jan. 15, at the Annual Meeting of the Maryland Hor- 
ticultural society, on the " Fruit Growers' Interest in 
Propagation of Nursery Trees." 


Collet Notts- 


A recent edition of Gardener's Chronicle, an English 
publication.very favorably discussed Prof. G. E. Stone's 
bulletin on •• How Electric Currents Injure Shade 
Trees;" and in another issue devoted a lengthy edito- 
rial to Prof. F. A. Waugh's recent book " Systematic 

In the American Gardening of Jan. 9, are the 
abstracts of two papers read before the Philadelphia 
Florist's club on " College Instruction for the Gar- 
dener." In one, Mr. Francis Canning, instructor In 
Floriculture, makes a strong plea in favor of Massa- 

— The Q. T. V. fraternity held a supper in Belcher- 
town Friday evening, Jan. 15. 

— Hayward, '06, has been put In charge of the 
ambulance corps of the batallion. 

— The Junior promenade which occurs Feb. 12. 
bids fair to be one of the most successful proms in 
the history of the college. 

— J. R. Kelton, '05, entertained his sister and two 
friends from the Bay Path Business college, Spring- 
field, on Sunday, Jan. 17. 

—At a meeting of the state board of Agriculture 
held In Boston, Jan. 13, Dr. Stone was appointed 
state botanist and Professor Waugh state horticul- 

—The committee on Agriculture gave a hearing 
yesterday to the petition of President Goodell asking 
for Increased scholarships for the college and for a 
maintenance fund for the horticultural building: 

—The issue of the 1905 Index has been completely 
exhausted. In past years the management has gen- 
erally had a greater or less number of books left 
unsold, but this year some are goingtobe disappointed 
in not being able to obtain an Index, 

—The junior class in Geology visited the Appleton 
cabinet of Amherst college last Wednesday afternoon. 
Professor Loomis of Amherst showed the class the 
fossil specimens in the cabinet which Include those 
which the Professor collected last summer from the 
Bad Lands of Dakota.representing the Ollgocene epoch 
and from Montana, representing the Cretaceous 
period. After showing the class through the cabinet. 
Professor Loomis gave an illustrated lecture describ- 
ing his last summer's expedition and showing the 
restored forms of animal life which were abundant 
during the Oligocene epoch. 

—As the final examinations draw near again there 
is much speculation on what the result will be. Some 
of us wish we had studied harder, some curse the 
luck, and some say they don't care. It is the same 
old tale that is heard twice a year. We all love old 
Massachusetts and want to make a creditable record, 
but our philosophy is— whatever happens it is well to 
be prepared. 


A. Warren Patch, commission merchant of South 
Market St. Boston and secretary of the National 
League of commission merchants addressed the 
Seminar Friday evening Jan. 22, on •« Fruit Market- 
ing from the standpoint of the Commission Mer- 
chant." Owing to the weather only about thirty were 
present. He spoke of the close relations existing 
between the grower and commission merchant and 
that each to suceed must be fair with the other. 
He stated that very few fruitgrowers become million- 
aires, and that very few commission merchants reach 
that happy stage, but for all that if the grower did not 
lay upon a bed of gold here In this world he would be 
happy upon a bed of roses in the next ; and as for 
himself, he felt sure that when all accounts were 
squared up and the books balanced he would still 
have some credit there also. 

He spoke at length of the different kinds of fruit 
which find their way into the Boston market from all 
parts of the world; apricots from South Africa, 
celery from California, and tomatoes from Florida 
are before the public at the present time. He 
described the packages used by the various growers, 
and told how quinces, plums, etc. are handled, 
the months they come in, and the advantages 
of cold storage for equalizing trade. As Mr. Patch is 
interested in two branches of the trade— Fruit, and 
Eggs and Poultry— he spoke briefly of the latter. 
Mr. Patch was happy in his illustrations In describing 
various details of the business, and his address was 
enjoyed by every one. 


The following from the Boston Herald of Jan. 3 is of 
interest to all concerned, as well as giving the opinion 
of a broad minded man, and this together with Mr. 
Bowker's article should Influence the most prejudiced 

and prove that the agricultural colleges, so called, are 
not merely the training schools for learning how to 
plough or plant in a more scientific fashion, but they 
are the institutions wherein the broadest foundation 
for a useful life are laid. And if, as it Is claimed by 
some, it is the minority of those who attend these 
scientific institutions, who pursue the business of agri- 
culture, yet that minority Includes those who are to 
raise the social position of the agriculturalist and make 
him become one of the most respected as well as most 
influential of the citizens of his town, state and country. 
And. apropos of the present time when we are dis- 
cussing the question of peace and arbitration, when In 
many states the militia is called out to suppress riots 
of one sort or another and to protect life and property 
against mobs and strikers, does any reader of the 
Sicnal recall a case where the military arm of the 
government was necessary to suppress a lot of lawless 
farmers ? Is it not a fact that no class of men Is 
more peaceable than the cultivators of the soil ? 
These are a few things to think of. take them home and 
keep them for future use. 

At a meeting of the Bowdoin Club held last evening 
at the University Club, on Beacon street, Mr. George 
M. Whitaker read a paper on" Agricultural Colleges." 
He said, in part : 

" As Bowdoin men. 1 assume that we are agreed as 
to certain fundamental propositions. I assume that 
we are In accord as to the importance and value of a 
classical college education. I believe that we agre e 
in condemning the modern tendency to short cuts In 
education, or the craze to get riches or social position 
In some rapid transit fashion. I further believe that 
we deprecate the too early choice of one's life work, 
before the taste Is fully formed. We believe that 
much of the popular talk about " practical " education 
is pure rot, for an education should fit for life In Its 
broadest and fullest sense and not merely teach how 
to make a dollar. 

Leaving this thought hanging here for a few 
moments, let us briefly consider a movement for 
industrial education which has been going on for the 
last 40 years but. which is not generally understood 
even yet. In 1862. on the Initiative of Senator Morrill 
of Vermont. Congress gave certain public lands to each 
state with which to found a college, •• the leading 
object of which shall be, without excluding other sclen- 



tific and classical studies, and Including military tactics, 
to teach such branches of learning as are related to 
agriculture and the mechanic arts, in order to promote 
the liberal and practical education of the industrial 
classes in the several pursuits and professions of life." 
With this as a chart, the system of land grant colleges 
was launched. 

All kinds of wise and unwise suggestions were made 
in connection with the different states accepting the 
gifts of the general government, and in some instances 
the measure was barely carried. The friends of the 
classical colleges criticized the new colleges as being 
an unsound departure in education. Good, loyal 
friends, however, stood by these colleges, and now they 
have been in existence long enough to develope a body 
of alumni in the prime of life and activity, competent 
to pass judgment on what a land grant college should 
be. A corps of competent instructors has been 
developed, and some have become eminent in the 
scientific world. These colleges have built up a new 
scientific agriculture, giving it a new dignity and 

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And now should not we extend the most cordial right 
hand of fellowship to the agricultural colleges ? 

"Be broader than your business or profession," 
was the advice which I recently heard given by a 
prominent educator. The farmer of to-day discussing 
nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash, carbonaceous foods. 
entomology, the laws of heredity, is no clodhopper, 
but a broad, intelligent fellow-citizen. Probably Maine 
yearly sends into active life 3000 young men. If 
one-tenth of them went to Bowdoin, the college would 
be swamped. The land grant colleges are doing 
wonders for the young men of the nation without 
weakening the older colleges. Shall not we wish them 
godspeed }" 


The reunion of the Massachusetts Alumni Club will 
be held at the Quincy House Boston, Jan. 29, 1904. 

'99.— We are interested \o learn of the recent 
appointment of Charles M. Walker, who for some time 
has been assistant state entomologist of New York, 
as field expert in combating the cotton boll weevil in 
the Southwest. Mr. Walker will work under the 
supervision of Dr. Warren E. Hinds, who will have 
his headquarters at Victoria, Tex. Mr. Walker will 
leave for his work on or about the first of March. 

'00.— Austin W. Morrill, Ph. D., address, Division 
of Entomology, United States Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C. 

'01. — Congratulations are In order to Mr. and Mrs. 
Thaddeus Graves. Jr., on the birth of a daughter, 
Elizabeth, on the 15th day of November. Mr. and 
Mrs. Graves have their home in Hatfield. 

01.— Nathan Justin Hunting is at present engaged 
as instructor in the Dairy Course at the college. Mr. 
Hunting has diligently pursued work in dairying since 
his graduation and Is well fitted for the position. 




With letu-rs from physicians and 
druggists stating results obtained 



It Makes Rough Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

We will upon request mail the pamphlet to you In a 
plain envelope, and you will be convinced. 

All Druggists Sell It. 




Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 



Amhkkst, Mash. 


Right from our grove In California, 

28o. a dozen. 





W. M. SEAH8. 




Fountain Pens, 



313-315 Main Street, 



Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The largest stock and the lowest prices In town. 

Agents for the celebrated Guyer Hats and A. B. Kirech- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 




Belle jaj Sweets. 

The best Confections made. 



Hmberst Ibouse. 


O. M. KENDRICK. fmommim 


High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main St., 





NO. 8 

Student. ndA, ■ ^"^ F °™ eMy * S,udent3 * f th « Massachusetts Agricultural Coilege. 
notify the Business Manager. * "" **• Sub8cri >>er. who do not receive their paper regularly are requested t. 


R. RAYMOND RAYMOTH. 1904. Editor-in Chief 

HOWARD MORGAN WHITE, 1904, Business Manager. 
FAYETTE D.CK.NSON COUDEN ^ "^^ ^^ ' 905 ^«-' Business Manager. 

ARTHUR LEE PECK, 1904, Intercalate. mH^a^** HUT CHINGS, 1905. Alumni Notes. 

ERNEST ADNA BACK. 1 904. Department Notes. .Mi M n 1M . ' N LYMAN> ' 90S< Colle * e Not «»- 

AJ : L^EWMAN SWAIN. ,905. Ath,e„c 8 . ££JJ IZYAZfs, Hot. 

T.r„„ w p . r B6 .r „ ■<*"°^ g'«_Co J n^^ 

Y. M. C. A. 

Foot-Ball Association, 
College Senate. 
Readlng-Room Association, 


A. W. Gilbert. Pres. Athletic Association, 

E. W. Newhall. Jr., Manager. Base-Ball Association 

A w r^T'cf ^ Ni " e,een Hundred and Flve lnd «- 

A. W. Gilbert. Sec. Fraternity Conference 

Prof. S. F. Howard. Sec. 
R. A. Qulgley, Manager. 
B. Tupper, Manager. 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 

Entered as second-class matter, Post Office at Amherst. 


In the next Issue of the Signal. March 9, will be 
puplished a list of those eligible to the Board of 
Editors from the various classes. By the rules of the 
Board, three articles must be submitted prior to 
March I by those competing ; some have sent in one 
or two contributions, but not the required three. 
There is still time to get the required number in the 
Editor's hands. See to it at once ! 

One reason for the attitude of the alumni in object- 
ing so strenuously to change of name, in matters 
relating to the college Is the use, by many of the 
students, of the title Massachusetts State College. 
This the Signal has never countenanced and still 
believes that it does more harm than good. The official 
title of the college is the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College and though exceedingly limited in defining the 
work of the college yet as that name it should go by 
and no change can occur without legislation. We 

think it an unwise procedure to go so far as to have 
printed matter of the college have the heading •• State 
College." If it Is desirable to agitate the matter it 
should be done otherwise. We need the assistance 
of the alumni in all our Interests, let us not go too far 
beyond their wishes, but seek rather to co-operate In 
the endeavor to bring about a fitting conclusion of the 
whole matter. Of course, In regard to this matter, 
it is but the bursting of the stream beyond Its bounds 
and the cause Is not far to seek. But come let us 
reason together and all work for the good of the whole. 

We wish to call attention to the article by Mr. 
Gordon. It is an exceedinaly well written discussion 
of a matter that is of interest to all who are or who 
hope to be connected with a college. The advan- 
tages of a college course are more fully realized by 
one who has passed through the experience and more 
calmly looks back on the opportunities that were pre- 
sented. The glamour and enthusiasm. Incident to 
the student days, are far removed, and he can more 
clearly see the real worth of It all. He realizes the 



mistakes he made, the advantages he refused, and the 
failures he might have avoided, but one of the saddest 
things in this life an old writer has said is " that we 
cannot transmit our experience to another, each must 
find his own; " and this is true of the college man. 
for all the advice he may receive he still will seek the 
experience '■ to know what it's like." It is but the 
expression of the trite saying, " the wise man can 
learn more from the fool, than the fool from the wise 
man ; for the former will learn to avoid the mistakes 
of the latter, while the latter will not profit by the 
experience of the other. 


We had the pleasure of attending the annual din- 
ner of the Alumni Club of Massachusetts, held at 
Boston. In representing the Signal we hoped to 
have had the opportunity of speaking of its interests, 
its needs, and some of its aims ; but this was in a sense 
denied. As the dinner drew to a close and no request 
made for a response from the Signal we felt somewhat 
like a stranger among strangers rather than among 
members of the same family. Our surprise was 
Indeed great, however, when the toastmaster arose 
and in an eloquent manner derided the undergraduate 
body for being " ashamed to own their mother," and 
after a few very uncomplimentary remarks on the 
College Signal, he called upon its representative to 
"say what he could for himself." Well he recollects 
rising to his feet and then sitting down again but what 
he may have said he is not so sure of. Needless to 
say. however, he was very much astonished to find an 
alumni body, guilty of such ungentlemanly conduct. 
as to invite as its guest, one who in a short time him- 
self hopes to become a member of that distinguished 
body the alumni, and when present at its reunion to 
subject him to ridicule and insult. What right has 
the toastmaster to assume such perogatives that he 
dare speak in such a manner to one of his guests 
without fear of being censured by his colleagues. 
True might Is right very often, but the exercise of 
power in such a manner seems to us as rather weak, 
and childish. We are not children and If the alumni 
are to command our respect they must respect our 
opinions as man to man. In college life as in all 
other phases of life, customs change, ideas undergo 
an evolution and opinions are likely to differ as the 
years progress. Is It possible for a college to remain 

in the same groove for generations any more so than 
other industrial or educational enterprises ? Is not 
progress the law of the college as well as of the nation ? 
Would the alumnus of 71 be content to see his 
beloved college of 1904 the same small institution, 
with its few buildings, scanty apparatus and small 
working corps it was in his day ? True it accom- 
plished its purpose then, but would he rest content to 
see it remain the same while all others grew rapidly ? 
Would It not be evident that something was wrong 
with the mechanism of the machine ? Rather Is he 
not proud to have seen the seed grown and developed 
into the magnificent educatonal plant it Is to-day. 
scattering abroad the fame of its worth until its 
influence is felt in every state of the Union and 
nearly every country of the world. Does he not feel 
the enthusiasm that comes only to the pioneers? He 
is one of the first children of this mighty mother and 
as an elder son he cherishes a deep regard to all her 
interests, her future he guards with a jealous care 
and her customs are dearer and precious in his eyes. 
But if he is a wise and sensible son will he not recog- 
nize that, unlike the human mother, her ideas and 
customs, and hopes, and amusements change as 
thought progresses ; that she must suit herself to 
modern needs ? This is not theory or dreams but 
fact, and it is the foolish, unwise and consequently 
unsuccessful man who will not see this but conforms 
to old custom as •' good enough for him." Is there a 
man in business anywhere to-day who does not suit 
his trade to the need of the hour > Do not his ideas 
change with every cycle of time ? And is It possible 
for a college to hermit itself and avoid these things ? 
No, you will agree with me change must occur ; 
new ideas, new customs must creep in, but here is 
where the wisdom and experience of the alumni 
body should exercise the guiding hand, in a measure, 
not that it should stand as a barrier against the stream 
of thought which if held In check with no outlet 
whatever is liable to burst beyond its bounds and do 
more damage than good, but rather it should aid in 
shaping the course of the stream so that it may run 
smoothly and accomplish good rather than evil. This 
continual bickering over the idea of change of name 
should be stopped at once. The alumni must know 
by this time that it is the express desire of the under- 
graduate body that a new name be established, what 

it Is to be Is a matter to be decided. Two years ago 
the undergraduate body at a mass meeting finally 
determined, after agitating the matter for at least ten 
years and receiving nothing but objection, instead of 
advice and support from the alumni, to abolish the 
name " Aggie " from all publications of the college. 
The College Sicnal is the result in one line and 
Massachusetts in another, and while not as express- 
ive as could be desired is far in advance of the old, 
and the best we could obtain. Will you not see this 
matter in the right light, you to whom we appeal for 
assistance and who should respond, and help to estab- 
lish the college on a firmer basis for the recognition 
of her true worth among the educational interests of 
the country. Put yourselves in our place and do as 
you would be done by. We love the dear old college 
who is leading our feet to success and it Is for that 
reason we are jealous of her interests and seek her 
best good. Never , accuse us of being ashamed of 
our educational mother, but rather think of us as true 
sons fighting for the real worth of her fair name 



We print below the account of the reunion banquet 
of the Massachusetts Alumni Club as printed In the 
Springfield Republican. We think the writer was 
unhappy In his use of the expression •• intellectual. " 
and wish that those who speak of or refer to •• Agri- 
cultural Colleges " would please remember that the 
only difference between them and the classical col- 
leges, is that the former are scientific.— Ed. 

" About 75 graduates and officers of the Mass- 
achusetts Agricultural College attended the annual din- 
ner of the Alumni club at the Quincy house. 
Election of officers resulted in the choice of the 
following: President, Dr. Madison Bunker, 75; clerk. 
P. W. Davis. '89; treasurer. R. P. Lyman, '92 • 
directors. W. A. Morse. "82. E. F. Richardson. "87.' 
Henry M. Howard. '91. It was a gathering which 
would have surprised the graduates of the so-called 
" Intellectual " colleges. For the •• Aggies " were as 
polished in bearing and as manly In their intellectual 
Independence as any crowd from Harvard or Yale. 
Such public appearances put the agricultural college 
into the same class as colleges which are supposed 
to be of a more aristocratic strain, and shatter some 
current mistakes about the quality and the appear- 

ance of agricultural graduates. As the older men 
ate getting gray and bald, there is a dignity in years 
which was lacking till recently, and now In this respect 
the alumni are nearly equal to those of Amherst or 
Williams. Two members of the famous six-oared 
crew of 1871. which beat Harvard and Brown at 
Springfield, were present : A. D. Norcross of Monson 
and Gideon H. Allen of New Bedford. President 
Goodell came down from Amherst ; also Profs. Brooks, 
Waugh. Howard and Mr.Knight. Dr.Madison Bunker,' 
75. presided. Secretary Ellsworth of the board of 
agriculture was present ; also Trustees George H. Ellis. 
James Draper, W. H. Bowker. Charles L. Flint and 
S. C Damon. Four of the graduates are members 
of the Legislature— Dr. James B. Paige of Amherst. 
A. S. Hall ot Revere. E. F. Richardson of Mlllis. and 
A. D. Norcross of Monson— and ail were present. 
Dr. Homer J. Wheeler, director of the Rhode Island 
experiment station; P. M. Harwood. general agent of 
the dairy bureau; F. H. Fowler of the state agricul- 
tural department; Dr. Austin Peters, chief of the 
cattle bureau ; Robert W. Lyman, register of deeds 
at Northampton ; G. A. Parker, superintendent of 
Keney Park at Hartford ; Fred H. Tucker, treasurer 
of the Twentieth Century club ; John A. Barry, a bus- 
iness man from Bridgeport; Edgar E. Thompson, 
teacher in Worcester, and a lot more of that type 
were there. It was remarked with pride by one of 
the non-graduate trustees that they were a mighty 
fine crowd, and that the college had begun to make 
its mark in the world. Music was furnished by the 
Mendelssohn male quartet. 

When President Bunker, in his opening speech, 
said that t!^ college hfd four members of the Legis- 
lature, all clapped. Six graduates are trustees. 
Representative Hall of Revere spoke of the need the 
state has of the college and of the able way in which 
the need is satisfied. Unless science finds a remedy 
for the heavy fungus growths of the highly-manured 
market-garden farms near the large cities the land 
will be worthless for garden purposes. Service In 
ways like this proves the worth of the college 

President Goodell told of his great satisfaction at 
being present after three years' absence. Of the over 
600 graduates of the college, the deaths number 30 ; 
out of an equal number of non-graduates, over 100 







have died. The strong men of resolute have 
lived. The weaker ones have died. There is a great 
demand for the students. Within two weeks ten 
trained entomologists have been asked for. seven of 
them by the national government. Students for the 
degree of Ph. D. are picked up even before they can 
graduate. Massachusetts is no longer an agricultural 
state, but horticultural and dairy. New crops of dis- 
eases have ccme in. and scientists are demanded to 
cure them. Owners of cucumbers and tomatoes 
under glass have lost half their crops, but the college 
has found the cause, and now inquiries for the remedy 
come from Australia and all over the world. Gradu- 
ates are wanted in many countries. More men are 
wanted and more money to educate them. The col- 
lege wants the state to give 120 free scholarships, 
requiring $15,000 of funds. That will not pay the 
expense to the college. Much is needed for labora- 
tory expenses. The college has 28 buildings, and 
only three have a maintenance fund. The college 
cannot afford to have buildings without a maintenance 
fund. President Goodell spoke in further detail of the 
growth, the plans and the needs of the college. He 
thought the ways and means committee was favorably 
disposed to the new horticultural building, but It 
comes to-day. apparently from the governor, that he 
will not approve the bill unless the Legislature pro- 
vides additional ways of raising the money. He 
hoped and prayed that he would have a change of 


Prof. Waugh in his remarks emphasized the fact 
that Massachusetts compares very favorably with 
other state colleges when considered In the proper 
attitude, and though the college Is small yet Its advan- 
tages far overshadow many of our sister institutions. 
He has been associated with a number of colleges and 
speaks with knowledge. 

Mr. Draper referlng to Mr. Bowker said that when 
he lived at Barre he had his first lesson in milking 
and he has continued milking ever since but now he 
scientifically milked the farmers. 

Mr. Wheeler of Rhode Island College referred to 
the bill of Mr. Adams of Wisconsin which provides 
for Increased appropriations to the several State 
Experiment stations and of the advantages that 
would result In the adoption of the bill, and hoped 
every member present would support the measure. 

Mr. Allen of the famous crew of 71, gave an 
interesting account of the events as they occured. of 
the training they had, and of the enthusiasm mani- 
fested on the day of the race and the result. 

Mr. Bowker in responding, referred to a bulletin 
sent out by the bureau of soils of the Department of 
Agriculture at Washington, and said it was a disgrace 
to the government. He said, however, that it had 
accomplished one purpose and that was, that it opened 
the eyes of the people to the fact that the money they 
were giving to the Department was being foolishly 
squandered. He Insisted that Washington should not 
compete with the several state experiment stations, 
and as a matter of fact that more real work was 
being accomplished by the state workers ; and on his 
motion it was resolved that the Alumni club, heartily 
endorse the bill of Mr. Adams, and that a copy of the 
resolution be sent to Mr. Adams, and to the Ways 
and Means Committee of the House, and one 
to each of the Senators and Representatives from 
Massachusetts. Other speakers followed. 


This task has been undertaken with a feeling much 
like that with which I should imagine a traveller 
would sit down to talk over with a fellow-traveler the 
adventures of a journey in a foreign land; or. per- 
haps, to relate his experience for the benefit of those 
who had never been, and who might or might not be 
planning such a trip for themselves at some future 
time. A journey is a personal experience and is 
something one likes to talk about If he can find a 
willing listener. 

How often it happens that we owe some of the 
most delightful experiences of life— notably a journey 
somewhere or other— to some hint or suggestion 
received from others. Some vivid description, some 
entertaining narrative, arouses In us a desire to go 
and experience for ourselves all the things of which 
we have heard. And though it often happens that 
the wish is born early the motor Impulse may not 

come for years. 

To my mind the great experience toward which the 
youth of our land are looking forward with eagerest 
anticipation is the college life. The boys and girls of 
to-day long for the time when they may begin the 

journey in real earnest. The early years are those of 
anticipation, or more or less unconscious preparation ; 
but sooner or later there comes, In most lives, the 
opportunity to carry out the cherished project. Those 
who have long cherished a desire to go to college 
have the added interest that comes from the years of 
preparation. With some the wish is born during the 
preparatory years ; there comas a desire to browse in 
a larger field, a wish inspired, perhaps, — who can tell ? 
— by something someone has said or done that betrays 
and marks him as one who has been on a delightful 
journey the experience of which has not been without 
its effect in his life. 

Is there any mare promising sign of to-day than the 
eagerness with which the boys and girls all over the 
land are looking forward to the larger experience that 
shall broaden their horizon and make passible a lar- 
ger, richer, and more useful life ? Because the 
experience is essentially a personal one the fact that 
the path is well-trod does not detract from the fasci- 
nation with which it appeals to the yearning, adoles- 
cent mind. 

So far 1 have been considering the type of mind 
that really seeks knowledge and experience for their 
own sakes. It seems to me that It Is not from those 
who go to college because it is the fashion, or with any 
mercenary end In view, that we are to expect the 
greatest contribution to the larger, sympathetic life of 
the world. And in order that there may be on the 
part of the student an attitude toward college life that 
shall best fit him to get the most out of his college 
course, It becomes necessary to determine upon what 
basis the value of the college life is to be reckoned 
and to decide where the college education is to begin. 
The first step is to find out what the college life has 
to offer. If It really has something better than most 
students are seeking then it is plain that the first duty 
is to bring this thing before them in its true light. 
This Is the point at which the college education is to 

There seems to be no better way than to inspire in 
them a deep regard for such ideals as make for true 
growth : a desire for truth and knowledge for their 
own sakes. an Intimate acquaintance with nature and 
her laws, and with men and their thoughts. These 
things are the backbone of true culture and education. 
They are par excellence the things worth seeking. 

There can be, therefore, only one answer to the ques- 
tion : " Upon what is the value of a college life to be 
reckoned ?" 

When we stop to consider how great the influence 
of the college life has been in the world in emanci- 
pating men and women from a bondage little better 
than slavery thereby making possible a real philan- 
thropy and racial sympathy we may inquire with good 
reason : " Can this influence be left out of the lives 
of men and women growing up to the responsibility of 
mature life ?" We have seen that the college life may 
stand for the highest ideals that the human mind can 
grasp, that it makes for true manhood and womanhood 
and glorifies the qualities that belong to those estates. 
Ought It then to be left out of any life Inspired by 
high Ideals ? 

More than this the question is pertinent whether it 
can be left out of any educational scheme unless 
something of a kindred nature Is substituted In Its 

Our professional schools are more and more limit- 
ing their candidates to college graduates. This 
action is an open recognition of the broadening Influ- 
ence of the college course. It is asserted that this 
action is taken because candidates come better pre- 
pared for their technical training. This Is conceded 
to be true not because they have had previous techni- 
cal training in college, but because they come with a 
broad and firm foundation on which to build. Every 
clergyman, every physician, every statesman, every 
teacher owes it to himself and to the world In which 
he works, to acquaint himself with the real things In 
the world and with his place as an individual. 

The college life Is the rich gift of the generation 
that is gone. It Is something for us to cherish and to 
pass on. It is the hope of the world for release from 
superstition and kindred Ills and for the entrance upon 
a fuller life. The college life has come to stay. The 
benefits which it has conferred will not only insure Its 
retention, but will result In a further growth and In a 
larger interpretation of its meaning, with a consequent 
extension of its influence. It is well that the means 
are at hand to furnish the training to those who desire 
it and that young men and women of intelligence and 
promise and high aspirations are encouraged to avail 
themselves of this priceless heritage. 





Life holds out its brightest prospects at the age at 
which most young men and women enter upon their 
college career. It is fortunate if it can begin at the 
nineteenth or twentieth year, with young men at least, 
so as to include the early years of manhood. Enthu- 
siasm then links itself with the nobler aspirations and 
with a sober-minded attitude towards life, and all that 
it means. 

When I was a freshman at college, a certain per- 
son used to tell us that it was not for what we were, 
but for what we might become, that the college saw 
fit to keep us in spite of our evident ignorance, our 
open waywardness, and our unbounded conceit. And 
as I look back upon those days with a little more 
wisdom than I really possessed at that time I can see 
how we must have tried the patience of our real 
friends and our no less real governors — since we had 
elected them to be such — to the very limit. It Is 
rather remarkable that every freshman, though he 
carry with him the best of Intentions should allow this 
ancestral love for self-display to prevail to such an 
absurd extent over his better judgment ; but I think 
it safe to presume that most of those disagreeable 
traits that stamp the college freshman as such, are 
due to enthusiasm showing itself in this morbid way 
of trying to subordinate everything to private ends. 
It is the struggle for recognition which the adolescent 
mind so strongly craves and Is so Impatient to get. 
His conceit and pride come from imagining himself 
to be somebody and he makes himself obnoxious by 
trying to make more Intelligent people think as he does. 
It is a kind of enthusiasm which makes him 
think of himself first as something which he is not 
and which will later make him see what it is possible 
to become. Older men humor him and though he 
regards their forbearance as a sort of de'ference to his 
superior attainments and still persists In mistaking a 
knowledge of conic sections, some obscure point in 
syntax, or a certain metallic hydroxide for a wide and 
useful erudition they still bear with him, returning 
thanks for the enthusiasm and hoping for an early 
change In Its direction. 

As time goes on there surely does creep into the 
student's mind, as he delves deeper and deeper into 
the storehouse of knowledge and human experience, 
a vague presentiment that possibly he doesn't know It 
all. It Is a struggle at first to give in, but sooner or 

later he is obliged to capitulate. For the first time 
the student sheds his shell of conceit and pride and 
enjoys a season of real growth. 

From now on he looks at things in a new light and 
meets the several Issues that present themselves, 
from day to day, In a more intelligent way. There 
are the opinions and rights of his fellows, which must 
be considered and respected ; new problems of exist- 
ence which must be pondered ; strange and wonder- 
ful laws operating everywhere about him and beyond 
him that must be thought out ; new conceptions of 
time and space, of life and death, of well-nigh every- 
thing to which he has ever given thought. The great 
problem of life confronts him. face to face. The 
soul instinctively feels that here is the battle-ground. 

James Lane Allen in his admirable little book "The 
Reign of Law," gives us a vivid description of the 
extreme type of experience In this groping for the 
truth. Although the great problem doesn't come 
home with equal force to all. yet I think it safe 
to say that every college student, after gaining 
acquaintance with the facts, undergoes in greater or 
less degree an experience similar to that of the hero 
of the story. 

The heir of all the ages looks back through the 
dim past, always with awe. and at first it must be 
confessed with many misgivings ; but gradually In the 
chaos he begins to discern a working principle. In 
that grand chain of events nothing seems incongruous. 
In obedience to certain laws and in accordance with 
tne great doctrines of matter and energy he sees how 
the present has been evolved out of the past, needing 
only direction to work a seeming miracle on the crea- 
tion of man. At first at work in the inorganic realm, 
bringing about new arrangements of matter governed 
by the forms of energy which prevailing condltons 
would permit. This great working principle was 
made to extend to the realm of life. First came the 
simpler forms fittest to survive under the prevailing 
conditions, later more complex types as conditions 
became favorable for their existence, with the sur- 
vival of simple forms where primeval conditions still 

It is perhaps not too much to say that this new 
thought, which comes sooner or later, and which Is 
to be attributed to the enlightened atmosphere of the 
college life, this thought which dissolves away, so to 

speak, so much rubbish from the mind and clarifies 
one's vision not only as regards the past, but also as 
regards ideals is the most important contribution of 
the college course to the individual life. And I think it 
will be admitted that the course of instruction which 
includes the study of those things which have a bear- 
ing on life in its largest sense is the only one we want 
in our college of to-day. 

In passing it might not be out of place to point out 
that science as a study of laws and facts is finding its 
proper place, and Is receiving more and more the 
recognition it deserves as a means of true education. 
Again it ought to be remembered that the studies of 
agriculture, biology, and chemistry have the educa- 
tional value of broadening one's outlook as well as 
their practical value ; and this should not be left out 
of account In arranging the curriculum of any institu- 
tion, even where these subjects are taught primarily 
for their economic value. 

In an account of one's college experience I believe 
there Is hardly one who would knowingly fail to men- 
tion or give proper recognition to certain other very 
real and vita) contributions that come to one's life at 
that period.- Can too much be said in appreciation 
of that close comradeship which exists among college 
men thrown together as they are for a period of years 
without the necessity of competition except in those 
ways that promote the best interests of each and all ? 
Or can too much be said in praise of conditions which 
make possible during the formative period of charac- 
ter a life In an atmosphere of unselfishness and 
mutual helpfulness? These things are also the dis 
tlnctlve contribution of that semi-cloistral life — separ- 
ate as it is in so many ways from the distractions and 
disturbances incident to active participation in the 
business or social world. 

Because of the distant relations existing between 
instructors and pupils, for which I think the students 
in most cases are responsible, it is generally true that 
most students do not get as much as they might from 
the encouragement that comes from conference and 
association with their instructors. If a student shows 
a desire to come in at the side door, so to speak, for 
an occasional friendly conference, he will be most 
pleasantly surprised to find it open for him and will be 
sure to take away such an impression as will induce 
him to go again. Such cordial relations as the writer 

has found it possible to have with his instructors are 
very helpful, and in no small degree contribute to the 
pleasure and profit of college life. 

Clarence E. Gordon. 1901. 


The botanical department has added to its already 
unusually good equipment a bacteriological laboratory 
which adds much to the value of the department. It 
is situated on the second floor of the Experiment Sta- 
tion, Division of Plant Pathology. Though small and 
unattractive, it is excellently supplied with cases for 
books, glassware, apparatus and chemicals ; a work 
bench with innumerable drawers, and a large desk for 
research work, besides running water. Especial 
attention should be called to the small dark room, 
absolutely light proof, for the growing of cultures away 
from the light, and a fire-proof table upon which are 
the steam and dry air sterilizers and the incubators. 
Dr. Stone has done all within his power to equip this 
laboratory with everything necessary for thorough 
bacteriological research, and doubtless the results of 
the Investigations on soil bacteria which are now being 
carried on by Mr. Osmun will attract considerable 
attention as little work has been done along this line. 



Feb. 19— "Sky Farm." 

Feb. 23— Williams college dramatics. 

Feb. 26— Robert Emmett. 

Feb 27— Amherst college musical clubs. 

Feb. 29-week— Campbell Stratton Co. 


Feb. 17— Mildred Holland in "The Triumph of an 

Empress. " 
Feb. 20 — Howes Pictures. 
Feb. 22—" Sky Farm. " 
Feb. 26—" The Texas Steer. " 
Feb. 29-week— McAuleffes Stock Co. 


Feb. 18. 19. 20—" Along the Mohawk. " 

Feb. 22. 23. 24—" Her Marriage Vow. " 

Feb. 25, 29, 27—" In the Shadow of the Gallows. " 

Feb. 29, Mar. I, 2—" A Race for Life. " 






The junior class held its annual promenade in the 
drill hall Friday evening, Feb. 12. It was one of the 
most successful ever held. The decorations were of 
a more formal design than heretofore used and were 
very attractive. The walls were banked with hem- 
lock, divided by white outlines into panels and lighted 
with electric lamps. The ceiling was hung with blue 
and white streamers, representing the class colors. 
A profusion of palms and other potted plants were 
placed about the hall. Silk flags, the colors of the 
United States and of the Commonwealth, hung from 
the balcony, beneath which were arranged four booths, 
separated by draperies and containing couches, cozy 
corners and easy chairs heaped with college pillows. 
They were lighted from above with colored lights. 
The three arc lights in the center were shaded by 
Japenese lanterns and threw a bright but softened 
light or. the floor beneath. Near the north end of the 
hall, shutting out the upper quarter, was draped the 
large baseball net, completely banked with green and 
bearing in large white, letters the words, "Mass- 
achusetts, 1905." The center of the net was draped 
up. forming an archway, through which entrance 
could be made to the north end, where a promenade 
had been arranged. The floor was broken by potted 
plants, the doorway was guarded by the two field rifle 
and the whole was lighted with colored lights. 

In the northwest corner of the main floor was 
arranged a large booth for the patronesses. They 
were Mrs H. H. Goodell, Mrs. W. P. Brooks, Mrs. 
G. E. Stone, Mrs. J. E. Ostrander, Mrs. R. S. Lull, 
and Mrs. P. B. Hasbrouck. Opposite the patronesses, 
on a raised staging completely hidden in plants and 
flowers, was the Springfield orchestral club, which fur- 
nished music for the evening. A reception and con- 
cert was given from 8 to 9, after which the dancing 
began. The program was small, but very neat In 
design. It was covered with brown leather, with 
the words, "Junior Prom. M. A. C. '05, " burned on 
the front. There were 24 dances, with an hour's 
intermission, during which Brown of Amherst served 

The affair was a success in every way and much 
credit Is due to the junior committee who had charge 
of the arrangements. All the work, Including the 
decorating, was done by them. The members of 
the committee were A. N. Swain of Dorchester 

(chairman), G. H. Allen of Somerville, C. W. Lewis 
of Melrose. W. A. Munson of Aurora, III., G. W. 
Patch of Arlington Heights, C. L. Whitaker of Som- 
erville, P. F. Williams of Natick. L. S. Walker of 
Natick. E. W. Newhall, Jr. of San Francisco. H. D. 
Crosby of Rutland, Bertram Tupper of Barre, L. W. 
B. Hill of Bridgeport, Conn., F. L. Yeaw of Win- 
throp, Profs. P. B. Hasbrouck, F. A. Waugh and R. S. 
Lull of Amherst. 

Among those present were the following couples : 
President and Mrs. Goodell, Professor and Mrs. 
Brooks, Dr. and Mrs. Stone. Dr. and Mrs. Lull, Pro- 
fessor and Mrs. Ostrander, Professor and Mrs. Has- 
brouck. Professor Waugh, Mr. Herrick and Miss 
Clark of Northampton, Dr. Loomis of Amherst Col- 
lege and Miss Calhoun of Winsted. Conn.. J. E. Hal- 
ligan and Miss French of Amherst, G. A. Drew and 
Miss Brooks of Wellesley. Mr. and Mrs. P. II. Smith 
of Amherst, Mr. and Mrs. E. K. Atkins of Northamp- 
ton, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. B. Ovalle of Amherst, N. F. 
Monahan and Miss Justine Hunt of Newton. 


F. D. Couden and Miss Keyes of Hennlker, N. H.. 
A. W. Gilbert and Miss Felton of Northampton. J W. 
Gregg and Miss Bennett of Smith, C. G. Griffin and 
Miss Withington of Brookline, A. L. Peck and Miss 
Root of Amherst, P. F. Staples and Miss Sleeper of 


G. H. Allen and Miss Barker of Somerville, L. W. 
Hill and Miss Gibbs of Hartford. Conn., C. S. Hol- 
comb and Miss Perry of Denver, Colo., J. F. Lyman 
and Miss Jenks of Smith, W. A. Munson and Miss 
Stevens of Stoneham. E. W. Newhall, Jr. and Miss 
Peers of New Haven, Conn.. G. W. Patch and Miss 
Cathart of Boston. W. M. Sears and Miss Livingston 
of Brockton, A. N. Swain and Miss Hubbard of Can- 
astota, N. Y., Bertram Tupper and Miss Battles of 
Brockton, L. S.Walker and Miss Collins of Natick, 

C. L. Whitaker and Miss Dodge of Smith, P. H. 
Williamsand Miss Bruce of Newburyport, G. N. Willis 
and Miss Ripley of Springfield. F. L. Yeaw and Miss 
Smith of Smith College, J. C. Richardson and Miss 
Richardson of Lowell. A. D. Taylor and Miss Hager- 
man of Chelmsford. 

W. W. Colton and Miss Umlpeby of Lowell, A. 

D. Farrar and Miss Thayer of Amherst. E. F. Gaskell 
and Miss Jones of Amherst. E. P. Mudge and Miss 
Mudge of Swampscott, H. M. Russell and Miss Gra- 
ham of New Haven, Conn., G. W. Sleeper and Miss 
Babcock of Swampscott, W. O. Taft and Miss Hunt 

of Newton. 


J. G. Curtis and Miss Hammond of Cleveland, 0. 


Massachusetts. 36; Boston Uuiversity. 16. 

The fifth game in the intercollegiate series in basket- 
ball occurred in Amherst on Monday evening, January 
25. It was played with Boston University and resulted 
In a victory for the home team, with the score 36-16. 
Good team work was displayed by Massachusetts, some 
good passing being done; all this showing how well, 
hard, consistent practice pays. 

Although the first half ended with the score 18-3, 
Boston University took a decided brace in the second 
half and made things a little more interesting, leaving 
the final score as stated above. 

Quigley's throwing was up to the usual standard. 
Boston University made a good showing in this respect 
through the work of Gillon and Tucker. 

Line-up: — 


Quigley. 1. f. 

Ahearn. r. f. 

Taylor, c. 

Fulton (Capt.), Peters, 1. g. 

Hunt, r. g. 


r. g., Crowell 

1. g. , Cole 

O.i Moody 

r. f.. Gillon (Capt.) 

1. f.. Tucker 

Score: — Massachusetts 36, Boston University 16. Goals 
from field — Quigley 9, Ahearn 3, Hunt 2. Fulton 2. Taylor. 
Cole 4. Gillon. Moody, Crowell. Goals from fouls — Quigley 
4. Gillon 2. Referee — Chapman of Massachusetts. Umpire 
— Spear of Boston University. Timers — Huntington of Boston 
University and Swain of Massachusetts. Time — 20 minute 

Massachusetts, 45; Holyoke Consolidated, 21. 

This game was played In the drill hall of the win- 
ning team on the evening of Thursday, January 28, 
and resulted In a victory for Massachusetts by the 
score of 45-21. The most prominent thing noticeable 
throughout the contest was the superior basket throw- 
ing of the home team, In which department Ahearn 
and Quigley showed up well. Brien did best in this 
line for Holyoke. 

Line-up: — 


r. g., Skinner 

1. g., Brien 

c Bullard (Capt.) 

r. f.. Boyle 

1. f. Connor 

Quigley. I. f. 
Ahearn, r. f. 
Fulton (Capt.), c. 
Peters. 1. g, 
Hunt, r. g. 

Score: — Massachusetts 45, Holyoke Consolidated 21. 
Coals from field — Ahearn 7, Quigley 7. Brien 4. Hunt 3, 
Fulton 2, Peters 2, Boyle 2. Connor 2. Goals from fouls — 
Quigley 3, Skinner 4, Boyle. Referee — Chapman of Massa- 
chusetts. Umpire— Keogh of Holyoke. Timer — Willis of 
Massachusetts. Time— 20 minute halves. 

College Notts 

— Ned Gaskell has joined the short course. 
— The new agricultural laboratory will be opened 
to the students this week. 

— Two or three cases of measles have been 
reported among the students. 

— Cutter. Jones, Hartford and Watklns, '06 ; and 
Curtis, Leominister and Pray, '07 have left college. 

— Mr. H. T. Viereck of Philadelphia and Mr. 
Britton of New Haven visited the college Saturday. 

— Observer Henshaw of the meterological depart- 
ment of the college reports an average depth of snow 

of sixteen inches. 

— Professor Cooley lectured before a farmers Insti- 
tute of the Hampshire Agriculture Society at 
Belchertown last Thursday. 

— Phillip Smith and E. B. Holland of the station 
addressed the annual meeting of the Mass. Creamery 
Association held In Greenfield. 

— Searle. '07, has been recommended by the 
congressman from his district as a suitable person for 
guard at the St. Louis exposition. 

— The college was supplied with light last week by 
the Amherst Gas Company while the dynamo at the 
college plant was undergoing repairs. 

— The Connecticut Valley Alumni Association will 
hold Its annual meeting at the Worthy Hotel In 
Springfield Friday evening, Feb. 19. at eight o'clock. 

— Professor Brooks last Saturday addressed a 
farmers institue held at Shelburne Centre, under the 
auspices of the Franklin County Agricultural Society, 
his subject being "Corn, Clover, Cows, and a Bank 

— The Short Course have elected the following 
officers : President, T. U. Wilmarth of Sunapee, N. 
H.; vice-president, F. L. Austin of Potsdam, N. Y.; 
secretary. A. W. Blair of Roxbury ; treasurer, F. S. 
Farrell of West Fitchburg. 

— Because of breaks in the main pipe of the Amherst 
water company the town water supply was shut off 
the greater part of last week. The water was turned 
on, however, before the reserve resevoir on the Clark 
Hill was completely exhausted so the college suffered 
no serious Inconvenience. 






Profossor Waugh has been elected overseer of the 

Amherst Grange. Last Friday evening he addressed 
the Grange on " The Improvement and establishment 
of the home grounds." 

—Barnes, '05, while collecting green for the Drill 

Hall for the prom, met with a bad accident to his 

arm by falling from the sled. Mr. Barnes is doing 

well, however, and nothing serious Is expected to 

result from the injury. 

J. E. Halligan, '00, has resigned his position as 

assistant chemist under Dr. Goessmann in the experi- 
ment station and has accepted a position in the 
Lousiana station under Dr. Stubbs. Mr. Halligan 
left town for Louisiana Monday. 

There have been two meetings of the Journal 

club since the vacation. Besides the regular papers, 
Dr. Fernald gave an instructive talk on the entomol- 
ogical collections in New York. Philadelphia, and 
Washington, which he visited during the Christmas 

The Junior Promenade was most successful 

from every point of view. The party was large and 
every one seemed to be happy and to be having a good 

Young Men's Clothing 

With all the " KinkB of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment .". .*. 


Haynes & Co., 

Always Reliable. 



Surprise PRIZES given away. 

to get the people to talk about bixlkrs' physical training in penmanship, the 
best method of instruction in the world— Saves 90 per cent, of time, etc. 

Merit Prizes, Surprize Prizes, Prize Prizes, Sure Prizes, Big Prizes, Little 
Prizes, Contingent Prize and other Prizes for little folks and big folks Send 10c. 
for Business Penman, 12 Writing Mottoes, sample rapid Writing, skilled Bird 
Flourish, and full particulars. (1 Surprise Prize will be included, worth from 
10c. to a dollar, and a $10 Prize Prize goes with each 100th 10c. order— con- 
ditional ) 

Prof. G. Bixler, 97 Odgen ave., Chicago, 111. 

time. The day after the prom, the company divided 
into two parties, one going to Belchertown and the 
other to South Deerfield. The sleighing was excel- 
lent, and after a bountiful dinner and a short time 
spent in dancing the teams started back for Amherst. 

— At the last meeting of the Botanical Seminar, 
Mr. Freeman reviewed a paper on soil bacteria which 
appeared in the last U. S. Year Book, Mr. Osmun 
spoke upon the flagella of bacteria, and Mr. Couden 
read an Interesting paper on Mycorrhiza. After the 
reports, Dr. Stone gave a very Interesting talk on the 
life of Herbert Spencer and his works. His Botani- 
cal Seminar bids fair to surpass the other depart- 
mental seminars In interest. 

— The Boston Market Gardeners* Association 
recently inspected W. W. Rawson's crop of lettuce 
at his establishment at Arlington. Dr. Stone was 
an invited guest and ' during the meeting of the 
association which followed the inspection. Mr. 
Rawson pointed out the benefits which were to come 
with future investigation and in behalf of the associ- 
ation extended to Dr. Stone its deep appreciation for 
the valuable results which he. as a station worker, had 
obtained in controlling plant diseases. 



The Western Alumni Association of Mass. held 
their annual meeting and reunion at the Worthy 
Hotel in Springfield on the evening of Feb. 19. a full 
account will be published in the next issue of the 

'72 — Prof. Samuel T. Maynard contributed a 
lengthy article to the New England Homestead {ox 
Feb. 6th on "Growing Orchards in Turf." Prof. 
Maynard has, since his retirement from the college, 
been quite actively engaged in fruit culture on his 
large farm in Northboro. Mass. 

'75 — At the recent meeting of the Franklin County 
Agricultural Society at Shelburne Falls on Feb. 6th. 
Prof. William P. Brooks delivered an address 
entitled. "Corn. Clover, Cows, and a Bank Account." 

'88 — On Thursday of last week Prof. F. S. 
Cooley also gave the address before a Farmers 
Institute held in Belchertown. 

'00 — Arthur C, Monahan, teacher of science in 
the Amherst High school delivered the afternoon 




With letters from physicians tad 
draggtatlltattBg results obtained. 



It Makes Rough Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

We will upon request mail the pamphlet to you In a 
plain envelope, nnd you will he convinced. 

All Druggists Sell It. 



U F»-T O- r> AT EJ 

Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 


»*. \v. sivOAN, 

Amhkkst, Mass. 


Right from our grove in California, 






9 6 


address before the Hampshire Pomona Grange at 
Easthampton on the " Importance of the Study of 
Agriculture in the Public Schools." 

'03 — Through the death of Professor Koons of the 
Connecticut Agricultural College, George H. Lamson 
has been appointed to the chair of natural history. 
Mr. Lamson is a graduate of " Connecticut" '02. 
" Massachusetts" '03. and has been spending the 
past year at Wesleyan in graduate work. We con- 
gratulate Mr. Lamson on his appointment and wish 
much sucess. 

•00— G. E. Halligan. assistant chemist to Dr. C. 
A. Goessmann of the Hatch Experiment station has 
accepted a position as assistant chemist chemist to 
Dr. W. C. Stubbs in the Sugar School at the 
Louisana Experiment station. He will be located at 
New Orleans. La. after Monday. Feb. 15. 

'92— Frank H. Plumb, farmer. Stafford Conn. 

•96 Dr. I. C. Poole, Fall River, was married to 

Miss Margaret Mathison at Littleton, N. H. Tuesday 
Feb. 2, 1904. 

'37 — Dr. E. R. Flint, Salem, Mass. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The largest stock and the lowest prlcos In town. 

Agents for the celebrated Guyer Hats anil A. B. Klrsch- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 




Hmberst Ibouse- 


D. M. KENDR1CK, PROfmimrom. 

Fountain Pens, fit 

*jj-51.00 vi;p 



313-315 Main Street, 

Springfield, Mass. 

The best Confections made. 



High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main St., 





NO. 9 

Published Fortnightly by Students ef th« Massachusetts Agricultural College. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed, Colleoi Sicjnal, Amhskst, Mass. Th« Signal will be 
sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is ordered and arrears are paid. Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested te 
notify the Business Manager. 


R. RAYMOND RAYMOTH, 1904, Editor-in Chief. 

HOWARD MORGAN WHITE. 1904. Business Manager. 

GEORGE HOWARD ALLEN, 1905, Assistant Business Manager. 

ARTHUR LEE PECK, 1904, Interco legiate. JOHN FRANKLIN LYMAN. 1905, College Notes. 

ERNEST ADNA BACK. 1904, Department Notes. ALLAN DANA FARRAR, 1906. 


Terms: $1.00 per gear in adcance. Single Copies, 10c. Postage outside of United States and Canada 28c. extra. 


Y. M. C. A. 

Foot-Ball Association, 
College Senate, 
Readir.g-Room Association, 

A. W. Gilbert, Pres. 

E. W. Newhall, Jr., Manager, 

F. D. Couden, Pres. 
H. F. Thompson, Sec. 

Athletic Association, 
Base- Bali Association, 
Nineteen Hundred and Six Index. 
Fraternity Conference, 

Prof. S. F, Howard, Sec. 
R. A. Quigley, Manager. 
F. H. Kennedy. Manager. 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 

Entered as second-class matter. Post Office at Amherst. 


Baseball practice will soon begin in the Drill Hall 
and we hope that every one who has any ability as a 
player will show his interest and be out to support the 
team. Let us endeavor to have one of the best 
teams this spring the college has ever known. 

We cannot understand why the farm department 
will not open a path through Lincoln avenue this 
winter. In former years it was always done, but this 
year the plow has gone no further than the Veterinary 
laboratory. Quite a number of students use the road 
and it seems the Department should make travelling 
easier for them. This last snow storm has made 
walking very difficult, and we hope if any more storms 
come the plow will open a way the whole length of 
Lincoln avenue. 

With the next Issue of the Signal the present 
Board completes its work, and hands to its successors 

the responsibility of caring for its interests. A year 
ago when the work was undertaken, the obstacles 
seemed many and the way looked hard. We are 
happy to say that the bridges were safe when we came 
to them, and that we travelled down the road more 
easily than we anticipated. The Signal occupies a 
peculiar position among college papers and for the 
reason of its position, is very difficult to manage sat- 
isfactorily. As it is the only paper published by the 
college it necessarily has to combine the features of 
a college newspaper and literary bi-weekly. This is 
obviously a difficult problem to solve. In the past it 
has been the custom to publish stories, but the pre- 
sent management, considering the material as fur- 
nished not up to the standard required of a college 
paper, decided not to publish such articles that were 
mere stories, but were always ready to receive any 
articles of an interesting nature, and mingle them 
with the news. Whether we have improved the 
Signal in consequence, rests with you who read It, 
and we sincerely trust that the succeeding Board will 
succeed to a greater extent whatever their policy 

9 8 




may be. One aim we particularly had in mind was 
to make the paper of interest to the Alumni for it is 
to them one of the strong links that connects them 
with the college activity of the present time, and 
although we have failed in many particulars we trust 
the readers will be lenient in their judgment and sin- 
cerely hope the incoming Board will meet the require- 
ments more fully and more satisfactorily. The work 
of running a college paper is not easy and the Board 
of Editors receive very little credit for their time and 
service, very little praise — when a word of encourage- 
ment means so much, — and a great deal of harsh criti- 
cism. We have sought to make the Signal repre- 
sentative of the College, but it is manifestly Impossible 
when the Editors themselves are forced to furnish all 
the copy. We hope the college will take this matter 
seriously at heart and make the responsibility lighter 
for the new Board. 

We received a letter from Mr. W. E. Hinds rela- 
tive to the new Alumni club formed at Washington, 
D. C, but it was too late for our last issue and could 
not be carried over to the present. We note else- 
where in this issue a quotation from a Washington 
paper in reference to it. A dinner was also held Sat- 
urday, Feb, 27, but we have received no account of 
it as yet, but trust by the next issue to report on the 
same. We feel sure this move will do credit to the 
Alma Mater and exert an influence in the region it is 
to include. We offer our best wishes for its success 
and hope it will not be long before its numbers are 
doubled, tripled and multiplied again. We also 
received from Dr. Cutter of New York notice of a 
" New College Men's Club," formed at Albany, Feb. 
16, In which "graduates of all colleges and univer- 
sities in this and foreign countries are to be eligible 
to membership." Alvan L. Fowler. '80. and Dr. 
John A. Cutter, '82. are members of the Board of 
governors of the club, and Dr. Cutter Is its chairman. 
A more detailed account will be given in another 


The third annual banquet of the Association was 
held in the Hotel Worthy at Springfield. Friday even- 
ing, February 19, and there were present about forty 

alumni and Invited guests. A noticeable feature of 
the attendance was the presence of so small a propor- 
tion of the younger graduates. The last eight classes 
to receive diplomas were not represented by a single 
member, while more than half of those present grad- 
uated during the first ten years of the existence of 
the college. The guests were President Goodell, 
Professor Mills representing the faculty, and Couden, 
1904 representing the Signal. Besides the members 
of the association several alumni from the eastern 
part of the state were present. 

An excellent menu and programme had been pro- 
vided by the committee of arrangements and the sev- 
eral toasts were well received, so that It was mid- 
night when the party broke up. Excellent music 
was furnished by the College Orchestra, under the 
leadership of Gregg. 1904. throughout the evening, 
and they also performed several vocal stunts including 
the singing of the College Song which several of the 
alumni present then heard for the first time. 

One of the most noteworthy speeches of the even- 
ing was that made by William H, Bowker. of the 
class of 71, President of the Bowker Fertilizer Com- 
pany. Mr Bowker spoke at some length in regard to 
the act now before Congress, which he said would 
result In the domination of the several state Experi- 
ment Stations by the Agricultural Department at 
Washington, to the detriment of their usefulness, and 
lessening their opportunities for original work. He 
spoke of the tendency of the Department to take to 
itself the credit for much of the good work done by 
the Stations, and criticized some statement in a Bul- 
letin recently issued by the Department. Later In 
the evening the following resolutions were favorably 
considered by the association. 

"Voted that no legislation should be enacted by 
Congress that will authorize the United States to 
interfere with or dominate the State Experiment Sta- 
tion or State Agricultural Colleges, as is contemplated 
in the agricultural appropriation bill that has passed 
the House, and is now before the United States Sen- 
ate, and also that further appropriations should be 
made to the State stations for purposes of agricultural 

"Voted that a copy of this vote be sent to each 
member of Congress from Massachusetts, to Repre- 
sentative Adams of Wisconsin, and to the chairman 

of the committees of Agriculture in both the Senate 
and House, and to the Secretary of Agriculture." 

Mr. Bowker also spoke of the recent action of the 
student body in regard to the use of the official name 
of the college by the athletic teams and regretted that 
It was not possible to bring the old nick-name "Aggie" 
back into use among the undergraduates. Some of 
the other speakers also touched upon the same sub- 
ject. Madison Bunker, 75, who so effectually pre- 
vented the circulation of Prof. Howard's subscription 
paper for a coach for next year's football team, at the 
Boston banquet, repeated the remarks made by him 
on that occassion ; and the representative of the Sig- 
nal stated the present attitude of the undergraduates 
both in regard to a name and a nick-name. 

Professor Howard's remarks were in the nature of 
an appeal for athletic subscriptions. This appeal was 
enthusiastically received ami with goodly results. 

Another subject under discussion was that of the 
methods of education pursued at the the college. 
Professor Mills spoke at some length on the ideals 
that the faculty have always before them, and Her- 
bert Myrick of Springfield, Justice Holmes and others 
told what the college had done for them, and what its 
purposes ought to be. President Goodell who was the 
first speaker spoke particularly on the work the college 
is doing along post-graduate lines. The full list of 
speakers are as follows : — President Goodell. Profes- 
sor Mills, Judge Lemuel Le B Holmes, 72, W. H. 
Bowker, 71 ; Herbert Myrick, '82 ; George A. Par- 
ker, 76; Professor Howard. '94; Madison Bunker, 
75; William P. Birnie. 71; and F. D. Couden. 

At the business meeting the following officers for 
the ensuing year elected ; President Charles E. 
Beach, '82, of West Hartford ; first vice-president. 
Wm. P. Birnie, 71, of Springfield ; second vice-pres- 
ident, Geo. P. Smith, 79, of Sunderland ; secretary, 
H. D. Hemenway, '95. of Hartford ; treasurer John 
D. Minor, 73, of New Britain. 


At the agricultural seminar held Thursday evening. 
Feb. 18. Mr. H. M. Howard, a successful market 
gardner of West Newton, and a graduate of Mass- 
achusetts in '91, spoke to the students on •• Market 
Gardening in New England," giving many new and 

interesting ideas about starting, growing, and market- 
ing farm produce. He has only about 10 acres of 
land, but every inch is so well utilized and managed 
that an almost increditable sale of produce in quantity 
and quality is realized. The principal crop Is lettuce 
and besides this, violets are grown to quite an extent 
in winter. 

Mr. Howard believes in beginning on a small basis 
and making that pay large profits rather than on an 
extended scale with profits greatly lessened according 
to the capital invested and a danger of going beyond 
ones capacity. On being asked if he thought it paid 
him to spend four years in college, he said decidedly 
that it did because it broadened a man out so that he 
could enjoy life much more, and again, because the 
experience of college life is something to be always 
looked back upon throughout the whole life. 

The second seminar was held by lamp-light, on the 
evening of Thursday, Feb. 25, when Mr. S. H. Reed 
of Brookfield addressed the seminar on the subject 
" The Selection of the Dairy Cow." The lecture 
was delivered in the Chapel. In the absence of elec- 
tric lights, it was necessary to call into service a stu- 
dent's lamp. Although, for so large a room, the 
lamp gave little light, and his auditors could hardly 
see the speaker, the address was of just as much 
value and profit. About thirty were present, some 
probably being kept away on account of the failure of 
the electric-lights, thinking the meeting would be 

Before commencing his lecture, Mr. Reed con- 
gratulated his listeners on their advantages !n being 
able to attend this college, he not having the oppor- 
tunity. His address, which was one he has given at 
several institutions, was very clear, interesting and 
practical. He spoke of how formerly In this state, 
cows were kept mostly for beef purposes, and told 
about having to go five miles for milk, prescribed for 
a sick baby. As a boy. Mr. Reed was very much 
interested In cows and often picked out animals for 
his father to buy, with gratifying success. He spoke 
of the necessity for care in choosing dairy animals, 
and at length of the points to look for In selecting 
calves to raise, and in judging heifers and dairy cows. 
His wide experience made this part of his address 
very valuable. 

It might be inferred from what Mr. Reed said, 



that, although it is well to have pure bred stock, he 
does not believe in sacrificing constitution and per- 
formance for the sake of purity of breeding. His 
address was full of practical points such as are not to 
be obtained in books, and it may be easily said that 
everyone who attended the lecture took away with 
him something which will be of benefit to him. 


This phrase " college loyalty " is one which is often 
misinterpreted by students in our own institution and 
also in others. How many fellows do you suppose 
there are in college who believe themselves at all 
disloyal ? A precious few be assured. Yet half, yes 
two thirds are often extremely so. 

To take a specific case ; here is one who pays all 
his taxes, is a member of one or more teams, and 
does all he can for athletics. He seems to have a 
great interest in his college. But he is ever finding 
fault about his professors, or his studies ; this profes- 
sor is "down on him", or that one doesn't know how 
to teach. Thus he grumbles day after day. Go to 
that fellow and tell him he is disloyal, if you dare, ten 
to one he will knock you down if he is big enough. 
Why ? Because he thinks you are insulting him — you 
have wounded his pride, for he never imagined that 
he was disloyal. 

Now our college is full of men of this type, men 
who do not know the full meaning of "loyalty". 
Hardly a day passes but one may hear fellows grumb- 
ling about one thing or another. Why does the fac- 
ulty do this, or wily don't they do something else ? 
Moreover some even go home or among their friends 
outside the college and thoughtlessly, perhaps from 
force of habit, run down professors, studies, and 
sometimes even the college itself in a very unjust 
manner. Thereby they only. emphasize that mistaken 
idea which many people have, that our college is 
somewhat inferior to other colleges. 

Therefore fellows, let us cease this harmful, child- 
ish habit and turn our English to a better calling, 
remembering that wherever we go, we shall find 
something not in accordance with our tastes. If we 
would be loyal and true to our dear Alma Mater, and 
and surely we all wish to be, we must ever have in 
mind her best Interests. It is not sufficient that we 
pay our taxes or that we play on some team. We 

must do all in our power to raise Massachusetts to 
a higher standing among colleges and to uphold her 
good name before the world. 

R., '07. 


Sitting in the cosy room of Frederick A. Ober 
ex-72 one day, I happened to notice on the opposite 
wall, the legend •' Books that have helped me most." 
and underneath it a book-case containing twenty-seven 
volumes, all the literary output of our prolific author. 
But that was not all. During the same period of time 
he had contributed 225 magazine articles all requiring 
thought and study. The shortest of his books but one 
numbered 190 pages and the longest 700. At one 
time under bonds to furnish a book a month for a year, 
he undertook by way of pastime to write a history In 
two volumes and actually completed his task within 
the given time. A naturalist, entomologist, traveler 
and lecturer he has been an acknowledged authority 
in the regions of semi-tropical America. 

Of the other ten men who have engaged in literary 
pursuits either as authors or editors we recall to mind 
especially that brilliant but errata Bohemian. Fred- 
erick M. Somers, 72. He was one of the stalwart 
ones whose vigorous stroke swept them to victory over 
Harvard and Brown in the great race at Ingleslde in 
1871. His was a checkered career after leaving col- 
lege. Becoming editor of the Leavenworth Times he 
was active In organizing the •• Leavenworth Academy 
of Science and Art," being one of its five charter 
members and its first secretary. Thence drifting to 
California he became an editorial writer on the 
Chronicle. His sharp, incisive letters on the scandals 
of that period of Canada Pacific Railroad legislation 
awoke the strongest enmity and he was the victim of a 
cowardly assault. While writing at his desk he was 
approached from behind by a man called Wilcox, 
otherwise known as the •* Mariposa Blacksmith " who 
struck him a terrible blow on the head with a leaded 
cane. For months he was compelled to forego all 
literary work and he never quite regained his former 
vigor. On his partial recovery, associating himself 
with Mr. Pixley he started the Argonaut, a weekly, 
that had a wonderful success and that now holds In the 
literature of the whole country the same rank that it 
did then in California. He next started the Califomian 



and the Epigram. The latter at once leaped into 
popularity, its street sales alone more than covering the 
entire cost of Its daily production. His last venture, 
undertaken in connection with a lady literary worker 
In New York, was Current Literature which became 
highly remunerative. Failing in health he started for 
England to recuperate and to promote a novel literary 
scheme but died in Southampton shortly after landing. 

Herbert Myrick, '82, editor and author, pushed 
rapidly to the front immediately after leaving college. 
As editor and proprietor of the New England Home- 
stead and Farm and Home and afterwards of a cluster 
of papers he has worked up his editions into quarter 
and half million copies, and practically controls the 
agricultural pressof the country. As author he has pub- 
lished •• Crisis in Agriculture." •• How to co-operate." 
'• Money crops, how to grow and how to sell them," 
" Revolution in agriculture,";- Sugar," •• Turkeys and 
how to grow them," •• Tobacco leaf " 

We should not forget in passing the name of George 
Tsuda, '96. editor of the Japan Agriculturist in Tokio. 
Whether he has forsaken the plow and the pruning 
hook in the present peril of his country we have not 
been informed, but rest assured that if he has, he will 
give a good account of himself. This college was well 
known to his readers, for besides translating passages 
from our annual reports, he secured plates of our new 
buildings, and had pictures of them from time to time 
on his pages. 

Our civil engineers thirty-two In number -are all 
doing well, but there naturally come into our minds 
the names of two whose reputation I may say is 
national. William Wheeler, 71, whose province 
really is hydraulic engineering and he Is called in as 
an expert all over the country to appraise water works 
or to settle damages, and Charles F. W. Felt. '86. 
chief engineer of the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe 
Railroad. More than a thousand miles of track are 
under his care and you may be sure there is very little 
going on along the whole line that escapes his watchful 
eye. John S. Goodell. ex-'94. is one of hislieutenants. 
now stationed at Cleveland, Texas. Walter F. Carr. 
'81. His career has been a varied one. We first 
find him as architect and engineer associated with 
Spalding. HI, at Minneapolis. We next find him 
secretary and treasurer of the Union Construction Co , 
at Minneapolis, then superintendent of the city railway, 

Minneapolis. He next appears as general manager of 
the Roanoke Street Railway, Roanoke. N. C. From 
there he went to Chicago, becoming superintendent of 
construction of electric railways of West Chicago. We 
next hear of him as chief engineer for the Polk Com- 
pamy, Milwaukee. It is proper to say however that 
catalogues addressed to him at this last place have 
been returned and we can not at the present moment 
locate him. 

The lawyers hold a full deck of twenty. Robert W. 
Lyman, 71, leads the way as registrar of deeds and he 
is followed by Lemuel L. B Holmes, 72, Judge of 
superior court, Massachusetts. James H. Webb, 73, 
instructor criminal law and procedure. Yale university, 
makes a solid third and when these three come 
together, " built high with learning but 'quipped with 
jest and wit," we know that it has been a meeting of 
the Olympians. We can only add the name of Henry 
J. Field. '91, justice of the peace, Franklin District 

Our teachers ! Heaven bless them ! 
'• May all their faults be forgiven ; and may they be 
wafted to bliss by little cherub boys, all head and wings 
with no bottoms to tempt their sublunary infirmities." 
(Charles Lamb.) 

Twenty years ago we remember reading in a New 
York paper the story of a young professor at McGill 
university. Canada, and how he had been snowballed 
through the streets of Montreal by his unruly students. 
The article closed by saying that he could never 
redeem himself save by an exercise of that clear New 
England grit he had Inherited from his father ard 
mother. Thank heaven that he did possess that 
indomitable New England grit, and that believing in 
himself he stayed on and finally received the recogni- 
tion he merited. To-day as we read this long list of 
honors heaped upon him, Bachelor of Science. Master 
of Science, Doctor of Science, Professor of Botany 
and Pathology McGill university, Life Member Mass. 
Hort. society, Life Member Fruit Grower's Associa- 
tion of Nova Scotia, Fellow of the Royal Society of 
Canada, Member New England and Botanical Society, 
Member Society for Plant Morphology and Physiology. 
Member American Society of Naturalists. Associate 
Editor of the American Naturalist. Member of Board 
of Trustees, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods 
Holl, Member Board of Trustees and Secretary 




Marine Biological Laboratory of Canada, Chairman 
British Association Committee on Ethnological Survey 
of Canada, Chairman Committee of Lectures to 
Teachers, Montreal, Chairman Committee of Royal 
Society of Canada, for establishment of permanent 
Ethnological Survey, Canada, Vice-president of 
Natural History Society of Montreal, Editor for 
Palaeobotany, of the BotanischesCentralblatt, Elective 
Fellow, Faculty of Arts, to the Corporation of McGill 
university, we rejoice that David P. Penhallow, 73, 
had strength given him to play the man and show the 
mettle of his breeding. 

Of the remaining long list of those who have adopted 
teaching for a profession we can only give a brief 
enumeration : Smead, 7 1 , Principal of Watkinson 
Farm School, Hartford, Ct.; Saito, '96, teacher in 
Tokio Nautical School ; Green, 79, acknowledged 
leader in forestry and market gardening in Wisconsin, 
Fletcher, '96, head of university extension movement 
Cornell university; Washburn, 78, former president 
of Rhode Island Agricultural and Mechanical college, 
now principal of National Farm school, Doyleston, 
Penn.; Stockbridge, 78, former president of North 
Dakota Agricultural college, now editor agricultural 
paper in Florida ; Howe, 78, President Case School 
Applied Science, Cleveland, Ohio; and Stone, '82. 
President Purdue university, Lafayette, Indiana. 

H. H. Goodell, Ph. D. 


Mr. A. H. Kirkland, '94, entomologist for the 
Bowker Insecticide Co.. gave an interesting address 
before the Horticultural Seminar last evening. In this 
rather general talk on entomological subjects which 
bear on horticulture, Mr. Kirkland gave a very satis- 
factory explanation of the great destruction recently 
caused by insect pests. 

He claims that agricultural specialization gives 
these insects just the desired conditions for rapid mul- 
tiplication ; mile after mile of wheat in the west ; 
great areas under grape culture, etc. all help to facili- 
tate the successful increasing of the farmers enemies. 

Again the Importation of some insect such as the 
gypsy moth or San Jose scale causes great damage 
because it is not held in check by its natural 
enemies, its parasites. When brought into this coun- 
try they are practically free from parasites and they 

find perfect conditions for reproduction, plenty of food 
and no foes. In some instances the only way to 
fight the Invaders has been to Import the natural 
parasites and colonize them in this country. This 
method has proved entirely successful in not a few 

Mr. Kirkland here said that he couldn't let the 
chance go by to take a rap at the English sparrow. 
Instead of living on insects It lives on grain and. 
worse still, it drives out the oriole, robin, and several 
others which are insect eating birds. Thus instead of 
being a help to the farmers, it causes considerable 

After speaking briefly of the codling moth, elm-tree 
beetle, cotton bool weevil, and a few others and 
explaining the methods of treatment, he took occa- 
sion to remind us how closely the agricultural colleges 
are concerned in the solution of the Insect problems. 
After a few remarks by Prof. Waugh, the meeting 
was adjourned. 

Collet N°t<$. 

— Proulx, '03. is visiting in town. 

— Foster ex, '06 visited friends in college last 

— We may feel proud of our new agricultural 

— Miss Cushman, '05, is preparing zoological 
charts for Dr. Lull. 

— The Horticultural Department has purchased a 
team of western horses. 

— Give us a few more alumni banquets like the 
one held in Springfield Feb. 19. 

— Observer Henshaw is now taking two instead of 
three readings a day as in the past. 

— The Fertilizer department of the experiment 
station is receiving a new coat of paint. 

— Dr. Stone met with the Boston Market 
Gardeners' Association at Waverly, Feb. 20. 

— Couden, '04 represented the Signal at the 
Alumni banquet in Springfield Friday, Feb. 19. 

— Dr. Fernald received last week a present of a 
collection of Sphecids from Mr. De la Torre Bueno of 
N. Y. 


— The dynamo at the Heating and Lighting 
Station broke down last Thursday leaving the college 
in darkness. 

—Gregg, '04. and Walker. *05, attended the 
Junior promenade at Mount Holyoke college last 
Monday evening. 

—Fulton. '04, is filling F. R. Church's position as 
instructor in short course milk testing during Mr. 
Church's sickness. 

—Back. '04, has secured, for study, through the 
courtesy of the American Entomological Society, its 
collection of Asilidae. 

— F. A. Bartlett, '05, has left college to accept a 
position of foreman under G. A. Drew, '97, on 
Conyers Manor. Greenwich, Ct. 

—Mr. A. H. Kirkland. '94. head of the depart- 
ment of insecticides of the Bowker Fertilizer Com- 
pany, addressed the Horticultural Seminar last 
Friday evening. 

— The last of Mr. Petit's class receptions will take 
place next Wednesday, March 9, from 8 to 1 1 , in 
Red Men's hall. All who have attended any of his 
classes are invited to attend. 

— An entirely new schedule has been prepared for 
the remainder of the semester. Drill will be from 
3-45 to 4-45 p. m. instead of from 4-45 to 5-45 as 
given by the previous schedule. 

— The Sophomores have elected the following 
officers: Pres. Richard Wellington, vice-president 
H. M. Russell, sec. and treas. A. T. Hastings, 
sergeant -at-arms Benjamin Strain. 

— It has been voted at a mass meeting of the stu- 
dent body to discontinue the name Massachusetts 
State College on all athletic papers and to use Massa- 
chusetts Agriculural College instead. 

—The Agricultural Seminar was addressed Thurs- 
day Feb. 1 1 by Mr. H. M. Howard, '91. on" Market 
Gardening from a Business Standpoint" and was 
addressed again on Thursday evening Feb. 5 by Mr. 
S. J. Reed of West Brookfleld on "The Dairy Cow." 

—Blake, 04, was sent by the Horticultural Depart- 
ment to North Wllbraham last Saturday to inspect a 
large peach orchard In order to discover to what 
extent the buds had been killed by the unusually cold 
winter and to advise the owner as to the best methods 
of pruning his trees. 

—The following reading room directors have been 
elected:— G. W. Patch, Pres.. J. F. Lyman. Vice- 
president. H. F. Tompson. secretary and treasurer, 
from the Junior class; H. M. Russel, J. E. Martin, 
and E. H. Scott, from the Sophomore class, and E. 
T. Denham and E. D. Philbrick from the Freshman 

—The college enthusiasm in basketball has been 
exceptionally strong this semester. This is a great 
encouragement to the team ; but now every man In 
college should give the basketball team just as loyal 
support as he gives to the football team in the fall, for 
unless the student body stands behind the team we 
can never reach the height of success in basketball. 

— The Seniors have elected the following speakers 
and committees for commencement : Ivy poet, R. R. 
Raymoth, class orator. J. W. Gregg, hatchet orator. 

F. D. Couden. pipe orator, G. E. O'Hearn, class poet, 
M. A. Blake, campus orator. M .F. 
mittee F. D. Couden. chairman, C. F. Griffin, C Ell- 
wood. H. M. White, J. W. Cregg. P. F. Staples. A. 
L. Peck A. W. Gilbert; General committee on 
commencement. H. D. Newton. C. H. Griffin. 
S. B. Haskell ; committee on class cup. E. A. Back, 

G. E. O'Hearn, H. D. Newton, A. W. Gilbert. 


The quotation given below is from the Washington 
Star for Feb. 1 5. We note also in the Washington 
Times for the same date an item essentially the same 

under the heading "Bay State Alumni Plan Local 
Organization." — Ed. 

" At an informal meeting. Saturday afternoon, of 
graduates of the Massachusetts Agricultural college 
plans were made for the organization of a Washington 
alumni club and for a banquet in the near future. 
Some of the names that the membership list will 
probably include are : H. Wells and H. B. Simpson, 
business men of this city; Dr. E. W. Allen, vice 
director of the office of experiment stations : C. B. 
Lane, assistant chief of division of dairying ; Dr. W. 
E. Hinds, C. M, Walker and Dr. A. W. Morrill of the 
division of entomology ; B. H. Smith of the bureau of 
chemistry and A. M. West of the biochemlc division 
of the United States Department of Agriculture. 



I ■ 


A meeting of the Conference was held last Wed- 
nesday evening. H. M. White, 1904, reviewed a 
recent bulletin of the Tennessee experiment station 
which dealt with the action of copper salts on leaves. 
The experiments conducted were for the primary pur- 
pose of discovering the reasons for the injurious 
effects of Bordaeux mixture, and other copper 
solutions used as fungicides, on the leaves of the 
peach. W. E. Tottingham. 1903. read an interesting 
paper on the smut in corn. The paper dealt particularly 
with the effect on cattle of eating corn affected with 
the smut. Mr. Tottingham who is taking post-grad- 
uate work in chemistry as well as botany has been 
doing some work on the chemical actions induced by 
the fungus. 



The Short Course Class 1904. 
Hereby be It known, that we, the Short Course 
Class, 1904. having found it necessary for our protec- 
tion and mutual benefit, hereby organize under the 
registered name, according to the M. A. C. catalog, 
1903-1904. Short Course 1904. Furthermore be it 
known that our officers shall be first, president; 
second, vice-president ; third, secretary ; fourth, treas 
urer. And furthermore be it known that : 
The following laws shall govern the class. 
By-Law I — The officers shall serve for a period of 
ten weeks, shall receive no financial stipend for 
services rendered thereof, but shall receive the curses 
and abuses of all those with whom they come in con- 
tact, ad libitum. 

By-Law II— The officers shall act as a joint board 
to tend to all business of the class not done at the 
regular meetings. 

By-Law III — No member, or members shall take 
the power of ex-officio, to engage speakers, enter 
rushes, wear insignias or call meetings. 

By-Law IV— 77k? Calling of Meetings. A meeting 
can be called by the president at any time, or, during 
his absence, by the vice-president. The president 
shall call a meeting at the request of at least five 
members of the class ; the request of these special 
meetings must be made known to the president at 
least 24 hours preceeding time of meeting. 

By-Law V — The failure of any of the class officers 
to properly execute the duties of their particular office 
will justify their Impeachment. 

By-Law VI — The members shall treat the faculty 
with due respect and courtesy. 

By-Law VII — The members shall treat with due 
respect all M. A. C. students. 

By-Law VIII— The members shall have proper 
regard for all just precedent customs of the upper 

By-Law IX — The voting for officers or expendi- 
tures shall be done by ballot. 

By-Law X— All other balloting shall be done by 
dictation of the president. 

By-Law XI— Notice of all class meetings shall be 
given verbally by the president at a time when the 
class is assembled. 

By-Law XII — A quorum shall consist of twelve 

Signed : 

F. L. Austin, ) Committee 
Gordon Runkle, > on 
Fred Pick, ) By-laws. 


The names of those men who are eligible to elec- 
tion on the Board of Editors of the Signal are L. W. 

B. Hill. A. D. Taylor and P. F. Williams. '05. and 
G. H. Chapman, A. A. Racicot and W. C. Tannatt, 
'06. The following men may become eligible by 
submitting at least an article on or before March 21 : 

C. W. Carpenter, A. T. Hastings. Jr., S. S. Rogers 
and E. H. Scott, '06, and W. E. Dickinson, A. W 
Higgins, C. King. H. C. Knox, C. A. Rice and R J 
Watts. 07. 



Why do not more young men fit themselves for 
positions as chemists, farm superintendents, managers 
of estates, and dairymen? During the past few 
months the writer has had calls for two young men to 
go on large dairy farms and for two to take positions 
as farm managers. He has also been asked to fill 
the position of chemist in an experiment station, but 
had no party available. Requests for men are con- 
stantly coming to the heads of the several college and 

station departments, the demand being greatly In 
excess of the supply. Young men who will take the 
time and who have the desire to properly fit them- 
selves can surely secure lucrative positions in the sev- 
eral lines of agricultural industry. Think the matter 
over. M. A. C. students. j. B . L.ndsey. 


Dfp&r-tmtrvlr JYotts. 

The northwest room of the Durfee plant house 
which has been of interest to visitors because of its 
fig and orange trees, is being converted into a violet 

The heavy spring propagation of plants in the spring 
trade has already commenced in the propagation 
houses. More salable stock than ever will be raised 
this year to meet the ever Increasing demand for plant 
which are college bred. 

Dr. Fernald is now at work upon the Sphecidae, a 
family of the Hymenoptera. Like a great many other 
groups of insects, this family has been waiting to be 
thoroughly worked over. Dr. Fernald has undertaken 
this task and for some time has been busy getting 
together necessary literature, identifying specimens, 
and making new descriptions where old ones are 
inadequate. He has already published three papers 
as a result of his study, and is now preparing revision 
of the Sphecinae which he hopes to complete before 
the end of the year. He has been very fortunate in 
securing all the insects of his group which are in the 
collections of the National Museum, American 
Entomological Society. American Museum of Natural 
History, Harvard and Cornell University and many of 
the smaller state colleges, besides eight large private 
collections and specimens from Cuba and the British 
West Indies. Over 5,000 specimens in all. With 
such excellent material at hand— for he practically ha s 
a" the available collections in the United States— 
Dr. Fernald hopes to place this family upon a sound 

A lively interest exists among the short course 
students, as they are now making the prize butter. It i 
is expected that some high scoring lots will be turned 
out. reasoning from the excellence of the past few 
weeks ; some butter scored as high as 95. 

The combined churn and butter worker which has 
been used in the dairy school for about five years has 
been replaced by a new machine a •« Victor " made by 
the Moseley & Stoddard Manufacturing Company 
It is of the latest and most approved pattern with a 
capacity for churning 75 gallons of cream. 

Another addition to the dairy school equipment is a 
Farrington Duplex Pasteurizer, a machine recently 
invented by Professor Farrington of Wisconsin Univer- 
sity. It is a continuous flow machine, a method 
greatly superior to the intermittant style. 

The agricultural laboratory in the basement of 
South College is now used by the juniors in agricul- 
thre for the first time. The south room is fitted up 
with two large tables with seating room for eighteen 
It Is equipped with a set of dissecting microscopes 
designed for use in examining seeds, vegetables and 
crops in general, as well as for making germination 
tests. The north room is provided with laboratory 
bench and apparatus for the study of the physical 
properties of the soil. The object in view is to study 
particularly the behavior of soils as related to moist- 
ure and heat. The apparatus to be used for this pur- 
pose is similar to that which was used at the graduate 
school of agriculture, Columbus, O., in the summer 
of 1902. 

Other equipment consist in a centrifugal machine 
for the mechanical analysis of soils, surveying instru- 
ments for work in connection with drainage, and a 
self registering dynamometer for determining the 
draft of farm machinery. A water motor with shaft 
and pulleys will provide the power necessary for run- 
ning the centrifugal machine and other apparatus. 

Two drying ovens with hoods have been set up 
ready for use ; these will be used largely by the exper- 
iment station in some lines of work. 


There is to be a National Oratorical contest held in 
St. Louis sometime in the Fall, in which representa- 
tives from the colleges of the various sections of the 
country are to compete, and the winner is to be known 
as the champion college orator of the United States. 
The winner of such honors will undoubtedly be looked 
upon as a man of whom much is to be expected, and 
it will prove a fine opening into the recognition of the 
world for the fortunate man. 





The Western Alumni association of the Massachu- 
setts Agricultural college will hold its annual meeting 
and reunion at the Sherman House, Chicago, III., on 
on Saturday, March 26, 1904, at 6-30 p. m. 

Arthur B. Smith, Secretary 
332 Fifth Ave. 

73.— David P. Penhaliow. Professor of Botany. 
McGill University, Canada, has received this year the 
degree of D. Sc. 

79. — The Experiment Station Record, Dec. 1 903. 
contains a notice of a book by Prof. S. B. Green of 
Univ. of Minnesota on '• Principle of American 
Forestry," also In the Jan. issue a notice of a bulletin 
by Professor Green and an article in Forestry and 
Irrigation on the courses In Forestry in Agricultural 

'82. — W. H. Bishop has resigned his position as 
Superintendent of Gray Rock Farm, Yonkers Park, 
N. Y. to accept the position of Professor of Agricul- 


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Prof. G. Bixler, 97 Odgen ave., Chicago, 111. 

lure at the National Farm School, at Farm School 
Penn. Thus do theory and practice go hand in hand.' 
'94.— A. H. Kirkland and H. L. Frost, '95 have 
recently returned from a business trip through the 
West and Northwest. They visited nearly every 
important fruit growing section and made a special 
study of horticultural methods and conditions. Among 
the M. A. C. alumni met on the trip were R E 
Smith, '94. A. F. Burgess. '94 and R. A. Cooley '95 ' 
They bring back a very flattering report of western 
prosperity and of the opportunities the country offers 
to young men. Mr. Kirkland gave a very interesting 
talk before the Horticultural Seminar last Friday even 
mgon- Opportunities forthe Economic Entomologist." 
'94.— C. H. Spauldinghas recently been appointed 
Government Inspector of Dredging for Boston harbor 
The '• math " men of M. A.C. are in no ways behind 
in the race. 

'94.-John E. Gifford of Sutton has been placed 
«n charge of the exhibit and competitive tests of the 
Devon cattle at the St. Louis Exposition. 

•95.— The Experiment Station Record contains an 
note on an article by H. H. Ballou. 

'96.— Country Life in American Feb. 1904 con- 
tains an article by Professor Fletcher of Cornell. 

'97.— Philip H. Smith gave an address in Stafford 
Springs, Conn., on Feb. 10, on the subject of Con- 
centrated Food-Stuffs. Mr. Smith has, since his 
graduation devoted his entire time to this subject in 
the capacity of chemist at the Hatch Experiment 

Ex-'99.— We are informed that A. A. Boutell has 
moved from Leominster to Leverett, where he has 
bought a large farm. 

'00.— A. W. Morrill of the Division of Entomology 
United States Department of Agriculture, who has 
spent the past few weeks in Washington, D. C, has 
returned to Texas, where his headquarters are at 

'00.— Howard Baker, V. M. D„ who has beer 

practicing in Pittsfield for some time has recently 

opened a second office in Great Barrington where he 

will spend half of his time. Dr. Baker is also a 

graduate of Magill University. 

00.— J. E. Halligan. Sugar Experiment Station, 
Audubon Park, New Orleans, La. 




With lett.Ts from physicians an.l 
dragftaaautfag results obtain*] 



It Makes Rough Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

We will upon request mail the pamphlet to vou in a 
plain envelope, and you will be convinced. 

All Oklggists Sell It. 




Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 

Amiikkht, Mas«. 


Kitfht from oar grove In California. 

-^•5o. *» dozen. 




W. M. 8f am. w „ „ 




'00. — Mr. and Mrs. James W. Kellogg spent Wash- 
ington's Birthday at the home of Mrs. Gilbert in 

'01. — Luther A. Root, address, 57 King Street, 

'02. — H..E. Hodgkiss has been forced to give up 
his graduate work on account of ill health. He hopes 
to return in the fall. 

'03. — E. G. Proulx, formerly foreman of Fancy 
Stock Farm, Hinsdale, 111., has returned to Amherst 
to assume the position in the Experiment Station 
left vacant by the departure of Mr. Halligan. 

'03. — Through a mistake in the last issue of the 
Signal we announced the appointment of C. H. 
Lamson to the chair of Natural History at Conn. 
State College. Mr. Lamson, has however accepted a 
position of instructor in the Dairy Course, and will 
probably retain a position there for the rest of the 
year. However we have no fears of Mr. Lamson 
not getting there. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 


The largest stock and the lowest prices In town. 

Agents for the celebrated Guyer Hats and A. B. Kirsch- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 




Hmberst Ifoouse. 


D. H. KSNORICK, f*«or*imrom. 

Fountain Pens, 

J^l.OO up 



313-315 Main Street, 

Sl'lMNGKlKM), MA88. 

Belle plead Sweets. 


The best Confections made. 



High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main St., - 






















NO. 10 

Published Fortnightly by SiudTitT^ihTMi^i^^ :rZr 

notify the Business Manager. " "* P*" 1 ' Suba "iber» who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 


R. RAYMOND RAYMOTH. 1904, Editor-in Chief 

HOWARD MORGAN WHITE. 1904. Business Manager 
FAYETTE DICKINSON COUDEN f ^ H ° WARD ^^ ,905 ' *"<*«« Business Manager. 

ARTHUR LEE PECK. 1904. Intercolegiate. fnu» *,f? RLEY HUTCH 'NGS, 1905, Alumni Notes 

ERNEST ADNA BACK. 1 904, Department Notes. I?, * k. /? KUN L ™ AN ' ' 905 " ^'V No <«- 

ALLEN NEW MAN^WATN. ,905, Ath,^ R^LPH WAr'e ^AkIs. IZ. 

^^^ ertr „. 

Y. M. C. A. 
Foot- Ball Association, 
College Senate, 
Reading-Room Association, 


W. Gilbert. Pres. Athletic Association 

W. Newhall, jr.. Manager. Base- Ball Association 

Nineteen Hundred and Six Index 

F. Thompson, Sec. 

Fraternity Conference. 

Entered as second-class matter, Post Offic- at Amherst. 

Prof. S. F. Howard, Sec. 
R. A. Qulgley, Manager. 
F. H. Kennedy, Manager 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 


Now that an Alumni Club has been organized in 
Washington, D. C. we trust each year will find it 
growing stronger. The college is sending men each 
year to the Departments at Washington, and by the 
organization of the graduates into a club, the college 
is sure to become better known and because of the 
ability and position of the men, will be looked upon 
with respect and come to be considered in its true 
light. We wish all possible success to the club ; may 
it be loyal to the interests of the Alma Mater, and 
strive to keep In touch with the development of the 
college, and aid in the work. 

to the Insectary and down that path, the short cut has 
been, is. and probably always will be. used, and a walk 
of some nature should be constructed. At no time Is 
walking pleasant there save on the brightest, fairest 
days. Likewise on the Botanical walk at no time Is walk- 
ing favorable save during the dryest weather. Whether 
a concrete walk would appear well there or not 
we are not able to say. but a good walk of gravel well 
built and attended to would make quite a perceptible 
change. Whatever decision might be reached we hope 
something might be attempted this spring. 

As spring draws apace the question of the walks and 
their condition comes to our consideration. It seems as 
though something should be done with that portion of 
the county road between the end of the college walk and 
Mrs. Gilbert's; but what, we cannot advise. It Is 
frequented so much, as one does not care to walkover 

We have referred In these columns to the matter of 
having the class tree planted during the Freshman 
year, but as yet no definite action has been taken, we 
wisn something could be decided upon in this matter. 
The advantages of following such a course are too 
obvious to discuss; and now as spring comes on. the 
time to plant is close at hand. How the change 
could be satisfactorily affected is a matter open to 
discussion, but it seems that if each class were to 






plant their tree this spring the plan could be safely 
carried out ; and although the upper classes would 
have but a short time to care for the tree, yet the 
lower classes would have the advantage of a few 
years, and by the time they graduated the tree would 
perhaps be in a great deal better shape than if it had 
just been planted in the Senior year. Think over the 
matter and see if something cannot be attempted. 

One thing that is always of interest to M. A. C. 
men, as in fact to the men of any college, is to know 
how its graduates are succeeding, and one thing that 
makes a college famous is a strong, successful body 
of alumni. President Goodell's timely articles on the 
alumni have been of especial interest to all of us, as 
many of the undergraduates have not known what our 
alumni really have been doing, or what success they 
have achieved, and we hope every student has given 
them a careful reading, so that when called upon they 
may be able to point to some excellent examples of 
success. One thing that comes to the notice of one 
looking up the record of our alumni is the fact that 
nearly every man has secured good, lucrative positions, 
and that is of especial interest to us all. And this is 
true of nearly all graduates of colleges giving a prac- 
tical scientific training. In this age the scientifically 
trained man is the man the world needs, and he is 
sure to succeed well wherever he goes. 

With this issue of the Signal the members of the 
Board of the class of 1904 complete their work, and 
take this opportunity of thanking all for the support 
and assistance they have given. The Signal has 
been run with good success the past year, and we 
leave it on good foundation, trusting that the incoming 
Board may meet with greater success and enjoy a 
period of good will with all concerned. If a college 
paper is to be of the greatest benefit, it must have the 
good will and assistance of the student body and 
alumni. Every man must feel an interest in his paper, 
and feel proud of its existence. If this feeling does 
not exist, then something is wrong somewhere, and it 
should be righted. But do not lay all the blame to the 
Board of Editors; they endeavor, with all the knowl- 
edge and experience they possess, to meet the require- 
ments, and, if they fail, it is, perhaps, because there 
is no enthusiastic and encouraging response from 

outside. To be sure, the Board is elected to do the 
work, but most of its work should be editorially and 
managing — the college, as a whole, should supply 
material. At the New England Intercollegiate Press 
Convention, held last May in Boston, the representatives 
of the Wellesley papers startled the convention by 
saying that no member of the Board was allowed to 
contribute copy except on special occasions, their 
work was principally editorial. While this is just the 
reverse of nearly all other colleges, yet it seems to us 
as probably the best way to make the papers repre- 
sentative of the college, and all tesl a part ownership 
in its interests, and consequently endeavor to make it 
the best that is possible. This probably is not possible 
here at Massachusetts, but we hope the students will 
be more generous in their support of the organ that 
represents their alma mater to the outside world. It 
is by the Signal that many gain an idea of the nature 
and work of the college, and it should therefore give 
the best impression to all. We extend our best 
wishes to the new Board, and trust that they will raise 
the Signal to a higher plane than it has ever reached 
before, and hope every man in any wise connected 
with Massachusetts will support them cheerfully, 
enthusiastically and willingly. 

There has been a good deal of interest shown by the 
members of the sophomore class in a special course 
in Agriculture which was in operation last semester 
and which still meets occasionally. This is a practi- 
cal course in stock-judging with the barn as a judging 
ring. It consists of individual judging of each specimen 
by the pupils followed by the judgment by the instructor. 
It seems as tho'this was.and still is, the kind of work 
that most of the men that are electing Agriculture. 
Horticulture and Landscape Gardening need and are 
demanding. Not merely " book learning" but a little 
good practical work out in the field ; work typical of 
what will be expected of us when we get out into life. 
By examination of the catalogue, we find that there 
is not much more than thirty per cent, of the men in 
this college that come from the country — that is, that 
have had any practical experience in farming and the 
kindred branches at all — and it seems that for students 
taking up these branches and wishing to develop in 
them, that a little work under supervision might not 
with Impropriety be added to their course. We 

find at Cornell, at Tuskegee, at Briar Cliff 
Manor and at numberless other places, practical exer- 
cises are given in laying tile, running irrigation ditches, 
building fences, farm buildings, etc., things that a 
good farm superintendent should know about ; but how 
is a city-bred fellow to know about these things, unless 
he has a chance to get them here, there Is not much 
chance after we get out into life? It is all right to tell 
a man, •• here is a rough road, I want it graded to a 
five per cent, grade,- but how many, without previous 
experience are there who would be able to do the job 
in the least expensive and the most expeditious way? 

S., '06. 

One of the most convenient books of its kind that 
has come to our attention is Home's Handbook of 
Parliamentary Usage published by Hinds & Noble. 
Its chief claim to distinction lies in the fact that it 
has ail the necessary rules of procedure in debate 
and business meetings in plain sight. The book is 
small, composed of but 54 pages, and is convenient 
for the pocket. By opening the book In the centre. 
each question to be considered is arranged alpha- 
betically and before the eyes, so that in a moment's 
time any matter under consideration can be refered 
to without the bother of searching a manual through 
to decide a point at issue. It is a book every student 
should possess for he will be called upon time and 
again to take part in some meeting and unless he has 
kept in touch with Parliametary rules is likely to for- 
get some points that are essential to good form, and 
as the manuals are too bulky to carry around he may 
be at a loss to know what to do ; this handbook 
supplies the want exceedingly well. It is strange no 
one thought of arranging one like it before. 

become known throughout the world. It is probably 
the most perfect system for the development of the 
body physically, extant, and one of the most success- 
ful American systems is founded on some of its princi- 
ples. Although the book does not go into detail of ail 
the exercises of jiu-jitsu yet enough explanation and 
description is given to enable one to gain an under- 
standing of the method and an acquaintance with some 
of the exercises. Mr. Hancock is himself a student of 
jiu-jitsu having taken a course of instruction from the 
Japanese themselves and Is competent to describe it. 
It is a book that everyone should read thoroughly, and 
we regret that only one copy Is in the library. 

One of the recent additions to the library is the book, 
Japanese Physical Trainingby H.Irving Hancock, giving 
"the system of exercise, diet and general mode of living 
that has made the Mikado's people the healthiest, 
strongest and happiest men and women in the world." 
It is a book we would recommend to every student. 
It takes up the history of the Jiu-jitsu, the system of 
exercise developed by the famous Samurai, and gives 
some of the exercises described in that system. This 
system was for centuries kept a secret among the 
warriors of Japan but now some of its principles have 


"Lord, thou deliveredst unto me five talents: 
behold I have gained besides them five talents more." 
From the list of thirty-four doctors we select the 
names of Joel E. Coldthwait '86 who has secured a 
national reputation in the cure of diseases of arms 
and legs arising from spinal trouble. As expert he 
seems to operate at will, snipping off the attachment 
of a muscle here and securing a union there to bring 
about a more direct action of the muscle and thus 
obtain better results. 

Josiah N. Hall, 78, Professor of materia medlca 
and therapeutics in University of Colorado. He and 
Joseph E. Root. 76. Hartford, Conn., mighty men of 
valor with scalpel and with pellet, are equally at home 
with deadly gun and have filled their offices with 
trophies of the chase. Skulls, horns, skeletons and 
skins from the far west adorn their walls. 

Winfleld Ayres, '86. adjunct professor genlto-urinary 
surgery New York post-graduate medical school. 
George H. Barker. '85. Surgeon United States Navy, 
and Frederick Tuckerman, 78, who. abandoning the 
active practice of his profession, has devoted himself 
to microscopic work in connection with the taste buds 
of the mammalia. 

Loitering one day in the streets of Minneapolis we 
were struck with the symmetry and beauty of the 
"Miner's Loan and Trust Building." Making inquir- 
ies concerning it we recognized at once the hand of 
William C. Whitney. 72. A club building and numer- 
ous dwelling houses all betray the same light touch 
and elegance of design. Here too. engaged In the 
same work and with like success, was Abel W. 



Spalding. '81, who has since moved to Tacoma. 
Washington. Our two architects, deserved the 
recognition of their fellowmen and fairly won 
it. A third architect and civil engineer, Emory 
A. Ellsworth, 71, is known to you all, for he designed 
and built the veterinary buildings and also the new 
Dining Hall at the college. He was engaged for a 
time on the Holyoke Water Works and subsequently 
as civil engineer on the Turner's Falls Branch of the 
New Haven & Northampton Railroad Co., 
houses. business blocks and private dwellings are way- 
marks of his skill from here to Minnesota and 

It is but a step from the care of men to the care 
of animals and we turn now to our veterinarians — a 
goodly band seventeen in number. Frederick H. 
Osgood, 78, took the degree of V. S. at Edinburgh 
and became an M. R. C. V. S. at London. England. 
He was for a time head of the Harvard veterinary 
school and was chairman of the cattle commission of 

Austin Peters, '81, also an M. R. C. V. S. has 
been for a number of years and is now head of what 
we may call the cattle commission of Massachusetts. 

Eugene H. Lehnert, '93, is Professor of veterinary 
science and physiology at the Connecticut Agricultural 

Charles H. Higgins, '94, is Pathologist to the 
Department of Agriculture, Dominion of Canada, 
with headquarters at Ottawa. 

Arthur A. Harmon, '00, veterinarian to State Live 
Stock Sanitary Board of Pennsylvania. 

Our entomologists are more widely scattered than 
any other class of our graduates. Lounsbury, '94, in 
entomologist for the British government in South 
Africa ; Ballou, '95, is In like manner entomologist 
for the British West Indies ; Knight, '92, it is prob- 
able has a similar position in India; Felt, '91, is state 
entomologist. New York; Hinds, '99, Walker, '99, 
Morrill, '00, are all in the employ of the United States 
government, stationed in Texas to investigate the cot- 
ton boll weevil ; Smith, '01, assistant state entomolo- 
gist. Georgia ; Kirkland, '94, entomologist for the 
Bowker Insecticide Company ; Burgess, '95. Inspec- 
tor nurseries, Ohio ; and Cooley, '95, entomologist 
Montana Agricultural College. 

It may not be amiss to briefly speak of the work of 

a few whom it is not easy to classify : 

William H. Caldwell, '87, secretary and treasurer 
of the American Guernsey Cattle Club. 

Edwin W. Allen, '85, Vice Director, Office Experi- 
ment Stations, Washington, D. C. 

Frederick D. Tucker. ex-'87, President National 
Memorial University, Mason City, Iowa. 

Walter C. Paige, '91, Secretary Y. M.C. A. Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Royal T. Davidson, ex-'92. Commandant of cadets. 
Northwestern Military Academy, Highland Park, III., 
whose prolonged expedition on the bicycle has taught 
our military officers the use that can be made of that 
instrument in war. 

George A. Parker, 76, superintendent of Ker.ey 
Park, Hartford, Conn. 
Granville A. Ellis, ex-75, publisher, London, England. 

Thomas H. Chambury, ex-'98. Instructor, Balti- 
more Dental College, Baltimore, Md. 

William S. Lyon, ex-75, Botanist, Experiment 
Station, Manila. 

Boonzo Hashihuchi, '81. Governor of Formosa. 

Charles M. Cooke, ex-73, Our only millionaire. 

Clarence B. Lane, '95. assistant chief Dairy Divis- 
ion, Department Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

In brief we have given one president to Indiana, two 
to Japan and one each to Rhode Island and North 
Dakota. We have furnished seven teachers to 
Japan, three each to Connecticut, Pennsylvania and 
Alabama, two each to Texas, Michigan, Rhode Island. 
Indiana, Maine, Maryland, New Jersey and Manila, 
and one each to Virginia, Missouri, Canada, Wiscon- 
sin, Delaware. North Dakota. Florida, Idaho, West 
Virginia, New York. Montana, Utah, Illinois, Wiscon- 
sin, Minnesota and India. We have given the Vice 
Director to the Office Experiment Stations, Washing- 
ion, D. C. Two directors to Rhode Island, three to 
Brazil, one to Vermont and one to Indiana, and we 
have furnished five station workers to Rhode Island, 
three to Texas and three to New Jersey, two each to 
Tennessee, Indiana, Ohio, Vermont and New York, 
and one each to California, Louisiana. North Carolina. 
Montana, Maryland and Georgia. 

To the General Court we have sent four of our 
faculty and nine of our graduates, Norcross, 71, Tuc- 
ker, ex-71, Porter, 76, Brigham, 78. Parker. '80, 
(2) Paige, '82, (2) Preston, '83, (2) Hall, ex-'80, (2) 


Richardson, '87. Into the army and navy besides 
Dickinson, ex-77, Clark, ex- 74. Barber '85 and 
Armstrong. '99. have gone six of your instructors 
These do not include the military details. 

I cannot close this honor roll of the college without 
recalling to mind the advice of the old man to those 
who were about to do great things : 

You are going: to do great things, you say. 

You have splendid plans ; 
Your dreams are of heights that are far away ; 

They're a hopeful man's 

But the world, when it judges the case for you 

At the end, my son. 
Will think not of what you were going to do. 

But of what you've done. 





The first general meeting of the graduates of the 
college In and around Washington was held at the 
Montrose Hotel. Corner of H and 14th Sts . on the 
evening of February 29, 1904. A preliminary meet- 
ing of a number of graduates had chosen committees 
to arrange for the organization of a club and for a place 
of meeting. The committee of arrangements for a 
meeting chose Dr. E. W. Allen. '85, assistant director 
of the office of Experiment Stations, as toastmaster 
m which capacity he acted at the meeting at the 
Montrose Hotel. 

After the banquet, Dr. Allen reviewed very briefly 
the history and growth of the Massachusetts Agricul- 
tural college, and mentioned some of the men who 
have been in the past connected with it and have since 
become identified with other lines of work, and as one 
of the most prominent he introduced as the guest of 
the evening Major Henry E. Alvord. chief of the Dairy 
Division in the Bureau of Animal Industry. Major 
Alvord expressed his high regard for the college, with 
which he was connected for some years as Military 
Instructor, and In the course of reminiscence reviewed 
'he events In which he had taken part and through 
which the provision for military instruction in the Agri- 
cultural colleges, was Introduced into the Morrill Act 
of 1862. 

A few years later, under the provisions of this very 
act. Major Alvord was detailed to military duty at the 

college as its regular military instructor. Both Dr 
Allen and Major Alvord. in their work for the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, having had an opportunity to visit 
personally all the Agricultural colleges in the United 
States, mentioned the fact that no other in this coun- 
try possesses so beautiful a location as that occupied 
by the Massachusetts Agricultural college. In review- 
ing the marked development of technical agriculture 
>n these State Agricultural colleges. Major Alvord paid 
nigh tribute to the work of President H. H. Goodell 
and other men who have been connected with M A 
C. and have had a large part in the development and 
growth of our Alma Mater. 

The toastmaster called the attention of the meeting 
to the development of the dairying Industries in which 
many of our graduates have taken an active part and 
called upon Mr. C. B. Lane. '95. Assistant Chief of the 
Dairy Division, as a representative of these men. Mr. 
Lane spoke of some of the changes which have been 
made in the curricula of the Agricultural colleges and 
especially of the introduction of the senior elective 
courses in our own college in 1893. He said that he 
had found that a great many of the men graduating 
since the Introduction of the elective courses have 
followed the special lines of work which they were able 
to begin at that time. 

Among the instructors who have exerted a strong 
influence in the upbuilding of special nepartments in 
the college, the name of Dr. C. A. Goessmann Is 
especially prominent, and under his instructions many 
men have been started In chemical work. 

The toastmaster called upon Mr. S. W. Wiley, '98 
chemist for the American Chemical & Fertilizer Com- 
pany, who said that from personal comparison of men 
from our own and other institutions, he could testify 
that M. A. C. graduates in chemistry could hold their 
own with graduates of any other colleges. He spoke 
highly of Mr. W. H. Bowker for having given so many 
men a start In practical work, such as it Is often 
difficult to obtain 

Mr. B. H. Smith, '99, of the Bureau of Chemistry, 
was called upon as a recent graduate of the college, 
who is at present In the government service, and he 
emphasized the fact that the government offers many 
attractive openings to the graduates of our colleges. 
He suggested that someone well acquainted with the 
facts should bring them to the attention of the under- 




graduates assembled in mass-meeting. 

Mr. J. R. Eddy, ex-'97. who through his vocation, is 
helping to conserve the natural beauty of the National 
Zoological Park, expressed his regret that events had 
rendered it impossible for him to complete his course 
at M. A. C. His remarks showed, however, his loyalty 
and love for the Alma Mater, which makes him one in 
spirit with those privileged to complete their course. 

Letters of greeting and good wishes were read from 
Mr. F. B. Carpenter, '87. of Richmond, Va., and Dr. 
A. W. Morrill, 1900, who is now stationed at Victoria, 

In closing the toastmaster called upon Dr. W. E. 
Hinds, who spoke especially of the objects and work of 
the proposed club. 

The report of the organization committee was then 
presented, and the constitution which they recom- 
mended was adopted without change. In accordance 
with the provisions of the constitution, the following 
officers were unanimously elected : President. Dr. E. 
W. Allen, '85 ; first vice-president. Mr. C. B. Lane, 
'95; second vice-president, Dr. W. E. Hinds. '99; 
secretary and treasurer, Mr. S. W. Wiley, '98; 
choragus, Mr. C. M. Walker, '99. 

These officers constitute the executive committee 
for the ensuing year, and will decide upon, and 
announce, the place for the next meeting. The secre- 
tary, Mr. Wiley, desires especially the addresses of all 
graduates or former students of the college, who may 
be in or near the District of Columbia, and would 
appreciate the favor if anyone knowing of such men, 
would send the addresses to him at 1016 North Broad- 
way, Baltimore, Maryland. 

The first meeting showed emphatically the need of 
the formation of a club. A spirit of strong loyalty to 
the college and of hearty good fellowship prevailed. 
Though only nine men were able to be present, the 
meeting was, in all respects, a decided success, and it 
is expected, will prove to be the beginning of a long 
series of similarly inspiring and helpful meetings. 


Sophomores, 25 ; Freshmen, 10. 

The annual freshman-sophomore game occurred in 
the drill hall on Tuesday evening February 16 and 
resulted In a victory for the sophomores with the 

above score. As is usual in class games, rough play 
was quite evident at several stages of the game, and 
as is shown by the score, the class of 1906 was 
greatly superior to their opponents. Not only in goal 
throwing did they have the better of 1907, but also in 
guarding, thus preventing the score from being more 
nearly equal. 

For the sophomores, Wood and Chapman were the 
best players, while Searle in his goal throwing and 
Peters in all ro und playing did good work for their 

Line-up : 
1907 1906. 

Lincoln, (E. H. Shaw), e. f. r. g.. Hastings 

Curtis, 1. g. r . f. Chapman(capt.) 

Green, c. c . P. Wood 

Peters (capt.) 1, g. Martin(Filer) 

Searle r. g. 1. f. Farrar (Colton) 

Score— 1906. 25; 1907, 10 Goals from field. Chapman 3, 
Wood 4, Farrar 2, Green, Peters. Goals from fouls, 
Hastings 5. Farrar 2. Searle 5, Peters. Referee. Hunt, 
Umpire, Ahearn, Timer, Willis, Scorer, Yeaw. Time 2-20 
minutes halves. 

Now that the basketball season is over, attention is 
beginning to be paid to the coming baseball season. 
Candidates came out for the first time last Wednes- 
day and reported for practice in the drill hall to Capt. 
O'Hearn. In addition to the old men several new 
fellows are In the squad. It seems especially good to 
see the number of freshmen, some of whom have 
played on good high school teams In previous years 
and who ought to do something here in time 
Besides the freshmen, a list of whom is given below. 
Blake of the senior class has donned a uniform, as 
have also Williams and Crosby of the Junior, and 
Tirrell of the sophomore class. Some of the fresh- 
men who hope to wear the "M" some day, as a 
result of making the team, are Bartlett, Clark, 
Philbrick. who has his from football, Smith. E. H. 
Shaw, and Whitney. 

One man. who will be greatly missed unless he 
comes out this year, as we all hope he will in a 
couple of weeks when he gets through some work 
on which he is at present engaged, is Hunt. For two 
years now, "Tom's" right arm has stood "Old 
Mass'chusetts" in good stead, and it is hoped by 
everyone it will do good service during the coming 
season as well. A first class schedule has been 
arranged and will be found in another column. 

Collet Notts- 

— Tupper, '05, is recovering from an attack of the 

—Prof. Waugh attended court last week in North- 
ampton during the trial of the famous Gravenstein 
apple case. 

-Dr. Walker, Dr. Fernald. and Dr. Lull have all 
recently been unable to meet their classes on account 
of sickness. 

— C. S. Holcomb. '05, was at his home in Tarrif- 
ville. Conn, last week suffering from an attack of 
bronchial pneumonia. 

—The Horticultural Dep't. has a fine new camera 
for field work made to ' order from specifications 
furnished by Prof. Waugh. 

— Pres. Goodell and Prof. Waugh attended a 
legislative hearing in Boston. March 8, on a matter in 
which the college is interested. 

—Mr. Abel Gilbert, who was well known by all 
M. A. C. alumni of recent years, died of heart trouble 
at his home in Amherst March 4. 

-Mr. E. B. Holland and Mr. H. D. Haskins of 
the experiment station attended a meeting of the 
American Agricultural Chemist's Association held in 
New York March 5. 

—A signal corps has been organized from the 
battalion by Captain Anderson and has been placed in 
the charge of Sergeant Haskell who is at present 
giving instruction in signalling. 

—A class in physical chemistry composed of the 
chemical division of the Senior and Junior classes has 
been organized by Professor Howard. The class will 
meet twice each week and the work promises to be 
both deeply interesting and highly instructive. 

—Baseball practice has begun In the drill hall with 
a fairly promising squad out. and lots of hard work and 
conscientious training backed by good spirit among 
the students ought to develop a strong team. Last 
year at this time practice had begun in earnest on the 
campus; but It seems as If it will be sometime 
efore the season will be far enough advanced for the 
team to get out of doors practice this year. 

—The Entomological Department has recently 
purchased a new card catalogue case which is of 
quartered oak. and nearly three times as large as 
the old cases. As the catalogue now contains over 
50,000 cards it had entirely outgrown its accom- 
modations, thus making a new case necessary. 

-The juniors will be given a banquet by the 
Freshmen Wednesday night. March 30 Th* ban 
quet will be held In Boston with L. B. Hill as toast- 
master. The following committee on arrangements 
has been elected ; G. W. Patch chairman. G H 
Allen. J. J. Gardner. T. F. Hunt, and Bertram 

—On the 4th and 5th of March. Prof Waugh 
attended meetings of the New England Botanical 
Uub. the Massachusetts Horticultural Society and 
the Boston Market Gardeners' Association in ail of 
which he holds membership. At the Market Gar- 
deners' club he delivered a lecture on •• Supplying 
Truck for a Country Market." 

—The College sent a strong delegation to the 
annual meeting of the Mass. Fruit Growers' Associ- 
ation in Worcester, March 9 and 10. Dr. Fernald de- 
livered a lecture on •• Controlling the San Jose Scale " 
The horticultural department was represented by Prof 
Waugh. Mr. Green and M. A. Blake. '04. Mr 
Green presented a paper on •• Home-grown Nursery 
Trees." A. H. Klrkland and J. W. Clark, graduates 
of the college, were also on the program. Several 
members of the Board of Trustees and a large num- 
ber of graduates were in attendance. C. A. Whitney 
*89. was elected vice-president, and Prof. S. T. 
Maynard 72, secretary. 

— Mr.John Craig.professor of Horticulture atCornell, 
addressed the Horticultural Seminar last Friday even- 
ing. During the talk he referred especially to the 
pedagogical side of the subject and told how many calls 
there were for young men in this line which can not be 
filled because of the scarcity of men to take the places. 
Later on, in an informal talk. Professor Craig gave a 
few figures with reference to the Cornell Agricultural 
college which surprised many. That college Is not so 
large after all and M. A. Z. has a far larger num- 
ber of students here In proportion to her number of 
farms than Cornell. After several rounds of jokes 
between the Professors the meeting was adjourned. 





We who are but children of larger growth and 
experience, often choose a book in preference to other 
sources of enjoyment, and from the book's title, deter- 
mine, in a measure, its character. If It prove to be 
the recital of valorous deeds, of brilliant passage at 
arms, of knightly courage triumphing over adverse 
conditions, of wholesome, real active beings who 
engage in the fortunes and vicissitudes of life, do we 
not lay aside the volume with a wish that the story 
might have been longer? 

Is there one of you. who, having known Ulysses, or 
Aeneas, or Robert of Bruce, is not filled with intense 
admiration for their manly virtues and great bravery, 
though the characters may have possessed some of 
the faults and the vices which we would not counte- 
nance to-day? Have we read of the knightly King 
Arthur and his noble followers with no quickening of 
pulse, or tingling of nerve? Have the Romances of the 
Border Life no charm that can steal away all thought 
of time? Does Leather Stocking or Uncas hold no 
reader spellbound? Do pioneers in unknown wilder- 
nesses, explorers in trackless deserts, mariners in 
frozen seas, awaken no thrill of pride, no outburst of 

Why does the heroic appeal so strongly to the better 
part of our nature? Because we see in the achieve- 
ments of others the realization of ideals which we 
would possess, Because we see aspirations for which 
we long but which we cannot attain. Down deep 
within your heart, guarded with jealous care from the 
outer world, lies a love for the man who dares, who, 
emboldened by an ambitious will, attempts with all 
his might things beyond his reach ; who. sacrificing 
self in the larger Interests for others, forgets the bitter 
past of failure and defeat and presses on to high and 
noble achievements. 

Grandly does Carlyle proclaim this truth! "But 
now let me say that there are two kinds of ambition ; 
one wholly blamable, the other laudable and inevi- 
table. Nature has provided that the great silent 
Samuel shall not be silent too long. The selfish wish 
to shine over others, let it be accounted altogether 
poor and miserable. Seekest thou great things, seek 
them not. this is most true. And yet, I say, there is 
an Irrepressible tendency in , every man to develop 
himself according to the magnitude which Nature has 

made him of ; to speak out, to act out, what Nature 
has laid in him. This is proper, fit, inevitable ; nay it 
is a duty, and even the summary of duties for a man. 
The meaning of life here on earth might be defined 
as consisting in this : to unfold your self, to work what 
things you have the faculty for. It is a necessity for 
the human being, the first law of our existence." 

Is it not this love for the heroic to which orators 
appeal when they would stir men to action? When 
Demosthenes declaims to the people of their bravery 
in the past, will they shrink from performing their 
duty In the present? Shall burning sand, stifling 
wind, or starvation, he considered when a Napoleon 
standing upon the pinnacle of his fame, thunders to 
his disheartened men : " Centuries are looking down 
upon you!" " Ah they only burn deeper into the soul 
the grim determination to overcome whatever lies 
before them! Are centuries, are ages of kings and 
empires, are heroes and men of the past, are all 
these, silent witnesses, to look down upon our defeat? 
Defeat! Never, win we must, win we will! Our lives 
to the pledge! Victory is inevitable! The power of 
the appea! to heroism? See how the tide of battle 
turns when a Sheridan appears among his scattered 
men! See how a mob becomes a people when a 
Garfield stands among them! 

But why this intense admiration and love for the 
heroic? Because we recognize that it is to the brave 
man we owe our success, our freedom, our lives. 
Because we appreciate true bravery wherever we find 
it In the commonest of lives as well as In the greatest. 
Because we find the hero in his daily work inspiring 
us with a desire to achieve our highest purpose. 
Because the hero shows us that it is our duty to spur 
men on to the noblest and grandest attainments, that 
the world may rise from plane to plane until It 
reaches the level when all are men and heroes. 

We bow in reverence before our Pilgrim Fathers 
as they land upon the rocky coast and with brave hearts 
and high courage build the Temple of Freedom; we 
honor the men who wandering far in the wilderness and 
standing upon these hills, became entranced by the 
scene lying before them : the silent river undisturbed 
in its course, the peaceful valley, and the forest 
crowned hills beyond. We honor them as they settle 
here and give us a home of which we are proud. 
We revere the memory of the men who defended our 


Liberty, and bequathed us power. But all these 
are gone ! To you. heroes of the present, to you Is 
given the charge to acquit yourselves like men- to 
•nspire within the breasts of of your followers the desire 
to obtain ; and as you perform the task assigned to you 
so will your praises be sung by the heroes of tomorrow ! 



We note the following from the New York Evenine 
Postal Feb. 20 and believing it to be of Interest to M 
A. C. men as well as college men in general we print 
the account of the club which we believe will fill a 
vacancy and occupy a position as important in the near 
future as the University Club.— [Ed. 

-A new organization for, college men, to be known 
as the Graduates' Club, was Incorporated at Albany 
Tuesday, Feb. 16. 1904. by two score or more New 
Yorkers, and will take immediate steps to provide itself 
with a clubhouse in this city. 

Graduates of all college and universities In this and 
foreign countries are to be eligible to membership- 
but, as a safeguard against the preponderance of men 
from any one Institution, a rule has been adopted pro- 
viding that no Institution shall furnish more than 8 per 
cent, of the membership. At present forty-one institu- 
tions are represented, and the idea is to give the less 
"ell-known colleges and universities of the county 
especially those of the West, an opportunity to take an 
active part in the management and enjoyment of the 
club. Among the graduates of the prominent Eastern 
universities, the Yale, Harvard. Princeton. Columbia 
Cornell, and Pennsylvania Clubs, and the local organi- 
zations of various Greek letter societies furnish the 
same opportunity to those who are eligible to 

The Incorporators met at the Waldorf last Tuesday 
evening, and appointed a committee to select a house 
for the club. 

Among those who are prominently identified with the 
organization are: Nathan Appleton. Harvard '93- 
'•aac B. Hosford. Harvard, 77 ; Ephraim Cutter.' 
rale, '52 ; James B. Reynolds, Yale. "88 ; Peter T 
Austin. Columbia. 72 ; S. Victor Constant, Columbia 
80: Samuel Campbell, Princeton, '65; Albert F. 
D-Oench. Washington University. 79 : the Rev. W 
W. Cye. Marietta, '83; C. W. Bryan, Washington 

University * 84 : Al ^t P. MaTbleTc^oTTand 
Clarence E^ney. Colby. 76. A.vJlFow" 
M. AC 80 and Dr. John A. Cutter. '82. are mem 
bers of the Board of Governors of the club ; Dr Cutter 
is its chairman. UUtter 


Never before in the history of the college have the 
rospects for a successful baseball season bee^s 

itfeaJ ,,eeam ' Sn0tye,OUtof ^«geandalthough 
it is early I0 form a correct estimate of the strength 
o the team that will represent us on the d.amond this 
season yet with so many of the old men back togeth 

D W bab 1 e ,H Very promising new material - * -- y 

probable that a team will be developed that will carry 
our banner on to many a victory 

An unusually f ine schedule has been prepared by 
Manager Q uigley . Captain O'Hearn with the assist 
ance of Bowler. Ex-'03, is working hard to deve^a 
strong team and with good support from the student 
body a winning team will be produced. 
The squad at presem consJsts Qf 

Catchers. Ahearn, '04. Pray, '06. Dudley '07 pTtch 

7 ^ n ° 4 c HUnt> * ' ngham ' '° 5 ' Penned' '0 6 " 
Moseley. '06. Shaw, '07. Whitney. '07 

Captain 0'Hearn will cover third this season while 
the cadi ates for the other Infield positions are Quigley 
04, Walker. '05. Crosby. 05. Martin, '07 

For the outfield there are a number of candidates 
among which the following are the most promising 
B.a e 04, Williams. '05. Tirrel. '06. Hastings oV 
Smith, '07. and Clark, '07. 

Gregg, '04. --^ 

April 9 
April 30 
May 3 
May 5 — 
May 7 — 
May 14 
May 18 
May 21 
May 23- 
May 24- 
May 25- 
May 30- 
June 4 — 
June 1 1 


Holy Cross at Worcester 
—Trinity at Hartford. 
Colby at Amherst. 
Amherst at Pratt Field. 
Open, game pending. 
-Boston College at Amherst. 

Williams at Williamstown. 
-Springfield Training School at Springfield 
-Anaover at Andover. K 

•Boston College at Boston. 
■Bowdoin at Brunswick. 

Springfield Training School at Amherst 
-Wesleyan at Middletown. 






The Western Alumni Association of the Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College will hold its annual 
meeting and reunion at the Sherman House on 
Saturday March 26 1904 at 6-30 p. m. 

Arthur. B. Smith Sec. 
332 Fifth Ave. 

'86. — Prof. George E. Stone contributes two inter- 
esting articles in the January and February numbers 
of -The Torreya" on "Physiological Appliances." 
The first of these papers appearing in the January 
number treats on methods for determining the 
amount of Carbon Dioxide taken up by plants, while 
the second paper in the February issue discusses 
apparatus for determining Oxygen given off by plants 
and the determination of hourly separation. 

'92. — Homer C. West has for some time recently 
been at his home in Belcnertown on account of ill 
health. Mr. West has, sincd his graduation held the 
position of Supt. of the Waltham Watch Manufactury 

Young Men's Clothing 

With all the »< Kinks of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment .-. .*. 


Haynes & Co., 

Always Reliable. 



Surprise PRIZES given away. 

to get the people to talk about bixlbrs' physical training in penmanship, the 
best method of instruction in the world— Saves 90 per cent, of time, etc. 

Merit Prizes, Surprize Prizes, Prize Prizes, Sure Prizes, Big Prizes, Little 
Prizes, Contingent Prize and other Prizes for little folks and big folks Send 10c. 
for Business Penman, 12 Writing Mottoes, sample rapid Writing, skilled Bird 
Flourish, and full particulars. (1 Surprise Prize will be included, worth from 
10c. to a dollar, and a $10 Prize Prize goes with each 100th 10c. order— con- 
ditional ) 

Prof. G. Bixler, 97 Odgen ave., Chicago, III. 


Company and later on Supt. of the Glen Ridge 

Watch Co. We hoDe Mr u/.c» m g 

w. we nope Mr. West will soon recover to 

take up his work. 

m, 94 'm ° n ^ brUary ' 4th Archie H.Klrklandand 
Miss Mary Leonard of Arlington were united in 

'94.— Reports give the work of Charles P Louns- 
bury of Cape Town. South Africa a most gratifying 
position. As entomologist of the British Government 
for Cape Town his work covers an area of 275 000 
square miles. A recent contribution from Mr.Louns- 
bury to the Agricultural Department in the form of a 
parasite to the Black Scale in California has proven 
quite indicative of good results. 

'02.-D. W. West, Draughtsmen, Engineering Co 
of America 74 Broadway N, Y. Home address 
Roselyn, Long Island. 

*03 -H J. Franklin has been acting as instructor 
in Entomology in Short Course during the winter. 

'03— A. Vincent Osmun contributes an article to the 
March- Torreya," entitled -A Summer in Salisbury - 
Mr. Osmun's collections in the vicinity of Salisbury 

article dUr ' ng thC laSt $UmmCr f ° rm the baSis 0f the 

'03— C. P. Halllgan has been appointed instructor 
ta horticulture at the National Farm School. Bucks 
Co., Penn. Dr. H. j. Washburn, M. A. C 78 Is 
director of the School and W. H. Bishop '82 Is 
instructor In agriculture. 

wmre us fort wee? *A mm4L* T . 



Wltl, l.-tt.-rs fr.»n, physicians Md 



It Makes Rough Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

We will upon N«M* mall the pamphlet to vou In , 
Plain envelope, .„,, ro« will »,, ,•„„/(,„,,,. *'" ' n * 


At this time of the year 

There's a dialect queer 
That is with b's and d's thickly spread. 

'Tis no matter of choice. 

But the sadly changed voice 
Of the chap with a cold in his head. 

If "Good morning I" we say 

As we meet on the way. 
We observe that he's slow in reply ; 

Painful effort he makes. 

Then the silence he breaks. 
And '■ Good bordigg ? " he says with a sigh. 

When we ask why this change 

To a dialect strange, 
From which all m's and n's have thus fled ; 

He again heaves a sigh 

And makes mournful reply : 
" Why I've got a bad gold id by head." 

All I)iuj<jqi8T8 Skll It. 



Shoe Repairing Nearly Done. 


**• wT^oan, 

AMHKR8T, Mass. 


Right from our grove Id California, 

a "o. « closen. 




W. M. SiAaa. «, » „ 




When we ask what he's tried, 

And what methods applied, 
All these efforts at cure are arrayed : 

" Gidger tea. rock add rye, 

Horehoudd, liquid add dry. 
Quidide pills, salts add hot lebodade." 

When "Good night ! " we remark. 

As we part in the dark 
From the chap with the cold in his head, 

'Tis " Good dight ! " he replies. 

And he adds, as he sighs. 
" I ab goigg right hobe to by bed." 

Sad, indeed, is the plight 

Of the cold-striken wight. 
Though amusing his language misled ; 

Don't make fun of his talk, 

Nor his dialect mock, 
Lest you. too, get a cold in the head. 

Theodore H. Boice in Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph. 

A $100 Dollar Bill 

feels perfectly safe in one of our 
billfolds. Card cases and bill folds, 
25c. up. 


313-315 Main Street, - Sprinqkikld, Mass. 
P. S.— We do a large mall order buslne«s. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The largest stock and the lowest prlct-s in town. 

Agents for the celebrated Gtiycr Hats and A. B. Kirsch- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 


Belle gtij Sweets. 

The best Confections made. 



Hmberst Ibouee. 




D. H. KENDRICK, Pmormiero*. 

High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main St., 




ALLEN NEWMAN SWA.N. l^Q^^l^^ 19 ° 5 ' *-*•»« ft-SSL** 

ALBERT DAVIS TAYLOR. 1905. College Notes ALLAN DANA FARRAR. 1906 Alhl^fir. 

ARTHUR ALPHONSE RAC.CO.T. ;„..', SX-*i Notes. CHARLE^'^ "™»* "" 


Terma, »|.qq per gear In adcance 


Y. M. C. A. 

Foot-Ball Association, 
College Senate, 
Reading-Room Association, 


ffg>*p SSSSSi ■ 

Entered as second-class miter, Post Offlc .t Amhmt. 

Prof. S. F. Howard, Sec. 
R. A. Quigley, Manager. 
F. H. Kennedy, Manager 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 


It is probable that the American railroads will 
within a year or two, spend $500,000,000 for enlarge- 
ments, improvements, and equipment, to handle the 
increase in export trade ; and commerce promises to 
be as safe as ever before. 

A short time ago, a professor at Harvard made 
the statement that the average undergraduate at 
Cambridge did not think. This sentiment was 
echoed in many parts of the country . The very fact 
that the average college bred American makes up by 
far the greater part of our intellectual class, is proof 
ennough that something is going on. If some of 
these pessimistic professors will be a little less 
impatient, we feel that dyspepsia will lose its popularity 
among them. 

or $300,000 for the suppression of pupae, nests, and 

miL TU?" ref<Irred f ° thC WayS and means com- 
mi te e . This ^ , s agajn ^^ ^ ^ 

trees m the eastern part of the state, and It Is reason- 
able to expect, that its ravages will extend to other 
Plants, if not checked in time. The danger , s g reat 
If the members of the legislature realize that -a stitch 
In time saves nine.- Immediate and sufficient 
assistance should be voted. 

The question of the gypsy moth is again before the 
State Legislature. A bill recently Introduced, calling 

In another column we publish an amendment to 

to~th 0r f d h erJ \ N °- 6 " ° f ,he War De P-tmen« 
together with a letter from the assistant adjutant 
general which fully explains the order. This should 
be exceedingly gratifying to M. A. C. men,as it seems 
but right that our students should be given a chance 
for positions in the army, and there are a number 
among us who possess military ability and would doubt- 
less prove good soldiers and excellent officers Here 
tofore we have studied our tactics and gone through 
our drills in a more or less haphazard way, thinking 
that there was no chance of winning distinction along 






military lines as we were rather looked down upon by 
the regular army officers. We hope that this is to be 
changed and that a man who does distinguish himself 
In th.s department will be given a chance to use his 
talent. If such men are given a fair show It will cer- 
tainly give a great incentive to the study of military 
science in the college and will add to the fame and 
good name of old Massachusetts. 

It Is a curious and painful fact that while m any of 
the professions are already crowded, yet it can hardly 
be denied that it is to these most crowded walks of 
life, medicine, law. and business that the average 
young man first turns his attention. Perhaps this 
could be rather unsatisfactorily explained by saying 
that in the professions the successful man has a 
chance of rising to a place of highest distinction, or in 
other words, nothing succeeds like success. Grant- 
ing this to be true, we must still admit that for every 
eminently successful lawyer, doctor, or business man 
there are hundreds who have failed absolutely or 
have simply become parasites on society. Would It 
not then be well for a young man to consider some 
of the fields not so fully exploited and in which the 
chances of success are almost sure in return for 
honest effort. We would not mean to say, however 
that a man should hesitate to enter Into a place to 
which he feels called simply because that place is 
already crowded with workers. On the contrary let 
him go in and press steadfastly toward his goal We 
cannot but believe that many enter into professions 
carelessly, with the crowd, when, If honest thought 
had been given the matter the choice would have 
been different. The demand for men such as Mass- 
achusetts turns out. agriculturists, horticulturists, bot- 
anists, chemists, entomologists, engineers and land- 
scape gardeners Is far greater than the supply, and we 
believe more young men would do well to turn their 
attention to these fields of labor. 

Why the college! They have asked, begged, for 
advice from the mass of the college, and if a criticism 
Is sent in. It is printed to find out the value of it from 
the other fellow's standpoint. So that If anybody has 
a just criticism or a good suggestion to give, it is his 
duty to the college to let us know what it is and we 
will try to do the best we can to live up to It. But It 
also seems to us that It is a cowardly, contemptible 
thing to do to post such a comment as was posted a 
few weeks ago. It simply shows that the man. •• shall 
we call him a man ?" that did It. did not have the back- 
bone or manhood to stand upon his feet and let 
people know that that was his Idea of things. That Is 
the way street urchins do. throw a snowball when 
your back is turned and then run. He was simply 
throwing mud at a man from behind a tree hoping 
that no one would ever know who did It and that the 
insulting action would be blamed to someone else. We 
sincerely hope that never again while we are in college 
will such an occurance happen. The columns of this 
paper are open to all. and any clean, honorable, manly 
article will be gladly published and others are certainly 
not wanted here or elsewhere. 

We noticed a note of criticism against the old 
Board of Editors posted on the bullitin board of the 
military department a few weeks ago. It was talked 
over quite a little at the time, so it seems fair to 
express our opinion of It. The college paper is run by 
a board chosen to represent the college. They put 
their time and brains into it for the benefit of whom? 

The first song sparrow has brought. It seems, a 
kind of fever, as It were. Into college ; for with the 
opening of spring we hear on every side men talking 
of leaving to enter this or that work. If this must be 
explained we would say that these men have become 
so enthusiastic in their studies that their very beings 
cry out for practical work, or perhaps It is only a 
question of obtaining means for further study, or 
possibly, and let us say it with all reverence and 
respect, they may think that really after all they are 
not getting from their course as much as they 
had expected, and they would do better to get to 
work at once. Any of these possible cases is indeed 
sad and calls for our sympathy. We can readily 
understand that a man who feels himself capable of 
entering Into a work and carrying It on with success 
naturally feels cramped and chafes at the thought of 
being held at his books especially at this season of 
the year. It must be generally admitted however 
that time spent in the preparation for any life work is 
indeed a good investment.and that there are infinitely 
more who enter into work poorly equipped for service 
than there are who wait until their stock of knowledge Is 

sufficient for the mnct Mn » 

It may be hln . ? Pr ° greSS ,n that »<>*■ 

dav wL US t0 k6ep P ' U ^' n 8 *"*Y day by 

.h.n.s tl cMoour tasks . andwew ,,, su J« ucc ^ d -. 


.he Jar I gh ' '° m ' nd a8ain » "* =«son o 

'he year when something definitely may be done 
The Junior class is a. present oonsderlng L JI 
o se.„„ g therr lrM |hls so « *• a.£ 

^n he groun to car. for I, one year before C£ 
college. If the other classes would also take L thi. 
-,,„ we believe tbat „ would be *.J£ZZ 
°< a good custom and one that ought to ensure 
The writer vividly remembers by a c £ 
ree and listening to tbe eloquent wo'rds flow tZ 

m n b7?'r, W ° rdS °< f^ - endear. 

In k a ' ree Was dMd and lh * "hole occa- 

sion had somewhat the cec of a humorous sory 

way \:JrT " * *• ** ^ kn °»' * *S 

M ,h , t CUS '° mS " nd '° K,abllsh P«=«dents 

hut this would surely be a step in the rlght dlrec „ S „ 

™ 1 -Tt a T""°" °' "> ™ h "-2S s 
ment as the preceding. I, m i ght be ob| 

that this would do away with the customary SeJfo! 

overcome. The tree could be set In. during prehaps 
hesophomore year.wlth appropriate ceremonies and m 

Zf,TX r T T e , ClaK ml * W a * al " *»*> around 
me tree for a sort of parting and good speed. 

cede.; th a » Present board con- 

cedes that our men are better fittnH f*. j 

22. -sir zt K ?•-*% 

«"/ -nicies and consider them nn m-i 
■J* for publication. „ „ hardly „ ™ sa , « « ' 

"a'r re^tr" ' hiS ^"^ " «-" Ute 
£J7TT£ ' he J* 8 * » *• ^ard w'ere 

ma ters straight, we will adhere more or lesTcloset 
o the policy of the preceding board. We tale D 
he wo* hopefuily and look to you M. A. C. men , 

make L "" T'"'" COn,rlbu,e "" "<"'« don't 

make an excuse, but sacrifice yourself i, need be 

At the most It would be but little to do when com 

pared w„h what the college has done for you „Z 

are no, asked personally „ contribute don', llZ 
onso le yourse , f w| , h , he ^ do„ r 

nothing anyway for then you would only stand be I tied 
,'n *™ °7 W and „ Is a truth we learned long 1 
In our primers that the man who says I can* can 
never succeed. "' can 

wort At I I "^ S ' CNAL b ° ard be * ,ns ,ts 

student t w K VCry beg,nn '* n8 WC Wish t0 remind the 

orf 1 I" ' thC B ° ard CXpeCtS their ■<*»• sup- 
Poland hat since It calls forth a great deal of labor 

» get out a good paper, we shall look to the under- 

o r S !°? e,PinthlSdireCt,0n - The task pu, 

lookd " ISdOUb,yhard ' for -- h "« Massachusetts ,s 
oo e d as a scIent|fic Jnstitut|on m jn 

W the S,cnal has been the organ used to represent 
both our scientific and our literary Interests. Our 
Predecessor, recognizing the fact that our literary 


The banquet tendered the class of 1905 by the 
•minm was held ,n Youngs Hotel. Boston' 

Hardly could the event have met with greater sue 
cess or enjoyed more favoring conditions of time and 
Place. While many had gone before, yet the trio 
down lacked none the less that same old spirit of 
naughty five, and ere long the time had passed an the 
destination reached. The latter part of the afternoon 
and evening were spent in investigating the wonders 
of the metropolis and In attending the theatre 

At twelve, the class gathered themselves at the 
appointed place and sat down to a bounteous banquet 



Toastmaster L. W. Hill opened a season of good 
cheer with a rattling sally of syllables which did not 
cease until long after the last toast was drank. J. F. 
Lyman, president of the class, responded to the toast 
" Our Noble Selves." The class history, beginning 
with the first night on the campus, through a suc- 
cessful career of events down to the present, was 
recounted with many little anecdotes. A toast was 
then given to 

" The joliiest class, the best class, 
The liveliest class, the only class, 
The most brotherly class, and our class, 
Here's to naughty five." 
L. S. Walker spoke next on " Our Under Studies." 
In this connection, the class of 1907 was agreed to be 
the best class after 1 905which had entered college. A 
mathematical problem labeled » Boston " was demon- 
strated by G. W. Patch. The different functions of the 
curves and idiosyncrasies of the great city were set 
clearly forth, and many about the board saw a new 

" The Noble Science " fell to Bertram Tupper, who 
was at the same time both defender and exalter of 
that high art. In glowing terms Mr. Tupper spoke of 
the great duty and dependence the country owes to 
this great science. Following Tupper's defense of 
'• The Noble Art " came F. L. Yeaw, with a counter- 
part sally, entitled, "The Branch greater than the 
Tree." By a most valiant endeavor Yeaw rescued 
the remnants jf the forces of horticulture and retired 
in good order. 

H. L. Barnes spoke quite feelingly on •• Jonathan 
Edwards in College." The experience of this prodigy 
and his hopes were given in a most entertaining way. 
Craighead followed with a toast, entitled, "As 
the Kid Sees Us." A most effective grouping of 
elements and compounds was shown by Craighead, 
and there seems to be a certainty that he will get 
through chemistry. 

The old classmates present, as well as those con- 
tributed by other classes, spoke quite enthusiastically 
of 1905 and Its spirit. That old loyalty to class and 
college was never before shown In such clear and 
strong light as then. 

The banquet closed with a toast to "Old Massachu- 
setts" and her athletics, and the members went forth 
stronger than ever they before realized 


This subject has attracted considerable attention of 
late, In certain quarters, and it is, therefore, fit- 
ting for discussion. The idea that there should 
be no division among college students on account of 
wealth or social position has long been recognized as 
of great Importance, and the tendency of college men 
has always been, and still is, to foster this principle. 
However, the last four years have seen a reaction set 
in against this idea among the wealthy and aristocratic 
students of some of our classical colleges, These 
young men have gradually drawn away from their col- 
lege mates less fortunate in worldly affairs and formed 
a clique of their own. They have left the college 
dormitory and engaged sumptuous suites outside and 
thus removed themselves from college life. Likewise, 
scorning the college commons or dining halls, they 
have secured elsewhere living more suited to their 
epicurean tastes. 

When we consider the great value obtained from a 
thorough contact with other people, such as one may 
obtain at college, we must admit that this separation, 
according to artificial standards, Is unwholesome. 
These very young men will, in after life, be compelled 
to associate with other people, and unless they learn 
how to do so In college, they but postpone the evil day. 
When at last they face the world, their " rough cor- 
ners " will be worn off with a vengeance even more 
strenuously than in college life. 

It is, therefore, the duty of every college student 
throughout the country to preserve these democratic 
principles of equality in his own college. At Harvard, 
where so many aristocratic men attend, the student 
body has just awakened to this fact and efforts are being 
made to draw all the men back again to the dormi- 
tories in the famous " Yard " at that institution. 

Happily, here at •• Massachusetts." no such state of 
affairs has ever existed. All the fellows associate on 
an equal plane, and become thoroughly accustomed to 
the idea that all who would succeed must conform 
somewhat to the presence of others. Is it not possi- 
ble that this simple fact, together with many others, is 
responsible for the great success which so many of our 
alumni have made and are making In life ? Thus we 
may see the Importance of maintaining a democratic 
spirit In our college, and we can pride ourselves on the 


^™X i here r th,s coi,egen ° *-*- 

based on such false standards as money or social posi 
"on at home. Let us hope that it will ever be thus 



and rmoutn " H ^^ C °^P-everance, 
and ambition, so characteristic of the Anglo-Saxon and 

c ledTe t" 1 . 5, 1! IS Uttie WOnderth ^ Japan has been 
ca led the England of the East. Unlike England there 

""r: 1 deV6l0Pment a, ° n * We " ~"tr t z 
1 nes bu there has been a sudden bursting into full 
bloom of the buds of progress in this Flowery La d 

To say that Japan has progressed is inadequate If 
we cons.der the advance in civilization of America and 

e Europ ea n Powers, as progress, the forward ma ch 

says Ransome. - has been so abrupt that the reader is 

with Daimios. flower ceremonies, cherry-blossoms 
e gardens and temples, he finds these subjects sud- 
denly replaced by modern ordnance, railways inter 
-tonal politics, electricity and merchant firms The 
-trastjs too striking to be either artist, J 

With no long history back of her to show the 
progress in the struggle of existence. Japan has ri 
suddenly as one of the maritime powers of the world 

bl T? aVe bGen Called g00d ,mitat0 ^ truly! 
but hey have far excelled those whom they patterned 

a v o,h. Pan ' S ^ ° nly bU " d,ng more sh 'P s "an 

beLr m P ,°T eXCCPt Eng,andl but she is ^'ding 

L 1 , P !, ! ng ' ,Sh Sh ' PyardS than England herself 
« con tructmg for her own navy, " says Charles Cramp. 

bv |J1° a nat '° nS Pr ° Ceed **«»■»■ Japan Proceeds 

pLln^F UndS " THe Sf>eCtade 0f Ja P an sur- 

passing France and closely following England herself 

nava activity is startling. Considering the shortness 

of the time which has elapsed since Japan entered the 

family of nations, or aspired to any rank whatever as a 

Power. It Is a little short of miraculous. Yet It is a 

act «„ d to my mind it is the most significant single 

oruniTJ * Na,i ° nS donotd 'sP'ay such energy 
or undertake such expenditure without a purpose " 

Filled with an enthusiasm which naturally follows In 
a country after a victorious war. the Japanese have 
looked forward to the realization of a dream, when they 

too shall exert an Influence In the affairs of the world 

2 « Td™ for the emergency when ^ « 

witer haTe t T ""* ^t^" ^ one 

2 Hzed than* t0 thlngS WeS,ern ' and he "as 

real.zed that It is essential to the future well-being of 

h s country that he should not only think abo L 

thoroughly understand modern methods. This is no 

necessarily because he likes them, nor because he 

considers them to be immeasurably superior hi In 

I 6eCaUSe he has g-sped the fact that to P LIZ 

his own country intact he must make the former 

respect him. and that to affect this purpose h Tu 

T "efe s' S anor ry ? m 5 ^ *«*" ^2 
rhere ,s another very powerful reason, namely that a 

J anese as a rule Is by nature and instinct a st t 

and a very profound student. He is will J !nH 

anxious to study any subject, both with re Z J 
theory and its practice, not necessarily with a view" 
adopting the policy laid down therein but in orter to 

either in whole or in part should he feel that h's o 
doing would be advantageous to himself or to h s 
country. IS 

Situated geographically, like England, possessing 
the ame sp.rit for advancement and achievement, and 
moving forward with such rapid strides into the arena 
o the World Powers, and following the Briton o 
closely at his heels, Japan can well be called the En* 
land of the East. g " 


Academy of Music. 
April 13—- Prince of Pilsen." 
April 16—- Earl of Pawtucket." 
April 21, 22, 23- Matinee 23rd-- Ben Hur." 
April 27— Boston Symphony Orchestra. 
Holyoke Opera House. 
April 15—" Earl of Pawtucket." 
April 18 19. 20-John B. Willis, Musical Comedy 

April 21— -King Dodo." 
April 23— Edward Harngan in •• Old Lavender " 
April 25 and week-Dan R. Ryan Co. Matinee dally 
after Monday. 

Every night in the week. 




■ mmn 


March 15, 1904. 
The President, Massachusetts Agricultural Col- 
lege, Massachusetts : 
Sir,— Referring to Wat Department General 
Orders, No. 6, August 24, 1903, as modified by Gen- 
eral Orders, No. 39, March 2. 1904. War Depart- 
ment, (copy herewith), I am instructed by the Chief of 
Staff to communicate to you the following : 

I. The object of the above mentioned general 
order is, as stated in its terms, to encourage interest 
application, and proficiency in military training and 
knowledge in civil institutions, at which officers of the 
Army are detailed under the provisions of existing law 
To this end. one second lieutenancy is annually offered 
to a graduate of each of six of said civil institutions 
subject to certain conditions set forth in the order. 

2. These second lieutenancies are offered subject 
to the provisions of existing law. 

Paragraph 26, Army Regulations, embodying the 
provisions of the Act of June 18, 1878, modified by 
the Act of July 30, 1892, reads as follows : 

" Vacancies in the grade of second lieutenant exist- 
ing on the first day of July each year are filled by ap- 
pointment, In order, as follows : (|) From graduates 
of the United States Military Academy; (2) from 
enlisted men of the Army found duly qualified : (3) 
from civil life." ' v ' 

Further provisions are embodied in the Act of Con- 
gress approved March 2. 1899, set forth in General 
Orders. No. 71. A. G. O.. 1902 (copy herewith.) 

From the above mentioned acts, it will appear that 
the second lieutenancies referred to in War Depart- 
ment General Orders, No. 6 of 1903, and No. 39 of 
1904, are subject to the limitations imposed bylaw for 
appointments to the Army from civil life. They are as 
follows : 

That there shall exist one or more vacancies 

after the graduates of the Military Academy and the 
qualified enlisted men have been provided for. 

b. That any student recommended as herelnbelow 
provided, shall agree to take the prescribed examina- 

c. That he shall be unmarried. 

d. That he shall have reached the age of twenty- 
one years and shall not have passed the age of twenty- 
seven years, 

e. That he shall be a citizen of the United States 
(Par. 33. A. R.) 

f. That he shall pass a satisfactory examination as 
to his moral, physical, and educational qualifications. 

3. The classification of civil Institutions for the 
purpose of determining the six which comply with the 
conditions of War Department General Order No 6 
1903. will be made annually, as a result of a rigid 
inspection by officers designed for that purpose by the 
Secretary of War, which inspections will be made 
between the first of April each year and the close of 
the school term of that year, 

4. No Institution which does not fully comply with 
the requirements of General Order, No. 94, A. G O 
1902. or other orders which may be issued by the 
War Department on the subject; which does not 
grade the department of military science and tactics 
equally with the other Important branches of instruc- 
tion, and which does not make proficiency on the part 
of the students who take the course in said department 
of military science and tactics a requisite for securing 
a diploma, will be considered for classification. 

5. It will be noted that General Orders No 94 
1902. prescribes a minimum length of time and course 
of instruction in the military department of civil insti- 
tutions. In making the annual classification, due con- 
sideration will be given to any institution which volun- 
tarily exceeds the minimum so prescribed. 

6. The students recommended for appointment 
each year must belong to the graduating class of that 

7. No student shall be recommended whose habits 
and moral conduct are not of the highest order, nor 
one who is not known to be physically sound. 

8. Prior to the close of the school term of each 
year, the War Department will notify the heads of the 
institutions which constitute the first six in the classi- 
fied list of that year. As soon as practicable after the 
close of the school term, the head of the institution 
and the officer of the Army In charge of the depart- 
ment of military science and tactics will, after careful 
consideration of the qualifications of the members of 
the graduating class, jointly recommend to the Secre- 
tary of War those two members of the class who In 
their judgment, and In accordance with the preceding 
conditions, are best qualified for appointment as sec- 
ond lieutenants In the Army, and who desire to take 

the examination necessary for appointment. ,„ mak . 
g vVn 1 t o °r enda " 0n ' C3refUl —deration w"be 

vu hmi me term " honor praduar* '» i„~i j 
any graduate who under Juh graduate inc| udes 

T be employed ^^2^ 
of the first five of his class If th. ° ne 

are approved by , w n re c°rnmendations 


nominated. If the head t* a , hey were 

nf th- a the lnst 'tutlon and th- heari 

of he department of military science and tact £ can 

a. Z War 'n ' re , commen *" i °'K »»», b>M received 
«*. ordered b y l^Z^XSTZ " £ 

'ha. year and the oual.fled ZSZ,*^^ 
provided for. said vacancies slu „ „„ ^£?JZ 
correspond „ umb „ „ „ m J^ J- ° 

the highest In the classification of that year. 

Very respectfully, 


Assistant Adjutant General. 

-arytra.nlngand knowledge. Th, President's 
we announcement that , n - , uunzes 

Heutenan, In the Regula aITT "" M """" 

uate who has tak™ th- ,., honor « rad ' 

Wded tha, sufflclen Z^IT!, '^ ^ 
graduates of ,„e ttZZf?"** 

ztsszr*- ~~ 

By order of the Secretary of War : 


Official : UeUtemnt General ' Chie * * Xoff 

W- P- HALL. 
Acting Adjutant General. 

"-Paragraph I of General Orders. No 6 War 
Department, August 24 1903 k amM/1 /. 
follows: amended to read as 

le*e7a T nd e 22 °' ^ ^'^ ' nSpeCt,ons of «« *• 
eta le N t0 Wh ' Ch ° ffiCerS ° f the Arm * are 

WH an „ '"rr 3 " 06 ° f '^ 3S P Hnc, P als or Instructors 
w a n Ua Ily nereafter be ^^ ^ 

Sa sh a V ,S CrU,Ca ' CXam,nat,0n ' «* «" Chief o 
f f Sha " re P° rt t0 t"e Secretary of War from th. 

P« test „ r Wh ° M S ' Uden,S h "« ""lolted ">« 
greatest Interest, application, and proficiency In mill. 


m l°y c 2TT^ not been wh * * **M «» 

at t.rnes yet M, h 3m *" been fai ^ ^ces.ful 
J "mes, yet Massachusetts does not hold the r^itinn 

she ought among her sister colleges in se a . Fo 

am P s a lrh y r rSWe h3Vehad "— -^ ^t-ba 
teams andwhat. the reason? In tr,e fall little Is 
talked of except foot-ball, and the fellows get out and 
cheer the teams at practice Thic m 
task vet t hi. ,. • 4 pract,ce ' This may seem a little 

£%i£L£ ^m 3t haSgiVCn —victorious 
toot ball teams. How different in the spring | Base- 

S 1 e ge^an a d e th ,eft , a,m0S, !2* ^ ^Z 
manager, and the team is seldom cheered at practice 

a" ed o e uT°Tf thC h beSt ' hat ' S ,n ^ ^ *™ 
called out. If we have any love for old Massachusetts 

an we stand calmly by and see her banners tramp d 
in the dust ? Are we going to let our college be made 
a butt for base-ball jokes or are we going to geTou 
an support the team and send It on Jv.ctory * Even 

the preceding teams have not been victorious, that 
is no reason why it should not be so this year If we 
put out a winning team this year, there will be no lack 

otttTH lnthefUtUre ' and,hat,Swhatm akes 
our foot-ball teams as successful as they have been 

This year the team is particularly fortunate In Its 

captain coach and manager, yet they can not make 

he whole team what It should be. Captain O'Hearn 

s a good player and It will not be his fault if the team 

is not victorious. This year Bowler, ex/04, who 

Pitched last year for the Springfield league team Is 



coaching the team, and Manager Quigley has arranged 
the best schedule of games ever had at the college. 
Now the question lies with the fellows who are not on 
on the diamond at present. 

Have you base-ball material in you and yet do not 
come out? Are you paying the base-ball tax and 
leaving the rest for the players to do ? If you wish to 
see a successful team, it is necessary that you do 
your share. Do not hang back because some one else 
does, but get out and do your best to raise Massachu- 
setts in base-ball, as she stands today in foot-ball. 

College Not«. 

— Spring has come at last! 

—During the Easter recess Capt. Anderson had 
the two cannon in the armory repainted. 

The seniors appeared at chapel for the first time 

with caps and gowns last Friday morning. 

—All former pupils of Mr. A. X. Petits are invited to 

attend his closing reception in Red Mens hall April 19. 

—Mr. E. T. Denham left college last week. He 

is intending to go Into the business of growing 

carnations in Rockland. 

The banquet of the class of 1905, held at 

Young's hotel in Boston on March 30, was attended 
by a large number from the Junior class. 

The next informal dance will be held on Satur- 
day, April 23 in the drill hall. As this is the first one 
since the prom., a large attendance Is anticipated. 

Dr. Henry T. Fernald recently attended a hear- 
ing of the Legislature which was called with reference 
to the reorganizing of the State Board of Agriculture. 

C. L. Whltaker has recently left college. He Is 

working for Mr. Frost in Boston, having charge of the 
spraying and pruning done by the latter throughout 

the state. 

The following men are entitled to wear the 

basketball M. : E. S. Fulton, R. A. Quigley. M. F. 
Ahearn. 1904 ; T. F. Hunt, A. D. Taylor, 1905 ; and 
F. A. Peters, 1907. 

Mr. Newhall has the football schedule well 

under way. but owing to the fact that college opens a 
week later than usual next fall it has been necessary 
to make some changes. 

The manager of the baseball team has 

announced the schedule for the coming season. It is 

as good if not the best schedule ever prepared for the 
college. Holy Cross and Andover have been added 
to the list. 

The students of the sophomore class In survey- 
ing have begun the practical work out-of-doors. 
The various squads are In charge of Hay ward, Racl- 
cot, Russell, Scott, Sleeper, A. H. M. Wood, and 

At the close of the most successful season of the 

college In basketball the new officers were elected as 
follows: Louis W. Hill, Bridgeport, Conn, manager; 
Allan D. Farrar. Amherst, assistant manager and T. 
F. Hunt, Amherst, captain. 

—Last Tuesday evening, Dr. R. S. Lull gave his 
lecture " A Chapter from the History of the Rocks " 
before the Men's club of the Congregational church 
at Hatfield. Dr. Lull gave this lecture in the Amherst 
House parlors this last winter. 

The American Naturalist for January contains a 

paper by Prof. R. S. Lull on " The Cursorial Adapta- 
tion of Mammals." This paper is a contribution by 
Dr. Lull to a series on " Aquatic, Arboreal, Fossorial, 
and Cursorial Habit in Mammals." 

The presentation of " Ben Hur" by Klaw and 

Erlenger at the Academy of Music on April 2 1st. 22nd 
and 23d affords a most excellent opportunity to witness 
one of the most elaborate and at the same time most 
perfectly staged plays before the public. 

The many friends of John Bodurtha will be 

interested to know of his marriage to Miss Eastman 
of Amherst on the evening of April 6. Mr. Bodurtha 
immediately takes up his duties as superintendent of 
the Henry Holt estate at Burlington. Vermont. 

The gallery practice has been suspended and the 

regular target practice will begin at the range, as 
soon as the weather permits, under the direction of 
Serg. Taylor. Capt. Anderson is intending to select 
a rifle team from the two companies, and to give 
t hem regular practice in preparing for the Intercol- 
legiate shoot in June. 

Henry Barracks. P. R.. March 17, 1904. 

President H. H. Goodell : 

My dear Professor : — I have Just finished that 
beautiful Index and what a book It Is, what a class that 
must be and what a place " Massachusetts " Is becom- 



ing. By Jove ! it is fine, and how my old heart aches 
to get back there. * * * * 

The class is to be congratulated on Its good work 
and the editors for the excellence of their Index, and 
above all, the President for his magnificent work and 
interest in the college. When money is needed for 
athletics don't hesitate to ask for it. I am with you 
in every good move. I regret, however, that the 
name is not yet settled. •• Massachusetts " Is cer- 
tainly a dignified name. The Aggie Life has lost its 
name I see. It never had much life to loose. I 
know that the paper must be much better and if its 
worthy editor will send me a paper and the bill I will 
gladly subscribe. * • * * * 

Armstrong, '99. 


Anyone who thinks about it must be struck by the 
great influence which the agricultural colleges and the 
experiment stations nowadays exert in all rural affairs. 
This is shown in innumerable ways. A striking and 
characteristic example was furnished at the recent 
annual meeting of the Massachusetts Fruit Growers' 
association. There were six lectures provided for the 
two days' program, and every one was by an agricnl- 
tural college graduate. When it is considered that 
only 5 per cent, or less of the society's membership is 
made up of college graduates, this will be seen to be 
really remarkable. M. A. C. had two graduates on 
the program, with Kansas, Maine. Michigan and Iowa 
furnishing one each. 

It is perhaps noteworthy also that one half the 
speakers should have been from western agricultural 
colleges. F. A. W. 

D{p*rtm{rvf ftotfs. 

The Horticulturral Department has a new photo- 
graphic stand specially devised for making pictures of 
fruits, flowers and many other things useful to the 
Department. It will prove particularly useful in mak- 
ing photographs of such objects at exact natural size. 
Such photographs are largely used for purposes of 
record, and in many other ways, by the Department. 

There is widespread Interest in the subject of School 
Gardening, and this Interest has extended to Amherst. 

Some tentative beginnings will be made this year in 
which the Superintendant of Schools, Mr. A. L. 
Hardy, will naturally have the counsel and expert 
assistance of the Horticultural Department. 

The Department has had immediate and urgent 
calls for four men recently, but In no case has there 
been a suitable man available. These positions 
offered salaries of from $1,000 to $2,500. There 
are evidently chances ahead for somebody. 

The peach trees in the college orchard, in common 
with those throughout the Connecticut valley, suffered 
badly by the January freezes. This matter was early 
taken in hand by the Horticultural Department and a 
press bulletin was issued some weeks ago. In order 
to determine just the best way to manage trees 
injured in this way. the Department has undertaken a 
series of experiments covering the entire Clark 
orchard. The pruning has been done in various ways 
upon these trees. During the execution of the work, 
the horticultural men of '04 and '05. both took a hand 
and incidentally got their pictures taken in the act. 

The landscape gardeners have undertaken the sur- 
veys and general plans for the new grammar school 
grounds in Amherst. The grounds are to be sur- 
veyed and levelled, the grades and drainage planned, 
the building and walks located, and the planting design 
prepared. The class have not yet been made official 
landscape gardeners to the school board, and It Is pos- 
sible that all their suggestions may not be carried out, 
but at any rate, they have a real problem on their 
hands and one on which they have a chance to do 
some good work. 

Although the Department of Horticulture does not 
claim to cover the subject ©f forestry, it seems Impos- 
sible to keep clear of that line of work altogether. F. 
D. Couden, '04, has been taking forestry, by special 
permission as one of his electives ; his principal con- 
crete problem being to evolve a working plan for the 
woodlot belonging to the Department. This woodlot 
contains many fine trees, several different kinds of 
mixtures, certain areas of planted trees put out by 
Professor Maynard about 25 years ago, and represents 
many interesting forest conditions. In connection 
with the work Professor Waugh has recently made a 
fine set of photographs showing the various details of 
composition, reproduction, and exploitation. 





A committee of the class of '94, Dr. Claude F. 
Walker chairman, are making preparations for their 
annual decennial reunion, to be held this commence- 
ment. Classes of 74. 79. '84. '89. "99 and others, 
attention ! 

A full account of the meeting of the Western 
Alumni association, held in Chicago on March 26. 
will be contained in the next issue. 

75,_On Saturday. April 2. Prof. Wm. P. Brooks 
lectured before the Agricultural society of Great Bar- 
rington. his subject being "Japan— its Farms and 
Farmers." In view of Prof. Brooks' intimate knowl- 
edge of the islands and their present resources, his lec- 
ture proved most Interesting. It was repeated last 
evening before the Men's club of North Amherst. 

78. The inauguration of Charles Sumner Howe 

to the presidency of the Case School of Applied Sci- 
ence will occur on the eleventh of May. Dr. Howe's 

Young Men's Clothing 

With all the " Kinks of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment .*. ••• 

Til ATS US. 

Haynes & Co., 

Always Reliable. 


Surprise PRIZES given away. 

to get the people to talk about bixlers' physical training in penmanship, the 
best method of instruction in the world— Saves 90 per cent, of time, etc. 

Merit Prizes, Surprize Prizes, Prize Prizes, Sure Prizes, Big Prizes, Little 
Prizes, Contingent Prize and other Prizes for little folks and big folks Send 10c. 
for Business Penman, 12 Writing Mottoes, sample rapid Writing, skilled Bird 
Flourish, and full particulars. (I Surprise Prize will be included, worth from 
10c. to a dollar, and a $10 Prize Prize goes with each 100th 10c. order— con- 
ditional ) 

Prof. G. Bixler, 97 Odgen ave., Chicago, 111. 

reputation as an investgator of the chemical composi- 
tion of coal oil, as well as his experience as Professor 
of Mathematics and Astronomy, have brought him into 
high standing. During the past year Dr. Howe has 
been acting president. We congratulate Dr. Howe on 
his election and wish him a happy inauguration. 

'83.— Under the direction of Dr. Lindsey. the Ex- 
periment Station will soon issue a bulletin on » Dis- 
tillery and Brewery Products." The bulletin gives a 
list of distillery foods at present on the market and 
describes the process of manufacture of the same. An 
estimate of the value of distillery products as food, 
compared with other feeds, is given, and would be of 
much interest to farmers and dairymen. 

'84.— The resignation of E. A. Jones as superin- 
tendent of the college farm, to take effect April 30 
has been accepted. Mr.' Jones has held the position 
since 1893, when Prof. F. S. Cooley resigned. 

'86.— Dr. G. E. Stone addressed the Belchertown 
Pomona grange on the afternoon of April 8. his sub- 
ject being •• The Duties of a Tree Warden." 

'92.— Jewell B. Knight. M. Sc, special assistant, 
Agricultural department. Poona. British India. 

'96. — An interesting pamphlet on " Manguey in the 
Philippines," prepared by H.T.Edwards of the Depart- 
ment of the Interior of the Philippine Bureau of Agri- 
culture, has been received by the college. Mr. Ed- 
wards has his office in Manila. 

'98.— The following item from Julian S. Eaton, ad- 
juster for the Travelers' Insurance company at Minnea- 
polis, is of interest : " In reading over the article of 
Matthew XXV : 25, I noticed a paragraph in reference 
to the 'noted ones' In Minneapolis, the name of 
William C Whitney, 72, and to my surprise, I find 
that he has a suite of offices immediately adjoining 
mine in the Minnesota Loan and Trust building. I 
immediately called on him and we had a good talk 
about old 'Aggie.' " 

" The spirit and enthusiasm for old ' Aggie ' Is as 
strong and sincere in the old alumni as In the younger, 
and although we are not always able to attend the 
annual banquets held by the Alumni association, we still 
think of the good old times, when called to our mind 
by the college paper.or an occasional meeting with one 
of the alumni." Mr. Eaton believes that there are 
large opportunities for the right kind of men In the 


write us for prmk rAmmiLMT. 


With letters from physicians and 
druggists stating results obtained 



It Makes Rough Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

We will upon request mall the pamphlet to you in a 
plalu envelope, and you will be convinced. 

All Druggists Sell It. 




Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 

Amiikrst, Mass. 


Right from our grove In California, 




W. M. Sears. W- Wi CoLTOM> 




Northwest, especially in the agricultural pursuits. 

•00.— J. W. Kellogg has been appointed first assist- 
tant chemist of the Rhode Island Experiment Station 
at Kingston. R. 1. 

•01.— Mr. N. J. Hunting has been occupied during 
the past month with tests for advanced registry for cat- 
tle in various parts of the state. This work, done in 
the interests of the Jersey and Guernsey Cattle clubs 
and under the direction of the Hatch Station, will con- 
tinue until the middle of May. 

'02.— A valuable paper by H. E. Hodgkiss, on two 
of the Scale insects, will appear in the annual college 
report. Mr. Hodgkiss has spent some time as a grad- 
uate student in Etomology, but on account of ill health 
has been obliged to discontinue his studies for the 

•03.— A. Vincent Osmun contributes a short article 
to the -Entomological News" for April on "The 
Internal Parasites of the Duck." 

•03.— Messrs. Robertson and Proulx of the Hatch 
Station have begun the annual spring collection of offi- 
cial commercial fertilizers. The collection usually 
requires from five to six weeks'. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The largest stock and the lowest prices in town. 

Agents for the celebrated Guyer Hats and A. B. Klrsch- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 




Ember et Tbouse, 


O. H. KENDRICK, Pmormimrom. 

A $100 Dollar Bill 

feels perfectly safe in one of our 
billfolds. Card cases and bill folds, 
25c. up. 


313-315 Main Street, - Springfield, Mass. 
P. s.— We do a large mall order business. 

Belle jjjj Sweets. 

The best Confections made. 



High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main St., 





NO. 12 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 
Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed, Collhob Sional, Amhbust, Mass. The Signal will be 
sent to all subscribers until Its discontinuance is ordered and arrears are paid. Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 
notify the Business Manager. 


JOHN FRANKLIN LYMAN. 1905. Edltor-in Chief. 

GEORGE HOWARD ALLEN. 1905. Business Manager. 

RALPH WARE PEAKES, 1 906. Assistant Business Manager. 
ALLEN NEWMAN SWAIN. 1905. EDWIN HOBART SCOTT. 1906, Intercollegiate 

FRANK FARLEY HUTCHINGS. 1905, Alumni Notes. ALLAN DANA FARRAR, 1906, Athletics. 



Terms i fl.OO per year in adcance. Single Copies, IOc. Postage outside of United States and Canada, 2Sc. extra. 

Y. M. C. A. 
Foot-Ball Association, 
College Senate, 
Readlng-Room Association, 


L. S. Walker, Pres. Athletic Association. 

E. W. Newhall. Jr., Manager. Base-Ball Association, 

F. D. Couden, Pres. Nineteen Hundred and Six Index. 
H. F. Thompson. Sec. Fraternity Conference, 

Prof. S. F. Howard. Sec. 
R. A. Qulgley, Manager. 
F. H. Kennedy, Manager 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 

Entered as second-class matter, Post Office at Amherst. 



Most of us remember how, two summers ago, the 
United States government brought a lot of Cuban 
teachers up from the Tropics for a summer's study at 
Harvard. Their mode of life it seems was not 
cleanly enough to satisfy the fastidious tastes of num- 
bers of the Cambridge landladies and when the pro- 
posal comes from Uncle Sam to let some of our 
Porto Rican brothers and sisters enjoy the same priv- 
ileges, there seems to be some objections on the 
ground of the precedent set by the Cubans on the 
point of cleanliness. We sincerely hope that this 
great obstacle may be overcome, and that if any of 
us should happen to be In Cambridge during the term 
of the Harvard Summer school that we will have the 
pleasure of watching the intellectual laborings of our 
southern neighbors. 

It seems that American chemists are not to be out- 
done by Professor and Madame Curie in the discov- 

ery of new chemical wonders, as Prof. Charles Bas- 
kerville, head of the chemical department of the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, recently announced at a 
meeting of the New York chemists' club.the discovery 
of two new elements, carolinium, and berzellum. 
Professor Baskerville succeeded In separating these 
two elements from thorium, an exceedingly rare sub- 
stance discovered a few years ago in North Carolina 
in small quantities in a sand called monazite which 
contains a number of rare oxides and metals. These 
new elements are found in about the same micro- 
scopic proportions as radium and polonium exist In 
the ores which yield uranium more abundantly. At 
present the Professor enjoys a monopoly In the new 
elements having all the available carolinium and ber- 
zelium, which he has obtained at great cost. He 
now has five grams of carolinium oxide, a pinkish pow- 
der, and two and one-half grams of berzellum oxide, 
a green powder. 

There Is now being prepared by specialists, accord- 
ing to a plan devised by the department of sociology 



and economics of the Carnegie Institute in Washing- 
ton, a work which promises to be a better and more 
comprehensive economic history of the United States 
than any yet produced. This book is to consider the 
economic development of the country from eleven 
different points of view, which are : population and 
immigration, agriculture and forestry, mining, manu- 
factures, transportation, domestic and foreign com- 
merce, money and banking, the labor movement, 
industrial organization, social legislation, and federal 
and state finance. This is one of the first works to 
be undertaken by the new institution and we hope that 
it will clear up some economic difficulties. In this 
age when a United States senator, for the first time in 
the history of the country, is convicted of bribery, 
when this senator declares that " If it could all be told 
just as it is — the absolute truth — It would appall the 
world," and when one of a small group of men, who 
made in a " single " deal a profit of $66,000,000, 
declares that the hearing of the Bay State Gas Com- 
pany would reveal a series of flash-light pictures to 
which the United States ship building " fandango." 
would look like a midnight silhouette, we may well 
search the annals of economic history and study them 
that our past mistakes and scandals shall not be 
repeated in the future. 

write them a letter and if you get the chance see 
them personally. We need more men and more men 
need the opportunities we have here. We need more 
men for our athletics and our college organizations ; 
we need more men to extend our elective courses. 
All of us want to see more men. Why not have 
them ? Let every one of us join in united 
action to get a good large class to enter college in 

But seven weeks are left before we close our reci- 
tation halls for thirteen weeks' rest. In these seven 
weeks we have scores of things to do ; but, one In 
particular needs our immediate attention. We know 
full well, that many young men have gone to other 
colleges than ours because they never knew the oppor- 
tunities Massachusetts has to offer. Then, it is the 
duty of every one of us to see that it is known, 
wherever it should be, that Massachusetts offers a 
thorough scientific education with specialization in 
Agriculture, Horticulture, Biology, Chemistry, Mathe- 
matics, Economic Entomology and Landscape Archi- 
tecture. We all put in a good word when we get the 
opportunity. That is simply natural. But we are 
making no united conscious effort in this direction ; 
an action on our part which should give gratifying 
results. Look after this matter now. Write home 
to your old schoolmaster, ask him to put you in line 
with those who have not a settled idea of what college 
they wish to enter this fall. Send them a catalogue, 


We notice an article in one of our exchanges to the 
effect that Stanford is considering the adoption of the 
•' honor system." This, it says, is especially aimed 
at " cribbing " in examinations and the enforcement 
of the rules is to be placed In the hands of the student 
body. It seems as if some thought on this subject 
might well be given by the members of our own col- 
lege. This is a system that has been in operation at 
Princeton and Cornell and with success, and if it has 
been done there are we going to say that it is an 
impossibility here ? Of course not ! But N remains 
with each individual as to whether it is to be done 
here or not. To be sure, the course here is hard and, 
although we don't like to blow our own horn, we can 
truly say that outside of West Point, Technology, and 
possibly one or two other colleges, there are no stlffer 
courses in the country. But what of that, won't it be 
all the more honor to pass such a course successfully 
without a "crib"? We have to spend at least a 
thousand dollars not to speak of four of the best years 
of our life here, and for what ? Certainly not for fun. 
We have got to make our living after we graduate 
and what is the use of wasting the time and money 
doing nothing? Why not learn something? And 
how can a person do it if he "cribs" his way 
through ? Well, we did not start off to sermonize, 
but would like to see the "honor system" talked 
about, at least, and if the fellows should finally decide 
to take a definite stand on it. we shall not be the one 
to stand against it. 

In this age of scientific research it seems to be a 
prime requisite of every man of science to be able to 
get a good, accurate, pictorial representation of his 
work and to get it in the least possible time. Some 
men, that are naturally deft with their hands, are able 



to obtain this result with the use of the pencil, crayon 
or brush, but as a rule the scientific man Is but a poor 
draughtsman. About the only way to remedy this 
defect and to get the necessary representation is by 
the use of the familiar kodak or camera. To use this 
instrument so as to get the best results with the mini- 
mum of effort, a certain amount of training is 
required. It seems to us that it is in the province of 
the scientific institution to supply that training, not 
only because of the pictures for the cultivation of the 
artistic sense, for the pleasure of producing beautiful 
landscapes, as well as faces, or for the pleasure that 
there Is always in such an art, or even for the mone- 
tary value of such an acquisition; but just for the help 
that it Inevitably must be to a scientific man in his 
ordinary work. It is almost indispensable to such a 
man in no matter what line of work he takes up. 
Take even the landscape gardener. It would be of 
great benefit to him if, when he ran across a beauti- 
fully laid out piece of work, he was able to take a 
snap-shot of it and so make an indelible record of the 
ideas represented. It is better than a note-book or a 
sketch-book, because It is more expeditious and reli- 
able. We have heard farm- managers, graduates of 
this college, remark " Oh ! how I wish I could get a 
picture of that cornfield! It would be a splendid 
advertisement of the place." So that it seems to us 
as if such a training Is almost indispensable for a 
graduate of this college simply as an adjunct to his 
work, as one of his working tools, not to speak of the 
pleasure that one always gets from such an accom- 
plishment. This college has, as yet, done nothing in 
the line of photography, but there are a few of the 
students here, who realizing the advantages of such a 
course, are hoping that in the near future something 
will be done with It. 

Perhaps the most extensive farmer in the United 
States is David Rankin of Tarklo, Mo. Mr. Rankin 
owns 22,000 acres of land and leases more. His 
estate Is divided into fourteen ranches, each ranch 
being under the charge of a separate foreman who 
makes a monthly report to Mr. Rankin. During the 
year of 1902 there were sold from the estate 7.532 
head of cattle and 8.249 hogs, which netted Mr. 
Rankin a profit of $100,000. While these facts are 
astonishing there Is another farmer who has accom- 

plished even more wonderful results. We quote the 
following from the Youth's Companion : " The most 
talked of farmer In America to-day is a man who, 
twenty years ago, Inherited fifteen acres of wornout 
land near Philadelphia and began to study the prob- 
lem of redeeming it. The land was then so poor that 
it would not support one horse and two cows. The 
owner of the farm had to buy fodder to get them 
through the first winter. Dairy farms usually occupy 
large areas. Many cattlemen in the United States 
believe that they must have three or four acres to a 
cow. The farm near Philadelphia is a dairy farm, 
yet the fifteen acres furnish the entire support, sum- 
mer and winter, for two horses and more than thirty 
cows. All the animals are of well-bred stock and 
well kept. The milk Is of the richest and brings the 
highest price. The point Is that no other grazing land 
in the United States is so profitable as this little farm. 
So remarkable is the result that the Department of 
Agriculture is planning to devote an entire bulletin to 
it. An expert of the department estimates that a full 
account of this farmer's methods would be worth 
$40,000,000 to the dairy Interests of the country. 
It used to be believed that science was something for 
the few, not the many ; an altitude of knowledge 
where the atmosphere was rarified and the Interests 
remote. The owner of one small farm would have 
done a public service if he had merely shown the folly 
of the old Idea. He has demonstrated that science 
is what the books say it is — '• knowledge systematically 
arranged, a tool mightier than ax, or plow, or harrow, 
and as ready to the hand of the farmer as to the hand 
of the mathematician." 



academy of music. 

April 27- 
May 4 — " 
May 24— 

-Boston Symphony Orchestra. 
•■ Mrs. Wlggs of the Cabbage Patch." 

holyoke opera house. 

April 27— 
April 28— 
April 29— 
April 30- 
May 10— 
May 21- 

-■• The Three Musketeers." 

-•• Monte Chrlsto." 

■•• Virginians." 

••The Fatal End." 

" The Sign of the Cross." 

-•• Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch." 




The college has forwarded the last of the exhibits 
to the World's Fair at St. Louis. It is represented in 
the State educational exhibit by photographs, showing 
the buildings, the interior grounds, apparatus and a 
number of charts illustrating methods and results of 
military, scientific and educational work. Also, wax 
models of fruits and illustrations of grafting, plants in 
various stages of growth preserved in formalin, a 
series of fungi models made of paper pulp by Mrs. 
Henry S. Stearns of Hartford, Conn., a series of jars 
illustrating experiments and results in poultry feeding, 
and numerous illustrations of experiments with 

The Entomological Department will show trays of 
insects, including the famous gypsy moth and the 
brown-tail moth and will illustrate some of the insect 
difficulties the Massachusetts farmer must meet. 
Dr. J. B. Lindsey will exhibit the model of the 
sheep used in his experiments to determine the diges- 
tibility of food. 

The contribution to the Agricultural exhibit of 
Massachusetts will include the entire product of some 
soil test experiments with fertilizers, some 42 varie- 
ties of corn and sheaves of millet. 

The exhibit to the Section of Field Crops will 
include 40 varieties of soy beans and 8 of Japanese 
millets ; also jars filled with a quantity of these 
plants to show the food production compared with 
other crops both as forage and seed. 

Altogether the college has contributed to three 
exhibits, two from the state and one from the 
Department of Agriculture at Washington. 


M. A. C. vs Amherst. 
The college has begun the baseball season, and so 
far we have been very successful, The first game 
with Amherst shows what the team is capable of if 
properly supported. Kennedy is in fine form this year 
and is pitching good balL The other members of the 
team are also showing up well. With Ahearn at 
third base that position which has often been weak, is 
well protected. The team is in good trim and it lies 
with the rest of the college to make this a successful 
season. Why not get out and cheer the team at 
their practice as is done in the fall ? If the fellows 

will all help the team, this year will be one to be proud 
of, and our victories will be numerous. 

The college team defeated the Amherst college 
team on the 13th in the first scheduled game of the 
season. Amherst came to bat first but went out in 
one.two.three order. The college team filled the bases 
with two outs in the last half of the inning, but was cut 
off at the plate. In the second inning Amherst got a 
man as far as third base and Massachusetts had men 
on second and third before three were out. In the fifth 
inning Massachusetts made five runs by base hits by 
0*Hearn, Gregg, Hunt, Tirrell. Bartlett, a two base 
hit by Martin and two errors of Amherst. Orell 
pitched for Amherst the next two innings and Mass- 
achusetts made no further scores. Amherst made 
her only run in the sixth and last inning by Beach, 
being hit by a pitched ball, advanced to second by a 
balk, third on a sacrifice by Shay and was brought 
home on a fielder's option. The battery for Mass- 
achusetts played a fine game, Kennedy striking out 
five men and allowing but four hits in six innings. 

The score : 



Bartlelt. r. 
Ahearn, 3. 
OHearn, 2. 
Qulgley, c. 
Gregg, m. 
Hunt, 1. 
Martin, s. 
Tirrell. I. 
Kennedy, p. 

A. B. 









p. o. 



















A. B. 





Chase, 2. 





Beach. 2r. 



Shay, lm. 
McRay. p. 








Amidon. c. 




Kelliher, 2. 





Anderson, s. 



Bartlett, 1. 



Powell, I. s. 



Orell, p. 


Storke, c. 




Lynch, r. 


Lamb, 1. 


Rounseville. m. 












1 — 1 

Runs— O'Heam, Gregg, Hunt. Martin. Tirrell, Beach. Sacrifice hits— 
Tirrell, Shay. Stolen basses— O'Heam, Gregg. Tirrell. McRay, Bart'ett. 
Two-base hits— Martin. Shay, McRay. First base on balls— off McRay 1 . 
Left on bases— Massachusetts 6. Amherst 5. Struck out— Kennedy 5, 
Orell 3. McRay 2. Batter hit— Kennedy. Time, lh., 10m. Umpire- 
Da nahey. 


The Japanese have the largest university in the 
world at Tokio, with an enrollment of forty-eight 
thousand. The reports show that civil and mechani- 
cal engineering and law are the most popular studies. 

Collet flott$. 

— A senior fence at last! 

—The freshman baseball team has organized with 
M. H. Clark. Jr. manager and E. H. Shaw, captain. 

— The baseball game scheduled for April 16, with 
Amherst was cancelled because of snow and wet 

—A large number of the students attended the 
production of- Ben Hur" last week at the Academy 
of Music. 

— The tennis courts have been given the annual 
spring repairing, and in spite of cold weather many 
enthusiastic players are enjoying the game. 

— The following seniors have been appointed by the 
faculty as commencement speakers : F. D. Couden. 
A. W. Gilbert. F. F. Henshaw. A. L. Peck, R. R. 
Raymoth. H. M. White. 

— Mr. W. J. Morse, assistant in botany at the Uni- 
versity of Vermont, visited Prof. Waugh on the 17th, 
and was made thoroughly acquainted with the depart- 
ments of horticulture and botany. 

— At a recent meeting of the Junior class it was 
decided to plant the class tree this year rather than 
next year. A committee was appointed to consider 
the various spots suitable for It.and we expect that the 
tree will be planted soon. 

— Capt. Anderson has begun a series of lectures to 
be given the Junior class every Monday during the 
remainder of the year. These lectures are given 
because it is thought that after such a course the 
officers would be better able to assume the full 
responsibility of their position at the beginning of the 
fall term. 

— The landscape department has deemed it advis- 
able to plant more shrubs in the vicinity of Draper 
hall. During the past week a large number of trees 
have been transferred from the nursery to aid in 
carrying out the plans. Evergreen trees, which will 
eventually be cut out, have been set among the 
others to afford them protection. 

— The following extract from a recent letter to 
Prof. Waugh will be of Interest to the student body. 
"I have just returned from the World's Fair. 
While in St. Louis I met the Chief of Horticulture, 

and he told me of the three boys he had from you 
last season. You will be pleased to hear that he told 
me they were the best help he ever had and were 
more correct than the engineers in charge of the 

—Before the Seminar last Friday evening. Her- 
bert D. Hemenway, '95. Director of the School of 
Horticulture at Hartford. Conn., gave a most inter- 
esting talk upon •• School Gardens " aided by a large 
number of lantern-slides illustrating the work in its vari- 
ous stages and localities. He gave a full discussion 
of the School Garden movement from Its embryonic 
condition in 1897 up to that of the present day. The 
vast importance of this work may be appreciated 
when one learns that in France alone there are some 
28,000 of these schools. In the United States the 
interest shown and the results achieved more than 
speak for themselves. Mr. Hemenway also emphati- 
cally described the many opportunities now open to 
capable young men who are willing to enter earnestly 
into the work. 


The second Informal of the college year was held In 
the drill hall on Saturday, April 23, from 4-30 to 8-30. 
As usual the hall was decorated with bunting and 
potted plants, but this time the horticultural depart- 
ment outdid itself, and anyone who had ever attended 
similar affairs here could not but notice the increased 
pleasantness of the hall, caused by the large number 
of plants. The day was all that one could wish for. 
being clear and balmy, a true harbinger of spring, 
and the number of people present was greater than 
ever before, so that in all ways It may be safely 
regarded as the most successful event of this charac- 
ter ever held at •• Massachusetts." 

Mrs. Stone of Amherst. Mrs. Orcutt of Northamp- 
ton and Miss Robblns of South Hadley acted as pat- 
ronesses for the occasion, while among those partici- 
pating in the evening's jollity were : Mr. and Mrs. P. 
H. Smith of Amherst, Mr. L. H. Herrick and Miss 
Mildred French of Amherst. Mr. J. G. Cook of Am- 
herst and Miss Cook of Mt. Holyoke college, Mr. W. 

E. Tottingham and Miss Farrar of Amherst, Mr. N. 

F. Monahan and Miss Hunt of Amherst. Mr. A. W. 
Gilbert and Miss Felton of Northampton, Mr. C. H. 
Griffin and Miss Brackett of Smith, Mr. S. R. Parker 




i 3 8 


and Miss Damon of Northampton, Mr. R. R. Ray- 
moth and Miss Lovejoy of Amherst, Mr. H. M. White 
and Miss Farrar of Mt. Holyoke, Mr. P. F. Staples 
and Miss Pratt of Smith, Mr. M. F. Ahearn and Miss 
Sanborn of Amherst, Mr. G. H. Allen and Miss Bar- 
ker of Smith, Mr. J. J. Gardner and Miss Magee of 
Amherst. Mr. J. F. Lyman and Miss Jenks of Smith, 
Mr. W. A. Munson and Miss Squires of Holyoke, 
Mr. E. W. Newhall. Jr. and Miss Peers of Smith, 
Mr. G. W. Patch and Miss Booth of Holyoke, Mr. 
A. N. Swain and Miss Lee of Mount Holyoke, Mr. 
P. F. Williams and Miss Stevens of Smith, Mr. G. 
N. Willis and Miss Dodge of Smith. Mr. F- L. Yeaw 
and Miss Smith of Smith, Mr. C. H. Baird and Miss 
Farnsworth of Holyoke. Mr. W. W. Colton and Miss 
Holyoke of Holyoke, Mr. A. D. Farrar and Miss 
Bradford of Amherst, Mr. E. F. Gaskell and Miss 
Jones of Amherst, Mr. J. G. Curtis and Miss Morrill 
of Holyoke, Mr. E. D. Philbrlck and Miss Stacey of 
Mt. Holyoke. and Mr. C. H. Chadwick and Miss 
Livers of Amherst. Brown of Amherst catered. 


In my opinion, one of the most fascinating sports, 
and also one requiring the greatest skill and patience 
Is duck shooting. Early in the spring, as soon as the 
ponds are cleared from ice, the ducks begin to fly 
northward. The first that one hears of them is a 
quawk-quawking over his head, and looking up, 
beholds, far above him, a V shaped line, with its point 
In the direction they are flying. To people living in 
the country, it Is as much an event of the spring to 
see the " ducks going over " as Is the return of the 
robin or the bluebird. 

When 1 first reached home, on the afternoon of the 
first day of the Easter vactlon, my brother informed 
me that there were some ducks up at the pond (which 
is about a half-mile from home) and that I'd better 
see If I couldn't get a shot at one. I might, at least, 
come across a musk-rat, he said. Nothing loth, I 
took his gun, put a few cartridges in my pocket, and 


On reaching the pond, 1 ran along a little ways from 
the bank, as quietly as possible, until I reached a 
cove where the ducks generally are. Then I crept 
slowly, carefully, and painfully up to the edge of the 
water. No ducks were visible. Looking up the pond 

as far as I could see. there were no signs of ducks. 
There was, however, some chance that they might be 
up still farther, so I kept on. 

A little ways beyond, I discovered a musk-rat. sitting 
upon a stump out in the middle of the pond. It was 
a fine shot, (not very far away) as he sat there chew- 
ing at a root all unaware of his danger. He looked 
so happy, however, that I thought It would be a pity to 
disturb his meal. Going on, through some brush. I 
again came out on the shore of the pond, though not 
so quietly as before. Imagine my surprise and delight 
when I saw a duck, sitting upon the water not far 
from where I stood. I raised my gun, took careful 
aim, and fired. The duck flopped along upon the 
water with a broken wing. The next shot came 
nearer the mark, and bending down some trees, so as 
to climb out over the water, I pulled him ashore with 
a pole. Walking home, I felt quite proud, as can be 
imagined, of this, my first duck. 

On hearing that a large flock of ducks had been 
seen rising from the pond that afternoon, my brother 
Herbert and I started out again in the evening, as we 
knew that it was the only open pond in the vicinity, 
and the ducks would be obliged to return that night. 
So we sat down under a pine tree near where the 
ducks were accustomed to alight, and waited. 

At first there was a slight breeze and the water was 
rough, but later it died away, and the water became 
as smooth as glass. The moon, rising over the hill, 
appeared like a huge golden dome, and made a bright 
pathway across the water. As we waited it grew 
cooler, and not so comfortable. The only things to 
attract our attention was the sleepy twittering of birds 
in the bushes, and an occasional musk-rat, swimming 
up or down the stream, or splashing ashore. Once 
one came swimming along right up towards us. making 
a mewing sound, much like a cat, and when a few 
feet from us, dove Into the water, probably Into its 
hole. Herbert said that as he was sitting there wait- 
ing for ducks the night before a musk-rat had come 
right up to the edge of the water at his feet, and sat 
gazing at him. As he expressed it, — a cat may look 
at a king, but it is more dangerous for a poor, defence- 
less musk-rat to look at a hunter with a gun in his 
hands. After some time Herbert winked at him, and 
the musk-rat dove into the water as If he were shot. 
Finally, as we were waiting there, we heard a 



splash In the water below us, and my brother could 
distinguish one or two ducks. Now. then, was to come 
the exciting part of the evening ! As they were some 
distance away, we waited for them to come up within 
gunshot. A little while after we heard a quawk- 
quawk, up the stream, and judged that there were 
quite a number up there. As Herbert stated, they 
must be feeding, and would later swim down into deep 
water for the night. So we waited. After some time 
I heard a slight sound, and looking up, saw a bird fly- 
ing over my head. It had a long tail— I noticed that 
In particular— and I whispered to Herbert. •• what is 
that— a meadow-hen ?" Afterwards he made a great 
deal of fun about my seeing a duck, and calling It a 
meadow-hen. Of course, if I had thought, I would 
have known better, as meadow-hens are not seen 
until later In the spring, or summer. 

At last, as we saw nothing of the ducks in either 
direction, although they assured us of their presence, 
now and then, and as we got tired of waiting for them 
to finish their supper and retire for the night, we 
decided to sneak upon them. Herbert went up 
stream, and I down stream, but both of us were 
unfortunate. The ducks that he was after flew up 
before he reached the shore, and mine seemed to 
have disappeared altogether. So we were obliged 
to go home without any game but I, at least, had had 
a very enjoyable evening. h., '07. 


For sometime past there has been talk of having a 
senior fence at •• Massachusetts," and it has remained 
for the class of 1904 to bring the affair to an issue. 
Sometime ago a committee was arranged to look after 
the matter, the president has been interviewed and has 
given his consent to the erection of a fence. The 
Juniors have been asked to co-operate with the Seniors 
in the building of this, and they have agreed, having 
appointed a committee to confer with 1904. 

The present plans are to have two parallel fences 20 
feet long and about 5 feet apart running north and 
south and the whole to be situated north of the band- 
stand and on the opposite side of the fork in the roads. 
During the coming week matters will be decided 
definitely concerning it. and It is hoped that In the next 
issue of the Signal we shall be able to state that the 
erecting of it has already been started. 


From the present trend of thought and effort our 
age has been characterized as "utilitarian." As such, 
it is destined to leave an impress on history. 

Our industries began active development when 
placed on a scientific basis. Keeping pace with 
scientific research and Invention they have expanded 
to colossal dimensions. 

Thus science, enhancing utility, has made our age 

Every student should be interested in the advances 
being made along lines of scientific investigation. 
Each one. however, cannot keep in touch with every 
field of activity. Time Is too limited and the fields 
are too broad to permit It. Nevertheless, it is well to 
have an inkling of what Is being accomplished outside 
one's own sphere of action and a resume of achieve- 
ments along the lines cited may prove interesting. 

Turn your attention, if you will, to one division of 
one field of science— Agricultural Chemistry. 

We are in a position to peculiarly realize the 
impetus given industry by science for where have 
greater wonders been wrought than in the revolution- 
izing of agricultural methods by Chemistry ! With the 
publishing by Liebig. in 1862, of "The Chemical 
Process of Nutrition and the Laws of Agriculture." 
Agriculture, the an. became Agriculture, the science. 
Since that time chemists have been struggling with 
problems in the economical feeding of plants and 

All feeding of plants and animals is done with a 
view of supplying man's necessities, food in particular. 
Present lack of economy in producing and consuming 
human food-stuffs has raised questions as to their 
sources in the future and much effort is being centered 
on the answering of these questions. The thought of 
■jelly made out of old boots" and mention of the 
chemist who ■ fed his whole family on sawdust-cakes 
with good results " may provoke a smile. These are 
not Impossibilities, however, and quite as unsuggestive 
articles may be serving as sources of nutrition. 

The feeding of plants — a step in the human food 
problem, being the conversion of the elements and 
compounds of Mother Earth to forms assimilable by 
man. Is likewise demanding attention. Until recently, 
no small fears have been entertained on account of a 
prospective famine of the available forms of the chief 





element of plant food, nitrogen. The chief sources 
of nitrogen for fertilizing purposes are the guano and 
sodium-nitre deposits of South America. Enormous 
demand for, and wasteful use of, these deposits have 
rapidly drained them toward their limits. Sooner or 
later they must fail. 

Chemists and enterprisers have come to the rescue 
however, and there are now at least three ways in 
which inert, gaseous nitrogen may be made available 
as plant food from its vast storehouse — the atmosphere. 
These methods may be classified as 1 Electrical, 2 
Chemical, 3 Bacteriological. 

Something like a century and a quarter ago Caven- 
dish discovered that by passing an electric spark 
through moist air, nitric acid is formed. Students of 
physics are familiar with the peculiar odor emanating 
from the spark-gap of a Winshurst's influence machine 
said to be due to ozone, a condensation of oxygen 
molecules. At the same time oxygen is forced into 
combination with nitrogen, which combination, when 
absorbed by water, forms nitric acid. 

Not long after Sir William Crookes suggested this 
as a means of fixing nitrogen for commercial purposes, 
two Americans. Messrs. Lovejoy and Bradley, began 
experiments and from the experimental have developed 
the practical. 

A cylindrical shaft covered with terminals, rotating 
inside a hollow cylinder lined with terminals, furnishes 
a means of producing thousands of electrical arcs, 
rather than sparks, per minute within a small volume 
of air. If the air be dry, no acid is formed to injure 
the generating chamber, but only oxides of nitrogen 
which can be drawn into water and converted to nitric 
acid. With the slight trouble of heating the oxides 
previous to contact with water, nitrous acid, as an 
intermediate product, is eliminated and nitric acid 
obtained directly which is fixed according to a com- 
mon laboratory reaction : — 

Acid -+- base = salt 
2HN0 3 + CaO = Ca(N0 3 ) 3 + H 2 
This product, nitre of lime, is superior to sodium 
nitre as a fertilizer in that lime is a plant food while 
much soda Is injurious. This product has been made 
at one half the cost of the soda salt. 

According to a report from Consul-general Mason 
of Berlin, energetic German scientists are perfecting a 
chemical method for fixing nitrogen. This method, 

as first employed, called for the ordinary quantitative 
separation of nitrogen from air by passing the mixture 
over red-hot copper which takes up the oxygen. The 
nitrogen was then fixed by union with calcium carbide, 
CaC 3 , to form calcium cyanimide, a compound hav- 
ing all the properties of a nitrate fertilizer. 

Calcium carbide, commonly known from its use in 
portable acetylene gas lamps, was too expensive for 
practical use. Dr. Erlwein has, however, found a sub- 
stitute which is comparatively cheap. By bringing 
nitrogen into a mixture of powdered charcoal (carbon) 
and lime in an electric furnace, a black substance is 
obtained which holds 10-15% of nitrogen in perfect 
condition for fertilizing purposes. Evidently the com- 
position of this substance has not been ascertained. 
At least, it has not been stated. The economy of this 
means of securing the evasive element has yet to be 
determined by practical application. 

The bacteriological assimilation of nitrogen has 
become generally know through work done by the 
agricultural department of our government. Living 
on the roots of leguminous plants, nitrogen-fixing 
bacteria convert the element to its highest combin- 
ation with oxygen leaving it in the form of nitrates. 
The plant assimilates these just as it would were they 
applied as fertilizers in the absence of bacteria. The 
nitrogen now combined in the plant Is furnished to 
the soil by plowing In the crop and although of slower 
action than commercial fertilizers, this source has the 
advantage of simultaneously improving the soil 

It is evident that the last method of fixation is hardly 
comparable with the first two. Between those two, 
economy will solve the problem of utility. 

The phases of chemical investigation herein con- 
sidered have emphasized the fact that just as that 
science plays an important part in nearly every industry, 
so it is itself often dependent on other sciences. In 
two of the nitrogen-fixing methods the knowledge of a 
physicist was indispensable .while in thelast.the greater 
part of the work falls within the recently developed 
domain of the bacteriologist. Hence, a chemist, like 
other present day workers, must be more or less of a 
" jack-at-all-trades." 

However utilitarian present efforts may be, we can- 
not ignore the Importance of theory. Chemistry is 
indeed fascinating in its practical application. A thrill 

of satisfaction comes from control over the Invisible 
and intangible. But, a knowledge of theory re-enforces 
the fascination. - Does practical work become 
monotonous by routine ?" the chemist is asked. Here 
theory finds employment beyond the establishing of 
the practical. To one who can think there is work for 
brain as well as hand, as witnessed by a study of these 
problems in nutrition, and to such, monotony Is a 
minus quantity. 


Dfp&rtmfrvf jMoifs. 

The Department of Horticulture is handling con- 
siderable quantities of nursery stock just at this time 
of the year. Orders are being packed and shipped 
every day. The department is also receiving a good 
deal of nursery stock from outside sources. During 
the last few days consignments have come in from 
Maryland, Texas, Illinois, Rochester. N. Y. and other 

The landscape gardening classes are getting various 
opportunities at practical work this spring. The shrubs 
on the grounds have been pruned, and several plantings 
are now underway. There has been a larger demand 
than usual for work outside the college, and the 
students have been sent out on these jobs wherever 

The students will doubtless be glad to learn that the 
horticultural department expects to plant a new vine- 
yard this spring. The old one has proved one of the 
most profitable, instructive (and otherwise attractive) 
features on the college grounds and there seems to be 
a good opportunity for something better in that line. 

The Department of Entomology has received a 
number of insect boxes to provide for new additions to 
the collection. Also a new set of apparatus for inflat- 
ing larvae. 

E. S. Fulton, '04. is doing thesis work in chemistry 
under Dr. Wellington. It is a study of the digestibility 
of galactan in clover seed meal. This carbohydrate is 
comparatively abundant in alsike clover seed, which is 
one of the few substances containing it. that can be fed 
to advantage. The results will no doubt be of Interest, 
as not much work has been done with this particular 

At a zoological seminar held last week in the gradu- 

ate laboratory. Allen, '05, spoke on Patten's theory of 
the origin of Vertebrates from the higher Arthropods. 
This was followed by a discussion of the theory by the 
students. The Juniors are beginning the study of the 
Reptilia; H. J. Franklin, '03, has just completed grad- 
uate work in Invertebrate Zoology J and the freshmen 
class are through with physiology. 

Dr. R. S. Lull has published a monograph " Fossil 
Footprints of the Jura-Trias of North America," in the 
Memoirs, Boston Society of Aatur,,/ History, published 
April 18th, 1904. 




The Western Alumni Association of the Massachu- 
setts Agricultural college held its annual meeting at the 
Sherman House, Chicago, III., on March 26th. 

Although there were only eleven alumni present, 
what was lacking in numbers was made up in loyalty 
and good fellowship. Aside from the usual routine 
business the following action was taken : — 

That a letter of condolence be sent to the relatives 
of the late Selim H. Peabody. a former Professor at 
M. A. C. 

That a word of greeting be sent to President Goodell. 
That a prize of twenty-five dollars a year for a term 
of three years be given to a member of the sophomore 
class, who has made the most marked improvement 
since his entrance into college, not only in his scholar- 
ship but also in his bearing, appearance, and general 

A committee of three was appointed to confer with 
President Goodell on the further details of the prize 
giving which will undoubtedly be announced by com- 
mencement. Letters of greeting were read at the 
meeting from President Goodell and Professors 
Fernald, Brooks, Mills and Howard. 

The following officers were elected for the ensuing 
year: President, E. B. Bragg; vice-president. A. F. 
Shiverick ; secretary and treasurer, A. B. Smith ; 
Trustees. C. S. Plumb. J. E. Wilder, L. W. Smith. 
E. M. Wright, J. L. Field. 

The following alumni were present: Lewis A. 
Nichols. 71, Chicago, III.; Everett B. Bragg, 75. 
Chicago, III.; William S. Potter. 76, LaFayette, Ind.; 
Charles S. Howe, 78, Cleveland. 0.; Asa F. Shiverick, 





'82. Chicago, III.; John E. Wilder, '82, Chicago, 111.; 
Winthrop E. Stone, '82, LaFayeite. Ind.; Luther W. 
Smith, '93, Monteno.Ill.; Arthur B. Smith, 95,Chicago. 
111.; H. J. Armstrong, 97, Chicago, 111.; C. E. Dwyer, 
'02, Nebraska City, Neb. 

A very enjoyable reunion was held, breaking up 
with the old "Aggie" yell as the older alumni did not 
know the " Massachusetts " yell, which has come into 
usage in later years. 

Ex.'72.— Frederick A. Ober is at present travelling 

in Cuba. 

78 — Arthur A. Brigham has assumed his position 
as Professor of Poultry Culture at the Columbia 
School of Poultry Culture, Waterville. N. Y. 

Ex.76.— F. A. Spooner, Agent for A. G. Fuller 
Varnish Co., address, Watertown. Mass. 

•85— Dr. Edwin W. Allen, Vice Director of the 
Office of Experiment Stations at Washington, D. C. 
spent a short time in town recently. 

•86 Dr. G. E. Stone will be present at the ses- 
sions of the Civic League to be held In Boston on the 
last of this week. 

Young Men's Clothing 

With all the " Kinks of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment .*. .'. 


Haynes & Co., 


Always Reliable. 


Surprise PRIZES given away. 

to get the people to talk about bixlers' physical training in penmanship, the 
beet method of instruction in the world— Saves 90 per cent, of time, etc. 

Merit Prizes, Surprize Prizes, Prize Prizes, Sure Prizes, Big Prizes, Little 
Prizes, Contingent Prize and other Prizes for little folks and big folks. Send 10c. 
for Business Penman, 12 Writing Mottoes, sample rapid Writing, skilled Bird 
Flourish, and full particulars. (I Surprise Prize will be included, worth from 
10c. to a dollar, and a $10 Prize Prize goes with each 100th 10c. order— con- 
ditional ) 

Prof. G. Bixler, 97 Odgen ave., Chicago, 111. 


'86.— Happy news came from the Southland. On 
Wednesday April 6th. In Galveston, Texas. C. F. W. 
Felt, chief engineer of the Gulf, Colorado, and Sante 
Fe R. R. and Miss Clara C. Root were united in 

'92. — William Fletcher, drummer. Address, 
Chelmsford, Mass. 

'92.— Homer C. West. Address. Belchertown. 

*92. — F. G. Stockbridge. New address: Supt. 
-Triple Springs Farm," Narcissa, Pa. 

'95.— Charles Allen Nutting and Miss Alice Edna 
Merriam of Fitchburg. were married on Wednesday 
the twentieth. 

'95.— H. D. Hemenway of the Handicraft Schools 
of Hartford, Conn, will have charge of the laying out 
and conduction of the School Gardens at the Expo- 
sition this summer. Mr. Hemenway has of late given 
several lectures before teachers* institutes.etc.on this 
new feature in educational work, and is considered an 
authority in that line. 

Ex.'OO— Arthur A. Gile. Address " Gile Home- 
stead," Franklin, N. H. 

'03.— W. W. Peebles is studying at the Chicago 
School of Dental Surgery In Chicago and not at 
Chicago University, as reported in the 1905 Index. 

'03. — Stephen A. Bacon, Civil Engineer, New 
York, Lake Erie, and Ontario R. R. Norwich, N. Y. 

'03. — Through the resignation of the superintendent. 
Gerald D. Jones has succeeded to the position on the 
Walter Cowls' estate at North Amherst. 

'03. — G. H. Lamson. graduate student, Wesleyan 
College, Middletown, Conn. 

Through a misunderstanding the statement was 
made in the last issue of the Signal with reference to 
Dr. Howe, '86, giving him credit as an investigator of 
coal oils, which should be awarded to Dr. Charles 
Merbery of the same institution. Dr. Howe is a 
mathematican and astronomer and has a good 
reputation as such. 




With letters from physicians and 
druggists stating results obtained. 



It Makes Rough Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

We will upon request mail the pamphlet to yon in a 
plain envelope, and you will he convinced. 

All Druggists Sell It. 




Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 


n*. xxr. siyOAiv, 

Amiikrst, Mass. 

Fine Newhall Granges, 

Right from our grove in California, 

Sdftc. n dozen. 



Fraternities are evidently a good thing if we 
judge from the fact that the authorities of fowa have 
recommended that they be introduced into that 



W. M. Skabs. 

W. W. 0OMOW. 

I " 




The world's record for putting the 16 lb. shot has 
been raised, lately by a Michigan freshman. 

At this time it is interesting to note that a Japan- 
ese club has been formed at Harvard to further the 
interests of the Japanese in Harvard and also of Har- 
vard men in Japan. 

Columbia, Harvard, Yale and Princeton have just 
challenged Oxford and Cambridge for a cable chess 
match to be played on six boards. The victors will 
have the Rice trophy. 

Carnegie has offered Mt. Holyoke fifty thousand 
dollars for a new library building on the condition 
that an equal sum be raised by the college to support 
It. They are having splendid success in getting the 
required sum. 

A fee of four dollars is charged every student in 
Harvard, each year, for the support of the new medi- 
cal building in Huntington Avenue, Boston.for which 
they can, if taken sick, have two weeks care at the 
infirmary each year. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The largest stock and the lowest prie«s In town. 

Agents for the celebrated Guyer Hats and A. B. Ktrsch- 

tmiiin & Oo. Clothing. 




Hmbetst Ibouse. 


O. M. KENDRICK, Prophicto*. 

Tennis Goods. 




313-315 Main Street, 

Sfkingpikld, Mass. 

Belle gjjj Sweets. 


The best Confections made. 




High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main 8t., - 



notify the Business M anager. "' P""' Subsc "bers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 


JOHN FRANKLIN LYMAN. 1905. Edltor-in Chief 

GEORGE HOWARD ALLEN. 1905. Business Manager. 
ALLEN NEWMAN SWAIN .905^^" **" ^^^ 1906A " is «"< Business Manager. 

FRANK FARLEY HUTCH.NGS. *| 905, Alumni Notes. amTm S?«^1^ 0TT - ' 9 ° 6 ' '"^oileg.ate. 

ALBERT DAVIS TAYLOR, 1905. College Notes. * IB DA „ FARRAR. 1906. Athletics. 



J^1*^M^^^ ,0c. P 08ta96 ollt8idc J 1!niteu state(j Bnd Canadi| ' 2flc — 

Y. M. C. A. 

Foot-BaJI Association, 
College Senate. 
Readir.g-Room Association, 


L. S. Walker, Pres. Athletic Association, 

E. W. Newhall. Jr., Manager. Base-Ball Association 

F. D. Couden. Pres. Nineteen Hundred and Six Index. 
H. F. Thompson . Sec. Fraternity Conference, 

Entered as second-class matter, Post Office at Amherst. 
MMWftM * — mm, nwnit. 

Prof. S. F. Howard. Sec. 
R. A. Qulgley, Manager. 
F. H. Kennedy, Manager 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 


We do not like to grumble but there is one evil on 
the campus which has been brought to our notice so 
strikingly and so often that we believe it is time some- 
thing was said even though we have to do a little 
grumbling. We refer to the hole on the west side of 
the campus where the gravel was taken out for the 
roads last fall. It is a question not only of a blemish 
on the face of the campus, but it is also a serious 
inconvenience to the baseball players, the fielders 
often having difficulty in getting the ball because of 
this hole. Now that the Signal has had its say 
about the matter we feel confident that the hole will 
be filled In at once and Massachusetts' campus will 
again be fair and unbroken. 

the course in bee culture. 
The course In bee culture, offered this year by the 
college for the first time, promises to be very 

amount of apparatus for this course, the number of 
students taking the work has been, for this year at 
least, limited to a small number. The course begins 
May 25 and continues for two weeks. The work will 
consist of five lectures by Dr. Fernald on •• The struc- 
ture of bees." ten lectures by Dr. Stone on •• Flowers 
and fruits in their relations to bees," five lectures by 
Professor Brooks on •' Honey crops and how to grow 
them," and ten lectures by Dr, Paige on «• Bees and 
bee-keepers' supplies." Besides the lecture work 
there will be practical Instruction In the apiary under 
the direction of an expert. It is not possible, at least 
for the present, for students in the regular courses to 
take this work. There are many, however, who hope 
that in the future it can be arranged so that men in 
the regular courses may elect this extra course. 


In this age of rapid development along all lines of 
activity the question is often put : " Who is to be the 

successful. Necessarily, because of the small j farmer of the future ?" It is often affirmed that the 



farmers of today are. as a class, the most discontented 
element of society, and it is further asserted that to 
be a farmer and still be happy, one must be a poet, 
an artist, or a philosopher. If this be true, Is it not, 
indeed, a difficult task for our agricultural colleges to 
fit a man to become a successful tiller of the soil ? 
Let us examine carefully into the stock in trade of 
the graduate from the agricultural college and we 
shall find among his attainments that which effect- 
ually overcomes the element of discontent. First of 
all this graduate is a scientific man ; but more than 
that, he is a naturalist. He has studied the history of 
all nature around him ; the rocks, the plants, the 
insects, and every living thing he is more or less 
acquainted with, So even from the view point of the 
aesthetic we need have no fears that the farmer who 
has received his training in an agricultural college 
will be unhappy. He has the scientific knowledge 
necessary to make his enterprises successful, but fur- 
ther he is in harmony with his surroundings. He is a 
devotee of Nature.and Nature is his friend and helper. 
But let us look for a moment to see if we cannot 
assign some other reason than a lack among farmers 
of poets, artists, and philosophers, or even naturalists, 
for the general discontent of the agricultural class. 
During the past half century the manufacturing inter- 
ests of the country have advanced with mighty leaps. 
Wonderful inventions have been made, and business 
methods everywhere have been reduced to a syste- 
matic basis. Agriculture, even though great prog- 
ress has been made in agricultural methods, has been 
left far in the rear in this strife for improvement. It 
Is readily granted that to be successful in any business 
one must be familiar with all the methods and cus- 
toms of that business. Too many people suppose 
that one man can be as successful as any other In 
agriculture, that the farmer simply puts a seed into 
the ground and nature does the rest. That these 
people are mistaken we are finding out more and 
more. The laws of agriculture, even though they 
are not fully understood, are as definite as those of 
any other science. The farmer of the future, then, 
must be, primarially. a scientific man. Would it 
not therefore be well for the government to put even 
more attention on this science. Our legislators have 
ever been ready to build and foster our manufactures 
and our commerce ; but there seems to be some 

hesitancy in putting the state's money into the uplift- 
ing of agriculture. This is surely a mistake. Our 
agricultural colleges should have the finest equipment 
and the best corps of instructors that money can pro- 
cure. When this active interest is taken we may 
well expect agriculture, the art, to become again the 
ennobling occupation which the ancient Romans con- 
sidered it, and the farmers to become the happiest 
and most contented class In society. 


The college met defeat in her second game with 
Amherst college. May 5. The game was on Amherst's 
grounds and Amherst out played Massachusetts at the 
bat and in the field. The college team threw wild 
continually, and of Amherst's runs only one was earned. 
McRae was in the box for Amherst and pitched a 
steady game, allowing only two hits, three bases on 
balls and striking out four men. He also fielded his 
position well, making four assists, two of which aided 
in making double plays. Kennedy pitched well 
for the college striking out four men and allowing 
but one base on balls and eight hits which 
were well scattered. Amherst's only earned run was in 
the sixth inning on Powell's scratch hit and Kelliher's 
two base hit. Martin played a fine game at centre 
field, making three put outs, one of which was an 
exceptionally good catch of a low fly between centre 
and left field. He also made a fine throw, cutting 
off Storke at the plate after Orrell's hit. 

The score : — 


Wheeler, m. 
Chase. 3. 
Beach, s.. 
Shay. I, 
McRae, p.. 
Storke, c, 
Allaire, r., 
Powell. L, 
Kelliher, 2. 
Orrel', r.. 

























Bartlett. r., 
Ahearn, s.. 
OHearn. 3. 
Hunt 2, 
Quigley. c, 
Gregg, '.. 
Mattin, m.. 
Ingham, 1. 
Kennedy, p., 
Tlrrell, I. 

Amherst , 

37 10 27 12 

M. A. C. 

1 1 



3 1 




I 1 



















The college baseball team met its first defeat this 
season at the hands of Colby May 3 on the campus 
The game was loosely played by both teams and the 
errors were frequent. Massachusetts made one run 
in the first inning by Ahearn reaching first on a base on 
balls and reaching home plate on Dunn's error. In 
the third three more runs were added by base on 
balls for Hunt and Martin and hits by Quigley and 
Gregg and Pugsley's wild pitch. In the sixth Ahearn 
and O'Hearn scored on a fielder's option a hit by 
O'Hearn, an error of Pile and a hit by Quigley. 
Colby scored twice in the first on Newman's hit an 
error and a wild pitch. .Colby scored In the third and 
four more in the fourth, three of which were earned 
runs. In the seventh two more were added by two 
hits and Martin's wild throw home. Three more were 
added in the ninth, two by a fielder's option, a scratch 
hit by Leighton and Willey's three bagger, the other 
run was made by Willey's scoring on Shaw's wild 
pitch. The game was not what was expected but 
Massachusetts was out played both at the bat and in 
the field. 

The score : — 


Cowing, c. 
Coombs, 2. 
Newman, r.. 
Pugsley, p.. 
Leighton, m., 
Dunn. 3, 
Willey, I. 
Reynolds, s.. 
Pile, p.. 

























Massachusetts defeated Trinity in an interesting 
game of baseball at Hartford April 30 by the score of 
5 to 2. Trinity made her only scores in the first 
mning. Duffaa was first up and hit a two bagger 
down third base line. Morgan flyed out to Bartlett 
Clements struck out and Duffaa went to third on 
Quigley's throw first and came home on a pass ball 
Townson singled, stole second and came home on 
O Hearn's throw over first base. In the next eight 
Trinity had but eight men to face Kennedy. Massa- 
chusetts made her scores in the second, sixth and 
eighth. In the second Hunt got a base on balls went 
second and third on Martin's hit to Grange which he 
threw over second base and both he and Martin came 
home on Morgan's throw over third base. Quigley 
and Kennedy made hits but the team was retired as 
two were out and Bartlett struck out. In the sixth 
Hunt singled to center field and Morgan let It go past 
allowing Hunt to reach second. Martin singled and 
thereby brought in two runs. Gregg stole second but 
the next three men were retired. In the eighth inning 
Martin singled, stole second, went third on Allen's 
error and came home on Grange's wild pitch Trinity 
played a plucky game. The game was stopped once 
on account of rain but resumed immediately after the 
shower. The playing was exceptionally good con- 
sidering the slipperlness of the ground. Kennedy 
pitched a fine game allowing but two hits and striking 
out eight men. 

The score : — 


M, A. c. 

41 11 27 12 

M. a. c. 

Bartlett, r.. 
Ahearn, 2, s., 
OHearn, 3. 
Hunt. p.. 2. 

8uigley. c. 
regg, I., 
Martin, s.. m.. 
Ingham, I , 
Tlrrell, m., 
Shaw, p., 

M. A, Cm 




4 2 
3 2 











0- 6 







Bartlett, r . 
Ahearn, s , 
O'Hearn, 3, 
Hunt, 2, 
Martin, m.. 
Gregg, I.. 
Ingham. I, 
Quigley. c, 
Kennedy, p. 



















34 8 27 13 

Duffaa. I., 
Morgan, c, 
Clements, r., 
Townson, 3. 
Hine, I, 
Dravo, c, 
Allen. 2, 
Grange, p., 












Newma7 Dunn* piMK ^ ^W™ % W '" ey h Ahearn 2 ' Coombs - 
'nXnt & f • °_ Hearn ' R unt Cre ««- Martln - Sacrifice hit— 
rX\?.".-3' 0e , n ba £" : Cre *l Cowin e Leighton, WiHey. Pde. Two- 
base hits— Cowing Pugsley. Three-base hlt-Villey. First base on balK 
-rf'.PuK^y 7. o,f Hunt 2. Struck out-by Pugsley 4. by Hunt 3 Bat- 
Double play-Tirrell and Ahearn. Passed balls 
-Hunt, Pugsley, Shaw. Time. 2 h. Umpire— 

-Cowing 2. Wild pitches 















28 2 27 15 



Runs- Martin 3, Hunt 2, Duffaa, Townson. Sacrifice hit Granpe 
Sto'en boses- Martin. Gregg. Two- base hit Duffaa. First base on balls 
—Gray J, Kennedy 2. Left on bases— Massachusetts 5, Trinity 3 Struck 
ont Grange I I , Kennedy 8. Passed ball-Quigley. Wild pitches- 
Grange. Time, I h.. 40 m. Umpire— Garvan. ' 


1 4 8 


Collect NotTS- 

It is ideal weather for collectors of botanical and 

entomological specimens. 

The next baseball game upon the schedule is 

with Boston college on the campus. 

Prof. C. H. Fernald will deliver the Memorial 

Day address at Easthampton this year. 

C. F. Elwood and R. R. Raymouth attended the 

Founder's Day exercises at Vassar recently. 

Back, '04, inspected, for the entomological 

department, a nursery in New Bedford on April. 30. 

F. A. Ferren, 1906 has resigned his position as 

college organist and E.G. Bartlett, 1907 has been 
appointed to succeed him. 

Barnes and Munson, '05, have just completed 

an extensive piece of grafting upon an orchard of 
young stock in Rutland, Mass. 

Professor Waugh's son, while playing upon a 

moving wagon, fell and the wheels passed over him 
breaking his leg between the knee and hip. 

Mr. Wallace now has the range in first class 

condition. It is repaired with new timbers and in the 
future this will be replaced by stone masonery. 

The next and last informal dance of the year will 

be held Saturday, May 14. Give the committee 
encouragement and make a special effort to attend. 

— C. S. Stoddard, 1906 left college recently, to 
accept a position as clerk upon a boat during the 
summer. He intends to return with his class in the 

The Junior class in " The Breeding and Man- 
agement of Poultry " is making a series of excursions 
with Professor Cooley, in order to get the practical 
points of the business. 

Public announcement was made last Friday con- 
cerning the engagement of Instructor Louis R. Herrick 
and Miss Mildred French, daughter of Prof. Thomas 
French Jr. of Amherst. 

—Dr. H. T. Fernald left last Saturday for St. 
Louis, where he will superintend the installation of the 
entire college exhibit. During his absence of about 
two weeks the work in Entomology will not be required 
of the Juniors 

The class of 1904 planted their class tree on the 

night of Arbor day and the 1905 class tree was set in, 
last Saturday night. That of the former is an oak and 
that of the latter is a tupelo tree. 

At the Trinity game in Hartford April 30, W. R 

Pierson, *0I, gave manager Quigley a present of a 
sum of money to go towards baseball. May the 
good work continue among our alumni. 

On Friday, May 20. the college will receive Its 

annual Inspection from the Legislative Committee. 
On June 1 the battallion will be inspected by Captain 
Thomas E. Merrill of the Artillery Corps U. S. A. 

The battallion recently received a formal invi- 
tation to enter the parade to be held on June 7, the 
day of Northampton's 250th anniversary but owing 
to the fact that it comes during the senior vacation it 
was decided inexpedient to go. 

All college exercises were omitted last Friday 

afternoon and the entire batallion escorted the 
remains of the late Prof. Levi Stockbridge from his 
former residence on Lessey street to the Plainville 
Road. The body was taken to Plainville, the 
professor's old home, for interment. 

The open air band concerts, which have been so 

popular in past years, will soon be resumed again. 
Professor Waugh has been giving the band practice 
with a view to these concerts and during the concerts 
the band will be under his leadership. The first 
concert will probably be held next Friday evening. 

Mr. Elwin H. Forestall, M. Sc. succeeds Mr. 

E. A. Jones as general superintendent of the farm 
department. He is a graduate of the New Hamp- 
shire State college In the class of '97, and remained 
there three years after graduating. Mr. Forrlstall has 
the reputation of having completed a most exhaustive 
investigation in soil moisture and general analysis of 
soils. Before coming here he was for four years In 
charge of the farms and dairy belonging to the Walker 
Gordon Laboratory Co. at Charles River ; and pos- 
sessed a half Interest in the electrical business at 

In the death of Levi Stockbridge, which occurred 
at the home of his son Dr. H. E. Stockbridge in 
Lake City. Florida on Monday night, May 2. this 
college has lost him who may well be called the 


guardian of its infancy, as is easily seen by reading 
the account of his connection with this institution. 

He was born in March 1820 in North Hadley and 
lived there till his connection with the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College began, which was before its 
existence, as away back in 1858 he advocated before 
the legislature the establishment of such a college 
When finally, as a result of the Morril act of 1862 
land-grant colleges were to be established, and the 
present site had been chosen, he was asked to take 
charge of the college property and the building 
operations, and this he did In November of that year 
When the college was opened in October 1867 he 
was appointed Instructor In Agriculture, and this posi- 
tion he held until 1872 when he became professor of 
Agriculture. Until 1880. he served in this capacity at 
which time he was elected president of the college 
and this position he held for the next two years when 
he resigned for the reason, as he himself stated it, 
"I have been tied down by a college bell long 
enough." Even then, so much was he thought of 
that he was not allowed to entirely sever 
his connection here, and so he was made emeritus 
professor of Agriculture, which honorary title he had 
at the time of his death. He was closely allied to 
the town of Amherst, and his death is keenly felt by 
all the people. With so much respect was he 
regarded that the flag was at half mast on Friday 
the day of his funeral. 



The most enthusiastic tennis players of the college 
met last Wednesday evening and organized as the 
M. A. C. Tennis club. The following constitution 
and by-laws were adopted, officers were elected and 
committees were chosen. The club proposes to hold 
a tournament this year and to give an appropriate 
prize to the winner in single matches. We are very 
glad that this matter of a tennis tournament has been 
brought to a definite issue. There is surely a place 
for It in the college and we hope to see it prosper. 



This organization shall be known as the M. A. C. 
Tennis Club. 

The object of this club shall be to promote interest 
in tennis as a college sport. 

Any student or officer of M. A. C. Is eligible to 
membership. An applicant for membership must be 
recommended by the membership committee, and 
after such recommendation may be elected to mem- 
bership by a vote of the executive committee. 

The officers of this club shall be a president, a 
vice-president, a secretary, and a treasurer. 

The officers of the club shall be elected annually 
the week before commencement. 

The officers shall perform the duties usually 
devolving on such officers. They shall also consti- 
tute an executive committee to manage all the 
affairs of the club subject to such direction as may 
be given by vote of the members. 

There shall be the following committees : (I) On 
membership. (2) on rules. (3) on courts. (4) on tour- 
naments. These committees shall be appointed annually 
by the president with the approval of the executive 

The constitution or by-laws may be amended by a 
two-thirds vote of the members present at any 
meeting of the club. 


I. Each member shall pay an annual fee of 
twenty-five cents. 

2. A majority of the active members shall consti- 
tute a quorum. 

3. An annual meeting shall be held each year the 
week before commencement ; and special meetings 
may be held on call of the executive committee. 
The executive committe is required to call a meeting 
at any time on petition of five members of the club. 

The following officers were elected : President. A. 
W. Gilbert ; vice-president, G. N. Willis ; secretary, 
C. F. Elwood ; treasurer. Professor Green ; com- 
mittee on membership, E. W. Newhall, Jr., L. S. 

I 't 





Walker, A. T. Hastings, Jr.. E. D. Philbrick. 
Committee on rules, Professor Howard, F. D. 
Couden, P. F. Williams ; committee on courts, 
Professor Waugh, H. M. White. M. A. Blake, S. R. 
Parker, R. R. Raymoth, committee on tournaments, 
J. W. Gregg. E. T. Ladd, G. W. Patch and Mr. 




In reviewing the work done at the College during 
the thirty-seven years of its existence, we find it a 
difficult matter to differentiate results and say this 
line of investigation is more practical than that, or 
this piece of work has been of greater value than 
than that. From whatev rr point of view you approach 
It, its practical value must necessarily be the standard 
by which it rises or falls. Who. then, shall say this 
has helped the farmer most when examining into the 
benefits of the dog law, or the protection afforded the 
community from fraud in the quality or composition of 
commercial fertilizers, or yet again In the feeding 
qualities of concentrated cattle feeds? Yet each 
one of these has orignated in college or station and 
has had one and the same end in view, namely 
benefit to the farmer. We shall therefore not speak 
of what has done most for the farmer, but only touch 
on some of the notable pieces of work done here. 

Goessmann was actively in the field of Investigation 
at least twenty years before his contemporaries. His 
growing of sugar beets, manufacture of sugar from 
them and trial of their value for cattle feed conducted 
for six years are known to all except those who wil- 
fully close their eyes to the fact that he was the ear- 
liest to demonstate the possibility of using the sugar 
beet in this country. For seven years he successfully 
conducted a series of experiments upon the salt 
marshes of the State, and reported upon their chemi- 
cal and physical condition, devising methods by which 
they could be made available for agricultural purposes. 
He first demonstrated the lack of potash in the soil, 
and the possibility of supplying it through Stassfurt- 
salines, and he first undertook the growing of early 
amber cane and the manufacture of sugar from its 
juice. He, too. was one of the first to clearly work 
out the cost of pork production. 

Brooks introduced into this country new and very 
valuable fodder plants that have proved great additions 
The Japanese barn-yard millet and medium green soy 
bean for their heavy yield and great nutritive value 
have been received with favor everywhere. From a 
long series of investigations with different fertilizers, 
he has shown that corn depends largely upon the 
amount of potash supplied ; that oats and grass depend 
upon nitrogen ; that the growth of clover depends 
chiefly upon the amount of lime and potash in the soil ; 
that sulphate of potash is far better for potatoes and 
clover than the muriate ; that muriate of potash or 
kainite causes the loss of a large quantity of lime and 
points out the serious nature of the effect ; and lastly 
he demonstrates the value of corn as food for laying 
hens and shows that corn produces more eggs than 
wheat and at less cost. 

To what Brooks has been doing for the farmer in 
establishing feed rations of fertilizers for the plant, 
Stone has added for the horticulturist, from the stand- 
point of health, a course of medical treatment for dis- 
eased plants. The unnatural conditions under which 
plants are now forced to answer the demands of the 
market for fruit or blossoms at unseasonable times 
have resulted In a crop of new diseases, demanding 
the utmost vigilance on the part of the physician. 
Spotted plagues like the measles or small pox in the 
human species have sprung up on the leaves — ele- 
phantiasis of the limbs appears in the thickened stems, 
fissured bark-club-foot and gout manifest themselves 
in the roots — cerebro-spinal meningitis attacks the 
spine, and the unhappy plant soon dies, regretting Its 
untimely birth. The effects of temperature, moisture, 
and light, he has carefully studied particularly in their 
relations to the diseases common to the lettuce. The 
drop, Botrytis, mildew and Bacterial-rot no longer 
disturb the grower, for he has been taught the way to 
control them. For the first time these diseases have 
been recognized and described and the remedy made 
known. In the same manner growing cucumbers 
under glass has been thoroughly investigated and 
attention called to the various troubles likely to arise 
and the remedies for the same. In short he has pub- 
lished a complete monograph on the subject cover- 
ing all points from the construction of a suitable 
house to the harvesting and marketing of the crop 
including planting and fertilization, and combating the 



attacks of insects and disease. Raising tomatoes 
cucumbers and violets under glass has long been a 
difficult matter, growers frequently losing from a half 
to two-thirds of their entire crop. Small galls upon 
the roots of the plant were a characteristic of those 
attacked. Messrs. Stone and Smith set themselves 
resolutely to attack the problem and after three years 
of effort in glass house and laboratory succeded in 
solving it and presenting a remedy so simple and at 
the same time so efficatious that it has become of 
universal application in the greenhouse. The nema- 
tode worm was the aggressor and sterilization of the 
soil the remedy. In like manner Smith investigated 
the diseases affecting the cultivation of the China 
Aster. He imported seeds from abroad— grew 
some 1500 varieties— watched over the plants in all 
stages of their growth— discoved and described their 
different ailments and prescribed the proper treatment. 
In the division of foods and feeding. Lindsey has 
proved that food does not affect the chemical compo- 
sition of the butter fat nor the percentage composition 
of the milk. His great work has been on the digesti- 
bility of different American feed stuffs. The conclu- 
sions from his experiments long continued and care- 
fully carried out have been accepted as authorative. 
As Goessmann presides over the analysis of fertilizers 
and fertilizer materials, so Lindsey has in charge the 
analysis of milk, water and the thousand and one cun- 
centrated cattle feeds offered in open market. 

Last, but not least, we have the entomological 
division, under the two Fernalds. father and son. 
Theirs has been mostly a work of defence against the 
attacks of the million crawling, creeping, flying ax- 
handles of the climate that prey upon every misguided 
plant that lifts its head out of the earth into the warm 
sunlight of the Universe. When the Gypsy moth 
appeared in 1889 a special bulletin was issued in con- 
nection with the board of agriculture calling attention 
to the appearance of this dangerous pest and the nec- 
essity for immediate action. The edition numbered 
some 40.000 copies and was distributed by names 
found on the tax-lists of the eight or ten adjacent 
towns. Then commenced a ten years' struggle, 
which an English entomologist not inaptly termed ' 'a 
commonwealth in arms against a caterpillar." with 
odds in favor of the caterpillar. And yet I think It 
may safely be said that during those ten years, the 

insect was never found outside the bounds that had 
been drawn around it in the first place. When the 
brown-tall moths, the elm leaf beetle and the San 
Jose scale appeared, the same tactics were observed 
In short; whenever any insect pest has risen and 
threatened the land, the entomological division has 
always been found ready with club in hand to smite 
it. Since the advent of that scale, the San Jose, holy 
in its name, but unholy in its deeds, the inspection of 
nurseries In this state has devolved upon this divis- 
ion. Neither tree nor shrub can be exported by any 
nursery that has not first received the official stamp 
of -I find no indications etc.- from the Inspector 
That this office Is no sinecure can be judged from the 
fact that during the past year 1 iOnursuries have been 
Inspected, involving an examination with the lens of 
the trees and shrubs on some 600 acres. 


It is only within the last decade that the terms, ar 
and photography, have come to be associated in peo- 
ples' minds, that men have begun to realize the pos- 
sibilities which the camera affords for the production 
of artistic results. And today art in photography Is 
only in Its first stage of advancement. Of the great 
multitude of "camera fiends" which pervade our 
country from shore to shore, how many are worthy to 
be called artists ? Only a very few; so few, Indeed, 
that we can almost count them on our fingers. But 
the work that these few have done shines out on the 
horizon of a new epoch in photography and their 
names will go down in history as the leaders of a 
great advancement In this new branch of art. 

And now that the movement Is begun It is certainly 
going to advance. The camera, whether it be hand 
camera or tripod camera, is not a fad ; It has come 
to stay. Moreover, In the hands of the faithful 
patient worker, it will bring forth pictures both pleas- 
ing and surprising to its ownej. And each year will 
add more and more names to the list of those who 
are entitled to be called artists. 

The time Is surely coming, and at no remote period, 
when photography as an art shall have attained a 
standard equal to that of the art of painting, because, 
although it Is new. it Is by no means inferior to that 
old. old art. Some argue that photographs are dead 




because they lack colors, but probably these people 
have never seen a real photographic picture. Dead ? 
No, indeed, they are not dead, on the contrary many 
are/w//of life. We sometimes see portraits that look 
as if they could speak to us, so full of life are they. 
And landscapes ; have you not seen little out-of-door 
scenes, that, because of the very life in them, filled 
you with a love of nature which you never felt before? 
It is these simple little artistic photographs which have 
taught many of us the beauties and grandeur of Nature 
as She lies about us. When one looks at such pic- 
tures he never misses the colors ; he is satisfied with 
them as they are. Moreover, many pictures would 
be robbed of their simplicity and their beauty, could 
they be reproduced in colors. 

Many times as one studies the works of a great 
artist he can see something more than the mere pic- 
tures before him. In those pictures are stamped the 
individuality of the artist ; his tastes, his feelings, and 
his character lie hidden down in the depths of his 
work. As this is true of is it true of pho- 
tography. Both in portrait and landscape photography 
a few artists are constantly producing pictures of such 
an original character and of such marked individuality 
that one familiar with the style of these men can single 
out the work of each wherever he may see it. How- 
ever, such artists are today few and scattered, but 
the results which these few have thus far accomplished 
have shown the world some of the possibilities which 
photography affords to the field of art. 

R., '07. 


For some time past, certain members of the fac- 
ulty and of the present senior class have been plan- 
ning for the introduction of a senior honorary frater- 
nity into the college. Because of their efforts, there 
will be inducted on Friday evening. May 13. a chap- 
ter of Phi Kappa Phi. The inductor will be Profes- 
sor James S. Stevens of the University of Maine. 
After the secret ceremony, Professor Stevens will 
give an address in the college chapel, his subject 
being " The Democracy of the Higher Education." 
Members of the faculty, the student body, and the 
public in general are cordially invited to be present at 
this address. The time will be about 8 o'clock, 
notice being given by the chapel bell. 


Several times recently I have felt compelled to 
remonstrate with different friends of the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College for what seems to me to be their 
undue modesty. They seem quite too ready to admit 
that this is a second-rate institution and that it ranks 
comparatively low amongst colleges of its kind. In 
particular I find a tendency to speak of the western 
state colleges as setting a mark which is altogether 
beyond the hope or ambition of M. A. C. 

One of the commonest remarks heard in and about 
this college is that " there ought to be more students 
here." Now I believe that quite as strongly as any- 
body does ; but when that statement is made — as it 
usually is — with the assumption that other colleges 
are much better off, then I know it is a great mistake. 

In the first place the great western colleges with 
which the M. A. C. students' imagination is dazzled 
have many departments. Most of them are great 
universities in which agricultural subjects have only a 
very small place. They take the place in their 
respective states which is filled in Massachusetts by 
M. A. C. M. I. T., Harvard, Tufts, Holy Cross and 
half a dozen other colleges. In the second place 
most of them are co-educational, and their rolls of 
attendance are swelled by the names of many women. 
In the third place, especially in the strictly agricul- 
tural colleges, there are often large short courses and 
preparatory departments, to swell the total attendance. 

If we put M. A. C. and M. I. T. together, as is per- 
fectly fair, their total attendance, according to the 
latest available statistics, is exceeded only by six of the 
land-grant colleges in the United States, as follows ; 


New York (Cornell), 

Now every one of these six institutions is a great 
state university, in which the agricultural students are 
a very small part. The total number of agricultural 
students of all sorts and kinds in the entire six in 1902 
was only 1432, or a trifle over 8% of the whole. 
If we cut out mechanical courses, domestic econ- 

Total Enrollment 1902. 

omy courses, •• business courses." and all other Issues 
and bring the comparison right down to the number in 
agricultural courses (the only fair basis of comparison) 
we f,nd that in 1902 there were only three colleges in 
the United States which led M. A. C. Here Is the 
comparison : 

Massachusetts, 2 24 

Kansas, •>> . 

Michigan, 293 

Mississippi, ->2? 

It is interesting also on this basis to compare Mas- 
sachusetts with the other New England states. The 
following figures show the number of genuine four 
year agricultural students : 

Massachusetts, | 72 

All other N. E. colleges combined, 1 1 

If we take into consideration further the size of 
Massachusetts, or the number of farms, as compared I 
with the western states, the result is much more fav- 
orable. Take Kansas, for example, the state which 
has the largest agricultural college of all. Kansas has 
about nine times the area that Massachusetts has, and 
nearly 4 J times as many farms, but only about 1 1 times 
as many agricultural students. Thus while only one 
farm in every 168 in Massachusetts furnishes a stu- 
dent of agriculture, in Kansas the ratio is one to 507 
In New York state the ratio is one to 2465, and New 
York is one of the greatest agricultural states. In 
Vermont, counting 63 short course and 40 collegiate 
men, the ratio is one to 31 1. In Maine the ratio is 
one to 1853. And so on. In fact it is true, surpris- 
ing as it may seem to many persons, that there is not 
mother state in the union which shows so large a num- 
ber of agricultural students in proportion to the number 
of farms as does Massachusetts. f. A. W 


May 24. 



'Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch." 


May 13. Argers Dramatic club in •• Colleen Bairn " 
May 21. Hadley's -Moving Pictures." Matinee 

and evening. 
May 23. » Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch." 
May 24 " Prof. Cartiers Pupils." 



The nineteenth annual Northfield Student Confer- 
ence will be held from Friday night. July 1. through 
Sunday night, July 10, 1904. This Conference's 
composed of about 1000 men who come together 
each year for Bible Study and discussion of Christian 
Work. The mornings and evenings are set for 
meetings and classes, the afternoons for athletic con- 
tests and social times. Many prominent athletes and 
college leaders are there and the numerous receptions 
and celebrations present a rare opportunity for men 
from the different colleges to get acquainted and for 
secondary school boys to meet fellows from their 
future alma maters. Some of the delegations are 
very large. Yale, for instance, including her sub- 
freshmen, had over 100 men at Northfield last year 
Harvard. Princeton. Colnmbia, Cornell, etc., not 
quite so many, while Brown, Wesleyan and Williams 
had even more in proportion to their numbers. 

The outline of the Conference consists in Platform 
Meetings by Mr. Robert E. Speer, New York City- 
Rev. Anson Phelys Stokes. Jr.. Yale; Rev Chas' 
Cuthbert Hall, D. D.. New York; Rev. G. A. John- 
ston Ross. Cambridge, England ; Prof. R. A Falcon- 
er. Halifax. N. S. ; Mr. John R. Mott and others ; in 
Bible Study Courses under Mr. W. D. Murray New 
York City ; Mr. L. H. Miller. Princeton University • 
Prof. H. M. Tory. McGill University ; Mr. Thornton 
B. Penfield. New York City ; Prof. R. A. Falconer 
and Mr. C. C. Michener; In Mission Studies under 
J. L. Barton, D. D., Boston, and John Willis Baer of 
New York ; and Life Work meetings held at sunset 
on Round Top hill. 

The expenses during the period are not heavy. 
Accommodations may be secured at the Northfield 
Seminary buildings for $12 for the entire stay: at 
Camp Northfield, which is open all summer, for 
$4.00 to $5.00 per week ; and at the "The Northfield." 
a first class mountain hotel, where many of the stu- 
dents entertain their relatives and friends. Reduced 
railway rates and limited opportunities for work fur- 
ther lessen the cost of attending the Conference. The 
gathering is strictly a student movement, originated by 
them, and managed by them, and it Is the earnest 
wish that every college and preparatory school In the 
East will be represented there this summer. 







Under the auspices of the Hampshire Alumnae 
Association of Mt. Holyoke college, there will be 
given in the town hall Wednesday evening, May 25, a 
concert by the Mt. Holyoke Glee Club, the proceeds 
to be used toward the erection of the new Carnegie 
library. Tickets will be on sale at Millett's after the 



Among the older graduates present at the funeral 
of ex- President Stockbridge in Amherst on last Wed- 
nesday were W. H. Bowker, 71, R. W. Lyman, 71, 
W. P. Birnie. 71, Prof. W. P. Brooks, 75, Dr. 
Austin Peters, 76, Dr. G. E. Stone, '86, Prof. F. S. 
Cooley, '88, as well as others who had associated with 
him during his term as instructor and president. Dr. 
Madison Bunker, 75, president of the Massachusetts 
alumni, represented that body, Ellsworth J. Lewis 
represented the state board of agriculture. 

Young Men's Clothing 

With all the " Kinks of Fashion " 
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Prof. G. Bixler, 97 Odgen ave., Chicago, 111. 


We learn that the classes of '92, H. M. Thompson 
secretary, and '01. J. H. Chickering. secretary, are 
making active preparations for reunions to be held at 
the college during commencement. Already '94 
Dr. Claude F. Walker, chairman, has made consid- 
erable preparation. 

'82.~Henry S. Brodt, secretary and treasurer of 
the J. M. Hugus V. Company. General Office, 1515 
Blake St., Denver, Mass. Mr. Brodt expects to be 
in New York in June and is also planning to be at the 
commencement exercises. Surely resident graduates 
in Massachusetts would also enjoy being back again 
at that time. 

Ex-'84.-A. W. Lublin. With the Kora Com- 
pany, 525 527 Broome St.. New York city. Manu- 
factures of rubber goods and supplies. 

'86— We learn with a great deal of pleasure that 
Dr. Stone has been awarded the Walker prize, which 
was given by the Boston Society of Natural History 
for the best original composition upon certain subjects 
relating to scientific nature work. Dr. Stone's sub- 
ject was '• Effect of Electricity upon Plant Life." 
The second prize was taken by Dr. Livingstone of 
Chicago University. 

'93.— Fred A. Smith and Arthur L. Dacy, '02 are 
employed on the estate of M. C. L. Rice at Ipswich, 
Mass ; the former as superintendent, and the latter as 

'94.— It is learned that William E. Sanderson, who 
for some time has been in the employ of the firm of 
Peter Henderson & Co. as their agent in New York, 
has entered the employ of J. M. Thorburn & Co.'. 
where he serves in a like capacity. Address. 36 
Cortland St., New York City. 

'94.— Congrtaulations are In order to Mr. and Mrs. 
F. C. Averell, 53 State St.. Boston, on the recent 
birth of a daughter. 

'95.— Dr. C. F. Walker, who for the past two 
years has had charge of the department of physical 
science in the Montclair. N. Y. High School, has 
accepted an appointment as assistant professor of 
chemistry in the recently constructed High School of 
Commerce in Manhattan, New York City. 

'95.— We are glad to hear of the re-appointment of 
H. A, Ballou for another two years as official ento- 




With letters from physicians nn.l 
(lniir-istssUtlD-iMults obtain..,! 



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We will upon nxpiest mail the pamphlet to von In a 
plain envelope, H nd you will he eonvinnd 

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mologist for the British West Indies. The busy sea- 
son is just about to open and Mr. Ballou will have 
much travelling to do as the islands are much 

'00. — E. Taylor Hull, after four years of very hard 
work at the College of Physicans and Surgeons at 
Columbia University, has received an appointment on 
the staff of the Hudson Street hospital, House of 
Relief of the New York hospital. Dr. Hull secured 
the place through a competitive examination and 
begins the service, which is for eighteen months, on 
July 1st. It is one of the most desirable appoint- 
ments of the kind in New York City. 

'01. — Percival C. Brooks, who for some time has 
been compelled to be at home in Brockton on account 
of an accident, has resumed his position In the Gen- 
eral Chemical Company of Chicago, III. as foreman 
of the Zinc Chloride department. 

'03.- — G. L. Barrus is planning to enter extensively 
into fruit raising and has already installed a large 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The largest stock and the lowest prices in town. 

Agents for the celebrated Gayer Hats and A. 8. Kirsch- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 




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Why not writes 

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calling cards, tennis goods, engraving of any kind, 

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AMHERST. MASS.. MAY 25, 1904 

NO. 14 

PUb " ShCd F0r,ni ' h,| y b ' S,ud « nta •' «* Massachusetts Agricultural Co7le*T~ 
students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communication* should b. ,<M r ..~A A. ' 

"»' " »» briber. "»«. It. discontinuance I, ordered ST "ear, Z^ 12^! Si?* *""■*■ Ma » T "« S-"" ■■ M 
notify the Business Manager. "™ "* P"*' Subscr "*»'» who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 


JOHN FRANKLIN LYMAN. 1905, Edltor-ln Chief 

CEORCE HOWARD ALLEN. 1905. Business Manager. 
ALLEN NEWMAN SWAIN, in™" "*** ""***' "^AssisUn, Business Manage, 

FRANK FARLEY HUTCHINCS, 1 905. Alumni Notes. ALLAN qa^p Js,^""' ' 9 ° 6, " rt " c °' to *W- 

ALBERT DAVIS TAYLOR. 1 90*. College Note,. i^Huiwtiur^rr^' £5"* 

ARTHUR ALFHONSE RACICOT. ,... ,90. Decent ChI^E^t'h^aSi'^HA^RICE. , W . 

T.r„, »,0Q p., „., .. mi9mM slBa „ Qt9lmt |QC pomtmat 9mtmi(U ^ ^^ ^^^ ^^-^ 

Y. M. C. A. 

Foot-Ball Association, 
College Senate, 
Readir.g-Room Association, 


S. Walker, Pres. Athletic Association, 

W. Newha II. Jr., Manager. Base Ball Association. 

D. Couden. Pres. Nineteen Hundred and Six Index 

F. Thompson. Sec. Fraternity Conference, 

Prof. S. F. Howard, Sec. 
R. A. Qulgley, Manager. 
F, H. Kennedy, Manager 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 

Entered as secend-class matter, Peet Office at Amherst. 


Last Friday, it was noticed that half the students 
failed to uncover when passing by the colors which 
stood on the campus opposite the chapel during drill. 
Now it should not be necessary to mention this, but 
every student should take pains to pay proper respect 
to all colors and standards not cased, without being 
told. We hope, it will not be our painful duty to 
remind the student body of this again. 

With Commencement only a little more than two 
weeks away we are all feeling something of the 
excitement that belongs to that time of transition. 
The freshman rejoices that his trials as the lowest 
classman are almost over ; the sophomore looks 
eagerly forward to the pleasures of being soon an 
upper classman ; the junior has already settled down 
for the home stretch of the race and Is all eagerness 
to finish In the foremost rank and.with honor ; the 
senior while he rejoices with the rest, does not think the 

world half as rosy as it looked to him when a fresh- 
man through the four long years of college then before 
him. This year has been a most profitable one to 
M. A. C. students. For the first time the college 
has granted junior electlves. and In order to make 
this change it has been necessary for the junior and 
sophomore classes to do a tittle more than will be 
required of succeeding classes. We do not regret 
the labor, however, but feel amply repaid for all our 
effort. We have worked hard, most of us, but we 
feel that we have accomplished good results and so 
we are pleased with our year's work. Of course we 
have had some disappointments. We had set our 
hearts on having a new horticultural building, and 
thought, indeed, that our wish was about to be grati- 
fied, but at the critical moment our legislators seem 
to have been taken with the idea that the state must 
economize, and so our new building did not become a 
reality. We are extremely sorry that the college has 
had to suffer again for excesses in other departments 
of the state ; but we believe that the bill Is not dead, 
and under more favorable conditions we still hope to 

i 5 8 


see It come out victorious. A good deal has been 
been done the past year toward beautifying the college 
grounds. The pond has been made more attractive 
and some rather extensive pieces of landscape garden- 
ing have been done, and more plans are under way. 
In athletics although we have not been brilliantly 
successful at all times, we have still held our own with 
colleges greatly outranking us in number of students, 
and from an athletic point of view we may be 
proud of our year's record. 


DrlscoII, 2., 
Green, 3., 
Barrett. I., 
Dore, I. M.. 
Crowley, r., 
Orchard, s.. 
Whately, m. p., 
McCarty, c. 
Lyons, p. 1., 

















Massachusetts, 1 2 ; Boston College, 2. 
The college baseball team defeated the Boston col- 
lege team on the campus, May 14. The team played 
exceptionally good ball and were in no danger of defeat 
at any part of the game. Boston scored in the first on 
base hits by Driscoll and Green, a steal by Green and 
errors by Qulgley and Martin. Boston scored again 
in the second on an error by Martin and a hit by 
McCarty. Massachusetts made four In the first on 
hits by Ahearn, Gregg, Quigley, and Tirrell. and two 
errors. One more was added in the second, but they 
were shut out in the next. In the fourth, hits by 
Ahearn, Hunt, and Gregg and an error of Driscoll 
secured five more for Massachusetts. In the sev- 
enth, Kennedy reached first on Orchard's error and 
came home on Ahearn's three-bagger. In the 
eighth Gregg hit to center field, who fumbled, and 
Gregg reached third and came home on Martin's 
single. Ahearn played the star game for Massa- 
chusetts, making three singles, a two-bagger and a 
three-bagger, and accepting seven chances without 
error. Kennedy pitched a fine game, making eight 
strikeouts and allowing but one base on balls and only 
five hits, which were well scattered. McCarty caught 
a fine game for Boston College, having six put-outs 
and two assists to his credit, and allowing but two steals. 
The score : — 


M.A. C., 




24 8 
0— 2 

M. A. C. 

Ahearn, 3., 
Hunt, r., 
O'Hearn, 2., 
Gregg, I.. 
Quigley, c. 
Martin, *., 
Ingham. I ., 
Tirrell. m.. 
Kennedy, p., 

P.O. A. 
















„ Ru , ns -Gregg 3. Ahearn 2. O'Hearn 2. Kennedy 2. Hunt, Quigley, 
Martin. DriscoT, Whately. Sacrifice hits-Quigley. Ingham. Stolen bases 
—Ahearn, Tirrell. Green, Dore. McCarty. two-base hR— Aheam. Three- 
base hit-Ahearn. First base on balls-Kennedy, Lyons, Whately. Struck 
out -Kennedy 8. Whately 2. Lyons. Double plays-Orcha.d ana Driscoll ; 
McCarty and Driscoll. Time— I h,, 25 m. Umpire— Raferty. 

Williams, 4 ; Massachusetts, I . 
The college baseball team met with defeat at the 
game with Williams college at Wiliiamstown. May 18, 
The game was close and interesting and Williams 
was never sure of victory until three men were out 
in the ninth Inning. Williams made her four runs In 
the third inning. Here Holmes reached first on Mar- 
tin's error, Ahearn fell. In attempting Neild's short 
bunt into the infield, Wadsworth drove the ball to 
Martin, who attempted a double, but O'Hearn failed 
to touch second.thus filling the bases. McCarty was 
the next man up, and he hit a three bagger, thus 
bringing in three runs. The next man up was out, but 
Durfee singled, thus scoring McCarty and giving Wil- 
liams four runs. Williams reached third but once.after 
this inning. In the fifth inning she filled the bases with 
none out. but Kennedy cut off a man at the plate on a 
short hit to the Infield.and Gregg caught a difficult fly 
and threw second, completing a double play. Massa- 
chusetts made her only score in the fourth inning, 
when O'Hearn got a base on balls, went third on 
Gregg's single, and stole home on a long fly to left 
field. Kennedy reached third in the next inning, and 
a number reached second.but Massachusetts was not 
able to score after the fourth. Williams was unable 
to hit Kennedy safely, getting only five hits, three 
of which counted for nothing, and he received 
excellent support, with the exception of the third 
inning. Ahearn. O'Hearn and Quigley played their 
positions with credit. 

The score : — 


McCarty, c, 
Hogan. 2., 
Duffee. m., 
Nesbitt. s.. 
Westervelt, p., 
Watson. I.. 
Holmes, I., 
Neild, 3., 
Wadsworth, r.. 


40 14 27 II 












M. A. C. 

Ahearn, 3.. 
Hunt, r., 
O'Hearn, 2. 
Gregg. I.. 
Quigley, c, 
Martin, s., 
Ingham, I . 
Clarke, m., 
Kennedy, p., 
Tirrell, m., 

Runs-McCarty, Holmes, 

A. 8. 














26 3 24 16 

0040000 0—4 

000 I 0000 0—1 

Neild Wadsworth. O'Hearn. Total bases- 



27 10 

Sprincnfield Training, 7 ; Massachusetts, 4. 
The college team met defeat at the hands of the 
Springfield Training school last Saturday afternoon at 
Springfield. The principle feature of the game was 
the umpiring by Mitchel. He allowed six Springfield 
men a pass to first for being hit. only one of which 
should have been allowed. Two of those allowed to 
go to first In this manner were not hit. but the ball hit 
Quigley's hand In one case.and the batsman's bat In 
the other, and the umpire, hearing the sound, sent 
the men to first base. The game opened by Cobbs 
being put out. H. Gray was next up.and made a two 
bagger and went third, and Young got first, on Kenne- 
dy's muff of his hit. Mltzdorf was hit and allowed to 
go first thus filling the bases with one out. Pinneo 
was next up and the ball grazed by him and hit 
Quigley's hand with a loud sound. The umpire sent 
him to first thus forcing the first run. Young came 
home on a fielder's option and Metzdorf scored on 
Seymour's single. The next man was put out on 
O'Hearn's assist. In the third two more were added 
by a hit by Pinneo, two wild throws by Quigley over 
second base, a pass ball, and Lownman's turning Into 
the ball and being sent to first by the umpire. 
Springfield scored again in the fifth by Lowman's 
letting the ball hit him and going second and third on 
fielders options, and home on Hawks 'single. In the 
ninth, one more was added by the umpire passing 
Pinneo first when he let the ball hit him. he stole 
second, and came home on a hit by Lowman. The 
college team scored twice in the first Inning on errors by 
Seymour and H. Grey, and a pass ball ; and two more 
in the ninth by O'Hearn reaching first on a fielder's 
option and going third on Gregg's single. Gregg then 

stole second and Quigley came to the bat and hit a 
fine fly to right field, which the right fielder barely 
caught, and O'Hearn came home. The fielder threw 
to the plate, but Quigley had kept on to second base 
The catcher threw to second and Gregg came 
home. The umpire then called Quigley safe 
on second, and it was several minutes before he was 
convinced that Quigley was already out. Young 
pitched a fine game, striking out eight men and allow- 
ing but two hits. Kennedy pitched a good game and 
Ahearn played well at third. The game was close at 
times, but would have given more satisfaction with a 
different umpire. 
The score : 


Cobb, I.. 
H. Gray, 3.. 
Young, p., 
Metzdorf, s., 
Pinneo, c, 
Lowman. m.. 
Seymour. I., 
F. Gray, r.. 
Hawks, 2,. 








36 8 37 

M. A, ('. 

Ahearn, 3.. 
Hunt, m . 
O'Hearn. 2., 
Gregg , 1 . , 
Quiglev. c. 
Ingham. I . 
Martin, s., 
Bartlett, r.. 
Kennedy, p., 

a. a. 













Training School. 

32 2 

3 2 10 























Runs-Pinneo 2, Lowman 2. Metzdorf, Young, H. Gray Ahearn Hunt 

hi,??™' , Gr l K £ ,0len »»»-H. Cray. F. Gray C b.t 

hits. Gray. Ingham First base on balls- F. Gray. H. Gray Bartlett kSJT 

&n I'^T, ^ 15 ' ", C V' Youn * S*^ i Gregg Quigli, 5" 
Martin 2 Barttet 2. Kennedy Batters hit Metzdorf 2, Pinn" ¥, Lowman 

«S P pXgf d ieU^ llS_Pinne0(?UiKley - Time - ,h - ** Um^ffl 


The last informal dance of the year was held at the 
drill hall Saturday, May 14. The day was perfect, 
and after the game with Boston college the party 
retired to the hall for a general good time. The danc- 
ing continued from 4-30 until 9,only Interrupted by the 
intermission, during which Brown of Amherst served 
refreshments Music was furnished by Warner and 
Atkins, and the gathering as a whole, though not as 
large as many former ones, was certainly a success 
from almost every point of view. The patronesses 
were Mrs. Wellington, Mrs. Lull. Mrs. Orcutt, Smith 
and Miss Gait, Mt. Holyoke. 



Among those present were the following couples : 
Mr. and Mrs. P. H. Smith. Amherst ; H. R. Pierson 
and Miss Goessmann, Amherst ; W. E. Tottingham 
and Miss Farrar, Amherst ; M. F. Ahearn and Miss 
Sanborn, Salem ; N. F. Monahan and Miss Hunt, 
Amherst ; E. A. Back and Miss Barrett, Smith ; F. 
D. Couden and Miss Coyle. Easthampton ; C. F. 
Elwood and Miss Seavey. Amherst ; E. S. Fulton and 
Miss Cook. Mt. Holyoke ; A. W. Gilbert and Miss 
Felton, Northampton; C. H. Griffin and Miss Seavey. 
Amherst ; S.R.Parker and Miss Damon, Northampton, 
A. L.Peckand Miss Root, Amherst ; R.A.Quigley and 
Miss Reynolds, Smith; R. R. Raymoth and Miss 
Pendergast, Chicago; J. F. Lyman and Miss Moore. 
Holyoke; W. A. Munson and Miss Guilfoil. Smith ; 
J. C. Richardson and Miss Strout. Mt. Holyoke ; A. 
D. Taylor and Miss Hagermann, Mt. Holyoke; L. S. 
Walker and Miss Hawley. Amherst ; C. L. Whttaker 
and Miss Brackett, Smith; P. F. Williams and Miss 
Livers, Amherst; A. D. Farrar and Miss Bradford, 
Northampton; E. F. Gaskell and Miss Jones. Amherst ; 
F. C. Pray and Miss Hall. Amherst ; H. A. Suhlke 
and Miss Hinkley. Amherst ; J. G. Curtis and Miss 
Stevens. Smith ; G. N. Willis and Miss Dodge, Smith. 


The class of 1907 held Its first banquet at the New 
Dom Hotel at Hartford on the night of May thir- 
teenth. From beginning to end the event was a per- 
fect success, and all who attended enjoyed an excep- 
tionally good time. The trolley trip from Springfield 
to Hartford played no mean part In the day's program ; 
for the jokes and songs which filled the car all the 
way. put everybody in the best of spirits to enjoy what 
was in store for them at the hotel. 

At nine o'clock the class entered the banquet hall, 
where, to the surprise of all. a beautiful banner of 
green and white, having 1907 on one side and M. A. 
C. on the other, hung above the middle of the table. 
When all were gathered about the board, toastmaster 
J. G. Curtis presented the banner to the class on 
behalf of Miss French and Miss Livers, who made and 
gave it. as a token of their love and loyalty to the 

After a most Inviting menu, Toastmaster Curtis 
opened the season of toasts with a word of good 
cheer, and then introduced Mr. E. D. Philbrick, who 

responded to the toast •• The Spirit of Naughty- 
seven." Mr, Philbrick followed the class, from that 
memorable night when Its fifty-six individuals gathered 
themselves on the campus and there received their 
first lesson In class spirit, down to the present time, 
when Naughty-seven is no longer a number of 
individuals, but one strong, united class. E. A. 
Lincoln's toast entitled "Cross-roads" was, to say the 
least, an ingenious piece of work and one in which 
there was something for everbody. F, C. Peters 
found himself at home in the subject. " Athletics " 
and spoke very earnestly on college athletics, express- 
ing his deep regret that there are no field sports at 
It has been said that : 

" A little nonsense now and then 
Is relished by the best of men." 

And certainly G. W. Searle was enough to make 
everybody laugh for a while. His toast entitled 
■ Birdies from the Bird Cage " was extremely well 
handled and t*o or three members of the class 
received some hard hits. His remarks however 
became serious as he went on and he spoke at length 
on co-education, telling of his opinion before and since 
coming to college. Mr. Searle expressed the senti- 
ment of the whole class when he said that any class 
ought to be proud of such "co-eds" as 
Naughty-seven's. Following Mr. Searle came J. N. 
Summers with a conglomeration of long words 
entitled -It's up to you." It Is probable that Mr. 
Summers will make a good entomologist as he seems 
to have a mania for learning long names. J. F. 
Caruthers responed to the toast •• The Rope-pull " 
In which he recalled those dark nights of hard prac- 
tice way up on the hill, and that eventful day when, 
for the first time in seven years, the freshman team 
won the rope pull. On •• Side-lights of Amherst " 
W. E. Dickinson found himself right at home. He 
showed the class many Interesting features of the 
town and pointed out a few facts which might be 
offered as a solution of the question as to why 
student's lessons are so poorly prepared at this time 
of year. In the absence of W. F. Chace, J. A. Raitt 
was called upon to extemporize on the subject 
'• Protoplasm." This term seemed to suggest to his 
mind botany, for he spoke of the many pleasant hours 
all had spent up there on the hill. Mr. Raitt also 


talked of Mr. Freeman, telling of the efforts he has 
made to obtain an education and how hard he worked 
to pay his way while In college. Mr. Raitt closed by 
truthfully saying that In Mr. Fryman the class has a 
strong friend. 

After the toasts were finished something seemed 
wanting to conclude the happy evening and Mr 
Searle was called upon to meet the emergency He 
responded with a good story which placed the class in 
a happy mood for breaking up. Before breaking up 
however the class sang the college song and gave the 
yell for Naughty-five and Naughty-seven. 

Collet Not«. 

-C. L. Whitaker. 190S recently spent a few days 
around college. 

—Whitaker and Swain attended the Junior Prom 
at Smith college. May 1 1. 

—The school garden system started, in town last 
week, Is to be in charge of Prof. F. A. Waugh. 

—Prof. William P. Brooks delivered a lecture at 
New Ipswich last week, the subject being- japan and 
its People." 

—It is now expected that A. N. Swain. 1905 will 
represent the Signal at the convention of college 
editors to be held in St. Louis June 20-30. 

—The senior class has engaged Rev. F. L. Good- 
speed of Springfield, formerly of Amherst, to preach 
the baccalaureate sermon at commencement. 

—The first and second divisions in sophomore agri- 
culture played a game of baseball on the campus last 
Friday morning. The first division won 14 to 13. 

—The committee from the legislature visited the 
college last Friday. They reviewed the batallion. and 
after that made a tour of the various college buildings. 
The Walker prize given by the Boston society of 
natural history has been awarded to Prof G. E. Stone. 
His subject was • Effect of Electricity upon Plant 

—The enthusiasm taken in tennis this spring sur- 
passes all previous records.and the tournament is well 
unrW «,„ ti. t L l «u"'*meru is wen ^„ -r ics m. ranter, iNewtonvllle ; fcdwln D. Philbrick 

.n£, * ., ,° ?"" " "" CUP " nd ' he names 0f W.SomervHle; Charles A. Herbert 

m«^r u ng eml " nnalSWll '^ ann0UnCed T' RUSM "' N °" h ™<r. George WSeaHe 


-The freshman class baseball team defeated a 
team from Sunderland May 12 on the campus by the 
score of 1 4 to 2. The freshman battery was Whitney 
and Bartlett. J 

-G. W. Patch.'05. has been promoted to Sergeant 
in company A. to take Mr. Yeaw's place, the latter 
having accepted a position for the summer months 
with Mr. G. A Drew. 

-The members of the senior class installed into 
Phi Kappa Phi were : F. D. Couden. A. W. Gilbert 
A- L. Peck. H. M. White, F. F. Henshaw, E. a' 
Back and S. B. Haskell. 

-Prof. Waugh has been invited to be a member 
of the pomologlcal jury for the World's Fair, and In all 
probability will spend some days during the summer In 
judging fruit In St. Louis. 

The freshmen class baseball team met defeat at the 
hands of the Amherst High school team on the cam- 
pus May 18 by the score of 13 to 2. The freshman 
battery was Shaw and Bartlett. 

—Through an agreement made by President Goodell 
with the Amherst gas company, the college heating 
plant is to supply current for three lights on Pleasant 
street adjoining the college grounds the gas com- 
pany to furnish lamps. 

—Prof. Stone gave a stereoptlcan lecture on May 
14, to the botanical division of the junior class on 
• Injury done to shade trees due to electrical wires and 
linesmen's spurs." On May 18 he spoke to the Seniors 
on •• Electricity and Its effect upon growth of plants." 
—A. L. Peck of the senior class, In working up his 
thesis, has been making some designs for the improve- 
ment of the grounds about the Central Vermont station 
in Amherst. We have not heard whether his designs 
will be carried out or not. but many improvements in 
that quarter are necessary. 

—The preliminary declamations of the freshmen 
speakers for commencement was held May 20 and the 
following men were selected to compete for the Burnham 
prize : Earle G. Bartlett, Chicago, III ; Wayland F. 
Chace. Middleboro; Ernest A. Lincoln. Fall River; 
Charles M. Parker, Newtonvllle ; Edwin D. Philbrick. 





The invitations are out for the annual senior 
"Prom. ''to be held at the drill hall Tuesday evening June 
14. The committee in charge are: Chairman, F. D. 
Couden. Washington, D. C; M. A. Blake, Millis ; C. 
F. Ellwood. Green's Farms, Ct.; A. W. Gilbert, West 
Brookfield; C. H. Griffin, Wlnthrop ; A. L. Peck, 
Hartford; P. F. Staples, Westboro ; H.M.White, 

— The following men have been selected by Instruc- 
tor Knight to compete for the Burnham Prize, which 
is given this year for the first time for the best essay 
written from the Sophomore class : F. A. Ferren, 
Peabcdy ; G. T. French, Tewksbury ; A. T. Hastings, 
Natick; A. S. Hayward, South Amherst; F. H. 
Kennedy, Boston ; R. W. Peakes, Newtonville, A. A. 
Raclcot, Jr., Lowell ; E. H. Scott, Somerville ; G. 
W. Sleeper, Swampscott ; Benjamin Strain. Mt. 
Carmel. Conn.; W. C. Tannett, Dorchester; M. F. 
Wholley, Cohasset. 


Sunday, June 12. 

10 : 45 a. m. — Baccalaureate Sermon by Rev. F. L. Good- 
speed of Springfield. 

Monday. June 13. 

3 : 30 p. m.— Flint Prize Orations. 

8 ; 00 p. m. — Burnham Prize Speaking. 

Fraternity Banquets. 

Tuesday, June 14. 

9 : 00 a, M -Alumni Meeting. 

9 . 30 a. m. — Trustees' Meeting. 

1 : 30 p. m. — Class Day Exercises. 

Planting of Class Ivy. Class President 

Prayer, Rev. C. S. Walker 

Ivy Poem. R. R. Raymoth 

Class Oration, J. W. Gregg 
Class Song. Written by F. D. Couden 

Class Ode, M. A. Blake 

Campus Oration, M. F. Ahearn 

Pipe Oration. G. E. O'Hearn 

Hatchet Oration. F. D. Couden 

Class Tree Planted April 30. 1904. 

4 : p. m.— Exhibition Drill. 

6 : p. m. — Alumni Class Suppers. 

8 : 00 : p. m. — President's Reception. 

10 : 00 p. m. — Senior Promenade. 

Wednesday, June 15. 

10]: 00 a. m. — Graduation Exercises. 

Announcement of Prizes. 
Conferring of Degrees. 


F. D. Couden. A. W. Gilbert. F.F. Henshaw 
A. L. Peck, R. R. Raymoth, A. M. White. 

SEASON OF 1903. 


Subscriptions : 

Student. $334 65 

Faculty, 89 00 

Special alumni, 20 24 

Class of 1903, 19 00 

College Signal, 8 00 

Guarantees : 

Holy Cross, 65 00 

Dartmouth, 150 00 

Williams, 75 00 

Springfield Training School. 50 00 

University of Vermont, 140 00 

Trinity. 70 00 

Tufts, 100 00 

Amherst, 100 00 


1903 baseball deficit. 

$170 31 


217 64 

Games : 

Rhode Island College. 

78 75 


156 19 

Holy Cross, 

73 48 

Williams, ♦• 

54 74 

Springfield Training School, 

41 48 

University of Vermont, 

171 90 


51 90 


106 73 


19 50 

Doc f ot. 

B. H. Howard. Pittsfield, 

12 00 

J. W. Belty. Hartford, 

10 00 


12 31 


34 59 

$1,220 89 

1,211 32 

Cash on hand, $9 57 

Bills payable, 82 54 

Net loss, 72 97 

Respectfully submitted, 

C. H. Griffin, Mgr. 
Signed. H. J. Franklin, Auditor M. A. C. A. B. 


The historical facts concerning this mammoth 
enterprise are so well known by everyone that it does 
not seem necessary to dwell on them at any length 
and hence It is the purpose of this article to point out 
rather some of the reasons why one should endeavor 
to visit St. Louis during this summer of 1904, sec- 
ondly, a few of the benefits one is certain to derive 


from such atrip, and. In addition, a few of the main 
features of the fair. 

In the first place, It Is an education in itself for one 
to travel and especially to have as one's objective 
such a p ace as the Louisiana Purchase Exposition 
In covering mile after mile of this vast country the 
hugeness of this great domain of ours is slowly forced 
upon us, and it gives us pride to think that we are a 
part of this immense whole. Then again, the meet- 
ing of so many people of entirely different types and 
characteristics has a very broadening influence 

Secondly, one of the chief benefits to be derived by 
a person during his or her stay in St. Louis Is the 
comparing of the products of industry of not only one 
section of the United States with those of another 
but the comparing of our chief products from all over 
the land with those of foreign countries. Some are 
Interested In machinery used In textile establishments 
others in farm implements, and still others in the dif- 
ferent approved methods of transportation, mining 
etc. They are all there, and one can study and 
examine them to his hearts content. 

The most striking thing of the whole exposition Is 
its Immensity. The St. Loulsan does not allow the 
visitor to forget that previous expositions have been 
but one-horse affairs as compared with this colossal 
one. For „,stance, one of his important duties Is the 
bringing to mind the fact that all the buildings of the 
Pan-American could be housed under the roof of the 
Agricultural palace with Its 22 acres of floor space 
This fair covers 1240 acres as compared with the 
633 acres of the Columbian Exposition. To merely 
walk through the aisles of the principal buildings, one 
would cover 30 miles. 

Huge as it Is. it Is not in size alone that it surpasses 
that at Chicago; but also in the much more effective 
molding together of the whole. 

In another point also, its superiority over both the 
Columbian and the Pan-American expositions will be 
appreciated by all who visited either or both of the 
former, and that is in the color of the buildings 
Here, we have neither the glare of the - White Gity" 
nor the •• riotous, barbarous. South American type 
profuse In ornament, lavish In color, and gay even to 
the point of inebriety." but rather a color of a soft 
tint, and thus, far ahead of either of the former, and one 
which has given it the designation of the - Ivory City " 

The whole is well arranged, so as to gl^hTc^ 
rec Prospective. This has been accomplished by 
taking advantage of a natural elevation, which has 
been made higher and on „ has been placed the 
heart the exposition, the hall of festivals. It ls 
upon this point that the whole architectural scheme is 
astened. With this as a centre, the 
buildings are arranged in symmetrically "radiating 

The arrangement Is remarkably good for effective 
BuuTr W , hiCh ' ahh ° Ugh n0t S ° br,,,,am as tha < « 

be 111 s en ; ant,ng ' as the ,mmense dis,ances t0 

be I ghted and the graceful curves make It more like 
a fairyland. In speaking of this feature, one St. Louis 
editor says :-. All the beauty of fancy becomes real- 
ity at the fair by night, when from frozen music the 
rare architectural creation turns to a poem In fire 

No feast of Cleopatra In all Its Oriental gorge- 

ousness ever attained the like " 

J?™** a " affa,rs of < his ™<ure must have 
something corresponding to a - Midway," and St 
Louis is by no means lacking here, as she has the 
■ Pike, which borders half of the north side of the 

The intramural railroad will be a great help ,0 
pedestrians, as, on examining a map of ihe grounds 
we can easily see that the best way to take In the 
main parts is to visit them In groups. 

One state of affairs Is to exist here that has been 
practically unknown at expositions heretofore and 
that is that many of the leading hotels of St Louis 
have signed contracts not to charge any more than 
their regular rates during the Fair. This will doubt- 
less be gratifying to many prospective visitors, as It Is 
well known how. especially at Paris In 1900. prices 
were raised to unheard-of amounts. 

From the above all too meagre summing up of a 
few of the principal features of the stupendous Louis- 
iana Purchase Exposition, one may possibly grasp 
some little idea of what is to be seen In St. Louis 
from the present time to December of this year. 

The students of the University of Minnesota Law 
school have threatened to strike and have decided to 
go to the University of Michigan Law school If the 
strictness of the present " cut " regulations Is not 

.6 4 



In this age, many industries make good profits by 
using by-products, which in earlier days were wasted ; 
and even more, certain industries depend for profit 
mostly upon by-products, odds and ends, etc. There 
are many things about college — we will call them odds 
and ends for convenience — which the Signal has had 
to pass over because of the lack of any suitable way 
of handling them. As it Is the Signal's Intention to 
do all the work it was Intended for, this matter has 
been looked after, and the work has been assigned to 
one whom we feel will give it justice. 

The Signal takes great pleasure in presenting : 
The Autocrat. 

On being asked to take up this work for the Signal. the 
Autocrat was shaken somewhat from his base, because 
it had never occurred to him that he would ever be 
able to have any of his scribbllngs printed in the col- 
lege publication. And again .he has not yet found the 
reason why the work has been handed over to him in 
preference to somebody else. He has looked up his 
marks in English and they are of such a nature as to 
almost forbid him to attempt such work as writing 
with the Intention of having it printed. And other 
things appear with the same verdict. He brought 
up many reasons for declining the honor, but persua- 
sion of such a persistent nature was used that the 
Autocrat finally agreed that It was " up to him." 

Perhaps the best recommendation the Autocrat has, 
is that he Is a member of the " Council of College 
Sages." As the Council often discusses subjects 
which influence the Autocrat, he will describe each 
one of Its members, as some from the sophomore 
and freshmen classes have not yet become acquainted 
with them, for they are all either seniors or juniors. 

First is the Athlete. His prowess on football and 
baseball fields is so well known that no more need be 
said about him. 

Next comes the Spectator. He is the corner-stone 
of the Council, and as such, he Is a prominent mem- 
ber. He is easily distinguished from other students in 
college. Next time you notice a fellow with a wise 
look, that will be your first clue. If you find out 
that he never says much, but what little he says Is as 
sound as gold, you can safely bet your easter bonnet 
that you have «• spotted " the Spectator. 

Third member, is the Lounger. You can find him 


almost any time lazily stretched out on a settee In the 
Reading Room, digesting the contents of the last 
magazine. He Is best known for his verses, but the 
Autocrat must confess that he has not read any of them 
yet, as they come out very seldom. 

The most vigorous member, in his own particula 
way is Main Twark. He is the humorist of the 
Council. His nerve is so steady, that he exposes in 
public the shortcomings of the faculty without being 
flunked out, for spite. 

The fifth member is the Rambler. This fellow 
does not study very much, but nevertheless he is 
well liked. His stronghold is his storytelling. Truly, 
some of the meetings of the Council would be exhaust- 
ing. If they were not lightened up with the Rambler's 

Last but not least Is Al Umni. Al is a fine fellow ; 
he is not in college now, but he is around often, and 
never fails to attend the meetings of the council. 
His Influence is considerable, and he always has some 
good thing to suggest or some good word of encour- 
ment. And right here the Autocrat will say that Al 
is an excellent adviser in affairs of the outside world. 

As the Autocrat has suggested above, he considers 
the Council a very good advisory board, and you will 
agree with him. For the first number, the Autocrat 
thought it was best to have no more than a few expla- 
nation.*, and he wants you to know that he 
is one of you, helping you fight yours and his battles, 
running the same perils, struggling towards the same 
goal, and sharing your sorrows and hardships, as well 
as your pleasures. 

The department of Horticulture has had a large 
number of demands for outside work this spring. 
These have come from all over the state and even 
from outside the state. Barnes and Munson did a 
good piece of grafting in Rutland ; A. L. Peck and 
Prof. Waugh did some landscape gardening for the 
Field Memorial Library in Conway ; Blake went to 
Franklin Falls, N. H., on a horticultural consultation; 
Adams did pruning at Mill Valley ; and Williams and 
Hatch have recently been in Concord to look after the 
grounds of Trustee W. H. Bowker. A great many 
requests of this sort came in which could not be satis- 
fied for lack of time and men. 


At present the attention of the civilized world is 
attracted to the far East, where a collision has occurred 

rIT Zl prominent wor,d powers: J a P* n ™* 

Russia. When we consider the relative size of the 
two nations, their resources and their abilities, all our 
sympathies turn toward the Japanese, who have so 
recent y freed themselves from Oriental seclusion and 
barbarism. But in this struggle both nations have 
certain definite objects in view. That of japan seems 
to be clear to all. but the designs of Russia are deep 
and obscure. They are really a few links which go to 
make up the chain of Russia's foreign policy for the 
las two hundred years. Expressed concisely this 
policy ,s-to dominate the world. To describe the 
various incidents which have disclosed this policy and 
o point out the extent to which *he has been success- 
ful in carrying i, out. Is the purpose of this article. 
The Russian nation is composed of Aryan or Indo- 
European stock, as are all the other European nations. 
These Aryan people left their homes in Central Asia 
before written history began and poured In successive 
wayes over Western Europe. The last great sub- 
division to leave the ancestral home was the Slavs 
the ancestors of the modern Russian. Having been 
the last people to settle down jn Europe, they have the 
most potential energy of their former uncivilized life 
left in them and they are therefore the only European 
nation whose future Is not limited by the enervating 
influence of past exertions. 

When the Slavs settled down on the plains of West- 
ern Russia to become a civilized people they were 
laboring under immense disadvantages. Their neigh 
bors on the west, although of kindred race were hostile 
and non-communicative, while on the east and south- 
east they were pressed by barbarous Huns, Turks, and 
Persians. No wonder that with such neighbors the 
Russians became retiring and fell behind the stand- 
ards of civilization in Western Europe. 

But brighter days were at hand. During the last 
half of the 17th century a prince of unusual ability 
ascended the throne. It is needless to say that this 
man was Peter I. surnamed » the Great." Everyone 
is familiar with the life of this man and it Is only 
necessary to say that by virtue of that patriarchal and 
absolute authority which the Russian Tsar possesses, 
he Introduced modern improvements Into his govern- 

ment ^ compel|ed h|s people fo assodate ^ 

rest of Europe. He also originated the present 
Russian foreign policy of expansion, and so closely did 
h-s successors follow it that a century after his death 
Russ an arms had seized the present Western and 
Southern Russia. Finland. Poland, and the barren 
wastes of Siberia. 

Then the Tsar turned his eyes elsewhere for new 
domain. They f e.l upon Turkey » the sick man of 
the East and he determined to absorb that country 
En^nd and France rushed to Turkey's aid and after 
the terrible struggle, known as the Crimean War 
prevented this move. However. Russia's desire still" 
remains, and this location has long been recognized as 
one of the most unsUb|e po|ms of 


Another country upon which Russia casts an 
avaricious eye is British India. In the words of a late 
author and war-correspondant ■■ It has been the goal 
of Russia s hopes and ambitions for fifty years » ft 
was the Tsar who In 1873 incited the Ameer of 
Afghanistan to revolt against a British protectorate 
Only the extreme energy of the British Foreign Office 
n hastening troops Into desolat, Afghanistan late in 
he fall prevented a clash between Russia and Eng- 
land in the spring. From Afghanistan, the Russian 
regiments, if victorious, would have marched on the 
Plains of India. Here again the Russian bear Is await 
ing a favorable trend of events. 

Of recent years Russia has turned to the Far East 
and by modern Improvements has closely connected 
her vast northern domains with Europe She has 
seized Manchuria from China with a grip which she 
never Intends to loosen and Is casting longing eves 
toward the whole of China. Lastly, an attempt ,o 
absorb Korea has brought on. all too hastily for her 
own good, a war with Japan. 

Thus we have traced the application of this policy 
on the part of Russia from its Inception to the present 
time_a period of two hundred years. Although 
several times she has been balked in her purpose by 
superior strength, she has. after each repulse gone 
ahead again with wonderful energy on some new plan 
As a recent writer has expressed It. » Russia's career 
has been like a mighty river which, halted at one point 
turns and seeking the lines of least resistance, flows 
onward, overwhelming obstructions." It is perfectly 


1 66 


true to say that the officials of the various European 
countries watch the moves of Russia more closely 
than those of any other nation. If she continues this 
same policy, rash indeed would be the man who would 
prophesy as to the extent of Russian territory at the 
end of this century. 



All Alumni who expect to attend the Senior Prom- 
enade should at once notify F. D. Couden. '04. of 
their Intention. 

'84. — Elisha A. Jones has recently assumed charge 
of a gentleman's estate at Metuchen. N. J. The 
place is located at about twenty miles from New 
York City. 

'89. -James Tyler Hutchings has recently secured 
a position as superintendent of the Rochester Street 
Railroad Electric Generating plant at Rochester. N.Y. 
Mr. Hutchings has, during the past few years, been 
employed by the West End Electric Lighting plant at 
Philadelphia as electrical engineer and while there 

Young Men's Clothing 

With all the » Kinks of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment .*. .*. 


Haynes & Co., 


Always Reliable. 


Snrprise PRIZES given away. 

to get the people to talk about bixlkrs' physical training in penmanship, the 
best method of instruction in the world — Saves 90 per cent, of time, etc. 

Merit Prizes, Surprize Prizes, Prize Prizes, Sure Prizes, Big Prizes, Little 
Prizes, Contingent Prize and other Prizes for little folks and big folks. Send iOc. 
for Business Penman, 12 Writing Mottoes, sample rapid Writing, skilled Bird 
Flourish, and full particulars. (1 Surprise Prize will be included, worth from 
10c. to a dollar, and a $10 Prize Prize goes with each 100th 10c. order— con- 

Prof. G. Bixler, 97 Odgen ave., Chicago, 111. 


assisted in the recent erection of a larger generating 

•91. -We learn that F. J. Arnold has entered the 
employ of the Cam Merr.mac Chemical Co. situated 
at North Woburn. Mass. Mr. Arnold has previously 
been engaged in the Fertilizer business in St. Bernard 

•se.-Merle E. Sellew of Pepperell informs us 
tnat he has a son who will enter the class of "24 
Hows that for College Spirit! 

'Ex 97.-A most Interesting account or the work of 
H. F. Howe recently came to hand, which tells of a 
busy and adventurous experience. Immediately upon 
leaving college Mr. Howe went South where he was 
engaged in irrigation work in Louisiana followed by a 
period of railroad construction In Jamaica. In 1899 
and 1 900 he was assistant engineer on the survey of 
the Nicaragua Route by the Admiral Walker Com- 
mission. The following year found him with the 
Guayaquil and Quito Railway In Ecuador. South 
America. This railroad is known as one of the most 
difficult feats of railway engineering in the world In 
1902 he entered the service of the Mexican Central 
Railway. Recently he has assumed a responsible 
position as assistant Engineer on the construction of a 
railroad in China for the "American-China Develop- 
ment Co.. whose main offices are at Canton. Ohio. 

*0l.— William A. Dawson, who for some time has 
been raising fancy carnations and flowers at Aubern 
has leased a number of greenhouses at Willimantic 
Conn, where he will continue his business in the' 
future with a change of address. 

'02.— Orrin F. Cooley is In City Engineer's office 
in Springfield. 

'02.— In the forty-first annual report of the college 
which has just appeared, is a most interesting and 
valuable article by H. L. Hodgkiss on the - Life 
History and Treatment of the Common Palm Scale." 
The article covers fourteen pages four of which were 
devoted to plates. 





With letters from |>l,y N |ciana ami 
•IniRKlst* stating results obtained 



It Makes Rou^h Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

Dlai^n?." 1 UP " n r q "" Ht " m " l,,n , " im " , "« l *** l„ . 
plain envelope, anil you will be ronvlneed. 

Am, Druggists Sell It. 




Shoe Repairing Nearly Done. 

Amhkkht. Mabh, 

Columbia has just received two large gifts. The 
first one of $60,000 establishes a new chair in medical 
science called after the donor the Carpenter Professor- 
ship of Pediatrics. The value of the second which 
was given anonymously, was not made known but was 
sufficient to establish a new chair of philosophy. 

Fine Nbwhall Obakges, 

KlRht from our grove In California. 
a run. mnx or the 



W. M Mum, 


W, W. Colton. 



I ntfr col I {£!&{€. 

The Universities of Stanford, Califoraia, and Wash- 
ington have adopted boat-racing and will hold a 
triangular regatta this spring. 

Swathmore College is planning the erection of a 
new and commodious chemistry building. It is hoped 
that the same will be built this year. 

We have to pause a moment and ask, is it worth 
while, when we learn that the colleges of the 
United States spent $2,000,000 on athletics last year. 

The non-attendance of the faculty at chapel exer- 
cises Is the ground, on which the University of Penn 
sylvania students are opposing some new chapel rules. 

It is interesting to learn of several important modifi- 
cations in the football rules for the ensuing year. Six 
men must be in the line of scrimmage at all times ; 
the quarterback may run with the ball in any part of 
the field ; the value of a goal by a drop kick or a place 
kick will be four points instead of five. These are the 
more important changes, although there are some 
minor ones. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 

The largest stock and the lowest pricrs In town. 

Agents for the celebrated Guyer Hats and A. B. Klrsch- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 




Hmbcrst Ibouse. 


D. M. KENOMCK. fmormiMTom. 

Why not write^ 

a postal when you wish to know about a book, 
calling cards, tennis goods, engraving of any kind, 

To Johnson, 

313 315 Main Street, 

Springfield, Mass. 

The best Confections made. 




High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 


notify the Bu.inea.M .tuger^ *""" m P" d - Subscriber, who do not reel™ their paper regularly .re requested to 


JOHN FRANKLIN LYMAN. 1905. Editor-In Chief 

GEORGE HOWARD ALLEN, 1905. Business Manager. 
ALLEN NEWMAN SWAIN 1905 PEAKES ' ,906 ' Am <*"" Business Manager. 

FRANK FARLEY HUTCHINGS. 1 905, Alumni Notes. f .^am r^lT SCOTT ' ' 9 ° 6, ">*««>llegi.,e. 
ALBERT DAVIS TAYLOR, I 905, College Notes *b±" ° ANA FARRAR . 1906, Athletics. 
ARTHUR ALPHONSE RAC^COT. ,.., , 906, Department Note,. 25™^™^^!!!?^^ 
. v,n«rc___, ARTHUR ALL1NGHAM RICE 1907 

^^^^^ ~ 

Y. M. C. A. 

Foot-Ball Association, 
College Senate. 
Readlr.g-Room Association, 


L. S Walker. Pres. Athletic Association, 

E. W. Newhall. jr., Manager. Base Ball Association 

F. D. Couden. Pres. Nine , e en Hundred and Sli in*. 
H. F. Thompson, Sec. Fraternity Conference 

Entered as second-das. matter. Post Office at Amherst. 
MHMM * »wi««, MMMMa. 

Prof. S. F. Howard, Sec. 
R. A. Qulgley, Manager. 
F. H. Kennedy, Manager 
F. D. Couden, Pres. 


102 Mala St., 


Another college year Is finished and Its trials 
and its pleasures, its sorrows and its joys, its mis- 
takes and its accomplishments will soon pass over 
into the realm of history and tradition. Now that we 
have reached the end of the year the sorrow and the 
joy are mixed, and our hearts are full. Some of us 
will never come back again as students, and none will 
find the college again as we have learned to know it 
this year. We shall miss you men of 1904, when 
we return to college next fall ; and our thoughts will 
always be for your success and happiness. To the 
alumni who return for commencement we wish to 
extend a word of greeting, it Is a pleasure to see the 
happiness manifested in your faces, and an inspiration 
to feel your hearty handshake and to hear your words 
of good cheer. At this season the college Is yours 
and we under-graduates worship at your shrine. We 
are, Indeed, glad to have you with us, and we 
wish to make you welcome. 

The aiumni statistics which appear In another col- 
umn were compiled by Mr. A. W. Morrill. '00. Ph D 
'03 In order, as he expresses it, -to gratify my own 
desire for accurate information ;" and he has grac- 
iously offered them to the Signal, thinking that they 
might interest others also. The list is the most com- 
plete and shows the most care In Its compilation of 
any we have ever seen ; and we take great pleasure 
in offering It to the readers of the Signal. The arti- 
cle -M. A. C. men In Who's Who" is also by Mr. 
Morrill : and this forms an appropriate and interesting 
complement to the statistics. 

Pleasure was plainly evident on President Good- 
ell's face when he announced In chapel the other 
morning that the bills for the annual appropriation of 
the college had successfully passed the House and 
Senate and had gone up to the Governor for approval. 
There are two especially pleasing things about this 
year's appproprlatlon. First It amply provides funds 
for the needs of the College, and second. It Is to be 
paid annually. Heretofore the appropriations have 




been made for a single year or a period of a few years 
and on that account the college authorities could 
never be sure that the funds necessary for the main- 
tainance of the college would be forthcoming. This 
has been the cause of a great deal of anxiety to Presi- 
dent Goodell ; and every friend of the College ought 
to rejoice with the President in the fact that the insti- 
tution is now firmly established with a permanent 
annual income. 

If we are to judge by the multiplication of schools 
of Agriculture we may well say that agriculture 
is taking a very prominent place among the sci- 
ences in this country. Within the past year there 
has been established at Mount Hermon School 
an agricultural department which is designed to fit a 
boy for work in some higher agricultural institution. 
The students of Cornell recently held a celebration 
over the fact that the educational facilities of their 
university have been increased by a grant of money 
from the state to establish a School of Agriculture. 
The School, of most interest to M A. C. men, how- 
ever is probably that one, the money for whose estab- 
lishment becomes available next year under the will of 
Mr. Smith of Northampton. The funds for the 
School have been accurring for the past sixty years 
and they have now reached the sum of $300,000. 
By the provisions of the will it is now time to take 
definite steps in establishing the School. This will 
doubtless be quite a complex problem for those in 
charge. While the sum made available would be a 
magnificent gift for some college already established, 
it will go but a short way toward the founding and the 
maintenance of an institution such as will meet the 
educational requirements of the present day; further 
it seems foolish to found a school so near Massa- 
chusetts, which would necessarily infringe more or 
less on the work done here at our college where tui- 
tion is free to all citizens of the state. However, it 
has not as yet been definitely decided just what use 
will be made of the money. There seems to be 
a good deal of favorable opinion toward using 
it for a textile school, and this would seem to 
be perfectly possible, while still carrying out the 
letter of the will, as that document allows a rather 
wide range to the judgement of those who are to exe- 
cute it. If the money is to be put where it will 

accomplish a maximum of good in agriculture and the 
kindred sciences there can be no doubt but that it 
ought to be turned over to the State to be used here 
at M. A. C, but as the will was framed before the 
birth of our college no conflict of interests with a 
state institution was foreseen. Let us hope, never- 
theless, that a way will be found to accomplish all 
that Mr. Smith desired to have done and that science 
may be uplifted and put on a firmer and broader basis 
because of this magnificient legacy. 



The college team met defeat at the hands of the 
Phillips Andover baseball team at Andover May 23. 
The game was sharply played by both teams. The 
only run made was by Murphy who reached first on a 
base on balls, advanced to second by Dillon and came 
home on a wild throw by Martin. This was the only 
error made by the college team. The college team 
nearly scored when O'Hearn hit a three bagger, tried 
to come home but was cut off at the plate by excep- 
tionally fast fielding. Kennedy pitched a fine game 
allowing but two singles. The game lasted but eight 
innings as the college team had to catch the train for 

The score : 







Schildmiller. 1, 




Clough, 1, 



1 1 

Kennedy. 3. 



R. C. Brownn, c, 



Murphy, m.. 


Dillon, r.. 



Cushman. s.. 





Reilly. 2, 




Hall. p.. 





Ahearn, 3, 
Hunt, m., 
O'Hearn. 2, 
Gregg. 1, 
Quigley, c. 
Ingham, 1. 
Martin, s., 
Bartlett. r., 
Kennedy, p., 


24 13 






























21 13 1 

Run— Murphy. Three-base hit— O'Hearn. Stolen base— Gregg. First 
base on balls— by Kennedy, Schildmiller. Murphy, Cushman. First base 
on errors -Andover, I. Mass., I, Let on bases— Andover. I, Mass.. 5, 
Struck out-by Hall. Quigley, Bartlett, Kennedy. Martin, Hunt: by Ken- 
nedy, Dillon. Time— I n.. 15 m, Umpire — Clark son. Attendance, 400. 


Bowdoin, 7 ; Mass., 4. 
The college team was defeated by Bowdoin at 
Brunswick, Me., on May 25. The college played 
good ball except in the third inning, when Bowdoin 
found Hunt for seven safe hits, two of which were 
two-baggers, netting them six earned runs. The 
other run of Bowdoin was made in this inning on an 
error by Ahearn. The team did not play as well as 
in the Andover game and four errors were made 
The college team made her scores in the third and 
sixth innings by runs by Hunt 2, Gregg, and Quigley. 
The game was slow and uninteresting. 
The score : 


White, s., 
Stone, c., 
Clarke, I., 
Cox. r., 
Wifgin. 1, 
Hodgson, 2, 
Gould, 3. 
Kinsman, m., 
Oakes, p.. 


Ahearn, 3, 
Hunt, p., 
O'Hearn. 2. 
Gregg, I., 
Quigley. c.. 
Martin, s., 
Ingham. I , 
Bartlett, r., 
Tlrrell, m., 





















pitched fine ball, allowing but one hit besides the 
home run. striking out five men and giving but two 
bases on balls. Hunt played a fine game at center 
field, making three put outs and assisting in a double 
play. Two of his put outs were of the sensational 
kind, being almost sure hits. Campbell, the pitcher 
for Northampton, displayed a little maliciousness in one 
inning by stopping Tlrrell's sacrifice hit and pounding 
h.m on the shoulder. The college team outplayed 
the League team all around in this game. 
The score : 






38 12 27 13 7 





P.O. A, 














Ahearn, 3, 
Hunt, m., 
O'Hearn, 2, 

Gre u eg. Li 
Ingham. 1, 

Quigley, c, 
Martin, s., 
Tirrell, r„ 
Kennedy, p., 


Lawrence I., 
Morgan, s., 

Roe, c. 

Fields, r.. 
Sturgis, 2, 
O'Brien, 3, 
Egan, m.. 






















34 12 27 10 4 
















3tr«*« Uimt U-_i_ . t_ _ . •■ 

wntte. Kinsman 2. First base on errors -Bowdoin 3 Mass h I ?f. ~ 
liams of Topshtm. Attendance-200. "••.30 m. ITmpire-WU- 

Mass., 3; Northampton, 1. 

The college team defeated the Northampton 

League team in a game of ball on Hampden Park, 

Northampton, on the morning of Memorial day by the 

score of 3 to I, The team made all their runs in the 

third inning by singles by Hunt. O'Hearn, Gregg. 

Kennedy, a sacrifice by Ahearn. and a three-bagger by 

Ingham. The team nearly scored at a number of 

other times, three runners being cut off at the plate. 

The team played good ball, making four errors which 

were not costly. N orthampton made her only score 

on a home run by Campbell in the fourth. Kennedy 

o o 
i o 







"%&; £ enne< &' Cam Pb«". Earned runs-Mass.. 3 
ii„ !f S "" M "h l4 ' Northampton. 5. Sacrifice hits' 



Runs— Hunt. Gret 

Northampton, I. Tt _ 

hll Ah i?ah am ROe M S '° len ' *£"-. Anear ". Tirre'lVr'MoVgan.^ThreT-ba^ 

cLJESF**. "i^Jlf ""TC-""!*""- Mr* base on* balls O He^rT 

H^Pn. r. ,' L< 2! on b^M-Mass., S. Northampton, 4. Struck out 

-Hunt, Quigley. Martin 3, Kennedy, 2. Campbell Crook FteW*^ 

Northampton, 6; Mass., 4. 
The college team met defeat In the afternoon game 
with Northampton, Memorial day. The field was 
muddy and slippery and most of the time the players 
were in a drizzling rain. Errors were made fre- 
quently by both teams. Kennedy pitched this game 
also but was not as effective as In the first, allow- 
ing five hits and three bases on balls, but striking out 
seven men. The college team made a run in the first 
inning by Martin reaching first on a base on balls 
and coming home on Tlrrell's single. The 'team 
scored again in the seventh, when Tirrell singled, 
came second on a fielder's option, and home on an 
error. In the ninth two more were added by a single 
by Ahearn, a fielder's option, and Gregg's two-bagger. 




Northampton scored two in the second on a single, 
fielder's option and O'Brien's two-bagger. In the 
next inning three more were added by errors by 
Ingham and Martin, a two-bagger by Crook and a 
single by Roe. Northampton made one more run in 
the seventh by Lawrence reaching first on Ahearn's 
error and third on Campbell's single and home on a 
fielder's option. 

The score : 


Lawrence, I . 
Morran, a,, 
Campbell, p., 
Crook, I, 
Roe, c. 
Fields, r.. 
Sturgis, 2, 
O'Brien, 3, 
Egan, m.. 





















5 29 

Ahearn. 3, 





Hunt, m.. 





O'Hearn, 2, 





Gregg, 1. 





Ingham, 1, 




Qulgiey, o.. 
Martin, s., 








Tirrell, r.. 




Kennedy, p., 










2 3 







Runs— Lawrence. Morgan, Campbell, Crook, Roe. Sturgis, O'Brien, 
Ahearn, Tirrell, O'Hearn, Martin. Earned runs— Northampton 2, Mass. 
I. Total bases— Northampton 6. Mass. 9. Two-base hits— O'Brien, 
Crook, Cregg 2. Firs' oaseon ba'Is-Cregg. Martin, Qulgiey, Fields, Stur- 
gis, O'Brien. Left on bases— Northampton 5, Mass. 10. Struck out— 
Ahearn, Cregg. Ingham, Quigley 2, Martin 3, Kennedy 3, Lawrence, 
Morgan, Flejds 3, O'Brien. Egan. Wild Pitch— Campbell. Time— 1 h., 
45 m. Umpire— Finn of Holyoke. 

Northampton, 1 ; Mass., 0. 

The college team met defeat at the hands of the 
Northampton professional team in the third game 
with that team on June 4. Both teams played good 
ball and the game was exceptionally fast. Kennedy 
pitched a fine game and was found for three hits, 
none of which counted. Treat of the Springfield 
league team, who pitched for Northampton, also 
pitched well, being found for two hits. The only score 
was made by Northampton in the fifth inning when 
O'Brien reached first on Ahearn's error, and Kennedy 
in trying to catch him off first threw wild, allowing 
him to reach third, from which he came home on 
Morgan's sacrifice hit down first base line. 

The score : 


Murphy, 3. 
Daly, m., . 
Crook, 1, 
Roe. c, 
Sturgis, 2, 
O'Brien, r., 
Lawrence, 1, 
Morgan, s.. 
Treat, p.. 
















Ahearn, 3. 
Hunt, m., 
O.Hearn, 2, 
Gregg. 1, , 
Ingham, I , 
Quigley, c, 
Tirrell, r., 
Martin, s., 
Kennedy, p., 


MA' ' 

3 27 



























2 24 12 


Run— O'Brien, Total bases— Northampton 3, Mass. 2. Sacrifice hit- 
Morgan. Stolen bases— Murphy, Daly. First base on balls— Murphy, Roe, 
O'Brien. Left on bases— Northampton 3. Mass. I. Struck out— Lawrence 
2, Morgan, Treat. O'Brien, Ahearn 2, O'Hearn. Gregg. Quig'ey, Tirrell, 
Kennedy 2. Batter hit— Daly. Double plays— O'Hearn to Ingham to 
Ahearn ; Morgan to Sturgis to Crook. Time— I h., 15 m. Umpire— 
Riordan of HoTyoke. 

The college baseball team has finished a good sea- 
son of baseball this year. The games have been well 
played and the entire playing of the team has 
improved this year. In no game has the college 
beaten by a large score, and if next years team 
improves to the extent that this years has the college 
will be judged on the standard in baseball as it Is to- 
day in football. The ba^ball team has to face some 
difficult problems at the college because of the need 
of a good baseball grounds. But the team has done 
all that could possibly be expected and has finished a 
good season. The games played were as follows : 

Massachusetts 5 








Miller's Falls 

Boston College 

Springfield Training School 











I 1 



Collet ,Not<$. 

—The memorial day address at Williamsburg was 
delivered by Maj. Anderson. 

—The Sophomore class baseball team defeated 
the Amherst High School baseball team 1 1 to 10. 

— Tannatt '06 left college recently to take charge 
of the construction of a filter basin and sewer work at 

—Mr. Theo. F. Borst, forester for the Mass For- 
estry association, visited college on Wednesday and 

— C. A. Tinker, ex '04, recently visited college 
and F. A. Bartlett and F. L. Yeaw have returned for 
the semester examinations. ' 

—Prof. L, H. Bailey of Cornell, well known by his 
reputation to most of the students, made a short visit 
to Prof. Waugh on Saturday, May 28th. 

—The strawberry crop is unusually late this year 
The first picking was made June 7, and in ordinary 
years the strawberry harvest is on the decline before 

—J. W. Gregg '04, and A. D. Taylor '05. have 
been sent by the departnv I of Landscape Gardening 
to work on the grounds at the St. Louis exposition 
during the summer. 

—William A. Hooker, son of C. H. Hooker and a 
graduate of the college in '99, and for the past year a 
student in the department of entomology, has 
received an appointment at Washington. 

—Swain "05, will work in the department of Horti- 
culture at the Kansas Agricultural College during the 
summer while Munson and Williams will act as sub- 
formen in the works of the Metropolitan Park Com- 
mission at Blue Hills. 

—At a meeting of the committee from the faculty 
the student body has been granted a week for exam- 
inations. The need of more time for this work has 
been steadily increasing and the present change is 
most heartily received. 

—The collection of ornamental trees and shrubs on 
the college grounds suffered seriously from the sever- 
ity of the winter. During the spring it has required a 
considerable amount of work to remove dead speci- 
mens and to cut back those which were injured. 

—The first drawing of two men from the Junior 
class by the Phi Kappa Phi members was held June 
7. J. F. Lyman and A. D. Taylor were elected 
elegible to membership as having the highest aver- 
ages in scholarship during the three years in college. 
—The tennis tournament is nearing its close and 
the finals will be played during commencement week 
In the semi-finals Gregg '04. won from Lincoln '07 
6- 1 . 6- 1 , 6-3 and Ahearn "04 , from El wood '04 The 
finals are decided by the best three out of five sets and 
It has been decided to present the winner with a cup. 
—The Department of Horticulture is just sending 
out a bulletin on forestry under the title "A Farm 
Woodlot." It discusses conditions as they exist In the 
ordinary wood lot and more particularly as they are 
shown in the piece of forestry belonging to the 
department. A series of uncommonly fine photo- 
engravings are a special feature of the bulletin. 

—Because of weather conditions the planting of 
the senior class bed was postponed until later than 
usual this year. It consists of the plain numerals In 
on oval bed surrounded by a gray border and was 
designed by A. L. Peck. 1904. The design is simple 
but neat, and under present conditions the bed prom- 
ises fair to rank among the best of former class 
designs as a whole. 

The experiment station proposes to take up a new 
line of work which ought to prove very beneficial to 
the farmers of the state. The plan in view is to 
receive samples of soils from any part of the State and 
by means of chemical analysis and pot experiments to 
determine the available soil constituents. The far- 
mer will then be advised how to fertilize the soil for 
any particular crop. 

—Prof. Waugh and A. L. Peck recently spent a 
day in the suburbs of Boston studying the landscape 
gardening of F.L.OImstead.Jr. and the architecture of 
R. R. Richardson as shown at the way stations on the 
B, & A. railroad. These works are generally regarded 
as masterpieces of landscape and architectural art. 
Mr. Peck secured notes for his thesis and Prof Waugh 
brought back a fine lot of photographs, 

— At a joint class meeting of 1905 and 1906 the 
following men were elected to the college senate for 
next year: from 1905. W. A. Munson. Geo. Patch, 
J. J. Gardner, and T. F. Hunt ; from 1906, A. H. M. 



Wood, F. H. Kennedy, R. W. Peakes, and Richard 
Wellington, The following officers of the senate were 
elected ; President, W. A. Munson ; vice-presi- 
dent, J, J. Gardner ; secretary and treas.. Richard 

— In the "Army and Navy Register" of June 4, 
1904, is an article criticising severely the courses in 
military science in Agricultural Colleges as a rule. 
To quote from the article "There are not many insti- 
tutions in the country where military instruction and 
training are of the serious order and it is no surprise 
to learn that that condition was visible to Army offi- 
cers who have been inspecting the colleges," It fur- 
ther states that little difficulty will be experienced In 
selecting the "six leading colleges" from which the 
"star military graduate will be eligible for a commis- 
sion in the army." 

— On Wednesday, June I , the Battalion received 
its annual inspection by Capt. Thomas E. Merrill, 
Artillery Corps, U. S. A. The order of exercises 
was battalion parade, review, and inspection, followed 
by battalion and company drill in close order. Owing 
to the many disadvantages labored under during 
this semester in the military department, the drill 
was not oowl d o f td ip to its usual standard. After 
the inspection a detail was sent to the range and an 
unusually good set of scores was made. The after- 
noon was devoted to the examination of the records 
kept by the commandant. 


Farewell Alma Mater, fair Mother, goodbye, 
As we stand on Life's threshold, there's a tear in each eye. 
Hear the pray'r of thy children, as you open the door. 
Pour thy richest blessings on the class of nought-four. 
Farewell Alma Mater, fair Mother, farewell. 

Far from thy sweet vistas, we now must depart. 
Let a seed of thine excellence take root in each heart, 
Hear us as of labor, we taste the sweet wine, 
Dear mother, Massachusetts, the glory is thine. 
Farewell Alma Mater, fair Mother, farewell. 

Engraved in memory, thy name shall e'er be. 
Giving strength to thy children, as we battle Life's Sea, 
Let thy banner wave o'er us as onward we sail. 
Hail Mother. Mass'chusetts, fair college, all hail. 
Farewell Alma Mater, fair mother, farewell. 

F. D. Couden. 


Ahearn — Violet Culture. 

Back — Six New Species of Asilidae. 

Blake — Truck Gardening. 

Couden— A Working Plan of the M. A. C. Woodlot. 

Elwood — The Onion Business in Southern Connecticut. 

Fulton — The Digestibility of Galactan. 

Gilbert — The Rise and Development of State Colleges. 

Gregg — A Discussion of the Two Principal Styles of 

Landscape Gardening, the Natural and the 

Griffin — An Investigation of the Mechanical Union of 

Stock and Scion. 
Haskell — Some of the Most Injurious Insects of the 

United States. 
Henshaw — A Design for the Grades on a Portion of 

the College Campus. 
Hubert — The Dairy Opportunities of the South. 
Newton — John Ruskin. 
O'Hearn — The Foot and Mouth Disease. 
Parker — Distribution of Bacteria Living in Symbiotic 

Relations with Legumes. 
Peck — Railroad Gardening. 
Quigley— Contagious Pleuro- Pneumonia. 
Raymoth- -Landscape Gardening — a fine art. 
Staples — Ensilage with Special Reference to Massa- 
chusetts Conditions and Practice. 
White — Spraying Machinery. 





Adams — Horticulture, Entomology, Landscape. 
Allen — Botany, Veterinary, Entomology. 
Barnes — Horticulture. Veterinary, Agriculture. 
Bartlett — Horticulture, Entomology, Botany. 
Crosby — Horticulture, Entomology, Veterinary. 
Cushman — Entomology, Botany, German. 
Gardner — Horticulture, Botany, Entomology. 
Hatch — English, Landscape, Engineering. 
Hill — Chemistry, Agriculture, Entomology. 
Holcomb — Agriculture, Horticultute, Veterinary. 
Hunt — Horticulture, Botany, Agriculture. 
Hutchings — Engineering, German, Chemistry. 
Ingham — Horticulture, Agriculture, Veterinary. 
Kelton — Agriculture, Botany. Entomology. 
Ladd — Chemistry, Botany, Fr.iomology. 

Lewis— Horticulture, Entomology, Veterinary. 

Lyman—Chemistry. Agriculture, Botany. 

Munson— Horticulture, Entomology, Agriculture. 

Newhall— Agriculture, Horticulture, Veterinary. 

Patch— English, Landscape, Engineering. 

Richardson— Botany, Landscape. Entomology. 

Sanborn— Horticulture, Entomology, Spanish. 
Sears— Agriculture, Veterinary, Botany. 
Swain— Horticulture. Entomology, Botany. 
Taylor— Engineering. Landscape, English. 
Tompson— Agriculture, Horticulture, Veterinary. 
Tupper— Agriculture, Horticulture, Veterinary. 
Walker— Chemistry, German, Botany. 
Whitaker— Entomology, Botany. Horticulture. 
Williams— Landscape, Entomology, Floriculture. 
Willis— English, Landscape. Engineering. 
Yeaw— Horticulture, Entomology, Botany. 


D. H. Carey— Landscape Gardening. 
C. W. Carpenter— Agriculture. 

G. H. Cha .-nan — Chemistry. 

W. W. Co t<n Biology 

W. H. Craigh^^- -Horticulture. 

F. A. Ferre- Chemistry. 
H. B. Filer— HorticuKurf,. 

G. T. French — Landscape Gardening. 

E. F. Gaskel! -Agriculture. 
A. W. Hall, Jr.— Horticult- •. 
A. T. Hastings — Horticuliu.e. 
A. S. Hayward — Mathematics. 
C. E. Hood — Biology. 

F. H. Kennedy — Biology, 
J. E. Martin — Horticulture. 
L. H. Moseley— Agriculture. 

P. Mudge — Landscape Gardening. 

R. Paige — Agriculture. 

W. Peakes— Chemistry. 

C Pray — Agriculture. 

A. Racicot — Agriculture. 

S. Rogers — Agriculture. 

M. Russell— Biology. 
E. H. Scott— Agriculture. 
G. W. Sleeper — Agriculture. 
B. Strain — Mathematics. 
H. A. Suhlke— Chemistry. 
W. O Taft— Biology. 


W. C. Tannatt— Mathematics. 
C. A. Tirrell— Mathematics. 
R. Wellington— Agriculture. 
M. F. Wholley— Mathematics. 
A. H. M Wood — Agriculture. 
H. P. Wood— Horticulture. 

M. A. C. MEN IN » WHO'S WHO." 

In the Popular Science Monthly for March, 1903 
Prof. Edwin Dexter of the Univ. of Illinois gives the 
percentages of living graduates of 22 Amencan col- 
leges and universities whose names are found In 
Who's Who in America. It is Interesting to note the 
relative position M. A. C holds to these other institu- 
tions In this respect. 

As Professor Dexter states elsewhere. (What is the 
Best College 1— World's H/or*,December. 1 902) refer- 
ring to Who's Who as an Index to the notable men of 
the country ; - The criterion is not infallible but it 
would be difficult to find a better." Among our 
alumni there are many of national and International 
prominence in their special lines of work whose names 
are not found in Who's Who but who nevertheless are 
more notable and better known in their profession 
than hundreds of those whose names we flna there 
»"H vho someone his tsrn.ed <• surprisiu;, inc'usion " 
Wb.le the jk referred to lias omong our alumni no 
•surprlsi( inclusion.; " it has as Intimated above 
many •• surprising omissions." 

To make the comparison fair the percentage of 
M. A. C. graduates in Who's Who is based on the 
number of living graduates at the time that Professor 
Dexter's article was published In Popular Science 

It should be taken Into consideration that all the 
other colleges and universities listed are much older 
than M. A. C. and without doubt their percentages 
are " fattened " by classes previous to 1871 which 
was our first class to be graduated. The following is 
the list of colleges and universities referred to by 
Professor Dexter, rearranged and with M. A. C. 
included : 

College. * Living Graduates in Who's Who. 

Trinity, 4. 1 

Kenyon, 3,6 

Wesleyan. 3.4 

Middlebury. 3.3 



































College City New 



New York University, 


Western Reserve, 



By Members of the Sophomore Class. 


Ernest Avery Lincoln, Fall River 

Chariot Race from " Ben /fur," — Wallace 

Wavland Fairbanks Chace Middleboro 

The Sunday Newspaper, — Johnson 
Earle Goodman Bartlett, . . . Chicago, III. 

The Storming of Missionary Ridge, — Taylor 
Edwin Daniels 1'hilbrick, . . . West Somerville 
Centralization in the United States, — Grady 


Charles Arthur Allingham Rice, . . Springfield 
The Telltale Heart,— Poe 

George Whitney Searle, Westfield 

The General's Client, — Adapted 

Charles Morton Parker, Newtonville 

The Eloquence of O'Connell,— Phillips 

Herbert Osborne Russell, . . . North Hadley 

The Doom of Claudius and Cynthia, — Thompson 

By Members of the Junior Class. 

Bertram Tupper, Barre 

Our Northern Neighbor 


Thomas Francis Hunt, 

Child Labor in the United States 

George Howard Allen, Somerville 

The Grand Army of the Republic 

Allen Newman Swain, Dorchester 

Roger Wolcott—The Model American Citizen 

Frank Farley Hutchings, . . . South Amherst 

The Modern German Empire 

Albert Davis Taylor, Westford 

A Key to the Convict Labor Problem 




The Rise and Development of State Colleges. 
Arthur Witter Gilbert. 

Good Roads. 
Fred Forbes Henshaw. 
Russia's Futute. 
Arthur Lee Peck 



The Battle for Life. 

Howard Morgan White. 

Landscape Gardening — a Fine Art. 

Reuben Raymond Raymoth. 

The Wood Lot. 

Fayette Dickinson Couden. 

* * 





The following statistics are based on the 1905 Index 
and the alumni columns of the College. Signal. 
Numbers In parenthesis have been counted elsewhere. 
Agriculturists : 

Farmers, 79 

Farm managers, 19 

Dairy business, 13 

Florists, 1 1 

Horticulturists, 6 

Stock raisers, 5 

Seedsman, 1 

Nurseryman, 1 

Sugar planter and manufacturer, 1 |36 





Botanists : 

Experiment Station worker, 
Business : 

Manufacturers, traveling salesmen 
Merchants, wholesale and retail, 
Bankers, brokers, real estate and 

insurance agents, jg 

With business houses, 

Hotel proprietor, j 

President water and power company, I 
Chemists : 

Not experiment station workers, 
Experiment station workers, 
U. S. Dept. Agric. Bur.'Chern., 
U. S. Dept. Agric. Biochemic Div 
Civil Engineers : 
Railroad employments, 
Other than railroad employments. 
Electricians and Electrical Engineers 
Engineers and Contractors, 
Entomolocists : 

Experiment station and state ento- 
mologists.nursery inspectors.etc. 
U. S. Dept. of Agric. Bureau of 

English Government Entomologists 

in colonies, 
Entomologist insecticide company, 
Other entomological work. | 

Experiment Station Workers, 
Also teachers in colleges or universities : 
Agriculturists, Agricultural extention 








5( + 





and animal industry. 

Director of experiment station and 
dean Agricultural College State 
University, | 

Horticulturists, | 

Entomologists. | 

Not teachers in colleges or universities : 
Agriculturists, 3 

Botanists, | 

Chemists, | j 

Horticulturists, 1 



Journalists : 

Agricultural, 4 

Non-Agricultural, 5 

Landscape Gardeners and Architects 
Legal Profession : 
Practicing lawyer, 
Judge Superior Court, 
Clerk of Court, 
Registrar of Deeds, 
Judge District Court, 
Penal Commissioner, 
Manager of Estates. 
Medical Profession: 

Students (Graduate) : 
On Science, 

At Y. M.C. A. T. S., 
Teachers : 
Of Agricultural branches (agricul- 
ture.horticulture, animal industry, 
etc.) in colleges and universities, 
Of other than agricultural branches 

in colleges and universities, 
Superintendant of schools, teachers 
in high schools, academies, etc., 
Presidents and directors of farm 

and horticultural schools. 
College presidents. 
Dean College of Agriculture of State 

Director Agricultural College, Brazil, I 
U. S. Department of Agriculture : 
Bureau Animal Industry Biochemic 

Bureau Animal Industry Assist. 

Chief Dairy Div.. 
Bureau Chemistry, 
Weather Bureau, 

Office Experiment Stations, vice- 


























Druggists, U. S. postal service and railway officials, 
5 each ; dentists, draftsmen and architects, 4 each ; 
clergymen, 3 ; clerks state board of agriculture, man- 
agers telephone and telegraph companies, official 
positions in Japan, 2 each ; general agent dairy bureau 
of state board of agriculture, museum director, sec- 
retary live stock exchange, mining engineer, president 
board state cattle commission, secretary-treasurer 
American Guernsey Cattle club, Y. M. C. A. secre- 
tary, evangelist, interior decorator, pathologist to 
Dominion of Canada, commissioned officer U. S. A., 
musician, " lumbering," osteopathist, photographer, 
I each. 52 

Counted more than once, 

Retired, business, " unknown," etc.. 
Total living graduates, 





Young Men's Clothing 

With all the " Kinka of Fashion " 
and plenty of assortment .•. ••. 


Haynes & Co., 

A Iways Reliable. 



There are five hundred students at Wisconsin that 
are self supporting. 

Surprise PRIZES given away. 

to get the people to talk .about bixlers' physical training in penmanship, the 
best method of instruction in the world — Saves 90 per cent, of time, etc. 

Merit Prizes, Surprize Prizes, Prize Prizes, Sure Prizes, Big Prizes, Little 
Prizes, Contingent Prize and other Prizes for little folks and big folks. Send 10c. 
for Business Penman, 12 Writing Mottoes, sample rapid Writing, skilled Bird 
Flourish, and full particulars. (1 Surprise Prize will be included, worth from 
10c. to a dollar, and a $10 Prize Prize goes with each 100th 10c. order— con- 

Prof. G. Bixler, 97 Odgen ave., Chicago, 111. 





75. — Geo. M. Miles 75, of Miles City, Montana is 
here to attend Commencement at Princeton as 
his son graduates June 15. 

Ex-'94. — Louis E. Goessmann. Agent for New York 
Life Insurance Company, New York N. Y. 

'97. — Charles L. Goessmann. Engaged in con- 
struction of paper manufactory, Nepera, N. Y. 

Ex-'97.— The engagement of John R. Eddy to 
Miss Grace Fisher has recently been announced. 

'98. — S. W. Wiley has heen in town recently on a 
visit to friends. 

'02.— Herbert A. Paul of the United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Division of Forestry is at present 
connected with the Botanical Gardens at the St. 
Louis Museum. Mr. Paul has been suffering until 
recently from a wound received in Arizona last winter 
when he was under the Division of Forestry. 

'02.— The engagement of Howard L. Knight to 
Miss Cora I. Strickney of Fitchburg, Mass. Mr. 
Knight has accepted a position as editorial assistant in 
the office of Experiment StMion, U. S. Department 
of Agriculture, under Professor W. O. Atwater of 
Wesleyan University. Address after July 1st Middle- 
town, Conn. 

'02. — Claude Isaac Lewis has just been promoted 
from a position as Instructor in Natural Science to 
that of Professor of Agriculture in Alfred University, 
Alfred. N. Y. 

'02. — We are glad to note the return of Mr. Hodg- 
kiss to his post-graduate work. Mr. Hodgkiss has 
been obliged to discontinue his course a short time on 
account of sickness. 

'02. — Congratulations are In order to Mr. and Mrs. 
Lyman A. Cook of Millis on the recent birth of a son. 

'03. — William E. Tottingham who during the past 
year has been employed as assistant chemist to the 
Department of Foods and Feeding of the Hatch 
Experiment Station will leave the Station on Septem- 
ber 1st and at the opening of the college year will 
assume the position of Instructor In Chemistry at this 
college at the same time continuing study for the 
degree of Ph. D. with Chemisty as the main subject. 




With loiters from physicians mid 
dnifojints stating results olit.ui nod 



It Makes Rough Complexions 
Smooth and Soft as Velvet. 

We will upon ropiest rn.-iil the pamphlet to you in a 
plain envelope, and you will he 0O«?laoad, 

All Dkuuoikts Sell It. 




Shoe Repairing Neatly Done. 

Amiikust, Mass. 

W. M. HKAK8, •!>.', 

r. K. Siuw, '07. 

A Full Lino of 

Students' Supplies 

AT Till. 









1 80 


'03. — Messrs. Robertson and Proulx have com- 
pleted the official spring collection of fertilizers for the 
Hatch Experiment Station. 


Q. T. V. Fraternity, in Memory of our Fraternity Brother 
Charles Louis Flint, who was taken from our midst June 9. 

Whereas. It has pleased God in his infinite wisdom to 
remove from our earthly sight, our brother, Charles Louis 
Flint, and 

Whereas, We do keenly feel the loss of him who came 
among us as a student at our college, be it 

Resohied, That we, the Amherst Chapter of the Q. T. V. 
Fraternity, desire to express our sincere and heartfelt sym- 
pathy to his family in this their day of sorrow. And be it 

Resohvd, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
bereaved family, a copy to the editors of the College Signal 
to be published in its next issue ; and that acopy to be kept 
on file at the Chapter rooms. 

M. A. Blake, 
R. W. Peakes, 
F. D. Wholley, 
C. W. Lewis. 

► Committee. 


Clothiers, Hatters and Tailors. 


The largest stock and the lowest prices In town. 

Agents for the celebrated Guyer Hats atul A. B. Kirsch- 

baum & Co. Clothing. 




Hmberst Ibouse. 



On Tour Way Home 



for something to read on the way. 

313-315 Main Street, 

Spkingkiei.d, Mass. 

Belie meatj sweets. 


The best Confections made. 




High Grade Work. 
A Specialty of College Classes. 

102 Main St., 





It is June 
And the gladness of life speaks out to us 
From every quivering leaf and blade of green 
The sun streams a path of joy before us. 
Hope cries aloud from every living thing 
To cheer us on. It is good to live and 
Life is ours. We know no doubt, no failure. 
No defeat, for we must work ; and work will 
Conquer all. And tho' we plant and know not 
What we reap ; yet at the end we shall have 
Gathered in the fruit of all our hopes if 
We have planted wisely in the springtime 
Of our life. And we shall win when we have 
Fought and lost, and fought again. 

The years have 
Passed by all too soon that compass in the 
Little life we've spent within these walls. 
The joys and sorrows we have known, the little 
Things, innumerable, grown dear to each 
Of us. we leave for later sons to hold 
And cherish as their own. And now before 
We pass into the Future's dim unknown 
Where each shall win success as he shall strive ; 
We plant the ivy hereto show our love 
For thee our Alma Mater fair, to prove 
Our gratitude for years that gave us strength 
And power; in hope of fruitful years that are 
To come. And as it grows and clings to these 
Strong walls ; may we in life hold fast to that 
Which changeth not. And firmly held dare to 
Be true and do the right in all that we 
May undertake ; believing in ourselves 
And all our kind. And as we treat the world 
We shall in turn be treated, for we are what 
We make ourselvc;,. Within us lies the power 
That shall shape each life : each holds in his grasp 
The destiny of a soul. 

We plant thee here 
Thou emblem of our hope ; and may thy growth 
Inspire us with a zeal to reach the stone 
That lies above. And if the dear glad life 
Shall call us back, may we returning bring 
Thee proof that we have worthy done, and held 
The name of Alma Mater first and best. 
Her interests, aims, and purpose our delight : 
The praise we bring, successes wrought her joy 
We leave thee now. but others watching thee 
Ascend from stone to stone will think of those 
Who placed thee here, and thou will tell them of 
The love that lies beyond the word farewell. 
For the/ like we must wander with the crowd ; 
And tho' we meet new scenes which we shall learn 
To love ; yet yearningly the heart will turn 
To these dear, glad, old days, and cry. 
Alma Mater fair, we love thee I 

R. R. Raymoth. 


Adjutant — Edwin W. Newhall, Jr., with rank of First 

Quartermaster — Frank A. Bartlett, with rank of First 

Sergeant-Major — John F. Lyman. 

Company A. 
Captain— Frederick L. Yeaw. 
First Lieutenant— John J. Gardner. 
Second Lieutenant G. N. Willis. 
Sergeant— G. W. Patch. 
W. B. Hatch. 

B. Tupper. 

C. L. Whitak- 11 
C. W. Lewis. 

Corporal— M. D. Ingham 
W. M. Sears. 
A, W. Hall. Jr. 
H. A. Suhlke. 

Company B. 
Captain — G. Howard Allen. 
First Lieutenant— W. A. Munson. 
Second Lieutenant — A. D. Taylor. 
Sergeant— F. F. Hutchings. 

L. W. Hill 

T. F. Hunt. 

J. R. Kelton. 

R. L. Adams. 
Corporal— E. T. Ladd. 

H. D. Crosby. 

H. F. Tompson. 

A. A. Racicot. 


First Lieutenant and Chief Musician— C. Sheldon 

Sergeant J. C. Richardson. 

L. S. Walker. 

P. F. Williams. 
Corporal — S. S. Rogers, 

L. H. Mosely. 




28. Holy Cross at Worcester. 
Dartmouth at Hanover. 

Williams at Willlamstown 
Brown at Providence. 
Wesleyan at Middletown. 
Springfield T. S. at Springfield. 
Amherst at Amherst. 
Worcester P. T. at Amherst. 
Tufts at Medford. 









The importance of the English Bible as literature is 
seen at the University of Chicago where It has been 
made a requirement for admission. 

I» • 




I * 





Collc^ N°**s- 

—The class of 1906 has elected Ralph Ware 
Peakes of Newtonville editor-in-chief of the 1906 
Index to take the place of E. H. Scott of Summer- 
ville, editor resigned. 

—The Tennis club have elected the following 
officers: President, G. N. Willis; vice-president, 
Ceorge W. Sleeper ; treasurer, George Green 

E. s. Fulton, '04, has accepted a position as 

assistant chemist with the Hatch Experiment Station. 
Division of Foods and Feeding. Through the month 
of July Mr. Fulton will do the official herd testing for 
the Jersey and the Guernsey Cattle clubs, and will 
begin analytical work at the station the first of August. 

_ tylore than the usual pains have been taken to make 
this year's Alumni dinner a pleasurable event. Dr. 
Paige has sent out a circular letter to the alumni in 
regard to the dinner and a large attendance is 
expected. The distinguishing feature this year will 
be the memorial exercises for former Prssident 

—The State Board of Agriculture will hold a sum- 
mer field meeting on the college grounds Thursday of 
this week. A practical demonstration of the work 
done by the various departments will be made. Dr. 
Fernald will show the latest methods of fighting the 
San Jose scale. Professor Waugh will demonstrate 
the various methods and mixtures applied for spraying 
foliage to kill and prevent fungus. Under Professor 
Brooks' direction the various kinds of machinery used 
in the dairy department will be exhibited. The 
address of the day will be given by Dr. Geo. M. 
Twichell of Augusta Me. on " Harness your 

He only, knew the extent and true worth of his work. 
The friend of every man who knew him ; a faithful 
and true friend to every man whom he knew. ' To 
know him was to love him." Generous, kind hearted, 
loving his fellowmen as only a man of his nobility of 
character could love, his was an ideal life. Every man in 
college,— yea, every man who knew Charles Louis 
Flint has lost a true friend. 


It is with the deepest sorrow that we learn of the 
death of Charles Louis Flint. For many years a 
trustee of this college, his influence has always been 
been felt to a marked degree. At every moment of 
the day its welfare was uppermost in his mind. Toil- 
ing day by day. in the interest of his Alma Mater he 
was ever a most potent factor in raising the college to 
the position It now occupies in the educational world. 



Here we are, one more day and college closes till 
Sept. 22d. All have had their last say for this col- 
lege year. Last week we were royally entertained by 
the professors in general, and as has been the case in 
former years, they had the last word. Well, now 
that the smoke has cleared away, we will call the roll. 
Naught-four ; all present or accounted for. But it 
is the last time we will see them fall in with us. To- 
morrow they will fall in with our alumni. Just as 
faithful and loyal as ever before to our dear college, 
but hereafter it will all be at a distance. This time 
of the year is one of joy, but this departure of 
Naughty-four, although inevitable, brings sorrow to 
every one of us. Our good wishes have been 
expressed to you, Naught-four, many times the last 
few days, but the Autocrat takes this occasion to 
repeat them once more for the whole college. 

We wish you a long and fruitful life. We wish 
you all that is good and worth living for. You have 
our most sincere friendship, and you leave behind you 
a student body, who will ever hold dear the memory 
of Naught -four. 

Well, as the Autocrat mentioned, all have had their 
last say] so he will do the same. His work table is 
just piled up high with suggestions from the College 
Senate, the Athletic Association, the Fraternity Con- 
ference, the Faculty and others. And most all of 
them strike the keynotes " reform," " progress," " col- 
lege spirit," etc. Now, on looking over all these 
things, the Autocrat knows full well that every man in 
college is in sympathy with some or all of those aims, 
but he also knows that when the time comes to act. 
that some will shake at the knees and will be practi- 
cally useless unless they have a little something to 
feed their thoughts on this summer. As everybody 
says • vacation," the Autocrat will let you off easy 
and will ask you only to take home this ; 

Next fall, the Senate wilt have some good things to 
offer. Be with them to a man ! Our football team will 
be out to win. Be with them to a man I We will put our 
shoulder to the wheel and give Massachusetts a great, 
mighty shove ahead. 

All up for dear Old Bay State.